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Ethics of Biological Warfare
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Biological Warfare Humans have had fights with one another since the evolution of mankind. The history of the debate about the justification or illegitimacy of war can also be traced to the same point. “The discussion of the ethics of war goes back to the Greeks and Romans, although neither civilization behaved particularly well in war” (“History of war ethics”). With the passage of time, the nature of war has changed. When the Japanese attacked the Chinese in the World War II, the premeditated release of toxins and pathogens caused millions of deaths. Contemporary wars are characterized by the use of biochemical and nuclear weapons rather than manual force. Thus, contemporary... ? 15 October Ethics of...
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Biological weapons
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...biological warfare, are a pressing concern today because of the extent of destruction that can arise due to the mere use of these weapons. Biological warfare or a bioweapon is defined to be the deliberate employment of microbes to attack and affect military forces, civil populations, crops and livestock. (Satpathy 9) So, biological weapons are living organisms (mostly viruses) that attack the host and reproduce and replicate in the body of the host till they kill it. Biological weapons are dangerous because of the strategic advantage that one group might gain due to the use of them. Because of the level of destruction that these weapons... was to throw the infected corpses into the water...
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Biological Weapons: Could Smallpox Be Used as a Weapon
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...Biological Weapons: Could Smallpox Be Used as a Weapon? The use of biological weapons seems to have an immense contribution in the context of warfare and terrorism. This report primarily focuses on the use of biological weapons by the states and terrorists and their significant impacts on the lives of human beings. Smallpox was proved to be the most lethal of all viruses that could be used as a biological weapon and hence a study on the use and impacts of smallpox virus has been presented through the study. Introduction: Biological weapons can be understood to be such microorganisms, that if can be placed in a targeted host body, are capable of infecting the body and developing thus killing... ?...
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Biological agents
2 pages (500 words)
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...Biological warfare Greenhaven press (2004) Pennsylvania State University.... (College) The US center of disease control considers the following in ification of biological agentsand toxics according to Efstathiou S, Preston CM (2005), one, hazardous characteristic of the biological agent-that is its capability to infect and cause disease in a susceptible human or animal host, the severity of the disease and the availability of preventive measure and effective treatment of the disease. Two, genetically modified agent hazards-this is the possibility that the genetic modification could increase an agent’s pathogenicity or affect its susceptibility to antibiotics or any other effective treatments. Three,...
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Technologies and Warfare
10 pages (2500 words)
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...biological warfare agent anthrax in the U.S. this was followed by an evidence seized by the American forces in Afghanistan which showed that Al Qaeda was aggressively seeking nuclear materials. 1. Fission bomb Contemporary nuclear weapons derive their explosive energy from fission reactions. This weapon makes use of plutonium or uranium (fissile material), which is arranged to make a supercritical mass. With such an arrangement these amount... ? of affiliation: INTRODUCTION Since time in memorial the goal of any warring party has always been simple: to win. However the search for ways to achieve this has always proven difficult even as concerned persons try hard to device new techniques that will give...
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Have advances in bioscience lead to the greater risk of a biological attack by a non-state actor
8 pages (2000 words)
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...biological proliferation” (Martin, 2002, p. 81). The advancement in biotechnology is not restricted to the improvement of the efficiency of industrial mechanisms that produce the biological agents. Scientists are now able to incorporate the elements of foreign genes into the DNA of plants and animals in such a way that the targeted organism starts creating new proteins that have not been already programmed in its genes. As a result of this, the biological warfare has significantly revolutionized. This technology has immense potential to be used in a negative way. It is now possible to engineer the transgenic plants so as to yield toxic proteins... Have advances in bioscience lead to the greater risk of...
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Course review
10 pages (2500 words)
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...biological weapons, or biological warfare, as it is known. This involves the use of biological agents such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, and toxins, to intentionally spread disease in a certain population (Biological... ?Harris Kamran Media and Film Studies Discussion Paper 16 April Threats of the future The society has always been exposed to various natural andmanmade threats, which have put the civilization at risk. Some of these threats have been beyond the control of man, especially some of the natural threats, or at least beyond the hope of salvation, so that the human population is entirely at the mercy of their luck and the occurrence of the event (Covey). However, more recently, the manmade...
