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Uncertainy avoidance
2 pages (500 words)
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...Avoidance Lecturer Uncertainty Avoidance Definitions or positions related to uncertainty avoidance Uncertainty avoidance is a concept that refers to the degree to which certain people tend to prefer structured over unstructured instances or situations (Rapp, Bernardi & Bosco, 2010). In such a culture, the people have a high level of anxiety about ambiguity and uncertainty. Studies across countries have identified some common traits that lead to an increased level of uncertainty avoidance. Among them are; those countries with a long history, have a homogenous population, and those that avoid risks in business and find it hard to introduce new concepts and ideas (Hofstede, 2013). According... Uncertainty...
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Tax Planning And Tax Avoidance
10 pages (2500 words)
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...AVOIDANCE Effective and efficient use of tax saving measures results in saving the tax payments of the organization and evenindividuals. Importantly, these tax savings have been legally benefitted such as grants, allowances and deduction (Back, 2013). Idea of tax saving is as old as 1936 when Lord Tomlin, in IRC v Duke of Westminster, stated that everyone should have the rights in the society in properly and effectively managing their affairs in order to make certain savings from tax as compared to typical tax rate applicability. For example, equity investors can generate gains in the long term in case of high capital gain tax by using buy and hold strategy. The use... debate against the tax...
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Tax avoidance and evasion schemes
5 pages (1250 words)
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...avoidance and tax evasion has been very high. For instance, a report from National Audit Office indicates that HRMC has a backlog of 41,000 cases including individuals and small businesses. The government has made tax evasion and avoidance one of its key priorities so as to reduce the deficit and boost the exchequer (Alan 2011). Tax evasion is illegal way of minimizing taxes thus stiff penalties are involved on individual or corporate bodies who evade taxes. Unintentional... ? ……………………………………………………………………………xxxxx ………………………………………………………………………xxxx …………………………………………………………………………….xxxxx …………………………………………………………………………xxxx @2012 Accounting Introduction The number of reported cases by the media with regard to tax...
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Uncertainty Avoidance and Country Risk Ratings
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Avoidance and Country Risk Ratings The purpose of this dissertation is to explore the relationship between country risk ratings, the economic measures associated with the likelihood of sovereign debt default   and Hofstede’s Uncertainty Avoidance score. The chapter will outline the details of the study undertaken to address the questions posed in chapter one. Recent research on the changing nature of country risk due to globalization and the inherent rise in the interconnectivity of national economies (Cleary & Malleret, 2007; Baytas & Leveen, 2009; Sheppard, 2002; GAO, 2010) has called attention to the requirement for reliable country risk ratings to guide investment as these ratings... ?Uncertainty...
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THE EFFECT OF TAX AVOIDANCE IN ECONOMY
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Avoidance on the Economy Importance of the Arguably, economists have ranked taxation as the leading source of revenue globally. The reasons behind choosing tax avoidance as a study emanates from the urge to establish the various practices used in evading taxes. Implementing of taxes on various transactions of different product categories must be at a level that allows the country an opportunity to achieve the desired objectives in the economic spheres, social programs and defense. Taxation is significant in terms of increasing a country’s reserve amount and regulating business policies, with the aim of maintaining national development and competence at the international scale... The Effect of Tax...
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Tax Avoidance OR International Accounting Standards
15 pages (3750 words)
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...Avoidance and an Assessment of the Popular Trends in Tax Avoidance in the UK Corporate Sector & the Role of Stakeholders. Chapter 1: Introduction There are two main categories of taxes (Blankson, 2004). These are the personal taxes and corporate taxes. Personal income taxes are paid by individuals whilst corporate taxes are paid by companies (Fuest and Riedel, 2009). The taxes are paid as a percentage of the income or the profits of entities. The UK Governments risk losing UK businesses to other jurisdictions if they impose extremely high taxes (Blankson, 2004). Thus, they maintain a liberal tax system for businesses and maintain a more stricter tax system... ? A Critical Analysis of the Concept of Tax...
