Civilization by Bernard Lewis
...Bernard Lewis, in his essay, "I'm Right, You're Wrong, Go to Hell", civilization is discussed under the context of both religion and ethnicity.
Lewis says that there have been a lot of civilizations all throughout the human history. He identifies Mustafa Kemal as the one who dealt with the "relative condition of civilizations in some... is an important aspect which shapes a particular society. The character of a society, along its members, is often defined by the civilization that thrives on them. The term "civilization" has been often regarded to as a synonym of culture in both the academic and popular circles. The term could also be used to denote the society as a whole.
Bernard Lewis, in his essay,...