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Chemical, Biological and Nuclear Agents and Incidents
2 pages (500 words)
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...biological warfare. Department of Defense of the United States of America. Retrieved... CHEMICAL, BIOLOGICAL AND NUCLEAR AGENTS AND INCIDENTS (Research Paper) ID Number: Hazardous Materials Management 2 Professor’s Name: Name of School (University) Estimated Word Count: 914 Date of Submission: June 28, 2012 Introduction Modern society is exposed to various dangers because of all the materials that it had invented and been using for a variety of uses. An example of this are all the chemicals we have been using for the home (soaps, shampoos, cleaning agents, all kinds of washing liquids, etc.), for agriculture (fertilizers, insecticides, fungicides and herbicides) and for industrial production such that inc...
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Biological Weapons and Bioterrorism
11 pages (2750 words)
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...biological agents such as anthrax, botulism, plague, small pox, tularemia, filoviruses and arena viruses. Tips and guides could be taken from reliable sources to understand the signs and symptoms of each and every component of Bioterrorism warfare. Another important factor to be considered is that the plan of action to be taken during an occurrence should be made very clear to nurses and other medical personnel. The first thing that would happen would be a mass panic attack...  Biological Weapons and Bioterrorism Introduction: Bioterrorism is an intentional attack using weapons of bacteria, viruses and other germs. The act of using diseases a...
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Bio-Terrorism preparedness and response Module 3 case MHE 507
2 pages (500 words)
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...Biological warfare in a historical perspective.  Clin Microbiol Infect 2002;8:450-4. Inglesby TV, Henderson DA, Bartlett JG, et al.  Anthrax as a biological weapon: medical and public health management. JAMA 1999;281:1735-45. Patt HA, Feign RD.  Diagnosis and management of suspected cases of bioterrorism: a pediatric perspective.  Pediatrics 2002;109(4);685-92 . Treadwell TA, Koo D, Kurer K, et al.  Epidemiologic clues to bioterrorism.  Pub Health Rep 2003;18:92-8. McGovern TW, Christopher GW, Eitzen EM.  Cutaneous manifestations of biological warfare and related threat agents.  Arch Derm 1999;135(3):311-22.... Laboratory Response Network Introduction Bioterrorism has been a major concern for policy...
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Overcoming Terrorist Issues
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...biological terrorism by sending viruses into public areas. An example comes from the office of Tom Daschle, when the noted Anthrax virus was sent out in the mail. While nobody at the office was affected by this, it does help to underline the fear of a biological agent being released into society. Biological agents have been a known means of warfare and have been... Running head: TERRORISM Terrorism Affiliation Select the issue in terrorism you feel is most pressing. Explain it and describe how you would suggest to overcome it. Overcoming Terrorist Issues One of the most pressing issues present in terrorism is the overall security taken at many public and agricultural areas. There is an overwhelming...
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To undertake a literature review, chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear terrorism threat (CBRN threat), according to th
18 pages (4500 words)
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...Biological Warfare Agents These are the biological agents encompassing micro-organisms, that are capable of causing diseases in humans, plants or animals or they are responsible for deteriorating the material(s). Microbes... ?"To undertake a literature review, chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear terrorism threat (CBRN threat), according to the current un ified literature and proposal recommendations for CBRN preparedness in military ROLE 3 facilities" - A literature review, chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear terrorism threat Dr. Siu Man KAN, Simon Bsc.(Hons) MB.Ch.B. Dip. Ven (L’pool) M.R.C.G.P. Msc. Drugs use & Addiction. Pg Cert. Medical Education L.M.C.C. ECFMG RAMC These first...