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Tax avoidance; a debate easily resolved
8 pages (2000 words)
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...avoidance; a debate easily resolved? It has often than not been said that there are only two things we can never escape in life; that is tax and death. It is also contradictory that every man would be happy if they were not subjected to the obligation of paying tax. It is not an enjoyable thing but it is a must thing. This view has always resulted into several views and tax related crimes like tax evasion and even avoidance. Such acts have the tends to reduce the amount of tax that any given individual pays. Therefore, with these entire issues, how would we approach the subject of tax avoidance as an ending debate? According to, European...
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Tax avoidance,tax evasion,tax mitigiation
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Avoidance Tax avoidance and Tax evasion are two of the most commonterms and concepts used and utilized by the taxpayers in escaping from payment of taxes. Learning and understanding these terms will help the taxpayers avoid criminal and civil liabilities. Tax avoidance is a means to escape from taxation, which is allowed and sanctioned by law. A taxpayer committing this will not be legally held civilly or criminally liable to the government provided it is used in good faith and within the process allowed by law, otherwise the taxpayer will be committing tax evasion which is a crime. The utilization of the means... and methods sanctioned by law would enable the taxpayer reduce the amount due...
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Smokers Avoidance to Pay Cigarette Taxes
2 pages (500 words)
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...Avoidance to Pay Cigarette Taxes The paper suggests that the huge losses in revenue are because a large portion of smokers avoid paying tax. While this might be true, I don’t think we can really blame the people from avoiding taxes. First of all, there is a difference between tax evasion and tax avoidance. Tax evasion is illegal and must be punished. On the other hand, tax avoidance is legal and is but a natural tendency for all. For one is always inclined to choose to pay less tax. When we say one evades tax, this means he does not pay the tax that he is legally required to pay. For example, a person purchases ten boxes of cigarettes in New York City. He is assessed, for example, 10...  Smoker’s...
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Global companies tax avoidance and CSR
12 pages (3000 words) , Download 2
...Avoidance and CSR Introduction Corporate social responsibility or CSR is the term that came into existence during 1960s. CSR isalso considered as the synonym for sustainably responsible organization. The CSR activities of the companies should be in line with the legal norms stated by the government of the country, and the ethical policies. Though CSR initiatives was initiated by the multinational companies with the objective of returning something to the society for supporting them in generating revenue, however, soon it became a method to save some money through activities like tax evasion. In the present times, companies save tax through CSR activities (Barker, 2012... ). This study aims at...
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Correlation between social avoidance and spirituality
8 pages (2000 words)
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...avoidance/distress and spirituality? Is there any positive correlation between social avoidance/distress and spirituality? Social phobia or social anxiety is a psychological problem that is faced by almost one-third of the total population of US. Social isolation/ avoidance is an irrational fear in which people fear to face public and avoid to speak or communicate in public and prefer to remain socially isolated. Social phobia may include blushing, shivering in voice, trembling hands, elevated blood pressure, increased heartbeat, excessive sweating, and nausea and in a serious case over drinking of alcohol. Spirituality refers to an assumed reality... Is there any positive correlation between social...
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Analysis of UK`s income tax provisions relating to antu-avoidance, tax planning and tax avoidance
15 pages (3750 words)
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...avoidance, Tax Planning and Tax Avoidance Part A “Opposite Concepts of Taxation” Regressivetax and progressive tax fundamentally symbolises two opposite ideas in taxation. Progressive taxation implies that the amount of taxes one pay increases when the quantum of income increases. For instance, an assessee has to pay 10% tax when his income is ?100,000, and he is required to pay 30% tax if his income is ?300,000. Majority of the countries around the world follows the progressive taxation as they conceive the same as more fair. Under progressive taxation, the difference between the distribution of income before the taxation and the distribution... ? Analysis of UK’s Income Tax Provisions Relating to...
