StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu
  • Home
  • Tags
  • Basic Physiology Of Nerve Conduction
Principle of Physiology
4 pages (1000 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...nerve cell showing the different organs a neuron can terminate onto. Fill-in-the-blanks (spelling MUST be correct to receive full marks) (i) Skeletal muscles are all innervated by neurons from the peripheral nervous system. The neurotransmitter released from the terminal end of the neuron is acetylcholine which binds to nicotinic receptors on the muscle membrane. (ii) Communication across the synapse is one-way because only the presynaptic neuron releases neurotransmitter, and only the postsynaptic membrane reacts to the presence of neurotransmitter. (iii) An action potential is generated at the axon hillock and is propagated via saltatory conduction... ?Question a) Below is a schematic diagram of a...
Preview
Physiology of the nervou system
3 pages (750 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...Physiology of the Nervous System The nervous system is an essential component of the body system. It is thebody’s communication system and control center that guides all the activities of the body system. It plays a very important role in ensuring that the communication function of the body is achieved affectively. Each and every activity is controlled and coordinated by this important part of the body system. It is comprised of the brain, the spinal cord, the nerves and neurons (Brodal 40). The central nervous system is divided into two sections: the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. The central nervous system is composed of the Brain and the spinal cord. This system...
Preview
The Physiology of the Nervous System
3 pages (750 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...Physiology of the Nervous System The nervous system is an essential component of the body system. It is the body’s communication system and control center that guides all the activities of the body system. It plays a very important role in ensuring that the communication function of the body is achieved affectively. Each and every activity is controlled and coordinated by this important part of the body system. It is comprised of the brain, the spinal cord, the nerves and neurons (Brodal 40). The central nervous system is divided into two sections: the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. The central nervous system is composed of the...
Preview
Basic Flight Physiology (By Richard O. Reinhart)
2 pages (500 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...physiology is very important and worth-discussing, because of many flight accidents happening regularly. The book by Richard O. Reinhart tries to explain the significance of the flight operation and helps understand the reasons of flight accidents and find the ways of prevention. Basic Flight Physiology (By Richard O. Reinhart) 1. Self-imposed medical stress represents the state generated by auto-suggestion. It is especially serious when connected with transport, especially with a plane. People, whose life is connected with flights, often go through the state of psychological stress that is reflected on their physical health. My mother is afraid of planes and says... a night flight. It was a...
Preview
HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
3 pages (750 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...nerve conduction block, hypotension, and pulmonary oedema. The nicotinic effects will take... Human Anatomy and Physiology List the type of hormone and function of ADH, ACTH, aldosterone, cortisol, insulin, oxytocin, T3, TSH, PTH and GH. A.ADH: Protein hormone: Conserves water and concentrates urine. B. ACTH: Protein hormone: Controls release of cortisol from adrenal cortex. C. Aldosterone: Steroid hormone: Causes renal sodium retention and expands ECF volume. D. Cortisol: Steroid hormone: Regulation of protein, carbohydrate, lipid metabolism. E. Insulin: Protein hormone: Glucose metabolism and neoglucogenesis. F. Oxytocin: Protein hormone: Increased force of contraction of the uterus. G. T3: Peptide: Con...
Preview
Physiology
14 pages (3500 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...nerve fibres, velocity of impulse conduction, spatial orientation and type... of impulses conducted. (5) The dorsal column-lemniscal pathway is an ascending somatic sensory pathway conveying tactile and proprioceptive information for the body and posterior third of the head. This pathway consists of A & A fibers characterised with high velocity (30 to 110 m/sec) of impulse conduction. The dorsal column-lemniscal pathway has also high degree of spatial orientation of the nerve fibres; particularly the medial fibers convey the information from the lower parts of the body while the lateral fibers related to higher segments. 1.4 The origin of...