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Humans versus Nature-- which selects better for human survival, from a biological point of view
4 pages (1000 words)
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...biological warfare is already in vogue; however, when it is genetically engineered, it is likely to be more virulent, more lethal to cause a devastating impact to the lives on this planet. Genetic engineering has no bars to conducting experiments. Human genes may be inserted into non-human species to create some specific... The Dangers of Genetic Engineering Introduction Human beings, as they are today, are the result of millions of years of natural selection and mutation process. Natural selection process functions on existing variation within a population based on comparative advantage. While evolution of humans is going on in nature with slow and steady pace, the direct interference by humans...
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MAZMAT responses to Chemical, Biological and Nuclear Agents and Incidents
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...Biological and Nuclear Agents and Incidents Introduction In the current age of biological warfare and terrorism, thereare various chemical, biological, and nuclear agents and incidents that the world has had to deal with. These incidents range from mild to severe physical as well as environmentally damaging incidents. This paper shall assess HAZMAT responses to chemical, biological, and nuclear agents and incidents. Specifically, it shall discuss the role of specific air monitoring and detection devices in terrorist- related hazardous materials. It shall also discuss the interagency disaster management in terms of preparedness and response to terrorist incidents... HAZMAT responses to Chemical,...
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Weapons proliferation and conflict
1 pages (250 words)
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...biological warfare. The last one is Type IV that now entails the spread of WMD into other nations... Weapons Proliferation and Conflict There are four types of proliferation that are a true representation of the greatest threat to international security. Type I, for instance, includes an assemblage of arsenals that comprises of conventional weapons. They are weapons that hamper on social spending resulting to increased conflicts. Additionally, there are Type II weapons that are often smuggled across the border. Consequently, they escalate the casualties plagued by civil wars. Type III, on the other hand, involves the establishment of WMDs. It is the worst because it encourages nuclear, chemical, and...
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Genomics, Vaccines & Weaponization
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Biological warfare is the use of biological agents or their toxins in order to destroy human, animal and plant life and would be an act of terrorism or war. These biological organisms are capable of reproducing on the hosts or are able to release toxic... 15 March Genomics, Vaccines & Weaponization The genomic-enabled reverse vaccinology is an approach that is utilizedin vaccine development and was first utilized with the serogroup type B Neisseria meningitides. The first is the sequencing of the entire genome of the pathogenic organism of interest. Today the process is done using algorithms and bioinformatics techniques to identify proteins that are present on the cell surface or released by the...
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MEDIEVAL WARFARE
2 pages (500 words)
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...WARFARE PART 4 A) How is the masculinity (not just brute force but ethic) of the medieval warrior translated into Full Metal Joust and otherpopular media, books, movies etc?  Be sure you address this in at least two different examples.    There is no doubt that modern exhibition of medieval warfare and warriors continue to be subjected to strong alignment to the male gender, thereby creating a masculinity conception about medieval warriors. One of the modern platforms of medieval warfare where masculinity continues to be exhibited and depicted on constant basis is that of the Full Metal Joust. Certainly, masculinity is not exhibited only in terms of the nature of the combat, which generally... MEDIEVAL...
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Bioterroist threat
2 pages (500 words)
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...biological warfare. Moreover, anthrax causes high mortality due to its low incubation period. Anthrax bacteria also transform into spores to survive extreme condition such as high temperatures... Bioterrorist Threat Bioterrorism is the deliberate application of disease causing agents such as bacteria, virus, fungus, or toxin on an enemy population. Application of biological weapon dates back to the ancient civilizations, when biological agents were used to destroy enemy cities. Unlike conventional weapons, biological weapons do not differentiate between enemy and friendly forces (Paquette, 2006). However, advancements in the field have led to the creation of more sophisticated agents that can be applied...