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Directors responsibilities with regard to avoidance of tax
14 pages (3500 words) , Download 1
...avoidance of tax Table of Contents Table of Contents Should company directors have a duty to their company to avoid paying taxes? 2 Introduction 2 LEGAL OBLIGATIONS ON COMPANY DIRECTORS IMPOSED THROUGH DIRECTORS’ DUTIES 4 EMPHASIZING ON WHAT CONTROVERSIES HAVE BEEN FACED IN UK REGARDING DIRECTORS RESPONSIBILITIES 9 STAKEHOLDER THEORY AND THE CLASSICAL ANGLO/AMERICAN SHAREHOLDER PRIMACY MODEL 13 The case for shareholder primacy 14 S. 172 COMPANIES ACT 2006 AND ENLIGHTENED SHAREHOLDER VALUE 17 Conclusions and Recommendations 18 LIST OF REFERENCES 21 Should company directors have a duty to their company to avoid paying taxes? Introduction Taxes are paid... ? Directors responsibilities with regard to...
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Failure Mode Avoidance- How to design and avoid failure
12 pages (3000 words)
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...AVOIDANCE – HOW TO DESIGN AND AVOID FAILURE IN CARS The automobile business has undergone major changes in the past years facing increased competition and introduction of new company in the industry. The changing market needs competent approach to Noise Vibration and Harshness needed to cultivate better decisions and sustain the condensed product development timing necessary in the market. The effect of resource processing and component production induced unclear characteristics and appearance of car models designed to avoid failure. Specifically the confidence level of suspension system elements from a high mobility multipurpose car, which ordinarily can fail under low cycle strain... FAILURE MODE...
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Amish: Avoidance of Technology and The Human Condition
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Avoidance of Technology And The Human Condition The Question: Could it be that the “primitive” way the Amish have been living it for hundreds of years may be the wave of the future? Promise and Problem The human condition could be improved if everyone regarded technology the same way the Amish do. Each time they encounter a new item, be it a computer or a doorbell, they collectively consider it. Will it inspire greed? Can something else be substituted or adapted to fulfill the need this new item does? In this way, the Amish avoid technology. They do not use electricity or drive cars, although they will ride in them. They do not have landline phones, but will own a cell phone to use... ?582322 Amish:...
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Changing tax laws to reduce tax avoidance through the use of partnerships
2 pages (500 words)
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...avoidance through the use of partnerships College Avoiding paying taxes is a scheme of actions used by individuals as well as companies to avoid paying taxes (Rice, 1953). This skill is however a legal and cheaper way to circumvent authorities responsible for collecting (Desai, Foley, &Hines, 2006). However many governments continually lose billions of revenue through such increasing trend of avoiding remittance of taxes. According to Feldstein (1999), this legality of tax avoidance could reach a point that it will turn out to be an illegality. If any government were to seal or curb these tax avoidance loopholes then it would have to change various laws that encourage... Changing tax laws to reduce tax...
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Is There Any Positive Correlation Between Social Avoidance/Distress And Spirituality
8 pages (2000 words)
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...avoidance/distress and spirituality? Is there any positive correlation betweensocial avoidance/distress and spirituality? Social phobia or social anxiety is a psychological problem that is faced by almost one-third of the total population of US. Social isolation/ avoidance is an irrational fear in which people fear to face public and avoid to speak or communicate in public and prefer to remain socially isolated. Social phobia may include blushing, shivering in voice, trembling hands, elevated blood pressure, increased heartbeat, excessive sweating, and nausea and in a serious case over drinking of alcohol. Spirituality refers to an assumed reality... ? Is there any positive correlation between social...
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The reasons for and adequate avoidance of information technology (IT) project failure
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Avoidance Of Information Technology (IT) Project Failure OBJECTIVES IT projects. History of IT projects. Importance of IT projects in the real world. Consultations from Software Houses Research to find the reasons of project failure. Risk involve in the failure of projects Strategies implicate in the avoidance of project failures. Views on Project Failures These above mentioned key point objectives to complete the project lead us to achieve our goal and open our minds in the field of Information Systems. IT is said to be as Information Technology but what information technology involves in it is not clear. Technical projects are seems everywhere now days in our daily life... The Reasons For And Adequate...
