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Rowe's Cosmological Argument
3 pages (750 words)
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...Cosmological Argument The question about the existence of the universe is one that has elicited a lot if debates. There have been many arguments presented in the explanation of why and how the universe came into existence. Theism, or the concept of a Supreme Being, is one of the most common forms of explanations that individuals use to explain existence of the universe. Rowe’s Cosmological Argument is one example of theism oriented principles that argues that because the universe had a beginning, then it definitely had a cause since everything that comes into existence must have a cause (Rowe 11). The Cosmological Argument states as follows: 1. Every being (that exists or ever existed... Rowe’s...
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Cosmological Argument. The forms of cosmological arguments
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Cosmological Argument Introduction A cosmological argument attempts to prove the existence of God. The argument attempts to do this by showing that an infinite number of regressions that caused things to exist, is not there. The cosmological argument usually asserts that God is the final uncaused cause of all things. Cosmological arguments usually strive to explain the existence of God in many forms. Many philosophers in the past, from Aristotle and Kalam to Aquinas, tried to argue the existence of God in different ways (Taliaferro 21)....
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Criticize the Cosmological Argument against Atheism
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...Cosmological Argument The cosmological argument is used to prove the existence of God as the creator of the Universe. The argument is traced back toAristotle and Plato’s concepts (Nowacki 40). The argument has several premises that support its claims. The 1st premise states that there is a cause for everything that comes into existence. The second premise states that the universe or the world began to exist. The third premise states that if the world has a cause, then the cause of the world is powerful, personal and immaterial. The first premise which states that there is a cause for...
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The Cosmological Argument and the Teleological Argument
2 pages (500 words)
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...Cosmological and Teleological Arguments In Summa Theologiae, St. Thomas Aquinas formulates what is known as the Cosmological argument for the existence of God. He uses the basic principle, according to which every cause has an effect, to show there must have been a first cause in the causal sequence that began the Universe: We see in the world around us that there is an order of efficient causes. Nor is it ever found (in fact it is impossible) that something is its own efficient cause. If it were, it would be prior to itself, which is impossible. Nevertheless, the order of efficient causes cannot proceed to infinity, for in any such order the first is cause of the middle (whether one or many... ...
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Not Just Dependent Beings: A key premise in The Cosmological Argument
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...COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT Introduction The Cosmological Argument argues on the existence of God. It is a posteriori argument (an argument depending on principle which can be known only by means of our experience in the world as opposed to a priori argument which bases on understanding and reflection on principles which are independent of our world experience). The other arguments for the existence of God are the Teleogical and the Ontological arguments, which are posteriori and priori respectively (Rowe 21). The Greek philosophers Plato and Aristotle were the pioneer writers of The Cosmological Argument. Aquinas in the 13th century gave five arguments... NOT JUST DEPENDENT BEINGS: A KEY PREMISE IN THE...
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To what extent does the 'cosmological' argument establish the existence of God
10 pages (2500 words)
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...Cosmology and the Existence of God This paper will discuss the extent to which the cosmological arguments of T Aquinas, Herbert McCabe and others are capable of proving God’s existence. The prime concern of the cosmological argument aaccording to Rowe is to establish a ‘first cause’ or ‘necessary being’, its next main purpose is to identify that ‘necessary being as God’ (1975, 6). Craig’s typology differentiates between 3 kinds of cosmological arguments:- (1) The earliest argument propounded by Aquinas, is based on the fact that it is not possible to infinitely trace cause and effect as an essentially ordered infinite regress. (2) The Kalām argument holds... 6 April 2008...
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You are to present the Cosmological Argument for the existence of God and then you are to analyze the Hindu, Buddhist and Taoist world views that deny the existence of God. Finally, from your point of view, can the existence or non-existence of God be ra
2 pages (500 words)
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...cosmological argument makes reference to a supernatural being, commonly referred toas God. Philosophers of this argument argue, both deductively and inductively, that God existed before all things. This, the argument does, due to the fact that the universe had a beginning, and, therefore, entails its existence to the creation by God. Cosmological Argument There are a number of events stretching across time and a deep causal effect in the universe. These events have been known to happen in a relational manner, one following another in sequence. This follows that the world came from the world as it was before, and before each event. Attempting... the universe, an eternal being with no...
