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Adverse Effects of Blood Transfusions
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...Blood Transfusions (Add (Add (Add Adverse Effects of Blood Transfusions Medical dictionaries define blood transfusion as the process of transferring blood or blood based products from an individual to the circulatory system of another. “Blood transfusion is the transfer of blood from the vein of one person (donor) to the vein of another (recipient); and this includes collection of blood from the donor and administration of blood to the recipient” (Thresyamma, 2005). Generally, blood transfusion is conducted to replace the blood lost from a person’s body due to a surgery or a serious injury. This technique is also used when an individual’s body is not capable of producing blood... ? Adverse Effects of...
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Jehovah Witnessess feelings about receiving blood and how it should be handled with a minor child in a life or death situation
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...BLOOD TRANSFUSIONS FOR JEHOVAHS WITNESS CHILDREN The Ethical and Legal Debate Over Blood Transfusions For Jehovahs Witness Children Student Name University Abstract The insistence of Jehovahs Witness parents on refusing blood transfusions for their children during the course of medical treatment raises a dilemma for the State on the appropriate level of intervention in family and religious life. The United States has evolved a mature-minor doctrine, which has allowed Jehovahs Witness children who can demonstrate decision making capacity to refuse blood transfusions. However, the courts have intervened on numerous occasions to compel a blood transfusion against the parents wishes... Running Head: BLOOD...
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Blood
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...blood types There are no less than 3 hypotheses regarding the emergence as well as transmutation of human blood types. Human blood types evolution is as old as human history. Worldwide distribution pattern of blood types is dependent on different environmental factors like climate, disease, humidity and altitude. In 1900, Karl Landsteiner made a discovery. According to him, some blood transfusions are successful while others are dangerous missions. Landsteiner also discovered particularly the ABO blood group by mixing some of his cells and mature serum in every one of their staff. He also proved that some people’s red blood cells agglutinated. Landsteiner also came up with 3 new ways... Origins of blood ...
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Blood substitutes
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...Blood Transfusions and Blood Substitutes: Some Considerations Can you think of other cases where blood substitutes would be useful? Blood substitutes would be highly useful for Jehovah’s Witnesses; soldiers in combat areas and people in disaster and trauma zones or in highly remote areas (where portability of human blood and the challenges of cross-typing are issues); for use with people whose hyperactive immune system may initiate a dangerous allergic reaction, or people whose hypoactive immune systems may not be able to cope with the infection potential; and for people in high HIV or hepatitis risk areas where uncontaminated blood is more difficult to obtain. It would also be useful... April 17,...
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Blood Groups and Rh Factor Incompatibility
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...blood of the people with blood group B whereas antibody B would be found in the people with blood group A. This defines that both the antigen and the antibody of the same type could not be found in one person and this antigen-antibody interaction plays a very important role in blood transfusion reactions. For blood transfusions the donor has to match the blood group of the recipient, like Blood group A can only give blood to another person with the Blood group A, the transfusion will only work if the recipient of the blood group has a blood group that does not have any antibodies in the blood which are against the donor’s blood antigens. However, when the donor’s antibodies match... with the...
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The nature, preparation, storage and usage of a blood component for transfusion
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...Blood Transfusion: Usage of Blood component for transfusion Introduction: Blood transfusion can be explained very simply as the process of receivingblood intravenously. The earliest blood transfusions were experimented between humans with animal blood. After several experiments with mixed results, the first transfusion using human blood was done in 1795 and performed by American born physician Dr. Philip Syng Physick. The objective of a transfusion such as this is to usually replace...
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People Shouldn't Get Blood Transplants
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...blood cells— below 30 were more prone to experience another heart attack if they received blood transplants (Duke University, 2008, para 3). The researchers confirm that majority of physicians in the United States are educated to recommend a transplant when the hematocrit of a heart attack patient drops below 30 (Duke University, 2008, para 3). A Duke cardiologist, Dr. Sunil Rao, claims that “But that’s not based on good science. The first successful blood transfusion was done decades ago, and yet we still haven’t conducted the randomized, prospective... ?Running Head: Health Sciences and Medicine People Shouldn’t Get Blood Transplants A Discussion Paper Submission Blood transplants, since its...
