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Osmosis
1 pages (250 words)
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...Bacillus Anthracis. It is a deadly disease that can affect the lungs, intestines or skin. In Frank’s case it affected the lungs leading him to experience severe throat ache and flu. He was also prone to the gastrointestinal infection caused by the hard boiled egg that frank had consumed. Also Frank’s eating habits and the ten seconds rule where pushing him closer to this disease anyways. The image of this bacteria is given below: (Todar, 2011... Osmosis Jones By 14 March Osmosis Jones Summary and Analysis The movie “Osmosis Jones” is an interesting movie focusing on the human defence mechanism in a very unusual way. It is a science fiction movie released in 2001 based on the human body. The movie revolves...
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History of bioterrorism
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...Bacillus Anthracis in the United States. This lead many hospitalizations and deaths. Necessary measures were taken to combat this but till now no culprit has been identified. Bioterrorism or in other words Biological warfare is defined as "intentional use of living... Running Head: HISTROY OF BIOTERRORISM History of Bioterrorism APA Style Muneeb Ahmad Faiq The history of bioterrorismdates back to antiquity but perhaps the bible has the first documentation of an event of this kind. Many wars were fought and won using bioterrorism as a tool. This included the attempts in Trozan war, Acharya Rajneesh etc. One of the main events in the history of bioterrorism is the mailing of letters infected with...
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Rally Championship; Design
3 pages (750 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis, Bacillus pseudomycoides, Bacillus mycoides, Bacillus weihenstephanensis and Bacillus thuringiensis. These bacterium have the ability to secrete different types of toxins. (Drobrniewski .F ,1993)has given an interesting example which is Bacillus anthracis lead to Cause anthrax to humans and animals, whereas Bacillus cereus is caused food borne illness .In addition, Bacillus.cereus is often beta hemolytic that is breakdown of red blood cells in vitro, while Bacillus... Bacillus cereus is an endemic dwelling and it is from gram-positive group .Also it is spore forming bacteria which can be harmful to humans because it is found in uncooked rice .however this bacteria is separated in...
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Hw2
2 pages (500 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis. This is a Gram-positive, rod-shaped, facultatively anaerobic, bacteria (http://phil.cdc.gov/phil/details.asp (ID). b) The organism has various features of its life cycle that makes it successful as a disease-causing organism. These include: the ability to undergo mutation, very fast reproduction, and resistant parts called endospores for surviving extreme climatic... Bacteria The significant difference in structure between the gram positive and the gram negative bacteria is that the gram-positive has a peptidoglycan cell wall, while the gram-negative has a protein coat covering the peptidoglycan layer. 2. a. Anthrax is a human disease caused by a prokaryotic organism known as Bacil...
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Name two diseases caused by spores, their symptoms and treatment, and how they are spread
3 pages (750 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis are the prime culprits when it comes to deaths witnessed by spore-forming bacteria (Centre for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC]). In this regard, this essay explores anthrax and tetanus as diseases caused by spores, clearly stating their symptoms, treatment, and spreading. Spore-forming bacteria Perhaps it is worthy to note that the major spore-forming bacteria are the clostridia and bacilli, which cause anthrax and tetanus respectively. Essentially, Bacillus anthracis, a bacterium whose main habitat is the soil, produce toxic spores that enter... Anthrax and Tetanus as Diseases Caused By Spore-Forming Bacteria Although the public may not be aware of the existence of bacteria that ...
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Epidemiology of Bio-Terrorism
2 pages (500 words)
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...Bacillus Anthracis, caused this disease. Many states in America were worst hit by this disease and this has been purposely carried out by people who are intended to do harm to others. Terrorism... Bio-Terrorism Introduction The article provides a complete outlook on the epidemiology of bio-terrorism. Bio-terrorism has been in the books for the past two or three decades. America has been the major victim of bio-terrorism. The country has been affected by this many a times. Inhalational anthrax is the major form of bio-terrorism. People who work in textile and leather industries are more prone to this disease as they are in constant contact with animal related products. The bacteria in these products,...
