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Bertrand Russell
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...Bertrand Russell, “In Praise of Idleness” 1. Think about a person who has worked full-time all of their lives to provide for themselves and/or their families. What, if anything, do you find respectable or virtuous about this? Viewpoint of Russell: When an individual articulates that he is only the thinking machine, individuals like Bertrand Russell arrive at the horizon of this Planet Earth. He hails laziness and that according to me, is rubbish. The life of a lazy individual is like the existence of a filthy pool with its water stinking. Russell is an argumentative Tom; as such he does not know anything about the human spirit except to argue. My response... Essay, Philosophy Topic:...
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Bertrand Russell
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...Bertrand Russell Bertrand Russell [Institute’s Bertrand Russell Bertrand Russell was a very famous atheist philosopher. Once he was asked how he would face God on the final, judgment day if He asks him why he questioned His existence. To this he gave the very famous, but obnoxious, reply: “Not enough evidence, God! Not enough evidence!” This kind of atheism is called evidential atheism. Although Russell talked about there not being enough evidence it is not clear what it is not enough for – whether to convince someone about the existence of God or for some other reason. There are people around the world who might actually think this way. They have no concern regarding God, religion... ?Running head:...
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The book Marriage Morals by Bertrand Russell
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...Bertrand Russell This essay seeks to analyze issues discussed in familyresearch council and compare or contrast them with Bertrand Russell perceptions in his novel “Marriage Morals”. The Family Research Council (FRC) is a United States conservative Christian association and lobbying group initiated in the America in 1981 by Dobson James (Stange 510). The FRC encourages what it regards to be conventional family values, by supporting and lobbying for socially conservative guiding principles. It contests and lobbies against LGBT rights, divorce, abortion, embryonic stem-cell study and pornography. Marriage and Morals is an old book written by philosopher Bertrand Russell... The book Marriage Morals by...
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Bertrand Russell and his View of Reality
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...Bertrand Russell and his View of Reality Understanding the Stark Difference between Perception and Reality By Submission Introduction Bertrand Russell’s discussion of reality begins with the process of knowing, which can be examined in three facets: firstly, the nature of the senses as the self’s ‘window’ to the external world; secondly, the essence of sensation in relation to the self that experiences, the object that is being experienced, and the circumstance that binds the self and the object; and lastly, the nature of judgment as a manifestation of awareness. This is more clearly represented in the figure below. Figure...
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Bertrand Russell (1912) The Value of Philosophy and Brie Gertler (2008) In Defense of Mind-Body Dualism
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...Bertrand Russell (Chapter XV of Problems of Philosophy) Explain Russell’s take on the central value of philosophy. In the final part of your answer, provide a reasoned evaluation of some aspect of Russell’s defense of philosophical inquiry that includes some discussion of an example or two that you think illustrates the importance of philosophy in relation to living and acting in the world. Russell’s argument is of the vein that studying philosophy is an end in itself. Many fields in science offer us technical knowledge to enhance our material comforts. But this cannot be the sole objective of our existence. Deliberating fundamental questions on the meaning of life, human... The Value of Philosophy by...
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Russell
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...Bertrand Russell vs Leibniz. The problem of evil refers to the dilemma caused by the mutual coexistence between undesirable and unfortunate state of affairs in the word, like droughts and wars, and a supreme deity who always means well and has the best intention for His people. In the philosophy of religion, the difficulties in reconciling the existence of an omnibenevolent, omniscient and omnipotent God who also happens to tolerate and some instances oversee undesirable deeds which are ideally against His wishes for mankind forms the foundation of the problem of evil. As a result of this problem, the obvious stance is to hold it improbable or impossible for any deity... On the Problem of Evil:...
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Bertrand Russells criticism of direct realism
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...Bertrand Russell’s criticism of direct realism Introduction It would not be a mistake to suggest that one of the major differences between human beings and the rest of the living world can be seen in the fact that people question every aspect of their lives. Indeed, animals accept the world as it is, but the mankind has been thinking about fundamental questions almost since its very beginning. That is why to a certain extent philosophy reflects this essential part of the human nature. This paper will examine ideas of one of such philosophers, namely Bertrand Russell, and his criticism of direct realism, proving that he...