Preview
Physiology
2 pages (500 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...Physiology behind Pulse Rate, Temperature, Respiration and Control Mechanisms of Peripheral Resistance. Submission: Physiology behind Pulse Rate, Temperature, Respiration and Control Mechanisms of Peripheral Heat has to be related to the skin’s surface in order to maintain a constant body temperature. After the evaporation, the cooled blood returns to the core of the body this regulating the temperature. Blood flowing through the dermis is regulated when one’s body heat is stable depending on the changes in ambient temperature. This is to ensure that differences in temperature between the environment and the skin remain constant thus preventing heat loss...
Preview
Physiology
8 pages (2000 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...PHYSIOLOGY OF NORMAL PREGNANCY a. Prenatal development b. Uterine changes c. Placental development and function 3. STRUCTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL CHANGES TO THE MATERNAL SYSTEM a. Musculoskeletal system b. Gastrointestinal system 4. MATERNAL PHYSIOLOGY ADAPTATION OF THE CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM a. Physical changes b. Haemodynamic... ? MATERNAL IMPACT OF PREGNANCY (DURING GESTATION) by of the of the of the School 3 October, 2013 Table of Contents Table of Contents 1 Mattison, D R 2013, Clinical Pharmacology during Pregnancy, Elsevier Inc., London. 15 Symonds, ME and Ramsay, MR 2010, Maternal-Foetal Nutrition during Pregnancy and Lactation, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. 15 OUTLINE 1. INTRODUCTION 2....
Preview
Critique of an article
3 pages (750 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...basic structural and functional unit of the nervous system, while astrocytes or glial cells, despite being present in larger ratio than neurons, have not been held in significant light. This article is a preview to the recent information brought up by experimentation that astrocytes are not just "gap fillers" which help in propogation of the nerve impulse, but can modulate and regulate the nerve impulse conduction associated with release of glutamate and neurotransmitters. The article covers various aspects of astrocyte functioning in association with experimental basis on hippocampus cultures, cell cultures and imaging techniques. Interesting observations have been... Critique Araque Alfonso, Carmignoto ...
Preview
Convection, Conduction and Radiation
6 pages (1500 words) , Download 1
...Basically, heat transfer starts from the hotter object or the object with the higher temperature to the colder HEAT TRANSFERS: CONVECTION, CONDUCTION, AND RADIATION 5 objects/systems or objects with lower temperatures. There are two types of conduction: steady state conduction and the transient conduction. Steady state conduction occurs when the amount of heat being transferred and the amount of heat being received by the two objects, regardless of whether... ? HEAT TRANSFERS: CONVECTION, CONDUCTION, AND RADIATION Heat Transfers: Convection, Conduction and Radiation A Pertinent Study Heat Transfer in theContext of Three Different Ways Your Name Your School’s Name HEAT TRANSFERS: CONVECTION, CONDUCTION,...
Preview
Hormones and Nerve Questions
13 pages (3250 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...physiology: from science to life. s.l.:Wiley. Houghton, G., 2006. Nerves: The Nervous System. s.l.:The Rosen Publishing Group. John Malone Howard, W. H., 2002. History of the pancreas: mysteries of a hidden organ. s.l.:Springer. Kent Marshall Van De Graaff, R. W. R., 1997. Schaum's Outline of Human Anatomy and Physiology. s.l.:McGraw-Hill Professional. Lickley, J. D., 1931. The nervous system... ?HORMONES Why do you think secondary messengers are needed? Secondary messengers are molecules present inside cells which help communicate signals from the receptors on the surface of the cell to the target particles present inside the cell. First messengers would be considered useless without the help of the...
Preview
Nerve Impulse Transmission
2 pages (500 words) , Download 1
...Nerve Impulse Transmission s Synapse plays a great role in transmission of nerve impulses between cells, as it is literally the place of contact between the two neurons or a neuron and a recipient cell. Transmission of impulses is typically enabled chemically with help of mediators or electrically by the ions’ passing from one cell to another. While neurons are cells passing neural signals to target cells, synapses are the conjunctions between neurons enabling transmission. Thereby, each neuron has a great numbers of synapses on its surface, which can reach 10000. A typical chemical synapse consists of two parts: presynaptic (which is the plasma membrane of the neuron that passes... Role of Synapses in...