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Anthrax
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis, is mostly used, and several hoaxes of this bacterium have been reported in the United States (Saffer, 2004). When selecting an effective bioterrorism agent, perpetrators consider several factors that will make it easier for the desired goal to be achieved effectively. The agent selected should possess the ability to cause morbidity, mortality, or illness with difficult diagnosis and treatment. Accessibility, stability, and reproducibility are other factors that are carefully analyzed for consideration of an agent. The agent should be easy to find which was simpler before the federal regulations illegalized the sale of specific... Anthrax Anthrax Poor relations and hatred among...
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Human Infections in the Year 2009
13 pages (3250 words)
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...Bacillus while anaerobic spore-forming bacteria are in the genus Clostridium. Bacillus anthracis causes anthrax while Clostridium genus caused tetanus, gas gangrene, botulism, and pseudomembranous colitis for each specific species. Gram-negative cocci bacteria of the genus Neisseria could cause meningitis and septicaemia (Neisseria meningitidis), and could transmit gonorrhea (Neisseria gonorrhoeae). Gram-negative coccobacilli bacteria such as the genus Haemophilus and Bordetella could cause respiratory diseases while genus Brucella and Pasteurella serve as mode of transmission from animals to humans and vice versa. Gram-positive cocci bacteria could be a catalase-positive... Human Infections in the ...
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Types of Terrorism
3 pages (750 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis. It is non contagious and hence transmissiom from one individual to the other through contacts is not very easy. Bacillus anthracis was first use in biological warfare in in germana when the German working stafs were supplied with the anthrax bacterium and used it against the Russian Army in Finland (Guillemin, 2010). The most recent attack and outbreak of anthrax linked to bioterrorism was the recent outbreak in trhe offices of the United states of America Senators during late 2001. In this particular incidence, the anthrax bacterium, Bacillus anthracis... Types of Terrorism Introduction Terrorism can be defined as the systematic use of terror activities by individuals, groups or...
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Biology - Medical Microbiology
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis and the viral one is Varicella-zoster virus (VZV). Bacillus anthracis causes anthrax and VZV primarily cause chicken pox but can cause shingles when it happens again. Anthracis is a large gram-positive rod with a large capsule made up of D-glutamate. It is non-motile and spore forming, these spores are infecting form, they can enter the skin cutaneously, inhalation or by eating infected meat. The virus on the other hand has to be transmitted directly, either by open wound contact or inhalation of respiratory droplets. Bacillus anthracis does not produce an endotoxin which is a characteristic of gram negative bacteria. Instead... ?Question A 54 year old male attended his local doctor’s...
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Medical microbiology
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis and the viral one is Varicella-zoster virus (VZV). Bacillus anthracis causes anthrax and VZV primarily cause chicken pox but can cause shingles when it happens again. Anthracis is a large gram-positive rod with a large capsule made up of D-glutamate. It is non-motile and spore forming, these spores are infecting form, they can enter the skin cutaneously... Question A 54 year old male attended his local doctor’s surgery complaining of abdominal pain that had gotten progressively worse for past two weeks. The patient was a schoolteacher who worked with a large class of students, often under stressful conditions. The patient described that he often felt better immediately after eating f...
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Research paper on bioterism: Anthrax
6 pages (1500 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis pose a threat not only to animals but to man as well. It has a potential to be used as a weapon for bioterrorism because a kilo of anthrax spores is highly portable, relative cheap to produce, and has the capacity to kill at least 30,000 people. There are clinical signs associated with anthrax in both animals and humans. One good news is that it is not impossible to manage and cure a person from infection by anthrax. Vaccines are available and, provided exposure to anthrax has been detected early enough, it is possible to conduct vaccination among those who have been exposed to the bacteria. Recovery from the disease is also highly... Anthrax and Its Potential for Bioterrorism Bacillus ...
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Epidemiology
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis and has been... Epidemiology EPIDEMIOLOGY Epidemiology can be defined as the study of determinants and distribution of health related events or states, which also include disease, and the use of this study to control health problems like diseases. Various methods can be utilized to perform epidemiological investigations. For example, descriptive studies and surveillance can be used for the study of distribution; with analytical studies utilized for the study of determinants. Major areas of study are investigation of outbreaks, screening and surveillance of disease, bi monitoring, and comparison of clinical trial treatment effects. The professionals in this field rely on biostatistics,...