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Proof of Gods Existence
1 pages (250 words)
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...cosmological argument best explains God’s existence. This is because all the other theories apart from fideism are indeed tied to cosmological argument. According to cosmological argument, things happen with cause and therefore, the primary or the original cause must be God. However, I find the other theories including ontological, design, evil problem... , and methodological naturalism are all tied in some way to cosmological argument. Looking at ontological argument, God is perfect. Ontological argument fails by itself since it implies that God exists only in human mind. Therefore, it limits God’s ability to highest level...
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St. Anselm / St. Aquinas - ontological/cosmotological argument
3 pages (750 words)
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...Cosmological argument of St. Thomas Aquinas in Summa theologia explains five ways through which we can know the existence of God. The first three approaches is related to the cosmological argument. i. St.Aquinas begins the cosmological argument by claiming that the world has things in motion which means that things undergo change. The things in motion are set to move by another thing which is in motion. It is claimed by Aquinas that the thing which sets other thing in motion is a phenomenon that cannot continue to infinity since there will be nothing to make the first move. Therefore... St. Anselm St. Aquinas – ontological cosmotological argument The ontological argument was first formulated by the...
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Cosmology and the Existence of God
15 pages (3750 words)
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...Cosmology and the Existence of God This paper will discuss the extent to which the cosmological arguments of T Aquinas, Herbert McCabe and others are capable of proving God's existence. The prime concern of the cosmological argument aaccording to Rowe is to establish a 'first cause' or 'necessary being', its next main purpose is to identify that 'necessary being as God' (1975, 6). Craig's typology differentiates between 3 kinds of cosmological arguments:- (1) The earliest argument propounded by Aquinas, is based on the fact that it is not possible to infinitely trace cause and effect as an essentially ordered infinite regress. (2) The Kalm argument holds... 6 April 2008...
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Arguments For or Against the Existence of God
7 pages (1750 words)
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...Arguments against Thomas Aquinas’ Cosmological Proof of God’s Existence Teacher               Arguments against Thomas Aquinas’ Cosmological Proof of God’s Existence The 13th century saint and philosopher Thomas Aquinas has laid the foundation of the cosmological proof of God’s existence, or the existence of God as the First Uncaused Cause in a series of causes. God is known as the Creator of the universe and it is therefore only fitting to regard Him as the First Cause or the Uncaused Cause of things. Nevertheless, Aquinas’ cosmological argument lends itself to several...
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Philosophy/Theology/Logic: logical acumen and thinking
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Cosmological Argument The cosmological argument aims at proving God’s existence from the very fact that the Universe (cosmos) must have began from somewhere. The paper therefore seeks to critically evaluate and review the soundness (sound argument: An argument that is valid and has all true premises) of the cosmological argument as brought forth by St Thomas Aquinas and other Philosophers and give reasons for its support (Alan Hausman, Howard Kahane, Paul Tidman, 16). In this regard, the paper will base itself on the two cosmological...
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Argument sketching
2 pages (500 words)
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...cosmological argument. This looks to prove God’s existence from the fact that there is the existence of the universe. It states that the universe as it is came into existence at a certain point in the distant past (Harris 59). It also argues that nothing can logically come into existence without something or someone else brings it into existence. This is derived from the philosophical theory that nothing comes from nothing. This means that there must be another being or force outside of the universe that brought it into existence. This therefore alludes to the fact that there must be a creator of the universe who can only be God. Argument...
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Philosophy/Theology/Logic: logical acumen and thinking
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Cosmological Argument The cosmological argument aims at proving God’s existence from the very fact that the Universe (cosmos) must have began from somewhere. The paper therefore seeks to critically evaluate and review the soundness (sound argument: An argument that is valid and has all true premises) of the cosmological argument as brought forth by St Thomas Aquinas and other Philosophers and give reasons for its support (Alan Hausman, Howard Kahane, Paul Tidman, 16). In this regard, the paper will base itself on the two cosmological...