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Smallpox
6 pages (1500 words)
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...biological warfare or terrorism is commonly known as smallpox. This name generally refers to a number of related illnesses, but the most deadly form of the disease is known in scientific circles as Variola major. As the name suggests, smallpox is caused by the variola virus, which is a member of the orthopoxvirus genus. This genus also incorporates cowpox, monkeypox, orf and molluscum contagiosum (CDC, 2004). Some strains of this virus are highly lethal to human existence while others are relatively benign. Even when not fatal, the disease can... Understanding Smallpox Introduction One of the more dangerous illnesses currently being discussed within public circles as a potential virus to be used in...
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Global Nuclear Warfare
6 pages (1500 words)
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...warfare due to the emergence of new "nuclear states". The progress in biology and genetics in last few decades has created and opened completely new horizons. Together with deeper understanding of the mechanisms of how do various genes in various organisms' function, and the ways in which they influence the physiologic systems, we were able to find medicines for many diseases. This knowledge might easily be abused resulting in the deformation of natural bioregulation as the most serious consequence. The situation is further aggravated by fact that the top biologic and genetic technologies are available almost for anyone in dispose of considerable financial... PLEASE ENTER PLEASE ENTER PLEASE ENTER May...
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Technology
5 pages (1250 words)
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...warfare technologies like nuclear, chemical and biological weapons is to shatter the opponent by causing massive, large scale and indiscriminate loss of human life. Technology has not only made it possible to cause pervasive and senseless killing in human conflicts but “the challenges to the laws of war posed by technological revolution (Allenby 70)” have made modern warfare more unethical and impersonal. Simply speaking technology has made warfare more lethal by bringing into existence the weapons of mass destruction like the nuclear, chemical and biological weapons that cause senseless killing and are not concerned about the humane and ethical concerns governing wars... of the English of the Concerned ...
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Warfare
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...warfare targeted a specific nation, contemporary justification for war is based on the need to end terrorism perpetrated by groups that in some cases might not have links to the states in which they operate therefore making it difficult to combat them. However, the need to protect unarmed civilians is still an important aspect whenever such an engagement is undertaken (Wester, 2005). References Wester, F. E. (2005). Preemption and just war: Considering the case of Iraq. Parameters, 34(4), 20-39. Crawford, N. C. (2003). Just war theory and the US counter terror war. Perspective on Politics, 1(1), 5-25.... War Theory Just war theory offers guidelines based on ethical rules of war that are divided into...
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Warfare
1 pages (250 words)
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...Warfare in Society pre-1500 CE Before 1500 CE, there were no mechanisms to resolve conflicts between two people groups. This inevitably led to wars between tribal groups. The reason for this was not so much just simply to vanquish the other group, but for one’s own survival as a race. This often meant taking over land and natural resources to sustain a group’s way of living. If a race of people did not have enough land to provide for their own tribe, it was then logical to attack the closest neighbor that could offer vast resources and land. Because there were no international bodies to mediate in conflicts between two groups, it was often the people who had the bigger army that won... Importance of...
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Warfare
4 pages (1000 words)
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...warfare in the 21st Century? Conflict and strife are as old as mankind itself though its dimensions have been changing as technological advances have impacted it along with other facets of human life. War has gone from the early days of using battle clubs and axes to today where unmanned aircraft controlled from halfway across the world can shoot down moving ground targets. War has also been modified in many other facets and has added new facets as it has evolved over the years (Katoch, 2005). The current style of warfare is more popularly known as Fourth Generation Warfare (4GW). One of the most notable things about 4GW is the removal of boundaries between war... ?What are the characteristics of warfare ...
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Bioterorrism Research Paper
5 pages (1250 words)
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...biological agents has grown, and many believethat there is a threat of an imminent attack in the United States. In this case, there is a strong belief that nations such as North Korea, Iran, and China are engaging in biological warfare research. In effect, there is growing fear that these nations may use the weapons against others, especially against the United States. In addition, there is a possibility of the research falling into terrorists hands, which will pose a greater challenge to United States. It is important to point out that the use of biological warfare comes with disastrous results, just like other weapons of mass of destruction... ?Shaun Pinto Bioterrorism Over the years, research in...