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Research Proposal on Blood Donation
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...Blood Donation INTRODUCTION When it comes to medical emergencies, blood transfusions are seen as theonly way to save a person’s life. An adequate blood supply is therefore a matter of life and death. Blood cannot be made artificially and some of its components can only be stored in blood banks for a limited time (Popovsky 501). Moreover, the number of times that an individual can donate blood is limited. Therefore, to meet the blood demands, a high number of healthy and willing donors are required. The blood needs in the United States are alarming as every two seconds there is an individual who is in need of a blood transfusion, approximately 41000 donations are required... Module Research Proposal on...
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Blood and cardivascular
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...blood groups are due to the different combination of antigens and antibodies. Mostly, a person has a similar blood group as one or either of the parents. However, sometimes, a person may a different blood group as that of the parents. More than 20 genetically verified blood group systems but it is important to determine the ABO and Rh system before transfusing blood. Blood group A The persons with blood group ‘A’ have red blood cells surfaced with ‘A’ antigens and blood plasma with ‘B’ antibodies. Blood group B The persons with blood group ‘B’ have red blood cells surfaced with ‘B’ antigens and blood plasma with ‘A’ antibodies. Blood Group AB The person with blood... Blood and cardiovascular system...
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Best Nursing Practices when Transfusing Blood Products
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...blood product administration Nursing role prior to administration of blood products Consent for transfusion Administration of the blood components Monitoring of patient after blood transfusion Supporting Roles Conclusion References Introduction In the world millions of people receive blood transfusions annually as either life-sustaining or life-saving treatment. The blood products are administered in various conditions such as acute trauma, intra operative blood loss, compromised blood-cell production secondary to disease or any blood disorder related... treatments (Bielefeldt and DeWitt, 2009). The nurse has indispensable role to play in health care setting alone and along with the...
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Production of an Industrial Blood
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...blood Introduction Industrially produced blood can be referred to as blood substitute or artificial blood. Industrial production of blood is aimed at mimicking and accomplishing certain functions of biological blood, which predominantly has the function of carrying oxygen. The main aim of industrially producing blood is to provide alternative solutions to blood transfusion. Industrially produced blood can be categorized into hemoglobin-based oxygen carriers (HBOCs) as well as perfluorocarbon based Oxygen Carriers (PFBOCs). This paper will majorly focus on industrial production of real blood, and eventually answer the question: Do scientists try the industrial blood... Production of an industrial blood...
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Hypovolemic shock and blood transfusion intervention
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...blood transfusion intervention This paper will analyse the administration of packed red cells transfusion in a patient with hypovolaemic shock arising from severe haemetemesis. The identity of the patient has been changed to Mr. Z to ensure anonymity and confidentiality (NMC, 2008). Haemetemesis is a condition in which the patient rapidly loses fluids from the plasma due to the excessive upper GI haemorrhage leading to inadequate circulating volume, followed by inadequate perfusion and ultimately leading to multiple organ failure. The hypovolaemic shock has arisen from secondary blood loss from upper GI bleeding (Kolecki, 2010). Mr. Z, 46 years male... Number School Analysis of Hypovolaemic shock, blood ...
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Different Cultures
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...blood transfusions. Even in chronic situations, Jehovah's Witnesses deny the treatment with blood transfusions. It should be noted that neither Christians nor Jews have any problems in having blood transfusions. Even though the beliefs of Jehovah's Witnesses are almost similar... ? Different Cultures Different Cultures: Problem ment Culture plays an important role in the build up of a society. Leung et al (2005) defined national culture “as values, beliefs, norms, and behavioral patterns of a national group” (p.357). It is not necessary that the cultural norms such as values, beliefs, norms and behavioral patterns of one culture are the same as that of another culture. People living in different parts of ...
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Nursing capstone phase 2
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...blood transfusion reactions. In addition, when they do occur, it is not always possible to identify them immediately. Informatics is one way of preventing the occurrence and severity of blood transfusion reactions. Article 1 Gwaram et al (2012), in a study to determine the incidence, risk factors, and clinical presentations of acute blood transfusion reactions, found that there was a 3.6% incidence rate of ATRs, establishing that it resulted from age of stored blood and previous... Informatics Use in Transforming Evidenced Into Practice INFORMATICS USE IN TRANSFORMING EVIDENCED INTO PRACTICE Introduction Ineffective communication among health-care staff, anesthetists, and hematologists may result in...