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Tax Avoidance by the use of Tax Haven Jurisidication: A Corporate Governance Issue
12 pages (3000 words)
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...Avoidance by the use of Tax Haven Jurisidication: A Corporate Governance Issue Regardless of the standardof corporate governance, states are powerless to exercise control over the conduct of corporations’ capital flows for taxation purposes when corporations divert funds to tax havens. Therefore, tax avoidance by the use of tax haven jurisdication is problematic for corporate governance constructs under the auspices of agency theory. Agency theory assumes that managers are persuaded to pursue the interests of the corporate owners which increases the risk of using tax avoidance strategies via capital flight to tax havens (Aki and Gregoriou 2006, p. 131). This research... ? Dissertation Proposal Tax...
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To investigate and analyse the tax avoidance of Starbucks in UK
10 pages (2500 words)
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...Avoidance of Starbucks in UK Introduction The empirical and theoretical research work conducted over the years with evidence from the case study of multimillion corporations continues to produce extensive literature on the aspects of ethical judgments and constructions within business operations. In factoring the study on the procedures entailed in business ethics, it is essential to create an intensive understanding of the basis of the ethical choices of people, as they relate and function within the company corporations (Weiss, 2009, p 38). Such case incorporates the recent reports that Starbucks Corporation faced regarding its avoidance in paying the tax from its operations. The failure... The Tax...
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Exam critically the role of the servicesape in manipuating customer's decision making approach and avoidance behaviours
14 pages (3500 words)
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...avoidance behaviors in all three types of distribution channels. Physical environment and servicescape The physical environment is an important determinant of consumer perceptions and future behaviors. This makes it important to understand how the physical environment leads to consumer outcome behaviors. The role of physical environment is that it should attract attention. The servicescape acts as a package and the first impression is created which influences the customer what to expect inside the place of purchase. Compared to competition... Introduction Globalization has made the markets turbulent; purchasing power has increased in the hands of the people. Consumers have grown but very little research ...
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Discuss, with reference to relevant academic literature, how a tax system might be designed to combat avoidance and evasion
8 pages (2000 words) , Download 1
...avoidance have become common and is raising concerns over... ? Tax Evasion The current economic structure of the globe is highly influenced by the emerging trend in the political environment that keeps realigning itself. This has lead to liberalization of most economies and open trade. It is worth to note that the increasing expenditure of countries arising from the exponential population growth strains government coffers. To finance its operations, the government need to collect revenue through taxation (Grau, 2003). It has however been realized that there exist some concepts surrounding tax imposition and collection that tend to make it difficult to effectively collect the taxes. Tax evasion and...
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Discuss the theory of Transfer Pricing in relation to competitiveness, management, minimisation, avoidance and internal concerns. Use the theory as basis for a
8 pages (2000 words)
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...avoidance and internal concerns and critical evaluation of the pricing strategy (market or cost) of the Xbox 360 Name: Roll No: Class: Subject: Teacher: Date: 29th March 2009 University Discuss the theory of Transfer Pricing in relation to competitiveness, management, minimisation, avoidance and internal concerns. Use the theory as basis for a critical evaluation of the pricing strategy (market or cost) of the Xbox 360. Introduction Transfer pricing is typically concerned with inter-country level transactions on sales of goods and services, patenting and licensing, lending and borrowing of money, payment... of interest and so on taking place among branches or between the parent company and...
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Excessive rates of income tax destroy enterprise, encourage avoidance and drive talent to more hospitable shores overseas. As a result, far from raising additional revenue they actually raise less. (Nigel Lawson) - Critically analyse this statement
3 pages (750 words)
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...avoidance and drive talent to more hospitable shores overseas. As a result, far from raising additional revenue they actually raise less. Taxes have a great influence on consumer behavior. The objectives of taxation are to raise revenue for Government expenditure and boost the economic development of the country. The taxation authorities look into the methods of taxation every now and then so that sufficient revenue is raised without imposing unreasonable burden on the taxpayers. However, sometimes, the Government is forced to make radical changes in taxation and there seems to be a trade-off between the objectives... and their excessive income is used for capital goods. Progressive taxation,...