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Argument
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...cosmological argument. God’s existence, Cosmological reasons Someone ensures the universe is in harmony. The earth revolves around the sun. The sun firmly stays comfortably in its preset place, the center... ? Philosophy, Admission/Application Essay February 11, Introduction Life is full of challenges. Some challenges are physical in nature, such as winning a race. Other challenges focus on resolving love difficulties, including divorce and misunderstanding. A few challenges include research activities. Research will affirm or negate a research question. Research includes gathering evidences to accept or reject a hypothesis. My current research challenge will result to proving that God exists, using...
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Philosophy Paper
3 pages (750 words)
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...Cosmological Argument The cosmological argument as put forward by St. Thomas (13th C) and later a new version by Philosophers of 18th C purports to proof the existence of God from the very fact of our own existence. The argument moves from contingence (depended being-a being whose existence cannot be explained by itself but by the other) to a necessary being (this is a being whose existence can only be explained by itself, its very nature). This however, is one of the key premises in the cosmological argument because it raises so many loopholes that are yet to be answered. The paper therefore seeks to review... Oenga Philosophy 101- paper#3 November 29, Not just Depended Beings: A key Premise in The...
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Arguments for and Against the Existence of God
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...Arguments for and Against the Existence of God Introduction Scholars and philosophers have made varied arguments in favor and against the existenceof god time to time. This paper attempts to explore the ontological, teleological, cosmological, and kalam arguments given in favor or against the existence of God. Ontological Arguments in Favor of the Existence of God Ontological arguments propose that god can be known through reason alone. Rene Descartes (1966) provided his ontological argument in Meditation 5 stating that God is the most perfect being to exist than not to exist. Descartes argues that existence is perfection than existence in our imagination or thoughts and therefore the idea... ...
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Any arguement with a moral or causal claim
5 pages (1250 words)
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...argument with a moral or causal claim "God is the cause for the existence of the universe If this cosmological thought is accepted, does it mean that God exists? Introduction Human belief on God has given rise to various dimensions in shaping the humankind today. Since the ancient times, not only humble assistance but also curses were bestowed upon people in the name of God. Verses illustrated in the Bible, Koran, Hindu Upanishads and other religious epics, which humans belonging to various cultures have been cherishing and preserving as guidelines to silhouette their ethos, lifestyles and values also offer a strong base to support the arguments that God exists. Indubitably, such religious... ? Any...
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Assignment Handout for Essay 2:critical exposition of an argument
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Cosmological Argument Teacher               Exposition and Critical Evaluation of Aquinas’ Cosmological Argument Thomas Aquinas, the 13th century philosopher, Catholic saint and doctor of the Catholic Church proved God’s existence through five cosmological proofs which he did through logic. In this paper, three of the five proofs are presented in an exposition and critically evaluated. Aquinas may have successfully proven the first three proofs through logic but he fails to account for some of his a priori statements and for the possibility that the God whose existence he has proven must be greater than the first cause, the first mover... and the necessary being that he has proven. Exposition...
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Philosophy
4 pages (1000 words)
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...argument faces a lot of critics and thus not convincing (Oppy Web). Additionally, we have the teleological arguments that relate natural phenomena that many people think are natural with the existence of God. Then we have the pragmatic positions, which argue that believing that God exists is rational. Moreover, we have the fideism positions that seek to relate reason with faith and define the independent answers that faith possesses. Ideally, the cosmological argument on the existence of God is more convincing. The cosmological argument seeks to prove the existence of God through world experience. The cosmological argument argues that the existence... Philosophy Ideally, there is no exclusive way of...
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Kant's Argument for the existence of God
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...cosmological, and metaphysical assertions, Kant came up with a new theory to argue for the existence of a Supreme Being or God that he believed would influence people’s perception and understanding of God. His moral argument for the existence of God is endowed with practical validity since Kant does not include the aspect of absolute proof as traditional approaches did. Kant argued that the existence of God could never be explained by teleological or cosmological happenings. Kant asserted that in order to explain the existence of God, it is vital... Kant’s argument for the existence of God The concept of God is one of the most perplexing ideas that human mind has everthought about. If God does not...