Preview
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation
13 pages (3250 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...Nerve Stimulation for Post Operative Pain Management in Children Name: College: Date: Evaluation of the Current Strength of Evidence for analgesic efficacy of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation for Post Operative Pain Management in Children Pain following surgery is a common cause of serious sufferings in people belonging to all age groups, especially in children (Gedhoo, 2004). Therefore effective management of pain is fundamental for maintaining high quality of health care services. Since the use of conventional analgesic drugs (especially opioids) is limited by numerous side... Evaluation of the Current Strength of Evidence for analgesic efficacy of Transcutaneous Electrical...
Preview
Interview conduction and job description
4 pages (1000 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...Conducting Effective Interview For most of the employers and employees, conducting interviews is a frustrating process. In actual, the experience of interviewing can be made more pleasant by making it more effective. It is essential to learn how to conduct effective interviews in less time. Some of the techniques which can be helpful in making interviews more effective are mentioned in the subsequent paragraphs. Interviews are usually consisted of four basic steps. They include: Planning the interview Questions to be asked/ or not to be asked Conducting the interview Post interview Planning the interview Planning the interview involves those arrangements which need to be done before... Ways of...
Preview
Human Physiology
2 pages (500 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...physiology. In Physiology, the term hemodynamics is used to depict the physical laws governing pressure and fluid flow resistance as they relate to the cardiovascular system. It is a complex process of how the heart pumps and the blood flow in the circulation as a result of motion and force. Hemodynamics though a specialized term, the basic principle of fluid mechanics also applies to other non-biologic systems like household plumbing systems. The flow of blood in the circulatory system is directly related to the difference in pressure between the inlet and outlet of a vessel and is inversely related to the resistance... ESSAY Topic: Physical law governing fluid flow resistance and pressure in human...
Preview
Respiratory physiology
3 pages (750 words) , Download 2
...Physiology The respiratory physiology has an important role in human life. Its study therefore is very important. In light of this significance three experiments which are discussed in this report were conducted in order to assess the factors which affect the respiratory rate and interpret the findings and compare them. Vital capacity of male and female was compared and the effect of partial pressure of carbon dioxide in the inspired air along with the effect of hyperventilation on breath holding limit was also measured. Carbon dioxide is one of those factors whose presence in the inspired air directly relates to the respiratory rate and tidal volume. Along with carbon dioxide... there are...
Preview
Cardiovascular Physiology
2 pages (500 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...Physiology Increased Cardiac Contractility: Introduction of ionotropic agents such as digitalis increase contractility of the heart and, therefore, cause increase in the cardiac output. Due to this effect, the intersection point between cardiac output and venous return curve in ‘figure 5’ shift higher up. (Costanzo, 2010). Keeping this new change in mind, it can be presented on the graphical solver as shown below. Fig: 7. Effect of different variables on graphical solution Increase Heart Rate: Increasing the heart rate also increases the cardiac output. This is because cardiac output is the total volume of blood ejected from the heart in systemic circulation in one minute i.e. CO... Cardiovascular...
Preview
Organism Physiology
5 pages (1250 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...Physiology of the Organism The of the organism, which I am going to discuss in this paper, is ‘Frog’. Frog is an amphibian, whichhas its presence on the earth for millions of years. In this paper, we will talk about its main organs and will discuss how it has evolved physiologically to suit its external environment. Frog and Its Environment Researchers have done a lot of research on the physiology of frog. Some of the main organs of a frog studied extensively by the researchers include head, trunk, belly, webbed foot, hind leg, front leg, tongue, eye, nostril, and tympanum. Let us get an overview of some of the main organs of a frog in order to get an understanding of the roles... that these...
Preview
Flight physiology
6 pages (1500 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...Physiology Introduction Flight physiology refers to the effects of flight on the mental and physical conditions of the crew members as well as the passengers of the flight. In general, the human body has to adapt to the different surroundings where they are exposed to. In regard to aviation or flights, the environmental changes are significant and include distinct changes in barometric pressure, significant difference in temperature, and there occurs high speed movement in three dimensions (Introduction to Aviation Physiology, n.d., p. i). There are several human factors or physiological principles that are capable of affecting the safety of flights. The present study focuses on one... be...