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Anemia
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...blood count (CBC), measuring the levels of vitamin B12 and Folate on rare occasions, the doctor may take a sample of bone marrow. The doctor will then administer treatment depending on the cause including fluids and blood transfusions in most cases, anemia caused by loss of blood can be treated by treating the cause of blood loss. Today, advanced methods of treating anemia are being developed such as gene... Anemia is a condition in which a patient has a reduced number of blood cells occasioned by a deficiency in the bodys mineral salts that are necessaryfor production of hemoglobin. The process generally follows three stages where the iron deficiency begins, hemoglobin is affected and finally anemia...
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Anemias
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...blood cell count Blood tests for hemoglobin and hematocrit levels Serum level testing of haptoglobin, LDH, and indirect bilirubin levels Direct measurement of red blood cell life with radioactive tagging (Vorvick et al., 2010) Treatment depends on ultimate cause of anemia. Folic acid or iron supplementation Corticosteroids Blood transfusions for acute cases Splenectomy (Vorvick et al., 2010) Sickle Cell Anemia Sickle cell anemia is caused by an inherited genetic condition which results in malformed red blood cells (Mayo Clinic staff, 2011q) Fatigue; episodic pain in the bones, joints, and abdomen; swollen hands and feet (hand-foot syndrome); frequent infections caused... Anemia Types Causes Symptoms...
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AIDS
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...Blood Others were infected by blood transfusions. According to Awake Magazine: "Dr.Thomas Peterman, a medical epidemiologist with the AIDS branch of the Centers for Disease Control ... estimated that 12,000 Americans became infected with HIV [AIDS virus] from contaminated blood transfusions from 1978-1984." Many of these blood recipients have died or are dying. The AIDS, awakened people to the danger of acquiring infectious diseases from blood. Millions are now infected. It is spreading out of control. And its death rate is virtually 100 percent. Health experts learned that the virus could probably be passed... Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS) ______________________________________ Introduction ...
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Haematology
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...blood cells for unknown reason. Sometimes it may be due to blood transfusions. It can also be due to use of medicines that can damage red blood cells. It has been advised not to take any medicine that has triggered haemolytic anaemia in the past. The inherited disorder is not curable though symptoms can be controlled. (W.B.SaundersCompany, 1998, p. 1). Thalassaemia It was Thomas B Cooley (1871-1943) who first... ?Describe the symptoms and diagnosis of a patient suffering from 'Haemolytic Anaemia'. Introduction If the haemoglobin level in the red blood cells or packed cell volume of red blood cells (haematocrit) is lesser than the lower limit of 95 % reference interval for the individual’s age, gender,...
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Organ donation
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...blood transfusions, even if rejection means death. If religious... Organ donation is a controversial topic. The need for organ donations for ill individuals is a life or death matter. Still people do not donate organs. Reasons range from religion to misinformation for not donating organs. Religious reasons cannot be changed. However misinformation can be changed through information. Organ donation should remain a choice, but this choice must be more informed. Around 100,000 individuals are on a waiting list for an organ transplant (Mayo Clinic Staff n.d.). A few lucky ones get an organ, but many die before receiving one. Many individuals do not become organ donors due to misconceptions about organ donati...
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Jehovah's Witnesses
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...blood transfusions. They believe that the use of the name of Jehovah is a vital key in proper worship. Some of the principles that the group advocate for is the rejection of Trinitarianism. This is the belief in God being the Father... ? Jehovah’s Witnesses Jehovah’s Witnesses Jehovah’s Witnesses is a religious denomination that has its beliefs, which are far, distinct from mainstream Christianity. The denominational group was formed in the late 1870’s by a man known as Charles Taze Russell. The group has been well known for their house to house preaching methods that are believed to help non-believers understand their doctrine. Some of their principles advocate for the refusal of military service and...
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Describe the journey of a Red Blood Cell around the body
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...blood transfusions which help in replacement and deposition of iron necessary for the body tissues. It thereby helps in the correction of anaemia and suppression of erythropoiesis. A definitive treatment for patients with Thalassemia is Bone Marrow Transplantation (Galanello & Origa, 2010). Anaemia is also caused due to decreased production of red blood cells as in the case of megaloblastic anaemia, pernicious anaemia, folic... ?RED BLOOD CELLS AND THEIR JOURNEY Introduction and functions of Red Blood cells Red blood cell (RBC) or erythrocyte is a body cell with simple structure.. A mature RBC gets its structure after elimination of specialised cellular organelles including the nucleus, mitochondria and...