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Famous Thinkers: Russell and Gates
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...Bertrand Russell Bertrand Russell is known as one of the most prominent logicians of the twentieth century. Though his major contributions were on logic and philosophy, he did contribute his thoughts on religion, history, education, sciences, humanities and hosts of other subjects. In "Why I Am Not a Christian" (Russell, 1927), Russell delivered his thoughts on Christianity that were full of logic and great insight. According to the common belief, the word Christian means a person who believes in God and immortality. He states since he does not believe in God and immortality, he is not a Christian. On existence of God, his logics were exemplary. To prove existence of God, Catholic... ? Famous Thinkers...
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Value of philosophy
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...Bertrand Russell. Russell gives his definition of philosophy and relates it to a union of both the self and not self (Bertrand Pg 25). Russell argues that our human nature has allowed us to convert the universe according to our mind. Bertrand Russell argues that knowledge is a form of union of self and inner self and he disagrees with the notion of what is unknown, created by human mind is not part of us, and does not require neglect. In this regard, Russell argues that the definition of philosophy loses its meaning since it is not inclusive of not self. According to this author, a true philosophical... ?Value of Philosophy Introduction This paper analyses the importance of philosophy according to...
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The problems of philosophy
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...Russell, Descartes, Ayer, Wittgenstein,and James can provide good ideas on what philosophy is and its work. In The Problems of Philosophy Chapter XV: The Value of Philosophy, Bertrand Russell implies that philosophy may be difficult to understand in the material world. He presents the idea that if all of one's material needs were satisfied, if poverty and disease had been met, there are still some things for which one looks. These things are 'goods of the mind' and they are reached by the 'self' that is not limited to the prison of materiality. It is possible for the self to escape... in which truth was derived from mathematics could also be applied to the world. What Descartes sought, as a...
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Philosophical Beliefs Regarding Human Knowledge
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...Bertrand Russell Bertrand Russell was a critical thinker... ? Introduction: Philosophy is the study of reasoning. Reasoning represents the aspect of displaying the premises, evaluating them and through analytical tools reach a well decisive judgment. People should be advised to be philosophers as philosophy brings out and raises critical thinkers. It generally represents a level of the mind, one that allows the individual to think analytically and be able to pass well decisive decisions about various issues facing mankind and therefore, finding solutions to the various problems revolving in and around us (Copleston, 1975). Philosophy as a discipline is the art of rationalizing. Rationalizing refers to...
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Descriptive essay
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...Bertrand Russell - What I Have Lived For For Bertrand Russell, the essence of his life revolved around his seemingly endless seeking for new knowledge, the search for love and a niche in this world, and the compassion for his fellow humans. For him, the equality among these three facets of his life defines the meaning of life itself. He strongly insinuated that nothing in the world can be deemed right without the presence of love and knowledge, the two things being the closest to heaven. The search... Linda Jones 15 February 2008 Descriptive Essay Challenge Perhaps one of the more tricky challenges I faced in life was my academic problems, most especially in Math. Even as a kindergarten tot, I knew back ...
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Ideas That Have Harmed Mankind
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...Bertrand Russell and the essayexpansively presents the reality, the reality that is bitter and difficult to take into stride. The essay has been classified and placed under a collection of unpopular essays; it goes to show how human beings have changed for worse and how they have started inflicting pain on fellow human beings. This paper will comprehensively analyze this intriguing essay written by Bertrand Russell. The author introduces the essay in a very intriguing way by classifying misfortunes of human beings, he says that these misfortunes can be divided into two, one is those misfortunes that have... s 29 August 2009 Ideas That Have Harmed Mankind Ideas that have harmed mankind, was written by...
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7.Is the world radically different from how it appears to be Explicate and assess Russells arguments for the distinction between appearance and reality, in Chapters 1 and 3 of his Problems of Philosophy
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...Bertrand Russell and his View of Reality Understanding the Stark Difference between Perception and Reality By Submission Introduction Bertrand Russell’s discussion of reality begins with the process of knowing, which can be examined in three facets: firstly, the nature of the senses as the self’s ‘window’ to the external world; secondly, the essence of sensation in relation to the self that experiences, the object that is being experienced, and the circumstance that binds the self and the object; and lastly, the nature of judgment as a manifestation of awareness. This is more clearly represented in the figure below. Figure 1: The Process of Knowing According to Russell, there needs... ,...