Preview
Physiology Presentation
1 pages (250 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...Physiology" A deep co-relation is present between all the organs of body. Normal functioning is impaired if any one of them is out of order. The present article highlights the co-relation between digestive, circulatory and respiratory systems. Introduction Digestion encompass the intake of food followed by physical and chemical breakdown of food, absorption and transportation to every cell through blood. The physical process of digestion begins with mastication an amalgamation of saliva (ptyalin enzyme) to treat the food chemically, it then reaches cardiac part of stomach through oesophagus. Stomach has hydrochloric acid, it kills the accompanying microbes and acid pH...
Preview
Anatomy & Physiology
8 pages (2000 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...Physiology: Parkinsons disease Parkinsons Disease epidemiology, aetiology and prevalence between the genders Discovered in 1817 by James Parkinson, this malady up to date its aetiology remains a mystery (Grosset, Fernandez, Katherine & Okun, 2009). This is despite the state of the current advanced medical field’s expertise whereby it continues to affect numerous people’s lives detrimentally. However, numerous practitioners and researchers have come up with extremely conflicting, varying and confusing multifactorial theories, which they have postulated regarding what could be the aetiology of this condition (Grosset, Fernandez, Katherine & Okun, 2009). Recent concluded studies so far... Anatomy &...
Preview
An overview of Electrocardiograph
15 pages (3750 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...physiology 7. Basic electrophysiology 8. Conduction system of the heart 9. Fundamentals of electrocardiogram 10. The electrocardiographic grid waves 11. Definition of waves, segments, intervals and junctions 12. The normal electrocardiograph waves and complexes 13. The normal EKG segments, intervals and Junctions 14. Analyzing the EKG strip involves the following steps 15. EKG interpretation and Pathology Recordings with diagrams 16. Artifacts of EKG Recording with diagrams Ambulatory 17... ?Essay Inserts His/Her Inserts Grade Inserts (15 04, Outline Introduction 2. Duties of an Electrocardiograph technician 3. General anatomy of the heart 4. Internal heart structure 5. Coronary Circulation 6. Heart...
Preview
Pathology/Physiology
36 pages (9000 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...basically six components which make up metabolic syndrome: abdominal obesity hypertension atherogenic dyslipidemia insulin resistance with or without glucose intolerance prothrombotic state proinflammatory state Abdominal obesity is strongly associated with metabolic syndrome when compared to other forms of obesity and clinically presents as raised waist circumference. Raised triglycerides and low HDL cholesterol levels constitute atherogenic dyslipidemia. Other forms of dyslipidemia which increase the risk of formation of atheromas are small LDL particles, raised... Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome Life itself significantly affects women’s health in an endless number of ways. Heredity, the stresses of life, ...
Preview
Plant Physiology
2 pages (500 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...PHYSIOLOGY When comparing and contrasting the physiology of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) plants and soybean (Glycine max) plants, it is important to examine the history of the plants, from which family they were derived, and several characteristics of its make-up. Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) plants originated on the continent of Africa, and they have been cultivated in southern Africa for over 3,000 years. Sorghum plants are from the family of Poaceae, and they are usually grown as field crops. Sorghum plants have the appearance of "cane-grass," and they bear large clusters of grains. There are two basic types of sorghum plants that are grown in Africa: white sorghum plants and red sorghum... PLANT...
Preview
Health Physiology
4 pages (1000 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...physiology: basis of human movement in health and disease. Philadelphia, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. COURNEYA, C. A. M., & PARKER, M. J. (2011). Cardiovascular physiology: a clinical approach. Philadelphia, Wolters Kluwer/Lippincott Williams & Wilkins Health. EHRMAN, J. K. (2009). Clinical exercise physiology. Champaign, IL, Human Kinetics. JONES, D. A., & ROUND, J. M. (1990). Skeletal muscle in health and disease: a textbook of muscle physiology. Manchester, Manchester University Press... General exercise guideline Doing physical exercise can improve an individual’s health, but it is especially valuable for people with diabetes. Exercise can be crucial for people with diabetes if they are also over...