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God has Ontological Existence
2 pages (500 words)
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...arguments .Major arguments about His existence are Cosmological, Ontological, Teleological and the Moral Law Argument. The Cosmological Argument comes from the Greek word ‘cosmos’, which means the world. The Cosmological argument states that the universe could not have existed by its own, there must have been some cause that would have made the universe and that cause is God. The Teleological argument is from the word ‘teleo’ that means design or purpose. As the universe evidences great complexity of design, the great designer, the God must have... ? God has Ontological Existence The religious philosophers, over the centuries have tried to establish the existence of God and have come up with numerous...
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Gaunilo's argument from Anselm's point of view
3 pages (750 words)
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...cosmological argument for the existence of God, using efficient causes. In the second way he argues that no object can create itself, therefore there must be a first cause (God), who began the chain of existence of all things. Aquinas reconciled faith and reason, by borrowing heavily from Aristotle. The second cause is explained using the following steps; 1) The natural world has things that are caused by other things. There is therefore an order of efficient causes in the sensible world. Every sensible event that takes place has a distinct cause. 2) In the natural world, nothing can be the cause of itself. There is hardly... Ontological arguments seek to make us understand that God exists. We do this...
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The ontological argument for God's existance
10 pages (2500 words)
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...arguments on the subject of God’s existence can aid in propagating the truth and representing Christianity as a logical religion and a lifestyle to other people. This study concentrates on three popular arguments concerning the existence of God – the ontological, cosmological and teleological argument. These evidences have constantly been disputed... ?Running Head: THE ONTOLOGICAL ARGUMENT FOR GOD'S EXISTENCE The Ontological Argument for God's Existence I. Introduction In order to be saved and see light, the truths of Christianity should be known. The Word of God, or the Bible, is used to impart the truth to the people who walk in darkness so as to free them. Unfortunately, in this skeptic and...
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The ontological argument for God's existance
10 pages (2500 words)
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...arguments on the subject of God’s existence can aid in propagating the truth and representing Christianity as a logical religion and a lifestyle to other people. This study concentrates on three popular arguments concerning the existence of God – the ontological, cosmological and teleological argument. These evidences have constantly been disputed... Running Head: THE ONTOLOGICAL ARGUMENT FOR GODS EXISTENCE The Ontological Argument for Gods Existence I.Introduction In order to be saved and see light, the truths of Christianity should be known. The Word of God, or the Bible, is used to impart the truth to the people who walk in darkness so as to free them. Unfortunately, in this skeptic and materialistic ...
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( Ontological Arguments )
3 pages (750 words)
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...ARGUMENTS There are several arguments for the existence of God but the one I found most plausible is the cosmological argument. This is because it uses the things around us and things we can relate to such as nature and reality to explain why God exists and why He is the creator of the universe. This argument holds that God exists because our reality was caused by a “God-type” being that brought everything into existence. Furthermore, while this argument was only used by theologians and philosophers before, the 20th century witnessed science confirm that the universe must have had a beginning. The conceptual analysis of the cause of the universe based on cosmological argument helps... ONTOLOGICAL...
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Hum final
8 pages (2000 words)
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...argument of St. Augustine, current discussions on modality is skirting away, existence is not an essence counter position. KALAM COSMOLOGICAL ARGUMENT It is metaphysically impossible for something to come out from nothing. This particular claim maybe enough for some people to accept the validity of the Kalam cosmological argument for the existence of God. However, it is unfortunate that not everybody is familiar with the Kalam’s cosmological argument. What is it then? Kalam’s cosmological argument for the existence of God has originated and has been developed by Muslims in Moorish Spain during the late 900’s... HUM FINAL II ONTOLOGICAL ARGUMENT BY ST. ANSELM The idea of God’s existence is one of the...