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Epistemology
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...Bertrand Russell early in the century, it seems fair to identify it for convenient reference as the Russellian conception, although over the course of the subsequent three quarters of a century elements... Epistemology "Epistemology, or the theory of knowledge, is that branch of philosophy which is concerned with the nature and scope of knowledge, its presuppositions and basis, and the general reliability of claims to knowledge." D. W. Hamlyn, 1967, 3:8-9. A conception of epistemology has arisen in western philosophy since the turn of the century and has become increasingly widespread since then: the conception that epistemology is to be defined and otherwise explained in terms of philosophical skepticis...
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American Goverment (2)
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...Russell The Journal Of The Bertrand Russell Archives 19 (2003): 27–29. Print. ... American government From a political science- American government we learn an introduction to the political system of the United States and the purposes of its main players and institutions of the government. We learnt that public strategies are engraved in every form of American government are the key to the lives of the United States citizens. Legislatures take care of issues through the public approach moves and use it to enhancing the satisfaction of the citizens. Policies of the public are shaped at the elected levels are used in controlling business and industries. This helps in ensuring nationals from whichever...
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The Meaning of Life
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...Bertrand Russell stated, “…all the labors of the ages, all the devotion, all the inspiration, all the noonday brightness of human genius, are destined to extinction in the vast death of the solar system, and the whole temple... ? The Meaning of Life Introduction Before proceeding to the theme of this essay, there is need to understand the concept of absurdity, as described by Albert Camus in his narrative, ‘The Myth of Sisyphus’. The narrativeis common to many, as the story of Sisyphus who had to keep rolling a boulder up a mountain while it consistently kept rolling back.Sisyphus is a Greek mythological figure who was wise, extremely skilled and cunning.Along the way, he tried to trick the gods, but...
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The Value of Philosophy
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...Bertrand Russell believes, and rightfully so, that the tag “Practical men” does not accurately describe such individuals. To these individuals, life, in all certain terms does not include the awareness that the acquisition of knowledge is necessary. Here, he makes a very vibrant distinction between the practical school of thought and the philosophic one. The interaction between philosophy and science is brought to the fore in Russell’s work... The Value of Philosophy Task: The Value of Philosophy When individuals endeavor to accumulate material needs as an end to life, and such individuals, being referred to as “practical” men by the society, do not find any necessity in the acquisition of knowledge....
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Huxley on Happiness and Comfort
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...Bertrand Russell belief that the success of a journey depends on knowledge of the destination, that happiness is not a figment of the mind, that there is no such thing as perfect happiness, that happiness is dependent on a combination of internal and external causes, that fear hinders the good life... Gopal Pottabathni 3rd July 2008 Huxley on Happiness and Comfort Aldous Huxley, in Brave New World, has tried to exploit the anxieties of his bourgeois audience about both Soviet Communism and Fordist American Capitalism, where the years are as A.F. or After Ford. Brave New World is a benevolent dictatorship: a static, efficient, totalitarian welfare-state. The Director of Hatchery demonstrated the...
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Continental Philosophy
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...Bertrand Russell and G.E Moore rebelled against British idealism. Influential Analytic thinkers of the period include Wilfred Sellars, Richard Rotry, Robert Random, John McDowell and Pirmin Stekeler-Weithofer. Analytic philosophy got fillip through German philosopher Gottlob Frege (1848-1925) with his book “Begriffsschrift” published in 1879. Frege introduced a rigorous logic with a combination of philosophy of mathematics, logic, and language. Another turn in philosophical expression in learning emerged... Hegelian Idealism and Development of Continental Philosophy Introduction: Hegelian Idealism still attracts divergent criticism in varying degrees. Philosophy addresses complex issues and it is not a...
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Hegelian Idealism Essay
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...Bertrand Russell and G.E Moore rebelled against British idealism. Influential Analytic thinkers of the period include Wilfred Sellars, Richard Rotry, Robert Random, John McDowell and Pirmin Stekeler-Weithofer. Analytic philosophy got fillip through German philosopher Gottlob Frege (1848-1925) with his book "Begriffsschrift" published in 1879. Frege introduced a rigorous logic with a combination of philosophy of mathematics, logic, and language. Another turn in philosophical expression in learning emerged... Hegelian Idealism and Development of Continental Philosophy Introduction: Hegelian Idealism still attracts divergent criticism in varying degrees. Philosophy addresses complex issues and it is not a...