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Research paper summary
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...Blood Transfusions Improves Oxygenation in Beta-thalassemic Patients The objectiveof this study was to investigate whether blood transfusion improves the level of oxygenation among beta-thalassemia patients. The research question that directed this study was: What is the effect of Oxygenation of Red Blood Cells (RBC) among Thalassemic? The aim of this study was to find out associated effects of tissue oxygenation on Red Blood Cells among people with Thalassemic condition. This research is related to previous information known that has proved that persons with Thalassemic condition are characterized by a hereditary condition that results to deficient synthesis... Research Paper Summary al Affiliation)...
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Sickle Cell Transition Placement
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...blood transfusions. I observed how the procedures were carried out and also asked the nurses to teach me how to carry out the blood transfusions. With their guidance and their supervision, I was able to learn important skills and procedures needed to carry out these blood transfusions. I also helped relieve pain for patients, which was emphasized as a crucial consideration among sickle cell patients by the Royal College of Nursing (2011, p. 4). Many... ?Sickle Cell Transition Placement Introduction Based on the World Health Organization , about 5% of the world’s population carries the gene traits for haemoglobin diseases, mostly for sickle cell disease and thalassaemia. Over 300,000 babies with these...
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Hepatitis C
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...blood, the discovery and characterization of the hepatitis C virus lead to testing of blood units for the virus before these were used in transfusions. Thus, blood transfusions are no longer the common cause for spread of hepatitis C... HEPATITIS C Nancy Western Biology (Honors) November 24, 2008 Introduction Hepatitis C, also known as Non-A, Non-B hepatitis, is a liver disease caused by the hepatitis C virus (HCV). There are 170 million people worldwide with the disease (Hu, 2006, Hall, 1995); however, many are unaware that they have the virus. In 1989, researchers in Chiron Corporation, a biotechnology company, identified hepatitis C virus (Biotech Patent News, 2000). Mainly transmitted through the...
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Current events about a clinic in China infected kids with Hepatitis
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...blood transfusions ,which were tainted and schemes of unsanitary blood plasma-buying that accelerated the HIV infection in that province. The practitioners in that province were reported to use dirty needles most often and the individuals who sold plasma received replenishment from blood pool supply. According to the global times paper, the Anhui province health officials gave disturbing reports concerning the outbreak in Henan which indicated that more than 56 patients had been infected with the outbreak disease(hepatitis C) from the private clinic. An investigation by the CDC(Centre For Disease Control) indicate... Current events about a clinic in China infected kids with Hepatitis. The event in...
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What it means to you to be a healer and how you envision yourself in this role in the future
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...blood pressure, I also see myself solemnly engrossed in routine and close observation and recording of patient conditions, checking and administering drugs and injection, setting up drips and blood transfusions, assisting with tests and evaluations while also responding with utmost speed to emergencies. As a future nurse, I... Essay, Nursing Number According to me, being a nurse is one of the most complex, demanding and noble professions there exist. Being an effective nurse far transcends mere knowledge of medicine and prescription of drugs. It is more than just that. On the contrary, being a nurse entails a plethora of other responsibilities and duties that require deep compassion and sympathy for the...
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Exploratory Paper
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...blood transfusions because she has depleted white blood cells resulting from the chemotherapy. The chemo that she is under comes with a lot of side effects, which are; pain, nausea, and a loss of appetite. The only drug that has the potential to depress... Exploratory Paper on Medical Marijuana Use A bright young woman has just completed her high school first year, and the next few years are set to be her most exciting. However, she is diagnosed with Burkitts lymphoma aged sixteen and has to undergo chemotherapy. Instead of being involved in ordinary sixteen-year-old girl activities, she has to worry about how to hide the effects of her chemotherapy. Melinda is also at the hospital to receive blood...
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The different types of protein defects that can be associated with the red blood cell
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...blood cells the hemoglobin is destroyed and in sickle disease the hemoglobin is formed defective. It happens when there is mutation in the hemoglobin gene. There are also similarities in the symptoms of both diseases like fatigue and jaundice. People suffering from pyruvate deficiency also suffer from anemia like sickle cell disease. People with severe anemia need blood transfusion in both the cases and can make the patient very ill and fragile. Both the diseases are a pathological condition and require serious treatment. In both the diseases... The different types of protein defects that can be associated with the red blood cell Introduction Red blood cells are the most common found cell in blood....
