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Urinary Calculi do have a definite cause. However, dehydration is a possible risk factor for the condition (Rané & Dasgupta, 2013). General body dehydration shifts the body‘s state of salt water balance to the salt super saturation state. An imbalance in an individual’s metabolism is another causative factor of Urinary calculi... Urinary Calculi Introduction Urinary calculi are solid particles found in the urinary system. They form from super saturation of the urine with salt and minerals such as uric acid, cystine, and ammonium magnesium phosphate. The stones lead to pain, nausea, vomiting, hematuris, and may result to chills and fever as secondary infections (Stoller, 2007).