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What An Education Means To Me
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...Bertrand Russell writes, “…that education should do something to afford a training and nor merely to prevent impediments to growth, the question arises whether education should train good individuals or good citizens” (p.1). The beginning of one’s education is at home, and the immediate family members, importantly the parents, are the teachers. They transmit so many values intentionally and unknowingly, from their expertise and vast experience of life. Its importance is all the more as it is done... Admission/Application Essay, Education Topic: What and education means to me Introduction My friend is an ‘engineer’. Give him any electrical or mechanical appliance from a fan motor to a bulldozer. He asks...
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I totally understand where your coming from and this is why
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...Bertrand Russell. Ironically, the implications of the Cold War and the red menace seem to be more social and literary rather than military. References Berne, Eric. Games People Play: The Psychology of Human Relationships. New York: Grove Press, 1964. Rosenzweig, Roy and Lichtenstein, Nelson. Who Built America? 1877 to the Present. New York: Pantheon, 2008.... Surampudi 22 May Red Menace: Real or Sham? It is worth pondering over whether the Cold War was of any benefit to anyone. History tells us about the tensions it caused, about the polarization of the world into military camps and about the deep sense of insecurity and pessimistic views it was responsible for. A closer look tells us that the Cold War...
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The Responsibility of Intellectuals (Redux)
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...Bertrand Russell, Eugene Debs, and others were punished showing that it was not about the intellectuals proposing what needed to be done, but the government using them for support and opposition led to suffering. The article goes ahead to illustrate a connection between intellectuals and governing power, according to Chomsky, since power often prevails; intellectuals who support governments appear responsible since the government’s success is often attributed to them. The selective treatment of intellectuals who oppose governments is explored in depth. In the cold war era for instance, value... Noam Chomsky sets out discuss the responsibilities of intellectuals in the political and social arena of...
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Essay question
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...Russells theory of knowledge and Platos doctrine of anamnesis Comparative analysis ofRussells theory of knowledge and Platos doctrine of anamnesis In philosophy anamnesis is the idea that human beings have knowledge from past incarnations and that learning consists of rediscovering the knowledge within us. The theory of knowledge is the result of human doubt (Marxists.org, 2014). Both philosophical terms involve knowledge and having knowledge as human beings. In the pursuit of comparing the theory of knowledge by Bertrand Russell and anamnesis doctrine by Pluto it is important to understand the concept knowledge, how to acquire it and how it affects our daily to daily living... Comparative analysis of...
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Neural Correlates of Envy and Schadenfreude
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...Bertrand Russell as an "un fortunate facet of human nature". Envy is what we feel when someone we relate to or a member of our social circle is seen as being superior, having better possessions or achievements. It is a described... News report on: Neural Correlates of Envy and Schadenfreude The 13 February 2009 issue of Science published weekly by the AAAS reports a study on relationship between envy and schadenfreude with an intriguing title, "When Your Gain Is My Pain And Your Pain Is My Gain: Neural Correlates of Envy and Schadenfreude". Envy, the authors tell us, is an age old human trait identified as one of the seven biblical sins and referred to by Shakespeare as a "green-eyed monster' and by Ber...
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Research Proposal with annotated bibliography
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...Russell, Bertrand. The Conquest of Happiness. USA: Liveright. 1996. In this book, Bertrand Russell discussed factors that affect the mind-setting of people that gives them the idea or the notion that they are happy. Not all of the factors that Russell enumerated are the factors in achieving genuine happiness. The author also described what will happen to people when these factors are exploited. There are also explanations as to how these factors became connoted with happiness.... The Role of Luck in a Person’s Quest for Happiness Happiness seemed to be a very elusive feeling or emotion for people living in a very fast-paced world. The more a person earns and learns, the more the person wants...
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The Values Of Philosophy
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...Russell, Bertrand. "The Value of Philosophy by Bertrand Russell." The Value of Philosophy by Bertrand Russell. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Apr. 2015. Sorrell, Brian. "On Crafting Introductory Remarks: Developing a Synthetic Conception of Critical Thinking." Metaphilosophy 46.1 (2015): 127-40. Web. 20` Apr. 2015.... exposed to a considerable amount of knowledge that should be processed accordingly. With this in mind, students should employ Philosophy so that it helps them to go through the entire array of evidence that is available to them and engage the most important parts of it. The value of critical thinking One would make no mistake suggesting that Philosophy is closely connected to the art of...