Preview
Musclar Sclerosis
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 1
...nerve fibers in the spinal cord results in problems of the motor and sensory conduction in the arms and the legs. The functioning of the urinary bladder is also affected and it loses its normal working. The patient may also present with an injury of the spinal cord which would not be painful. The patient may also present with defect in the pupil and tremors associated with position. The functions of the cranial nerves may also be affected and paralysis of the facial nerve is a presentation. This paralysis may subside and then recur. The disease... Muscular Sclerosis Muscular sclerosis is a pathological condition which is commonly referred toas multiple sclerosis. It is a disease process which affects...
Preview
Pain management
6 pages (1500 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...physiological and neural mechanisms in the body that can have an effect on the perception of the painful stimulus (Hawthorn & Redmond 2001). The theory postulates that there are two controls that affect the gate. One originates in the cortex and other brain locations and descends to the gate, while the other is peripherally located and ascends to the gate. In the former, inhibition is accomplished through central summation and input control. In the later, pain information conducting over... Pain Management Definition of Pain Pain is an experience that is common to all animals. It is the result of certain forms of stimulation and involves complex, multidimensional processes. The word pain has been...
Preview
Nursing - Pain Management
6 pages (1500 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...physiological and neural mechanisms in the body that can have an effect on the perception of the painful stimulus (Hawthorn & Redmond 2001). The theory postulates that there are two controls that affect the gate. One originates in the cortex and other brain locations and descends to the gate, while the other is peripherally located and ascends to the gate. In the former, inhibition is accomplished through central summation and input control. In the later, pain information conducting over C... ? Pain Management Definition of Pain Pain is an experience that is common to all animals. It is the result of certain forms of stimulation and involves complex, multidimensional processes. The word pain has been...
Preview
Advanced Sports Physiology
6 pages (1500 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...Physiology. Vol. 85, No. 4 pp. 1357-1361. 55. Kerr CG et al. 1998. Hyperthermia during Olympic triathlon: influence of body heat storage during the swimming stage. Medical Science of Sports and Exercises. Vol. 30(1) pp. 99-104. 56. Lim CL, Chung KK, Hock LL. 1997. The effects of prolonged passive heat exposure and basic military training on thermoregulatory and cardiovascular responses in recruits from a tropical country. Military Medicine. Vol. 162(9) pp. 623-627. 57. Marino FE et al. 2000 Advantages of smaller body mass during distance running in warm, humid environments. Pflugers... Advanced Sports Physiology - issues associated with thermoregulation Introduction. As homoiothermic organisms humans...
Preview
Physiology and Pharmacology
7 pages (1750 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...PHYSIOLOGY AND PHARMACOLOGY Physiology and Pharmacology Question of 4 (12 of 36 marks) Many drugs have been designed to relax smooth muscle, and can have different mode of actions and clinical applications. Discuss the possible mechanisms for smooth muscle relaxation, and, using examples of different drugs, explain how these mechanisms can be applied clinically to treat various medical conditions. Smooth muscles are the muscles in the human body which are not under the conscious control of an individual that is they are involuntary. Smooth muscles are present in the most important operating systems of the human body. They are present in the blood vessels, in the stomach as well as the small... ?...
Preview
Anatomy and Physiology 1
2 pages (500 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...Physiology 1. A coroner was unable to remove the drug vial clutched in a suicide victim’s hand. This is because of rigor mortis. Rigor mortis is stiffening of the body after death due to disappearance of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) from the muscle. The muscles of the body become rigid and the joints immobile. In order for muscle to contract, energy is needed and ATP is the major source. Muscles need a continuous supply of ATP to contract. The aerobic system, the glycogen-lactic acid system and the phosphagen are metabolic systems responsible for supplying ATP in the muscles. After death, the consumption of ATP continues but the generation stops. Therefore in the absence of ATP... 7 May Anatomy and...