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Anthrax
2 pages (500 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis is a certain type of bacteria which is mainly responsible for causing this fatal disease. This paper will shed more light upon how Anthrax spreads and how it can be cured and avoided. “This disease mainly affects animals like sheep, goats, cattle and so on but human beings can also contract anthrax when they come in contact with affected animals and it can also spread from one human being to another which makes it even more dangerous, it is a communicable disease and this is precisely why it is considered fatal by many people.” (Causes of Anthrax) “The bacteria can easily... Client’s 29 October Some diseases are more dangerous than the others; Anthrax is one disease which is deadly....
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Bio-Terrorism and Anthrax as WMD
3 pages (750 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis: toxicology, epidiology and current rapid-detection methods. Anal Bioanal Chem, 384, 73-74. Popovic, Tanja. (2005). Assessing Anthrax Detection Methods. Statement before The Committee on Government Reform Subcommittee on National Security, Emerging Threats, and International Relations United States House of Representatives Retrieved from http://www.hhs.gov/asl/testify/t050405.html... Anthrax has been well studies for over 150 years; however, the re3cent threat of anthrax as a bioterrorism agent has necessitated improvements in pathogen detection methods (Popoviv, 2005). Because anthrax spore are hardy, highly infectious, and easily airborne, environmental detection of the pathogens...
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Bioterrorism and Anthrax, October 2001
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis was expanded across more than 60 sites of America. 5 people died in the result of this bacterium expansion and 11 cases hazardous for health were known. This danger came out of nowhere, was developed by unknown individuals, took away health and lives of people and disappeared. The most scaring enemy is unseen enemy... Bioterrorism and Anthrax, October 2001 Introduction Terrorism nowadays is a broad concept. Many research and studies in different fields are devoted to the study of terrorism effect and its impact on different aspects of human activities. Bioterrorism is not less scaring and dangerous for the modern society than military terrorism. Nowadays the world’s community is...
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Microbiology In Your Chosen Profession
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...Bacillus anthracis... ? of Lecturer] Biology Microbiology in Nursing Cardio-Vascular System The cardiovascular system is composed of the heart, blood, and blood vessels. Interestingly, the circulatory system is free of microbial organisms. The discovery and isolation of microbes such as bacteria and fungi from patients’ blood often indicate serious and uncontrolled infections that could be fatal. In the United States, statistics indicate that the presence of bacteria, bacteremia and the presence of fungi, fungemia, is observed in the blood of more than 250,000 people annually. These conditions also result in about 50,000 deaths annually. It is only via the rapid and accurate isolation, identification,...
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Bio-Terrorism and Anthrax as WMD
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...Bacillus anthracis: toxicology, epidiology and current rapid-detection methods. Anal Bioanal Chem, 384, 73-74. Popovic, Tanja. (2005). Assessing Anthrax Detection Methods. Statement before The Committee on Government Reform Subcommittee on National Security, Emerging Threats, and International Relations United States House of Representatives Retrieved from http://www.hhs.gov/asl/testify/t050405.html... ? Anthrax has been well studies for over 150 years; however, the re3cent threat of anthrax as a bioterrorism agent has necessitated improvements in pathogen detection methods (Popoviv, 2005). Because anthrax spore are hardy, highly infectious, and easily airborne, environmental detection of the pathogens...
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Health Science: Bioterrorism Preparedness
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...bacillus anthracis which is the causative agent of anthrax in the US in 2001 through the postal mail services. These attacks were all indentified and confirmed through clinical diagnostics on the victims who were suspected to have come across the pathogens. However, this attack in the US proved that people are poorly prepared and less informed in matters concerning bioterrorism, and there is an urgent need to sensitize the public on this issue to mitigate the effects of a larger catastrophic attack in bioterrorism. The first bioterrorism related... ?Bioterrorism Preparedness The current of terrorism has gone beyond the use of warfare machinery to advancing in the use of mutated pathogens that are aimed...