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Quarantine and Societal Fears
7 pages (1750 words)
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...Biological warfare is an imminent threat and perhaps one of the most terrifying of all weapons. One of the main reasons biological warfare haunts the minds of many is that it may lead to a slow and painful death, and that if the condition it causes is incurable, the outbreak may be impossible to stop and lead to the annihilation of the human race. Infectious disease is no longer the biggest killer in the Western world, and this perhaps is what makes it so terrifying. Humanity is used to being able to control these outbreaks, and the threat of one that is uncontrollable... 25th November Quarantine and Societal Fears Background Quarantine is an American horror film first releasedin 2008. The plot of the...
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Industrial Revolution College Essay
2 pages (500 words)
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...biological warfare as well as in nuclear weaponry. Romantic reaction to Industrial revolution The term Romantic covers most of the music, art and literature of Western civilization from the nineteenth century. Romanticism is an international... Industrial revolution and its effects on Science Industrial Revolution began in England sometime after the middle of the 18th century with a series of inventions like steam engine and powered machinery. It resulted in the replacement of an economy based on manual labour to one dominated by industry and machine manufacture. The effects spread throughout Western Europe and North America, eventually affecting the rest of the world. Science affected the way we...
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Frankenstein Paper
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...biological warfare... Mary Shelley’s Frankenstein novel. The novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley is a ical work of literature that belongs in the genre of Gothic horror. It tells the story of a scientist called Dr Frankenstein, who makes a creature out of various body parts and brings it to life using some mysterious new technology. The structure of the book is interesting because it puts the main story inside an opening and closing section that is set on a ship. In fact the book moves back and forth between time periods in rather confusing way, so that the reader has to work out what the chronological order of events actually is. The main message of the book appears to be that science is an exciting...
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Cold war and the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction
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...Biological Warfare. BBC. 17 Feb. 2012. Web. 28 Nov. 2012. Frumkin,Howard. Agent Orange and Cancer: An Overview for Clinicians. Johannesburg: Pan Macmillan, 2011. Print. U.S Department of Energy. Assessment and Weapons. N.d.Web. 27 Nov. 2012... Cold war and the proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction The main characteristic of the world in the twentieth century was wars. In line with this, the most memorable wars are the First World War, Second war, and the infamous Cold war. Numerous countries have taken different strategies to win wars, and the world has experienced nations use biological weapons, which have been the most suitable strategy. This article explicates the...
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Compose an aetiological myth
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...biological warfare with an intention to wipe out large numbers of black Americans and homosexual people. The myth links HIV-AIDS to the experimental vaccine that was used to vaccinate against hepatitis B. the vaccine was tested... The Origin of H.I.V/Aids: An Etiological Myth Insert Insert Back the 1980s, there came a disease never before soon by man. It affected human immunity by attacking and killing the crucial immune cells that are responsible for killing cells that have been infected with diseases. These attacked cells are known as the t-helper cells. With t-helper cells killed, it means that the human body does not have a defense system leading to a gradual death of the infected people. Since...
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Early Warning System Water
8 pages (2000 words)
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...biological warfare. Water infrastructure systems are particularly vulnerable to threat because there is no well developed response system that has been implemented nationwide. Early warning systems may therefore be beneficial in ensuring that potentially dangerous contamination is identified and redressed early. Contamination of drinking water by biological agents The anthrax scare subsequent to the terrorist incident of 9/11 has highlighted the dangers of biological warfare. However, there are also dangers that are inherent in contamination of drinking water systems by unfriendly terrorist elements, which in turn could lead... The terrorist attacks of 9/11 have highlighted the dangers posed by...
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Case Study - Homeland Security Issue
11 pages (2750 words)
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...biological warfare attacks will increase. Among the American population, the danger of another biological attack is a realistic fear. Until today, the perpetrators of the 2001 Anthrax attacks have escaped the long arms of Uncle Sam’s law. The suspects include... Homeland Security June 27 Introduction: Terrorism threatens lives and property. The research veers on the importance of United States Homeland Security policies. The research leans on the significant effects of an Anthrax biological attack. The United States Home Security Agency must implement defense and counter strategies to curtail another terror group attack. ...