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Arab learners of English Avoid using phrasal verbs
3 pages (750 words)
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...AVOIDANCE OF PHRASAL VERBS The trend of “avoidance behavior” with respect to Second Language Acquisition was first revealedby Schachter (1974), who noticed and realized the significance of investigating not only the L2 forms which were essentially generated by the learners of a foreign language, but also the L2 forms which are frequently avoided by them. Ever since such a trend was first brought to light, this issue has been one of the most sought after subjects of research for linguistic scholars. This paper, hence, focuses on the issue of avoidance of phrasal verbs by Arab learners of English language. Such an observation has been made on the basis of wide ranging studies... ARAB LEARNERS OF ENGLISH:...
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Taxation Law Essay
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...avoidance has been dealt with harshly by the courts. However, it isnot something illegal and neither should it be. Therefore, the approach to tax avoidance should be reconsidered. To what extent can statutory interpretation be used in the battle against tax avoidance? Tax avoidance is a legal practice of manipulating the stipulations of the tax law to minimize one’s tax liability. It is different from tax evasion which is illegal manipulation of one’s affairs to escape tax. Sometimes, it becomes very difficult to separate the two practices. The courts deal with tax avoidance very harshly because tax avoidance creates inequality between the groups which are capable of avoiding... ? Taxation By Due Tax...
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Labor Relations Bachelor Essay
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Avoidance Prepared by Organization Submitted to Union avoidance being a famous term in modern industrial relations, its importance and limitations are discussed in this paper. The important aspect is that the discussion compares the services of three websites regarding union avoidance and their authenticity in offering those services. In addition to that the confessions of Martin Jay Levitt are also discussed by comparing the strategies mentioned in the paper and the limitations of union avoidance have been explored. Labor Relations and Union Avoidance Union avoidance can be termed as management's new industrial relations strategy... Running Head: Labor Relations Labor Relations and Union...
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Tax & Ethics
4 pages (1000 words)
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...avoidance has been a bone of contention in UK for the last few months. The UK government is planning to take a firm stance against corporate tax evasion. The British Prime Minister David Cameron denounced corporate tax avoidance as the act is “morally wrong”. However, many people, including business executives and some economists, argue that tax avoidance is ethically right. Recently, there has been much controversy over the amount of corporate tax international companies such as Starbucks, Google, and Amazon have paid on their UK operations. This paper will evaluate the role of companies, their professionals, and HM Revenue and Customs and will discuss... ?Tax & Ethics The morality of corporate tax...
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Research Methods & Methodologies in Accounting and Management
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...avoidance. Summary Businesses derive their legitimacy from the community they operate in. One of the ways of legitimizing a business is by paying the tax obligation as and when due. Of late, some businesses have managed to come up with some lucrative tax planning strategies that significantly minimize their tax obligations through exploring the tax avoidance provisions. Multinational companies are the main culprits of this ‘excessive’ tax avoidance. While they may be still operating within the legal framework, it is tricky... to determine whether they it is ethical to do so. This study tries to establish the justification of tax avoidance and ways in which a tax...
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International Taxation Essay
8 pages (2000 words)
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...avoidance legislation Tax avoidance can be defined as the lawful measures that a firm may take in order to reduce their liability to payment of tax. It should be noted that tax avoidance is not illegal but its effect on the economy may be dire... ? International Taxation Introduction The rapid globalization in the recent decades has given rise to a large number of multinational companies (MNCs) that have that have operations in several countries. The growth of international business has brought with it the challenges of harmonization of business strategies in the different geographical locations of operations. One of the most glaring challenges is the issue of taxation. In most countries, the tax unit is ...
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Organisational Behaviour College Book Report/Review
3 pages (750 words)
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...avoidance means the extent to which people feel threatened and respond by setting up rules. Uncertainty avoidance is high in Greece Portugal Guatemala, and is low in Denmark Jamaica Singapore. The dimension of Masculinity versus Femininity determines gender relations in society and extent to which values of achievement, money power, etc are more important than nurturing & community. Masculine features dominant in such countries as Japan Austria Venezuel. Feminine cultures are Netherlands Norway Sweden. Confucian dynamism determines the differences between two parts of the world, East and West. The cultures with high scores of this dimension are China Hong Kong Taiwan. Countries with low... Key aspects...