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Biological agents
2 pages (500 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis), Smallpox (variola major) and Botulism (Clostridium botulinum toxin) among others. Second highest priority agents include those... (College) The US center of disease control considers the following in ification of biological agentsand toxics according to Efstathiou S, Preston CM (2005), one, hazardous characteristic of the biological agent-that is its capability to infect and cause disease in a susceptible human or animal host, the severity of the disease and the availability of preventive measure and effective treatment of the disease. Two, genetically modified agent hazards-this is the possibility that the genetic modification could increase an agent’s pathogenicity or affect its...
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Biological security
3 pages (750 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis) (CDC). Agents listed in Category B pose moderate risk to the public, as they are less easy to disseminate, and they result in low mortality rates. However, reports by the CDC state that they are subject to heightened surveillance and specified diagnostic capacity. An example includes Q fever (Coxiella burnetii) (CDC). Agents listed in Category C are all emerging pathogens that can be genetically engineered and later disseminated to the public. They pose a great risk to the public because they are easy... Biological security Question one Key factors considered by the CDC when ifying biological agents and toxins include: Ease of dissemination Mortality and morbidity rates after in...
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Bioterrorism
2 pages (500 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis); Botulism (Clostridium botulinum toxin); The Plague (Yersinia pestis); Smallpox (Variola major); Tularemia (Francisella tularensis); Hemorrahagic fever (Web- Bioterrorism Overview). Anthrax bacilli is capable of transmission through direct contact, cause high death rate and throw great impact on public health creating terror and communal commotion. It is therefore bio surveillance is essential for this bacillus (Web... Bioterrorism" Contagious ailments and bioterrorism present foremost fear to nationwide as well as international security. It is therefore essential to augment universal epidemiological surveillance, by formulating highly sophisticated diagnostics and by ascertaining...
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Bio-Terrrorism /Anthrax as a WMD
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...Bacillus anthracis, the etiologic agent of anthrax. If left untreated, within a short period of time symptoms become lethal and are irreversibly fatal. Modern techniques for surveillance and distinction of strains play a role in identifying and controlling both naturally occurring and bioterrorism related anthrax outbreaks. Anthrax has already appeared as a potent bioterrorism threat across the globe... ? Anthrax is one of the oldest recorded pathogens and one that is of particular concern as a bioterrorism agent because of both its potency in small amounts, relative ease of productions, and resilience to heat and environmental factors. Anthrax commonly refers to the hardy spores of the bacteria Bacillus ...
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Chemical, Biological and Nuclear Agents and Incidents
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis, the main route of whose exposure is inhalation. Symptoms include fever, fatigue, shortness... Grade Chemical, Biological and Nuclear Agents and Incidents Exposure to chemical, biological and nuclear materials is possible in multiple ways like inhalation, drinking contaminated water or physical contact with contaminated surfaces. Dispersion may be carried out through simple methods like putting a container in some busy area, using ordinary spray devices or through advanced methods like detonating an explosive device (Irvine). In case of chemical incidents, there is an immediate onset of symptoms, while in case of exposure to biological or nuclear agents, there is a delayed occurrence...
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Bio-Terrorism Essay
3 pages (750 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis is the etiologic agent of anthrax, an acute disease that causes dark lesions on the mammalian derma that have the potential to fatally spread to the blood if untreated. The bacteria may enter the human body by inhalation, through fissures in cutaneous membranes, or through the gastrointestinal tract following ingestion. In recent years, attention has been given to the potential of anthrax as an agent for bioterrorism, partially because of the ease of transporting lethal amounts of the toxin. Only a millionth of a gram of anthrax spores are necessary to cause a single lethal dose by inhalation, and a kilogram has the potential to cause...
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Anthrax
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis, endospore-forming bacteria. The organism is capable of surviving for many decades in soil. The bacterium is aerobic, Gram+, non-motile, capsulated rod. It is known to produce toxins (exotoxin) both in virulent and avirulent forms and contains antigenically active components the lipoproteins, known to be highly thermolabile. They are of three... Anthrax Introduction: Anthrax is known to be one of the oldest soil-borne bacterial diseases of ruminants and grazing animals. It is known to affecthuman beings when they come in contact with the diseased animal or contaminated animal products like hides, fur, wool, leather, or with the infected soil. Etiological Agent: The causal organism is B...