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Antrax Epidemic in Sverdlovsk (Former Soviet Union) in 1979
5 pages (1250 words)
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...biological warfare installation of the Soviet. He also pledged to clean up the hitch... ? The Sverdlovsk Antrax Epidemic Introduction On April 2, 1979, the Soviet of Sverdlovsk, located approximately 850 miles eastof Moscow, experienced an unusual outbreak of anthrax, which had an effect on 96 people and left not less than sixty-four dead. While the first victim passed away four days later, the last one passed away six weeks later (Pbs.org, 1995). Seventeen of these cases were said to coetaneous while seventy-nine were gastrointestinal. The epidemic has raised heated international speculation and debate with regard to whether it was accidental or natural and, if inadvertent, if it emanated from...
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The Sverdlovsk Antrax Epidemic
5 pages (1250 words)
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...biological warfare installation of the Soviet. He also pledged to clean... up the hitch (Wampler & Blanton, 2001). However, he did not go into details. Consequently, the chairperson of the committee that Boris had created to oversee chemical and biological dis-armament and to determine the epidemic’s origin articulated doubts that the military facility infection was the origin of the epidemic stating that his team would carry out its own investigations, the results of which are yet to appear to date (Meselson, et al., 2000). During the 13 years, even as a strong debate raged in the international intelligence and scientific communities on whether the Russians were truthful,...
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Training Program Outline
3 pages (750 words)
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...Biological and Chemical Terrorism: Strategic Plan for Preparedness and Response. Atlanta: Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Richardson, S. N. (2001). Is the US Prepared to Counter Biological Warfare Threats? Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School.... Training Program Outline: Francisella Tularensis Virus Attack Training Program Outline: Francisella Tularensis Virus Attack The threat posed by biological terrorism should not be ignored because of the upsurge in the unauthorized production of biological weapons. Preparing a nation to the possibility of the occurrence of biological attacks and formulation of an effective...
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History of bioterrorism
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...Biological warfare is defined as "intentional use of living... Running Head: HISTROY OF BIOTERRORISM History of Bioterrorism APA Style Muneeb Ahmad Faiq The history of bioterrorismdates back to antiquity but perhaps the bible has the first documentation of an event of this kind. Many wars were fought and won using bioterrorism as a tool. This included the attempts in Trozan war, Acharya Rajneesh etc. One of the main events in the history of bioterrorism is the mailing of letters infected with Bacillus Anthracis in the United States. This lead many hospitalizations and deaths. Necessary measures were taken to combat this but till now no culprit has been identified. Bioterrorism or in other words Biolog...
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Topic is- how weapons and technology has changed/ evolved over the years up to now (currently) to help terrorist attack
5 pages (1250 words)
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...biological warfare agents. Between September and November 2001, 23 cases of anthrax related to bioterrorism took place in the US, most of which comprise postal workers in Washington DC and New Jersey while the rest happened in Florida and New York (Dire). These cases of bioterrorism caused the death of above 32,000 people. Bioterrorism is one of the most severe and dangerous forms of terrorism because the risk to determine it cannot be identified easily. Congressional Research Service conducted a study in 2011 in which it was stated... ?How weapons and technology has changed/ evolved over the years up to now (currently) to help terrorist attack? Weapons have been used by man since ancient times. Over the ...
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Types of Terrorism
3 pages (750 words)
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...warfare. Because of these reasons therefore the use of biological agents may only be useful in terrorism. As observed by Guillemin (2001), the use of biological agents have wide range of limitations for their use in war since it effectsis experienced passsed the target groups and individuals. It is not possible to dissminate the biological agents such that only the enemy is affected and in most instances, even the friendly forces are affected by the biolofgical agent (Guillemin, 2001). It is therefore useful for the terrorits due to the ease of creating mass... ? Types of Terrorism Introduction Terrorism can be defined as the systematic use of terror activities by individuals, groups or organisation aas...