Preview
Basic Statistics
2 pages (500 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...Basic Statistics of Affiliate Research Questions Is there a significant correlation between age and depression according to the data available in Book 5 Pearson Correlation Number of Observations: 681 Table 1 Pearson Correlation Matrix   AGE DEPRESSION AGE 1.000   DEPRESSION -0.047 1.000 Graph 1 From the statistical analysis using SYSTAT the Pearson correlation co-efficient was established to be -0.047. This implies that there correlation between age and depression according to the statistics is very weak. The independent variable in this case is age men while the dependent variable is depression. In the experiment it would be possible to observe how depression changed...
Preview
Flight Physiology by Reinhart
11 pages (1250 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...basically the present altitude of the flight cabin. d) Where in the body can trapped gas occur? Some of the typical cavities in the body where gas can be trapped are the blocked sinuses, the gastrointestinal system and middle ears. Teeth which have cavities, abscesses, and fillings can also have trapped gases. e) What would be the treatment for an in-flight ear block on descent? On decent, some effective methods are chewing gum, moving the jaw, swallowing air and also yawning. Another technique is called the Valsalva maneuver. f) What is “oxygen paradox?" Oxygen paradox is a physiological phenomenon, occurring during re... Flight Physiology by Reinhart a) What is “flight physiology?” What is the di...
Preview
Physiology for health
4 pages (1000 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...Physiology of Health Physiology of Health submitted) Physiology of Health Although the body is exposed to various internal and external factors that disrupt its health physiology, the body still can survive because of its mechanisms that may counter the effects of such changes. A better understanding of the physiology of health includes answering the following questions: 1. Explain homeostatic mechanism? 2. Describe how homeostatic mechanism work to regulate osmoregulation and thermoregulation process? 3. Explain the function of cardiovascular and respiratory system in regulating body mechanisms? 4. Describe the mechanisms involved in regulation of energy metabolites? 5. Explain the role... ...
Preview
Physiology for health
4 pages (1000 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...Physiology of Health Physiology of Health submitted) Physiology of Health Although the body is exposed to various internal and external factors that disrupt its health physiology, the body still can survive because of its mechanisms that may counter the effects of such changes. A better understanding of the physiology of health includes answering the following questions: 1. Explain homeostatic mechanism? 2. Describe how homeostatic mechanism work to regulate osmoregulation and thermoregulation process? 3. Explain the function of cardiovascular and respiratory system in regulating body mechanisms? 4. Describe the mechanisms involved in regulation of energy metabolites? 5. Explain the role... ...
Preview
The Psychology of Physiology
3 pages (750 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...physiology has a direct effect upon the way we focus and, therefore, it definitely influences our basic beliefs. It affects how we think about a particular issue (Pastorino and Doyle-Portillo 64). If a person is feeling physically tired and ill at all times it is not possible that he would be formulating or having positive opinions about others, appreciating his surroundings and ultimately having a good feeling regarding himself. The physiology has a direct effect on our minds and it is responsible for triggering it. Obviously there could be several other triggers and issues as well that affect the way we feel, but physiology... ? The Psychology of Physiology It is totally true that our physiology...
Preview
Minimizing the risk of cold stress and thermoregulation in neonatal children
12 pages (3000 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...basic physical concepts that include radiation, conduction and evaporation. Radiation accounts for about 60 % of the total heat loss. The infrared heat waves are radiated in all directions, and although we receive heat radiation from the objects around us, if the temperature of the body is greater than the temperature of the surroundings, then a greater quantity of heat is radiated from the body than is radiated to the body. When conduction is concerned, around 3 % is lost by direct conduction when... Minimizing the risk of cold stress and thermoregulation in neonatal children Neonatal children represent one of the most vulnerable populations of the human race. There are many physiological processes...