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Studies on the Economic Effects and Bans
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...Bertrand Russell and a charity campaign-organization press release called ASH. In my essay, I will be keen at making analysis on the advantages and setbacks of public place smoking. It is unfortunate that 25% populations of adults are smokers. It is even the more agonizing to note that approximately 115000 people in UK die every single year from diseases caused by smoking. Furthermore, tobacco is known to be the major reason behind illness and other serious health inequalities. Most drugs are considered illegal since they have a way of causing significant side... ? Studies on the Economic Effects and Bans In this particular essay, I have decided consider two distinct points of view from an author named...
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I.B T.o.K (Theory of Knowledge) -
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...Bertrand Russell summarized it well, “Theory of Knowledge is a product of doubt…in the hope of being able to distinguish trustworthy beliefs from such as are untrustworthy.” (“Theory of Knowledge for the Encyclopaedia Britannica”). This definition however brings about questions, such as defining trustworthy and untrustworthy. Indeed, ToK can raise many questions: exactly how is a problem defined... There are Many Different ities Including Academics, Politicians, Global Organizations and Companies, who Make Knowledge Claims. As an Experienced ToK Student, What Criteria do you use to Distinguish Between Knowledge, Opinion and Propaganda? Much has been written on the Theory of Knowledge (ToK) perspective. B...
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What is the value of philosophy
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...Bertrand Russell and A.J. Ayer to name a few. What it has imparted us as a race is its value and capability of transforming man. Russell proposes that what philosophy does “is merely the attempt to answer such ultimate questions…critically, after exploring all that makes such questions puzzling, and after realizing all the vagueness and confusion that underlie our ordinary ideas” (Russell, 1912). This involves analytical thinking that encompasses even the most mundane thing and how questioning gives philosophy its innate importance... ? Philosophy has had varied meanings that stemmed centuries ago from great thinkers such as Socrates, Plato and Aristotle to their successors such asRene Descartes,...
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Theory of Perception
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...Bertrand Russell explains the sense-data and material object concepts by considering the example of a table. A table is an oblong object with color as per the reflected light from it and viewed from particular location. No two observers can sense the same color of the table. Different parts of the table will give different reflection of colors. The surface of the table may appear smooth to the naked eye but gives a rough appearance through a microscope. Shape, Color, smoothness are the sense-data. If a real table physically exists can be called as the material object or the matter.(2) Thus... Theory of Perception As per the theory of perception, the awareness of some entity or object to be...
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Philosophers
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...Bertrand Russell, mathematical logic and analytic philosophy meet, blend and create one revolutionist perception over words, language and implication. Our verbal mechanisms are studied and explained in a work that will become the foundation of the analytic philosophy of our times. This British philosopher, logician (1872 - 1970) was one of the most controversial figures of his time. He was two times dismissed (first... Great minds have always influenced people all over the world; perhaps there are many people out there, which have left their print on others' life, through their behavior, their acts, or simply by their amazing abilities to perceive the world and the humanity. This papers aims to highlight ...
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Mary Morrison's Ethical Issue Case Study
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...Bertrand Russell Research suggests that university students do recognize the ethical aspects of software piracy however they still indulge in the illegal acts due to peer pressure and the fact that such acts almost guarantees impunity. It has also been observed that students often rarely feel guilty about using and distributing pirated software (Garmire and Pearson, 2006). If I was faced with a similar situation, I would... Case study: Mary Morrison’s ethical issue “If we are to go forward, we must go back and rediscover those precious values - that all reality hinges on moral foundations and that all reality has spiritual control.” Martin Luther King, Jr. Abstract: The rapid rise and advancement of techn...
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Truth and Senses
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...Bertrand Russell provides a fine example of this in "The problems of philosophy", when referring to a table he says, Although I believe that the table is 'really' of the same color... When should we trust our senses to give us the truth Philosophers and thinkers alike have been studying the problem of how to know the truth for thousands of years. Our method of knowing the world is primarily based on sensations arising out of our sensory apparatus. The five senses of sight, hearing, touch, taste and smell all provide us with information about the material world. This information, widely known as sensations, tells us about various characteristics of the perceived objects, such as their colour and shape,...
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Relativism and Philosophy
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...Bertrand, Russell. The Problems of Philosophy. New York: Oxford University Press, 1975....  Relativism and Philosophy Introduction There have been arguments about relativism and philosophy. Some people believe that relativism is a good wayof proving whether something is good or bad while other believe that philosophy is the best way of telling if something is true or false. Relativism is a term that is referred to people as the act of believing that all truth or wrong is relative to an individual. It denies that there is absolute truth because all truth is relative to the person who believes it. Relativism states that man is the measure of all things including their existence and the appearance of...