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Should Animals Be Used In Warfare
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...warfare. Due to their well-developed sensory mechanisms, dogs are trained to sniff for bombs or track the enemy/ warn soldiers when an enemy is nearby. During World War 1, approximately 16 million animals were used during the war. A large percentage of these animals died during the war. Today, the United States government has trained nearly 75 dolphins for war purposes, and they have been deployed to Iraq. The United States government refers to these dolphins as ‘advanced biological weapons systems’. In Iraq, they were or are used to sniff for mines and hence keep the shipping lanes free from mines. Although it’s an old practice, the use of animals in war always... Should Animals Be Used In Warfare?...
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Urban legends
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...biological warfare and psychopaths. Today's urban legends reflect those fears. Some of what we hear may be true. But like with any story, one can be sure that it would badly be twisted and turned till it reaches the next person. Probably the person in the twin towers received a phone call from his wife to rush home to take her to the doctor. When he told his friend how lucky he was to be warned like this, the story traveled and contorted as it traveled. As we study and understand the varied urban legends, we need to be rational before we start following the advice. A few legends may just be interesting trivia but a few may inflict fear in us for the...
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N 750 words, discuss and provide support for the evolutionary origins of the following organisms or disease HIV,and how or why it spread to humans
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...biological warfare research program to be the mastermind, and the theory was then picked up and popularized by various third world newspapers (Shors, 2009). Conclusion: Despite years of research and significant revolutions in the field of health and medicinal technology, the HIV remains non-curable. There has been no significant breakthrough with regard to the treatment of the said... Evolutionary origins of HIV The Human Immunodficiency virus (HIV) is a global pandemic which has gripped various nations and claimed millions of lives over the years. According to statistics approximately 34 million people worldwide are living with HIV/AIDS (Avert, 2012). The near 100% fatality rate of the disease adds to ...
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AETION PAPER
1 pages (250 words)
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...biological warfare with an intention to wipe out large numbers of black Americans and homosexual people. The myth links HIV-AIDS to the experimental vaccine that was used to vaccinate against hepatitis B. The vaccine was tested... The Origin of H.I.V/Aids: An Etiological Myth Insert Insert Back the 1980s, there came a disease never before seen by man. It affected human immunity by attacking and killing the crucial immune cells that are responsible for killing cells that have been infected with diseases. These attacked cells are known as the t-helper cells. With t-helper cells killed, it means that the human body does not have a defense system leading to a gradual death of the infected people. Since...
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Biological
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...biological processes of animals, which can be applied to advance human medical practice. In simpler terms, the importance of nonhuman animal research has been exhausted, of the basic results it could offer, which makes it a waste of time and resources. The fourth argument against the use of nonhuman animals in biomedical research... Case Against the Use of Nonhuman Animals in Biomedical Introduction Scientists are tasked with the duty of keeping the public informed; the role of informing the public is legitimate because social policies are supposed to be based on, and developed on the platforms of facts and rational considerations to all areas touched by the policies (Dean, 2009). The issues that need...
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Culture and Healthcare in America
2 pages (500 words)
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...biological warfare, petrochemical... Western Scientific Paradigm: A Critique Scientific paradigm is part of the modern scientifically inspired Western worldview, which perceives the world from a disenchanted stance, as consisting of autonomous things, different from worldview of other cutlers. Eastern worldview, particularly Buddhist, consider all of the material reality stemming from our consciousness. The modern Western paradigm can be traced back to Renaissance period which brought cultural shift leading to creation of modern Western society. It may be found that the philosophical basis for modern Western paradigm was founded by Descartes, by developing a method of critical reasoning, and Sir Isaac...