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Article response
3 pages (750 words)
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...avoidance. To clarify this, the authors conducted two experiments using Finnish, a non-gendered language. Like English, the Finnish language speakers produce fewer pronouns when the competitor and the referent have the same gender. Furthermore, this effect does not result from ambiguity avoidance. Competitors’ gender congruence and reduction of pronouns is higher in English language than in Finnish. In English, avoiding gender ambiguous pronouns is easy because semantic competition is normally affected by gender congruence. Discussion and comments of the article On reading... ? Article response paper Fukuruma, K., Hyona, J. & merete, S. . Gender affects semantic competition: the effect of genderin a non...
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Cross Culture Management
3 pages (750 words)
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...avoidance index (UAI) (Cullen and Parboteeah 51).The masculinity refers to the degree to which the society maintains the distinction of traditional male and female roles. The individualism versus collectivism dimension refers to how the cultural values promote ties between the people and processes of decision-making (Cullen and Parboteeah 51). The power distance index (PDI) refers... Cross culture management Introduction Culture refers to the shared values, symbols, belief systems and behaviors that influence the interaction of members of an organization (Cullen and Parboteeah 51). Understanding of culture is essential in cross culture management since it influences the interpersonal relationships, the...
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Mitigating Toxic Leadership
1 pages (250 words)
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...avoidance... Mitigating toxic leadership April 8, Mitigating toxic leadership The organization is experiencing issues with its Senior Vice President (SVP) of sales with high employee turnover from the SVP’s team as the main issue, with employees citing the SVP’s management traits such as being autocratic, dictatorial, being a micro manager, yelling at people, and being mercurial in decision making as reasons for the turnover. The SVP makes them feel unsupported, afraid for the jobs, belittled, and depressed and the factors identifies weaknesses of the SVP. Another issue is the SVP’s potential strength that clients report and the fact that the company’s main competitor has been recruiting him. Risk avoid...
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Assignment one
7 pages (1750 words)
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...Avoidance 3 Implications and effects of each method on companies, the persons and countries 4 Taxation policies should result in equal distribution of income – A discussion 5 UK taxation policies influenced by international policies 6 Conclusion 6 Reference List 8 Introduction Lord Tomlin has stated that every man has the right to manage the tax attached with his/her earnings under appropriate Acts. Tax is managed in order to reduce the amount to a considerable level (Word Press.com., 2013). So, people aim at adopting different methods for reducing the tax liability. The methods that are adopted by them are tax avoidance, tax... Taxation Theory and Practice Table of Contents Tax evasion Versus Tax...
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Is Article 5 of the OECD's Model Tax Convention still fit for purpose given the changes in world trade since the Article was first written, or should it be amended to include specific provisions governing the taxation of income from cross-border services
8 pages (2000 words)
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...avoidance practices of large multinational corporations. In the UK, the Public Accounts Committee of Parliament questioned senior executives of Starbucks, Amazon and Google on their tax avoidance practices which were held to be against the spirit if not the letter of the law 2. Multinational Corporations (MNC) accounted for over $33 trillion in global sales in 2010 with a value addition of over $16 trillion, representing one-quarter of the world GDP. Many of the MNC from the Fortune 100 list have bigger revenues than... The definition of Permanent Establishment Article 5 of the OECD Model Tax Convention Introduction Personal and Corporate Income Tax and the tax on Goods and Services are the...
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Unit 4
2 pages (500 words)
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...avoidance, defusion, and confrontation (Fred, 2011). Avoidance is an approach to management and conflict resolution in which conflict is evaded entirely by the concerned parties. Despite being a major approach to management and resolution of conflicts, avoidance, involves delegation of controversial decisions, acceptance of default decisions, and the restraint from hurting of individuals feelings (Miall, Ramsbotham & Woodhouse, 1999... Conflict Resolution and Management of Affiliation: Conflict Resolution and Management Conflicts remain the greatest challenge that organizations face today. Conflicts refer to situations of disagreements between individuals or parties over certain issues or activities....