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Right, Wrong and the Truth
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...Bertrand Russell writes, “Philosophy, if it cannot answer so many questions as we could wish, has at least the power of asking questions which increase the interest of the world, and show the strangeness and wonder lying just below the surface even in the commonest things of daily life.” Ethics play a very important role in the life of any kind of a citizen; may he be a layman or a business man. In every part of life, every man has the choice of being where he is, choosing the decisions that he must take in order to make his own life better, and having the choice of stepping... ? Right, Wrong and the Truth Right, Wrong and the Truth People around the world have grown up facing various kinds of situations ...
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Paraphrase Paper
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...Bertrand Russell, etc need to be incorporated into government policy-making process. It is high time that our society brings the great... ? A response to Jenni Russell’s The Selfish Generation: Jenni Russell’s article for the Guardian newspaper that appeared on 6th December 2003 raises contemporary problems in social interactions. She laments the fact that as individual, isolated consumers of a capitalist society, people are gradually losing their humanity. In its place, they are acquiring rather unsavory social tendencies, the most blatant of which is lack of politeness in social interactions. People are always conscious of their own image and social status that they act in an overtly aggressive manner. ...
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Radical feminism
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...Bertrand Russell, churches and unions. These supporters provided the protestors with material donations and encouragement. Participants in the protest took the personal concerns of their ordinary lives and applied them to the national issues that the government had overlooked. This brought new dimensions to these issues with a focus on both the welfare of the protestors and those of the world at large. They constantly told their dreams and projected how... ? Greenham Common Greenham Common In 1981, a group of women came together to protest what they felt was unfriendly policies of theReagan regime. At the time, there had been a base that had been cited for nuclear weapons. The nuclear base was situated...
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Philisophy
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...Bertrand Russell writes that philosophy’s value lies not in certainty, but in the questions themselves – questions that may transform us. Explain. The value of philosophy, according to Russell, lies in its practical application. The importance of philosophy is so much, that if human kind needs to get liberated, it cannot be done without it. He also says that man cannot live only be feeding his physical body alone and he has to consistently feed his mind too. And hence, the value of philosophy lies in how he feeds his thoughts by questioning himself rather than looking for certainty. Philosophy, Aristotle said, begins with wonder. What did he... Philosophy Questions What is the value of philosophy?...
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Soci-Cultural Issues in Education
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...Bertrand Russell in his theory proposes that education should have an autonomous existence that is effective when it evolves some known process to meet the fundamentals requirements of the society. The function of education is not only to equip the individual with procedural skills but also societal skills that enable the individual to cope in their present environment. John Dewey’s policy suggested that science and technology should form the basis... Task Socio-Cultural Issues in Education The goal of education in the contemporary society is similar with the 16th century. However, education has become more structured and mandatory for all persons based on the changes in the society. Education is a...
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Write about an economic person ,John Maynard Keynes
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...Bertrand Russell and Virginia Woolf. Keynes also gained fame after WWI which ran for 1914-18 due to his opposition the Allies imposed punitive reparation payments on Germany while signing the treaty of peace. He argued... John Maynard Keynes John Maynard Keynes was born in England in a known as Cambridge on June 5th 1883. His early part of education was at Eton, which formed the foundation of his development intellectually. It was while at Eton that his interest for mathematics and history was sparked. Here he won prizes for his excellence in classics. From Eton he went on to join the King’s College which is also in his birthplace, Cambridge. As an undergraduate from this college, his brilliance was...
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What is evidence in your view How can one tell truthfulness from falsehood Indeed what tools are at the disposal of a critical mind to uncover evidence and draw reasonable conclusions
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...Bertrand Russell states that evidence is sense information, the mental items of one’s consciousness. Additionally, it is also tied closely to the philosophy of science. Unquestionably, the term evidence is barely a philosopher’s word of art. Philosophers are not the only personalities who regularly speak of evidence, but also judges, lawyers, scientists, historians, and reporters speak of it often. Therefore, the notion of evidence is stronger on a pre-theoretical ground than several other notions that enjoy similar fundamental standings within philosophy. If one relates philosophical explanations of evidence with the manner the notion is often used in...