Preview
Anatomy and Physiology - Concepts
11 pages (2750 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...nerves’ branches shift towards the contralateral side of the spinal cord from the stimulated side to transfer alpha motor neurons to the contralateral side’s muscles by synapsing with interneurons. The main functions of crossed extensor reflex are to maintain the balance of the body when reflex occurs, to distribute weight to the opposite side, and to maintain body weight when withdrawing an affected body part from stimulus. References Arnould-Taylor, W 1998, A Textbook of Anatomy and Physiology, 3rd edn, Stanley Thornes Publishers, London. Clark, R 2005, Anatomy and Physiology: Understanding... ? ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY - CONCEPTS goes here] [Your goes here] [Due the paper] Answer Part a The menstrual...
Preview
Basic Economics
10 pages (2500 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...basic economic questions of what to produce, how to produce and for whom to produce have to be answered. Thus, the PPL aptly depicts the trade-off the society constantly makes when using its scarce resources between alternative uses. b) What is a Production Possibility Curve? Grant, S (2003) defines PPC as a combination of two types of products that an economy, area, firm, or an individual is capable of producing with its existing resources and technology. The boundary of the PPC... ?Assignment a) The concept of opportunity cost The key economic concept of scar means that limited and finite resources, with alternative uses,have to be allocated to satisfy unlimited human wants. Scarcity requires us to...
Preview
Physiology of Swimming
20 pages (5000 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...PHYSIOLOGY OF SWIMMING Physiology of Swimming [The [The of the Physiology of SwimmingBackground of Swimming Historical findings suggest that swimming has been acknowledged as regular physical exercise early as 2500 BC. In the earliest time documented, it transpires that swimming took place in Assyria, Egypt, Greece, and Rome. Even so, in Rome, swimming was included in the curriculum of the elementary education of boys. It was compulsory for the boys and they had no option for exemption. Japan was also one of the first swimming countries to find out how to swim. Japan dates back to the first century BC, about the same time Rome did. There were many swimming events that took place... Running Head:...
Preview
Physiology and Pharmacology
6 pages (1500 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...physiology. This laboratory report describes one such experiment with extracts from guinea pig ileum where the potential drug homatropine, a known antagonist for muscarinic type cholinergic receptors, is tested against the known cholinergic agonist acetylcholine for potency and effectiveness. Acetylcholine is used alone and in combination with homatropine, both being used in varying concentrations, to test how competitive they are in joint action. The results of Schild... Laboratory Report: Cholinergic Antagonist Homatropine: Validity of Schild Analysis Summary: It is considered necessary in present times to continue with research into how certain chemicals act pharmacologically on parts of the human...
Preview
Physiology and Function
1 pages (250 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...Physiology and Function Physiology and Function Aorta Commonly referred as the largest artery since it can reach 70cm in length and 3.5cm in diameter, the aorta is divided into six segments (Pahlm & Wagner, 2011). Arising from the heart, the aorta forms an arch, descends towards the posterior end of the body, and terminates as it splits into two arteries. Hence, this helps it in the function of distributing blood, which is rich in oxygen, to all arteries (Pahlm & Wagner, 2011). Atria The cardiovascular system of a human being contains the left and the right atrium, which serve as a chamber or space for blood that is entering into the left or the right...
Preview
Anatomy and Physiology
2 pages (500 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...physiology can be related to this phenomenon. Let's discuss these problems. The locomotoric system of children is developing intensively... Child's organism is not just a small copy of adult body (Rowland T., 2005). It has some distinctive peculiarities - morphological, functional and psychological. The different anatomical and histological structure and biochemical composition determine age-specific functional capabilities presented by immaturity of adopting mechanism, by greater sensitivity to environmental impacts (e.g. stress factors). Exercises and sport could be considered as powerful tools of optimising adaptive capabilities of child organism. Thus, which characteristics of child's' anatomy and...
Preview
Physiology/ writing assignment
2 pages (500 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...Physiology http www.ted.com/talks/pawan_sinha_on_how_brains_learn_to_see Pawan talks about the development of the visual system on the brain. His talk comes from a study done on blind children. His aim was to determine if brains can interpret visual aids in order to restore vision. A three year old baby was tested if its brain could interpret bad news in to good news. This was examined through screening of the eyes. If not so, then the blind child deserved to be treated because the brain had refused to learn and children with bilateral congenital cataracts could be treated. However, some blind conditions could not be treated. After watching this clip, I think that visual...