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Aviation Human Factors
2 pages (500 words)
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...Avoidance System Traffic Collision Avoidance System I. Summary Mid-air collisions are a normal occurrence in the aviation industry pitting aircrafts against each other and often leading to catastrophic events. Over the years, the phenomenon of these occurrences has led scientists to research on systems of collision avoidance from as early as 1950 (Wickens, 1998). The system for avoiding aircraft collisions was innovated to lower the probability of mid-air collisions among aircrafts. It functions by tracking the airspace encircling one aircraft for other aircrafts that are free of air traffic control to avoid it (Dumitrache, 2013) and cautions pilots of other aircrafts that may pose... Traffic Collision...
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Business Taxation
5 pages (1250 words)
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...avoidance and the anti-abuse rule According to the HM Revenue and Customs (2015... BUSINESS TAXATION Molly Tax computation For the tax year 15 Trading profit for the year £52,400 Add interest income (10%*1100) £110 Gross taxable revenue £52,510 Less car allowance (14,000/20,000) *10, 400 £7,280 Less personal allowance £10,000 Gross taxable amount £35,230 Tax ratetaxable income tax 20% £31,865 £6,373 40% £3,365 £1,346 Gross tax liability £7,719 Less relief on pension contribution ((20%*2,880) £576 Net tax payable £7,143 Florence Tax computation For the tax year 2014/15 Basic salary £26,400 Add interest income (10%*1200) £120 Gross receipts £26,520 ...
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International Business
2 pages (500 words)
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...avoidance, individualism and pragmatism. Power distance and uncertainty avoidance are two key dimensions to Hofstede’s framework that are really important for cross-cultural business. Power distance is the dimension that means that some societies are more hierarchical than others. People who have different social statuses are not equal; accordingly, people are expected to treat representatives of different social classes differently. For example, in Western cultures, ordinary employee can speak with the director of the company equally while in Eastern cultures... Assignment There are 5 key dimensions to Hofstedes framework on culture presented by power distance, masculinity/femininity, uncertainty...
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Business Taxation
2 pages (500 words)
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...Avoidance Tax avoidance refers to the term when the tax regime is legally used to the tax payers advantage to reduce the amount of tax that is to be paid... Definition of Tax Evasion Tax is basically a tool used by the government to generate revenues for itself, nonpayment of taxes in most countries is punishable by the law. Tax evasion refers to the illegal means by which firms and individuals in a society look to evade the taxes imposed by the government, the tools of tax evasion are basically that the reporting of assets or earnings is deliberately lesser than the actual value, this implies that they would have to pay a lesser tax because taxes are usually in percentage terms. Definition of Tax Avoidan...
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Human Development Master Essay
4 pages (1000 words)
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...avoid nasty ones, are likely to be repeated or unrepeated depending upon the reinforcement of behaviors. In CC we learn about the relationship between events while in OC we learn about the relationship between context, individual behavior and consequences. (Indeed the nature of the response is one major difference OC and CC. In CC, the conditioned response is one that the animal is already capable of producing. In contrast, in operant conditioning the animal may be required to produce a response that is not in his repertoire. The trainer has to train this new response with a technique called shaping. In brief CC is operated by the conditioned response that is unintentional... Running head: Introduction...
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Cigarette taxes comments
2 pages (500 words)
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...avoid paying tax. While this might be true, I don’t think we can really blame the people from avoiding taxes. First of all, there is a difference between tax evasion and tax avoidance. Tax evasion is illegal and must be punished. On the other hand, tax avoidance is legal and is but a natural tendency for all. For one is always inclined to choose to pay less tax. When we say one evades tax, this means he does not pay the tax that he is legally required to pay. For example, a person purchases ten boxes of cigarettes in New York City. He is assessed, for example, 10 cents as tax for each box. Since he purchased... The paper suggests that the huge losses in revenue are because a large portion of smokers...
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Hofstedes Dimensions Abstract
2 pages (500 words)
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...avoidance, and long term orientation. The power distance dimension measures the inclination of the poor citizens of a country to accept power is distributed unequally. In countries that have a high power distance index the people accept their status within the system even if they are at the bottom. Governments that are abusive take advantage of culture with high power distance to impose their regimen on the people. Arab countries have a much higher power distance score than western nations such as the United States. The second dimension of Hofstede’s framework is individualism. Individualism refers to the instinct of people... The Hofstede’s cultural dimension framework was developed by Geert Hofstede...