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Analyze the Use of Serial Dilution in Determining Bacterial Toxin Concentration
6 pages (1500 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis, anthrax; Clostridium botulinum, causing botulism; Clostridium tetani, causing tetanus, and enterohemorrhagic Escherichia coli, causing bloody diarrhea and hemolytic uremic syndrome; all these diseases are the resultant of the toxins that are released by the respective micro-organisms (Schmitt). The altered eukaryotic metabolism includes damage to the cell membrane resulting in the cell lysis, damage caused by the alpha-toxin brings lysis of human monocytes... the Use of Serial Dilution in Determining Bacterial Toxin Concentration" Introduction Bacteria are tiny microscopic organisms that are not visible through naked eyes. They are visible through the microscope. Direct count of...
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Flesh Eating Bacteria
18 pages (4500 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis, Clostridium perfringens, Mycobacterium leprae, and Propionibacterium acnes are also some of the other flesh eating bacteria or germs when the mode of cells and tissues destruction is taken as basis for common naming. They cause diseases so they are called pathogens. The pathogenicity of such bacteria is primarily... Order # 296346 FLESH EATING BACTERIA Introduction "The ability of bacteria to damage host tissues and cause disease may depend on the production and release of various types of poisonous substances, referred to as toxins" (Engelkirk and Burton, 2007). Consequently, Streptococcus pyogenes has been labeled as flesh eating bacterium. Nonetheless, Staphylococcus aureus, Ba...
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Gram-Positive and Acid-Fast Bacteria
14 pages (3500 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis Dry cough, Malaise Fever Chest discomfort Domesticated herbivores i.e. cattle Cut in the skin, gastrointestinal and respiratory Close contact with animals or their products especially wool and animal skin It is diagnosed through the isolation of bacillus anthracis from skin lesson, blood or respiratory secretions Vaccination and controlling of anthrax in animals from spreading...  Gram-Positive and Acid-Fast Bacteria What is the purpose of general growth media, selective media, and differential media? Give examples of each. Growth media is a gel or rather a liquid that is used to support the growth of the microorganism or small plants. Examples include; nutrient broths. Selective m...
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Weapons of Mass Destruction
15 pages (3750 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis will be isolated and prepared for evaluation to determine strain and potential lethality in coordination with CDC officials. B. Consultation with the Division of Emergency Services, the relevant state government authority with established statutory power to coordinate emergency response teams and planning (ADHSS, 2001). C. Contact with relevant mayoral and state governance systems to coordinate knowledge... OUTLINE Emergency Response Plan for Release of Anthrax in Anchorage, Alaska Anchorage maintains the highest population of any major in Alaska, sustaining 291,000 residents as of the 2010 national census (U.S. Census Bureau, 2010). This outline describes the methodology for...
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Bacteriocins and Their Impact on Our Lives and Agriculture
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis in infected animals. Andre Gratia was the first to uncover the inhibition property of bacteriocins in a compound he named colicin v, which was released by a virulent strain of E.coli bacteria. In 1954, Pierre Frederic uncovered the genetic determinates of colicin, as a conjugation transmissible element that is similar to the F factor. Since then a host of bacteriocins have been discovered, and our understanding... of anti-bacterial activity. Recent reviews of their antibacterial activity have been excellent, showing their potential for antibacterial therapy in humans (Nes, Deep & Holo, 2007). An example for potential use of bacteriocins in antibacterial therapy in humans is...
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The Emergent Threat of Bio-Terrorism
11 pages (2750 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis (anthrax), Yersinia pestis (plague), Clostridium botulinum toxin (botulism), Francisella tularensis (tularemia), Hemorrhagic fever (e.g., Ebola, Marburg, Lassa viruses), Coxiella burnetti (Q fever), Brucella species (brucellosis), Burkholderia mallei (glanders), Alphaviruses (Venezuelan, eastern, and western... The Emergent Threat Of Bio-Terrorism: How Can We Prevent It Introduction The threat posed by biological disease agents as a terrorist weapon emerged following the anthrax scare in October 2001, when anonymous letters filled with anthrax spores were mailed to US senators and selected media men. Anthrax is one of many biological agents suitable for use as weapon of mass...