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32 Years of Disease and Medicine (HIV)
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...blood transfusions contributed to the rapid spread of the disease due to routine medical practices that demanded a high volume of blood. Another factor claimed to have led to sporadic spreading of the epidemic was drug use. Ranked at the top of chain of drugs was heroin that caused growth in intravenous drug use. Drug users injected the drugs into their blood system using unsterilized syringes and needles whereby HIV passed on through blood transfusions. With intense years of research and developments, today patients diagnosed with the disease can live up to not less that 30 years due to discoveries of medicines that include the anti-retroviral... 32 Years of Disease and medicine (HIV) In the 1980s, AID ...
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Disease and medicine (HIV)
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...blood transfusions contributed to the rapid spread of the disease due to routine medical practices that demanded a high volume of blood. Another factor claimed to have led to sporadic spreading of the epidemic was drug use. Ranked at the top of chain of drugs was heroin that caused growth in intravenous drug use. Drug users injected the drugs into their blood system using unsterilized syringes and needles whereby HIV passed on through blood transfusions. With intense years of research and developments, today patients diagnosed with the disease can live up to not less that 30 years due to discoveries of medicines that include the anti-retroviral... 32 Years of Disease and medicine (HIV) In the 1980s, AID ...
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Nursing capstone phase 1
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...transfusion reaction after receiving a blood transfusion, which requires a root cause analysis to identify what caused it and how to ensure that it does not occur again. The first component of the root cause analysis will be definition of the problem with regards to what is visibly happening, as well as the specific symptoms of the problem (De Silvestro et al, 2013). The problem and event are to be defined... whether the blood is to be given to a patient undergoing a procedure or not. The reason that this decision is a responsibility for the anesthetist is because there is at least one in every 1000 blood transfusion administrations in the...
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Stem Cell
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...blood transfusions. Our scientific tradition compels us to explore new uses for science and craft ways to put it to work to alleviate suffering and premature death. Blocking science for political purposes is unconscionable and as Kinsley reminds us, "Imagine being... Breaking the Stem Cell Logjam Stem cell research, and its applications, has the potential to be the most important medical breakthrough in our lifetime. It may one day be used to treat a myriad of diseases, conditions, and disabilities including Parkinson's and Alzheimer's diseases, spinal cord injury, and rheumatoid arthritis (Stem Cell Basics). There is almost no area of medicine that will go untouched by this revolutionary research. As a ...
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Blood doping
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...blood doping (Fotheringam; Hoyt). Blood doping is an unethical and unlawful act used by athletes for performing better in sports but it needs to be understood that this act has harmful health effects and it also has financial implications. Different ways are used for blood doping. Transfusions form one of the ways which is used for blood doping. Either the blood from the athlete himself is stored and then later transfused or the blood from another person is used for the transfusion. These transfusions are made a short while before the commencement of an event. EPO which is a hormone synthesized that increases the red blood... Blood Doping Blood Doping is an act whereby a person utilizes or incorporates...
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Ethical Dilemma
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...blood transfusion. This was to stabilize her health before embarking on serious medical procedures meant to deal with serious injuries, which she sustained after falling from their second storey’s balcony. However, the parents declined this offer arguing that their creed’s statutes prohibit followers having a blood transfusion. This posed an unchallengeable dilemma where despite respecting the patient’s surrogate wishes, I had the mandate of executing medical obligations for the best interest... Ethical Dilemma Dilemma The dilemma involved a young child whose parents professed Jehovah Witness’ Creed. Upon arrival and after diagnosis in the hospital, the doctor revealed the child was in need of an urgent...
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OKINAWA: THE LAST BATTLE
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...Blood Program was established to provide blood transfusions during... Okinawa: The Last Battle Okinawa: The Last Battle The battle of Okinawa also known as Operation Iceberg (Nichols & Shaw, 1955) took place on the Ryuku Islands of Okinawa. This was the largest battle in the Pacific War of World War II. It was fought for 82 days from April to mid June of 1945. After implementing the strategy of Leapfrogging which is a military tactic, the opponents planned on using Okinawa which was away from the central Japan and utilize it as an airbase to take over Japan. This battle was considered the most ferocious of the battles ever fought in the pacific region. The US used four divisions of its 10th Army and two...