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Offshore Tax Evasion
10 pages (2500 words)
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...avoidance are two sides of the same coin, both denying governments of needed revenue. Tax evasion is the illegal concealment or avoidance of a tax, while tax avoidance is the legal effort to arrange the affairs of the entity in such a way as to minimize taxes. For individuals, there is no way to legally avoid taxes in an offshore environment. However, there exist numerous opportunities for juristic entities such as corporations, foundations and trusts to avoid taxation by operating in multiple, carefully... ? Final paper draft Addressing Offshore Corporate Tax Evasion In partial fulfillment of the requirements for Submitted by Your College Your College Location The DATE Abstract Tax evasion and tax...
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Offshore Tax Evasion
10 pages (2500 words)
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...avoidance are two sides of the same coin, both denying governments of needed revenue. Tax evasion is the illegal concealment or avoidance of a tax, while tax avoidance is the legal effort to arrange the affairs of the entity in such a way as to minimize taxes. For individuals, there is no way to legally avoid taxes in an offshore environment. However, there exist numerous opportunities for juristic entities such as corporations, foundations and trusts to avoid taxation by operating in multiple, carefully... Final paper draft Addressing Offshore Corporate Tax Evasion In partial fulfillment of the requirements for Submitted by Your College Your College Location The DATE Abstract Tax evasion and tax avoi...
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Labelling.is the primary source of deviance. Evaluate this statement by comparing three major perspectives to the study of deviance. Assess their usefulness in studying the two (2) cases you have selected from the case studies discussed
9 pages (2250 words)
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...avoidance, the usefulness of these major perspectives to the study of deviance and, more particularly the to the analysis of the effects of labelling, will be discussed. Labelling as the primary source of deviance: Views from the Three Major Perspectives Even though the theory of labelling has been well-known among social thinkers and has served an important role in the manner society responds to different types of deviant behaviour... Labelling as a Primary Source of Deviance: A View from the Three Major Perspectives Introduction The long-established perspective is that an individual is labelled a deviant largely because that individual either behaves or acts in a deviant way or has attributes that de...
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Reaction paper
1 pages (250 words)
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...Avoid Fathers When Fertile.” The main purpose of this research was to explore the corollary behavior in humans during reproduction. Indeed, the research sought to confirm the predictions that women selectively avoid interactions with male kin during peak fertility by observing avoidance behavior during peak fertility (Lieberman, Pillsworth, & Haselton, 2011). The research also sought to explore the interactive effect of fertility status and kin types using an objective behavioral measure (Lieberman, Pillsworth, & Haselton, 2011). The research established the interaction... Reaction Paper al Affiliation) Reaction The paper is a reaction to the reading, Kin Affiliation across the Ovulatory Cycle: Females...
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Czech Republic country analysis
2 pages (500 words)
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...avoidance and masculinity (“Hofestede’s Cultural Dimensions” 1). (1) Power distance is concerned with the degree to which people in a particular society are equal or unequal. (2) Individuality measures the extent to which a society reinforces individual or collective achievement and interpersonal relationships. (3) Uncertainty avoidance focuses on the level of acceptance for uncertainty and ambiguity within a particular... Social and cultural factors that may influence establishing a textile industry in the Czech Republic According to Geert Hofestede values inbusiness are influenced by intercultural differences that can be measured using four dimensions: power distance, individuality, uncertainty...
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Speech class assignment
1 pages (250 words)
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...avoidance of eye contact. Whereas habitual and experienced liars will attempt a deception without avoiding eye contact, other people will most likely avoid eye contact while attempting deception. Avoidance of eye contact coupled with touching and handling other items while communicating may strongly suggest an attempt to deceive. Other nonverbal signs of attempt to deceive include, fidgeting and change of facial expressions. A communicator who was talking comfortably but then begins to fidget in the middle of a conversation may mean that they are feeling uneasy with what they are communicating and therefore, fidgeting may...
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