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Microbial Biotechnology Essay
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis, Streptococcus pyogenes, S. agalactiae,S, pneumonia, Enteroccocus faecalis, E. faecium etc (Doresinski, 2009). A cocktail of phages has been approved by FDA to be used in form of ready to eat meat and poultry... TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction 3 History 4 Principle 7 Pharmacokinetics 8 Current Status 10 Future Prospects 12 Conclusion 13 References 14 THERAPEUTIC USES OF BACTERIOPHAGES Introduction Bacteriophages or phages are the most abundant and ubiquitous eubacterial and archaeal viruses, suitably described as ‘viruses of the prokaryotes’. Ever since their almost simultaneous discoveries by Twort in 1915 and D’Herelle in 1917, the use of phages in treatment of bacterial infections ha...
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Microbial Biotechnology Essay
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis, Streptococcus pyogenes, S. agalactiae,S, pneumonia, Enteroccocus faecalis, E. faecium etc (Doresinski, 2009). A cocktail of phages has been approved by FDA to be used in form of ready to eat meat and poultry... ? TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction 3 History 4 Principle 7 Pharmacokinetics 8 Current Status 10 Future Prospects 12 Conclusion 13 References 14 THERAPEUTIC USES OF BACTERIOPHAGES Introduction Bacteriophages or phages are the most abundant and ubiquitous eubacterial and archaeal viruses, suitably described as ‘viruses of the prokaryotes’. Ever since their almost simultaneous discoveries by Twort in 1915 and D’Herelle in 1917, the use of phages in treatment of bacterial infections...
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Case Study - Homeland Security Issue
11 pages (2750 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis. First, the responding United States agency focuses on cleaning the contaminated letters arriving in The American Media, Inc. facilities (AMI). The facilities are located in Boca Raton, Florida. Next, the responding government agency cleaned the premises of NBC offices in New York City. The same agency traced and cleaned any... Homeland Security June 27 Introduction: Terrorism threatens lives and property. The research veers on the importance of United States Homeland Security policies. The research leans on the significant effects of an Anthrax biological attack. The United States Home Security Agency must implement defense and counter strategies to curtail another terror group...
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Technology--the solution to prevent terrorism in the US food system
2 pages (500 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis have also been assessed in causing large scale disruptions. CARVER+Shock tool... Technology – the solution to prevent terrorism in the US food system Table of Contents -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 Introduction-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------3 US Food Industry and the Recent Developments -----------------------------------------------4 Technologies and Current Status-------------------------------------------------------------------4 A. CARVER+Shock------------------------------------------------------------------------5 B. PulseNet------------------...
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Hand Decontamination
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis suspected or proven. The physical action of washing and rinsing bands under such circumstances is recommended because alcohols, chlorhexidine iodophors, and other antiseptic agents have poor activity against spores. N. No recommendation can be made regarding the routine use of nonalcohol-based... Evidence Based Research Contents 0. Introduction 2.0. Process 3.0. Evidence-based research 4.0. Literature search 5.0. Methods 6.0. Literaturereview 7.0. Evidence 7.1. Evidence from CDC 7.2. Observations 7.3. RCN guideline 7.4. Enquiry from Staff 8.0 Explanation 9.0 Problems 10.0 Conclusion 11.0 Reference List 12.0 Appendix 1.0. Introduction: Evidence-based res...
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Evidence Based Research
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis suspected or proven. The physical action of washing and rinsing bands under such circumstances is recommended because alcohols, chlorhexidine iodophors, and other antiseptic agents have poor activity against spores. N. No recommendation can be made regarding the routine use of nonalcohol‑based hand rubs for hand hygiene in health‑care settings. Unresolved issue. II. Hand‑hygiene technique A. When decontaminating hands with an alcohol‑based hand rub, apply product to palm of one hand and rub hands together, covering all surfaces of hands and Fingers, until... Evidence Based Research Contents 0. Introduction 2.0. Process 3.0. Evidence-based research 4.0. Literature search 5.0. Methods ...