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Ethical dilemma involving a dying patient
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...transfuse blood into her body. There are three types of ethics that a doctor has to go through while treating his patients; ethics of action, ethics of character and ethics of motives. The virtue ethics helps to differentiate between good and bad and right and wrong. Virtue ethics are those traits of a person that help build a better life for the patients (Hope, Savulescu & Hendrick, 2008). In Juana’s case the doctors were faced with an ethical dilemma as to whether to save... Ethical Dilemma Involving a Dying Patient Ethical Dilemma Involving a Dying Patient CASE I In the case of Juana the doctors had to gothrough the dilemma of whether to actually save her life or respect her beliefs and not to...
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Blood doniation
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...blood is donated blood donation drops significantly. A number of patients are perishing because of a lack of blood for transfusion. The good news is that there are millions of people who are saved from blood donations each day most of which are women and children from poor and rural countries (Brown et al 29). E. Transition: That is why we should continue to campaign for more blood donors. The process of blood donation is very simple. A volunteer must be over the age of sixteen to donate blood. He or she must also be over a hundred and fifty pounds and must be physically fit. A patient simply lies on their back and blood is removed... Specific Purpose: This day is dedicated to the selfless voluntary...
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HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY
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...Blood Synthetic blood has had a checkered history in the past few decades. Although some efforts have focused on fluorocarbons as substitutes for blood, the oxygen-carrying capacity and oxygen-releasing capacity, coupled with the ability to absorb and release carbon dioxide, has not lived up to the promise hoped for several decades ago (Moore). Part of the problem with synthetic blood is that the alternative, donor blood, has improved over the years. In 1978, when the first US patent was issued, the primary mode of transfusion was for “whole units” of blood, including platelets, plasma, red cells, white cells and other factors. Since then, blood... HUMAN ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY   Contents Synthetic...
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Anthropology
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...blood group systems areblood types A, B, AB, or O in human beings blood types called polymorphism, which is defined as a genetic locus with two or more alleles that occur in large frequency in a given population. ABO blood group is not only a significant blood factor in clinical applications entailing blood transfusions but also proving to be a salient asset for determining human migration patterns and origins. Clinal distributions are generally thought to reflect micro evolutionary influences of natural selection and/or gene flow. A clineis a gradual change in the frequency of a trait in populations dispersed over geographical space... Anthropology The relationship between phenotype, genotype, and...
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Two methods of determining ABO and Rh groups
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...blood cells have many surface markers, which are important for the way in which they interact with other molecules. Two particularly important markers are the Rh and ABO. These two markers are used to define blood groups, and become especially relevant when the blood of two people mix, such as through blood transfusions. Because of this, it is important to be able to chemically identify the different blood types. In the ABO blood group system there are two types of marker that are present on the blood cells. These are type A and type B. If an individual has neither of these markers then they are considered to be type O. Individuals can be of blood type A, B, O or AB... the...
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Moral Model
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...blood transfusion to live due to hemoglobin 5.4. Patient has belief that transfusions are unacceptable. Patient did not receive the transfusion and died three hours later. There is a clash of values here. The healthcare provider gives much importance to saving or preserving life; the patient gives more importance to his belief against blood transfusion. Aside from this, there is also a moral dilemma. Since the transfusion is not administered and the patient died, the healthcare provider broke the principle of nonmaleficence or harm to the patient (Caplan & Arp, 2013); if the healthcare provider... Applying the Moral Model Essay Introduction Patient came to ER due to motor vehicleaccident. He needed a...
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Leishmaniasis Disease Emergence and Re-emergence Analysis
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...blood transfusions in dogs and people (Ready, 2010). Leishmaniasis may also be caused by l. infantum which can be transmitted through saliva, semen, urine and conjunctiva secretions and blood. In the contemporary world, the emergence and re-emergence of Leishmaniasis is linked to the introduction of exotic leishmania parasite varieties, the natural spread of cutaneous and visceral Leishmaniasis, and the re-emergence... to different species of sand flies. Only the female species of sand flies feed on blood. The activities of the sand flies intensify when it is humid, calm and fewer rains. In this regard, the activity of the sand flies intensifies at dawn, dusk and at night...
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ANTIGENS, ANTIBODIES AND THE IMMUNE RESPONSE
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...blood transfusion. Body First and foremost, the skin itself is the body’s first line of defence. The skin defends the body as it makes it impenetrable to organisms (Kauffman, et.al., 2002). The oil and sweat glands of the skin helps prevent the growth of microorganisms; moreover, sweat has lysozymes which then break down bacterial cell walls. Aside from the skin, the digestive and respiratory tracts also have natural defence mechanisms (Raven, 2006). The cells lining these tracts contain bronchi and bronchioles where mucus is secreted... Antigens, Antibodies, and the Immune Response Introduction The body has its own inherent immune or defence system. In times of possible exposure tobacteria,...
