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...Death Penalty Introduction For as long as there have been records of written law, there have been records of the use of death as the ultimate penalty. Put most simply, the death penalty is the right of the governing authority to take one's life as punishment for the commission of a criminal offense. For example, in 18th century B.C.E., the Code of King Hammurabi of Babylon called for persons to be put to death for 25 specific crimes ranging from murder to theft. Perhaps most notably, the Draconian Code of Athens (7th century B.C.E.) deemed death the only punishment for all crimes. However, as societies have evolved and changed, so has the application of the death penalty, including... ? [Supervisor Death ...