Preview
Basic Economics
11 pages (2750 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...Basic Economics QUESTION Managerial economics assist manager to make proper decisions. There are six steps involved in decision making system. The first step is defining the problems of a respective situation. The first step of the decision making is the key factor of this model. This step mainly evaluate the kind of problems, managers are going to be faces in future. The definition of the problems will support managers to make appropriate decisions. The second step is to determine the objectives. The objective mainly explains the goal of a firm. The aim of a firm is to maximize the profits and balance the figures of revenues and expenses. The next step of the decision...
Preview
Basic LAW
4 pages (1000 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...Basic Law Table of Contents Prologue 3 Sole Trader Business: Advantages, Disadvantages, Legal Requirements and Liabilities of the Party 4 Partnership Business: Advantages, Disadvantages, Legal Requirements and Liabilities of the Parties 5 Limited Liability Company: Advantages, Disadvantages, Legal Requirements and Liabilities of the Parties 6 Trust: Advantages, Disadvantages, Legal Requirements and Liabilities of the Parties 7 Consequences of Registering the Business Name as “Lark Travels” 8 Bibliography 9 Prologue This paper is an absolute work of evaluating the pros and cons of starting a new business. The attributes associated with setting up of new business will be...
Preview
Clinical Physiology for Paramedics
8 pages (2000 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...nerve, sciatica manifests. Gastrointestinal changes Due to increased B-human chorionic gonadotrophin, pregnant women are likely to go through nausea and vomiting (Blackburn, 2012). Gastric emptying is also reduced alongside gastroesophageal sphincter strength causing acid reflux. The intestinal muscles can also have a decreased motility, often leading to constipation and higher rates of water absorption (Blackburn, 2012). Maternal Physiological Adaptations of the Cardiovascular System The plasma volume for the woman is increased as the pregnant woman is now nourishing... ?Reproduction and Pregnancy Introduction Pregnancy is one of the most natural human experiences for women. Although it is mainly under...
Preview
Anatomy and Physiology Essay
5 pages (1250 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...nerves and 12 pairs of cranial nerves. Other pairs are only for sensory neurons which are mainly engaged... 1) List and explain the three general functions of the nervous system. The three main functions of the nervous system are orientation, 2) coordination, and 3) conceptual thought (intelligence) (Kippers 2-3). Orientation pertains to the body’s ability to adapt into its natural surroundings that may differ from its original habitat. This capability is brought around by the body’s use of its senses that protects us from the dangers brought about by an ever changing kind of environment (Kippers 2-3). These senses are the sense of sight, sense of smell, sense of touch and sense of hearing (auditory)....
Preview
Anatomy, Physiology & Disease
1 pages (250 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...Physiology, and Disease Anatomy, physiology, and disease One of the es of disease that causes the largest threat to public health today is communicable disease. According to Hall, Hall and Cockerell (2011), the spread of communicable diseases is today expedited by urbanization, poverty, as well as issues of climate change that change peoples behavior hence the spread. Communicable diseases also poses the largest health threat due to the fact that they can easily be spread from one person to another. There has been improvement in terms of the impacts of communicable disease as a result of advancements in technology and continuing studies aimed at mitigating their effects, and as well reducing...
Preview
Study of human physiology
2 pages (500 words)
Nobody downloaded yet
...Physiology Introduction Evidently, this paper strives to give a general overview of some literature. On the same note, to be precise, the subsequent sections will give a brief summary of four articles in a bid to get a general idea of what the article entails. First and foremost, it is the article written by Thomas Scheff called shame and conformity. Evidently, the author of this particular piece of art strives to give a comprehensive explanation to the relation between normal conformity in relation to the social control. Apparently, Thomas in this article attributes some emotional challenges to the fact that an individual is ashamed. Consequently, this has problems have...
Preview
1 - 50 results of 500 items
Contact Us