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Defining Pholosophy
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...Bertrand Russell, a philosopher, states that philosophy “is something intermediate between theology and science. Like theology, it consists of speculations on matters as to which definite knowledge has, so far, been unascertainable; but like science, it appeals to human reason..." (What is philosophy?, n.d.) The four main branches of philosophy are logic, epistemology, metaphysics and ethics. These branches of philosophy are divided as to the nature... which are good or desirable, and the blameworthy and praiseworthy actions. This area deals with how we conduct ourselves within the world. Moral philosophers may investigate questions such as, is it right for rape victims to abort their babies...
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Critical Analysis of God is Alive (1966) by Leonard Cohen
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...Bertrand Russell and John Lennon. Cohen the novelist and poet preceded his foray into song writing and singing. But even in a thought-provoking novel such as Beautiful Losers, the lyric writing talents of the author are quite evident, especially in the passage that includes God is Alive. One of the impressive literary features of the poem is the aura of the sermon that it evokes. The choice of words such as ‘poor’, ‘sick... ? Critical Analysis of God is Alive (1966) by Leonard Cohen: Leonard Cohen is one of those artists of rare breed who drew creative inspiration from the rapidly changing social and cultural atmosphere after the Second World War. He is also one of the most versatile and accomplished...
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Case Study: Mary morrison's ethical issue
3 pages (750 words)
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...Bertrand Russell Research suggests that university students do recognize the ethical aspects of software piracy however they still indulge in the illegal acts due to peer pressure and the fact that such acts almost guarantees impunity. It has also been observed that students often rarely feel guilty about using and distributing pirated software (Garmire and Pearson, 2006). If I was faced with a similar situation, I would... ?Case study: Mary Morrison’s ethical issue “If we are to go forward, we must go back and rediscover those precious values - that all reality hinges on moral foundations and that all reality has spiritual control.” Martin Luther King, Jr. Abstract: The rapid rise and advancement of...
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2 pages (500 words)
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...Bertrand Russell argue that it is impossible to apply golden rules in cases where there are varying interests. People may be having different... Philosophical Theories and the Golden Rule Theory of Relativism Relativism suggests that there are no absolute truths to anything. People improve their ways of thinking about ethics and morality day by day through interactions with peers as well as social institutions like the church and the media. However, philosophers like Plato and Socrates assert that truth is absolute. There are several types of relativism such as truth, cultural and moral relativism. Cultural relativism is the most popular. Cultural relativism claims that each society has a different set o...
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Philosophy
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...Bertrand Russell, Nigel Warburton, Robin Le Poidevin, Simon Blackburn, Jenny Teichman, Michael Martin, and Katherine Evans. Solomon and Martin offers a few further samples from philosophy books, including Russells book Why I Am Not a Christian as the source from which numerous writers... First cause argument Introduction Solomon and Martin in their book Introducing Philosophy have tried to analyze "Everything has a cause, so the universe has a cause" contention and have pointed that, “no real proponent of the thought of the First Cause ever actually defended this claim or argument.” All the significant proponents of contentions for the First Cause would dismiss the proposal that "everything has a...
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Is Sartre's Existentialist account of morality more preferable than that based on the existence of God
6 pages (1500 words)
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...Bertrand Russell gives... Is Sartre's Existentialist account of morality more preferable than that based on the existence of God Introduction The concept of morality is complex and difficult from many angles. The questions seem to be rhetorical, and over time philosophers and theologians alike have grappled with the purpose, origins and even the very definition of morality. According to the Webster's II New Riverside Dictionary (1984), morality is defined as 'The quality of being virtuous.' The definition of virtue in the same dictionary is 'Moral excellence.' In order to grasp the core arguments of morality and virtue, we must first understand why they are so difficult to define for all of humanity, si...
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Christianity and Democracy in America
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Bertrand Russell Russell says that Christianity and religion is a superstition. Religion might have some effects to the people, but, in essence, it causes more harm to the people (Heclo, Bane, Kazin, & Wolfe 72). He believed... ?Christianity and Democracy in America Alexis de Tocqueville Tocqueville says that during his stay in America, the of democracy in the society was the best thing he witnessed (Tocqueville & Goldhammer 56). He discovered the benefits and the influence of democracy in the society. Equality in the society gives credit to the public opinion and to the nature of the established laws. Equality brings about good maxims to the governing powers as well as strange habits to the governed....
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