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Subjective analysis of curveballs information for political ends
3 pages (750 words)
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...biological warfare. However, despite the image that Curveball was trying to project in front of the CIA and his German handlers, the information... ive Analysis of Curveball’s Information for Political Ends Prior to the start of the US-led invasion of Iraq, intelligence work was intensified not just for tactical purposes but also for political reasons. The invasion was military in nature but behind it were political interests, a characteristic of any war that occurred in history. While it is the armed forces that carry out the implementation of strategies to win the war, it is the politicians that must justify it. Implementation and justification are two aspects that require intelligence. Between the...
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Chemistry of Hazarous Chemicals questions and essay questions
3 pages (750 words)
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...biological warfare agent that is not matched up correctly with its adverse health effect is Brucella melitensis causing diphtheria because it causes fatigue, loss of appetite and other symptoms. 4. Oxygen is carried throughout the body in the bloodstream on hemoglobin. 5. A situation that can... Chemistry of Hazardous Chemicals Affiliation Chemistry of Hazardous Chemicals Answers to Questions 10 The lethal concentration of a substance in humans obtained from animal studies can be expressed as Lethal Concentration = LC50 × weight 2. The concentration of 8% by volume of carbon monoxide is equivalent to (100 parts of air × 8 parts of CO)/1000000 parts of air = 80,000 parts of CO = 80, 000ppmv. 3. The biologi...
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Epidermiology process in movie Outbreak
2 pages (500 words)
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...biological warfare product. Therefore, scientists find out that, the cure that was prepared for help fight the virus does not work because of mutations. The role of the nurses in the movie is to promote ethical ways that lead to containing the spread of the virus. They advise people to wear masks and avoid being in contact with other people. In such situations of an outbreak, it is advisable to stay... Outbreak Ivon Aznielles Yesenia Osle Epidemiology Process in Movie ‘Outbreak Introduction In 1969, a virus similar to Ebola and Lassa was discovered in Africa. It was 25 years ago when the virus reappears and Col. Sam Daniels who is from the U.S Army is sent to take charge of investigating the virus. Col. ...
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Choose one from the book review list
3 pages (750 words)
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...biological warfare. This is because it led to an increase in infectious diseases, malnutrition, birth defects, etc. In conclusion, because of the subject matter that this book talks about, it is not meant for leisure. However, this book does not provide information that can make an individual to be uplifted or happy. This is because it identifies very harmful effects that the people of Iraq passed through, because of the sanctions and the war that was imposed on them. Despite the accounts of confidence and bravery of activists to defy a rogue state, and the challenge... Book Review: Iraq Under Siege: By Anthony Arnove This is a book that contains a collection of essays and articles, which have been...
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MILITARY SECURITY
5 pages (1250 words)
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...warfare to more complex form of engagements like nuclear & biological warfare to the fourth generation warfare that is between the state and insurgents. Since prehistoric era, as Paleri (2008) states, the war has been influencing human psyche and until the limitations of war are properly understood, the importance of military security in conventional terms will remain a priority. As a result of such change in warfare, the two kinds of engagements common in the 21st century are the projected power to another nation and encountering insurgents in the homeland. Both... ? Military Security 16-2 A nation’s capability to defend itself, more commonly known as military security, has expanded from conventional...
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Bio terrorism and Anthrax as a WMD
3 pages (750 words)
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...biological warfare. Department of Defense of the United States of America. Retrieved January 08, 2012 from http://www.pdhealth.mil/wot/anthrax.asp Hughes, J. M. & Gerberding, J. L. (2002, October). Anthrax bioterrorism: lessons learned and future directions. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved January 07, 2012 from http://wwwnc.cdc.gov/eid/article/8/10/02-0466_article.htm Ray, P. K. (2006). Disaster preparedness against accidents or terrorist attacks (chemical, biological, radiological). New Delhi, India: New Age International Publishing.... ANTRAX AS WMD IN BIO-TERRORISM (Summary and Conclusion) ID Number: of of School (University) Estimated Word Count: 951 Date of Submission: January...
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