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Bacillus Subtilis
2 pages (500 words)
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...Bacillus subtilis In this lab, there was need to choose a particular bacterium which was then to beisolated. In the experiment, Bacillus Subtilis was used as the specimen for isolation. Isolating the bacterium required knowledge about gram reaction, oxygen requirements, biochemical characteristics. The best way to isolate the bacterium was through gram staining since it helped in identification of the genus and the extent. Considering the characteristics of the bacteria, gram staining method was important since it results to a unique attribute especially in identifying whether the organism is gram positive or negative. Further, the use of Mosel agar also...
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Bacillus Subtilis
2 pages (500 words)
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...Bacillus subtilis In this lab, there was need to choose a particular bacterium which was then to beisolated. In the experiment, Bacillus Subtilis was used as the specimen for isolation. Isolating the bacterium required knowledge about gram reaction, oxygen requirements, biochemical characteristics. The best way to isolate the bacterium was through gram staining since it helped in identification of the genus and the extent. Considering the characteristics of the bacteria, gram staining method was important since it results to a unique attribute especially in identifying whether the organism is gram positive or negative. Further, the use of Mosel agar also...
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ALQAIDA TERRORIST ATTACK ON NEW YORK CITYS TIMES SQUARE DURING THE ANNUAL NEW YEARS EVE CELEBRATION USING CONCEALED IMPOVISED SPRAYING DEVICES TO DELIVER AN
17 pages (4250 words)
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...Bacillus Anthracis, which thrives beneath the ground. The bacterium was discovered in 1876 by German biologist Robert Koch, who also established the bacterial cause of many other infectious diseases. Soon afterwards, French chemist Louis Pasteur confirmed the finding and went on to develop an anti-anthrax vaccine for sheep and cattle. Anthrax measures by only 2-6 microns in diameter. This microscopic size increases its chance of infecting the lower respiratory tract in both animals and humans (23... What-If Scenario al Qaeda Terrorists Launch Anthrax Attack at New Year's Eve Merrymakers On NY Times Square, Thousands Dead How Do We Prevent or Respond to It ...
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Waste Water Management
40 pages (10000 words)
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...Bacillus anthracis Aspergillus... Table of Contents 2 Overview: Waste water management 3 Water treatment technologies 3 Thermal Incineration 3.2) Catalytic Oxidation 3.3) Wet Oxidation 3.4) Ozone oxidation 3.5) Air Stripping 3.6) Adsorption 3.7) Membrane Technology 3.8) Advanced Oxidation processes (AOP's) 4.) Introduction To Photo Catalytic Reactions 4.1) UV photo catalytic oxidation / Solar Detoxification process 4.1.1) Basics - What is a photo catalytic oxidation 4.1.2) Photo-degradation principles 4.1.3) Photo catalysis 4.1.3.1) Homogenous 4.1.3.2) Heterogeneous 5.) Application of semiconductors to water treatment 6.) Influence of Parameters on the water treatment with TiO2 (Heterogeneous method) ...
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Biology (u2 ip&db)
3 pages (750 words)
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...Bacillus that often occur in chains and include B. anthracis, the causative agent of anthrax; Any of various bacteria, especially a rod-shaped bacterium; a rod-shaped bacterium, esp. one causing disease; or Any of various pathogenic bacteria, especially one that is rod-shaped” (Free Dictionary, 2008, pg. 1). These structures survive by grouping together and through following the Krebs Cycle or photosynthesis. One example of an animal cell is the liver cell... Photosynthesis Aerobic Cellular Respiration Full balanced equation 6CO2 + 6H2O + Light Energy = C6H12O6 + 6O2 Reactants “The process of photosynthesis is broken up into two main groups of reactions: the "light reactions" which require light energy...
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Bacteria cross contaminants
28 pages (7000 words)
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...anthracis that causes anthrax) and several saprophytes b: It is also described as any bacterium of genus Bacillus; In simple terms, referred to as a straight rod-shaped bacterium, a disease-producing bacterium (Liu, 2008). Any of the gram-positive bacteria rod-shaped, that includes the genus Bacillus, are broadly found in water and soil. Sometimes this term is used to all bacteria that are rod like. Normally, Bacilli are found in chains and under... ?To determine the level of cross-contamination during cleaning in the office environment The main objective of the study was to ascertain the level of cross-contamination during cleaning in an office environment. This was achieved by morphological and...