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Unit2criminal
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...blood transfusions on the premise that she was a Jehovah Witness believer, and that her faith did not allow her to inject other people’s blood into her body through the process of transfusion. The incident comes to the attention of the jury who must give a ruling on whether the driver or the victim who denied blood transfusion was on the wrong. The court has the responsibility of deciding whether the victim, Leah Russel, contributed to her own demise by downplaying the process... Unit 2 criminal Task The paper gives an overview of a case of a fatally injured woman who was knocked down by a drunken driver. The incident occurred during a night in a city in California. The victim denied the process of blood ...
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Patient verification
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...blood transfusions, surgical interventions and drug administration. Patient verification occurs when a healthcare worker can confirm that the identity documents given by the patient... ? PATIENT VERIFICATION Definition Patient verification is an important element that intercedes for the prevention of duplication of medical records. It is the system position of a patient that involves acquiring verification images and comparing them to reference images. The setup then gets corrected after matching the results. It is an authentication method that confirms or denies a patient’s claimed identity (WHO, 2007). This gets done through the use of a biometric scan followed an entry of a personal credential like a...
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Muslims and Health Care in America
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...Blood transfusions... Muslims and Health Care in America World Health Organization has defined health as 'a of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not the mere absence of disease or infirmity' (Kliewer, 2006, p. 18). Since the beginning of recorded history there has been a sense that the physical body does not define a person, and all the religious faiths have always presented an image of the self as being multifaceted, involving both a body and soul. "Although the soul and body have an essential unity and together are used to describe the corruptible self, there is also a degree of separation" as one may abandon the body to pain or death, whereas the soul is believed to survive death...
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Movie Review- Discussion Board Post
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...blood transfusion and so should have recognized the lesion as relating to AIDS. During cross-examination, Beckett is confronted with his inactions of concealing his illness, his supposed incompetence, and the origin of his contracting AIDS; the latter of which has gone unexplained to everyone, including Miguel, until... Philadelphia (1993) The movie tells the story of Andrew Beckett (Tom Hanks) who lived with his partner Miguel Álvarez (Banderas). On the day he is assigned the firms newest and most important case, a coworker in the firm notices a small lesion on Becketts forehead. Shortly thereafter, Beckett stays home from work for several days to try to find a way to hide his lesions. While at home,...
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Sickle cell anemia
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...Blood transfusions, Pain medicines, Hydroxyurea, Antibiotics, Kidney dialysis or kidney transplant, Drug rehabilitation and counseling for psychological complications, Gallbladder removal in those with gallstone disease, Hip replacement Treatments, including surgery, for persistent, painful erections, Surgery for eye problems, Wound care, zinc oxide, or surgery for leg ulcers etc are some of the common treatment options available for this disease. Born marrow transplantation is another option; however, it is not practiced widely because of the difficulties in finding suitable donors (Sickle cell anemia, 2011). Gene therapy is also currently researched extensively... ? Sickle Cell Anemia INTRODUCTION...
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Chemotherapy and drug drug design
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...blood or both. The most prevalent nutritional deficiency in the world is due to iron (Johnson-Wimbley and Graham, 2011). Anaemia due to limitation of iron intake through food sources is a condition that can be treated by oral supplementation. In the condition intestinal angiodysplasia, anaemia is due to the blood loss being more than the ability of the intestine to absorb iron. This condition cannot be treated by oral supplementation and remains refractory to treatment. The patients require frequent transfusions and end-organ damage is a possibility. In anaemia, the lesser iron available for absorption leads to some compensatory mechanisms...
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Health Law and Ethics
3 pages (750 words)
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...blood relatives. That is why Michael Schiavo, in spite of all the detestation that was fixed against him, had the right to choose his wife’s destiny. His decision concerning Terri’s life did not belong to the U.S. Congress or any other person or part but the decision was his husbands alone (Kail, J. C., 2012). On the other hand, there is consensus in America that one has a right to turn down any or all of the medical care that one might not like. Christian Researchers do not necessarily have to agree with medical care or the Jehovah’s Witnesses have to agree with blood transfusions. Also fundamentalist non church goers who would... Health Law and Ethics Health Law and Ethics Terri Schiavo case...
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