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Unknown lab report flow chart and conclusion based on my results provided
3 pages (750 words)
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...Bacillus spp Acetobacterium spp Clostridium spp Athrobacter spp Carynebacterium spp Serratia marcescens Lactobacillus spp Indole test (negative) (positive) Carynebacterium spp Bacillus spp Lactobacillus spp Clostridium spp Catalase test (negative) (positive) Corynebacterium spp Lactobacillus spp Starch hydrolysis (negative) (positive) Corynebacterium kutsceri Corynebacterium xerosis Hence unknown organism is Corynebacterium xerosis Discussion and conclusion Looking at the results shows the various tests carried to determine the unknown organism... which in this case was determined as Corynebacterium xerosis. The Gram stain showed the unknown to...
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Diagnosis of an infected patient
2 pages (500 words)
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...Bacillus, Escherichia, and Mycoplasma. The discussions here are in relation to a hypothetical patient with an infection who needs to be diagnosed on what is causing his ailment and so if the bacterium is correctly identified, then a proper treatment protocol can be implemented for a cure. A sputum sample of the infected patient had been obtained for a laboratory examination. The bacterium Bacillus is a rod-shaped bacteria and can form long chains; it is also... DIAGNOSIS OF AN INFECTED PATIENT (Anatomical differences among bacteria) of (affiliation) Location of University: DIAGNOSIS OF AN INFECTED PATIENT This paper discusses the anatomical differences among three kinds of bacteria which are the Bacillu...
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Animal
5 pages (1250 words)
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...bacillus known as Yersinia pestis. First time, it was identified in 1894 by a French bacteriologist and the pathogen... Sur Supervisor How the Black Plague Changed Europe The word plague has its origin in Greek vocabulary – in a word plege that means stroke. The word refers to the speed with which disease brings down the infected person. The Plague – more commonly described as the Black Death played havoc in the medieval Europe during 14th century. The paper attempts to explore how the disease affected Europe during the time and then in subsequent years. The bubonic plague is known as a rat disease because it is not found at the places where rats are absent. Rats are hosts of a pathogen – a kind of...
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BT CORN
3 pages (750 words)
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...Bacillus Thuringiensis gene along with the potential impacts of Bt corn particularly on the specific agricultural ecosystem and global ecosystem. Transformation of Corn Plants with Bacillus Thuringiensis Gene Bt- corn plants, as a donor organism emerges through soil bacterium known as Bacillus Thuringiensis (Bt). It is fundamentally regarded as a gene that helps in the production of a protein named Delta Endotoxin. In relation to the transformation of corn plants with Bt gene, it has been apparently observed that the gene that is produced through certain genetic characteristics are to be recognized initially... ? BT CORN Introduction Bt- Corn is viewed to be a kind of genetically modified organism which...
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Anything to do with Microbology
2 pages (500 words)
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...bacillus presents in the body, it is phagocytosed by antigen presenting cells in the alveoli of human lungs. This initiates a protective immune response by the host. The genome of the bacillus helps in establishing latent or progressive infection in the host. Multiple strategies adopted by the bacilli help in evading immune-mediated clearance, thus facilitating the formation of distinct granulomas. Several... of Microbiology Article Ahmad S. Clinical Dev Immunol [Internet]. December 27 [cited March 21]; 814943: Available from http www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3017943/?tool=pubmed Since time immemorial, tuberculosis has affected mankind. The most common cause of tuberculosis in human beings all...
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Staphylococcus and streptococcus
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 1
...Bacillus spp which includes C.Tetani, C. Botulinum, C.Perfringen among others and Staphylococcus spp and streptococcus spp... Lab Identification of unknown Bacteria Introduction The main objective of the experiment was to Identify the Unknown Isolated bacteria in the sample using morphological and biochemical test: The following tests were done: For Morphology, Culturing and Gram staining was done. Culturing was both on agar and broth media incubated at 37 o c and 25 o c. The biochemical tests were: Glucose fermentation, sucrose fermentation, Lactose fermentation, Maltose fermentation, Starch hydrolysis, Citrate utilization, Catalase test, Tryptophan digestion (Indole).The most probable bacteria were...
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