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Response Paper to McCloskey's article
6 pages (1500 words)
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...arguments for God’s existence and offers the crisis of evil as a cause why one should not believe in God. The issue of the existence of God has been subject to major arguments through time between people who believe God exists and those who dispute that fact. In this regard, there have been several points of view about God’s existence that include both cosmological and teleological ones. Concerning these arguments, H.J McCloskey wrote an article in which he portrays these arguments as false because of lack of substantive proof. He goes ahead to suggest that due to lack of proof the notion of Gods existence should be dismissed altogether. Moreover... ? McCloskey is both critical of the conventional...
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Response Paper on On Being an Atheist, by H. J. McCloskey From a Christian Viewpoint
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...cosmological argument, the teleological argument and the argument from design. As stated in our class response instructions, in the article, McCloskey is both critical of the classical arguments for God’s existence and offers the problem of evil as a reason why one should not believe in God, since in a world supposedly made by the all-loving God evil should not and would not exist. While... In his article, On Being an Atheist, the Australian philosopher H.J. McCloskey (1968) takes the position that atheism represents a more reasonable and comfortable belief than that forwarded by belief systems associated with Christianity.  McCloskey argues his point by countering the three theistic proofs: the...
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Shot answer
4 pages (1000 words)
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...cosmological argument (especially Aquinas version of it). The cosmological argument is a form of inductive reasoning that has been derived on basis of experience. Aquinas’ version says that the God’s presence can explained through the relationship of cause and effect. Nothing can exist on its own. There needs to be a cause of their existence. The only uncaused thing that exists is the God himself. 13. Explain the different types of causality expounded by Aristotle (including the significance of "efficient causality... Number] Short Question Answers What is an argument? An argument is generally a set of reasons orevidences presented in an attempt to change the opinion of someone regarding an action,...
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Metacritical Thinking
10 pages (2500 words)
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...cosmological criticism and arguments. The first one, derived from the argument of motion, stipulates that for bodies to be in motion, they have to be moved by other bodies. Since... critical concept critical', the Cosmological argument moved vice versa. Since the cosmological proof aimed to identify the ens realissimum with the necessary being, and because the same required an a priori argument (i.e. beyond the realm of empirical corroboration), Kant premised that the proof was eventually conditioned by its dependence on the ontological validation. This clearly demonstrated that Kant took both the ontological and...
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Meta-critical Thinking
10 pages (2500 words)
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...cosmological criticism and arguments. The first one, derived from the argument of motion, stipulates that for bodies to be in motion, they have to be moved by other bodies. Since it is contended... META-CRITICISM Meta-criticism, or key critical concept, such as criticism, critical, critic, ctitique, seeks to solve problems by subdividing them into smaller sections that are consequently dealt with accordingly. This generates from understanding that social issues are built of smaller sub-problems. Developing solutions for these smaller problems is seen as an easy affair compared to dealing with mega issues. Participants in systems thinking can focus on the small problems and thus come up with best...
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Aquinas's Five Proofs for the existence of God
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...arguments may be broadly categorized as cosmological arguments since they heavily rely on the idea of creation of the Universe. The first proof as often called the Argument of the Unmoved Mover. According to it, there are many things in the world that are in motion; yet, the latter is always cased by a mover1. Keeping in mind that the infinite regress of mover is not possible, one will have to agree that ultimately there will be the mover that was not moved by the outside force. In other words, the above mentioned mover is unique since it was unmoved and yet became moved all other things in the Universe. It is quite...
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Theology
6 pages (1500 words)
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...arguments, when we argue about the concept of God, this means, implicitly and not explicitly, that God is there. Hence, ontological arguments reveal the fact that we can know about the existence of God from the very definition of God. According to the cosmological argument, we can attempt to prove that God exists by first proving that it is not possible that the existence of things in the universe have an infinite number of regressions of causes. In other words, there is an uncaused source that causes all things to exist. This uncaused source is, no doubt, God. Hence, the cosmological argument claims that: things exist; things have the possibility to not exist; those things that have... Your full...
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Great Works of Western Philosophy pre-final paper
6 pages (1500 words)
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...argumentation is known as the cosmological argument on the existence of God. However, critics are concerned about the notion of cause in Aquinas’ argument. As Hume criticizes, the concept of a cause is the one we derive from our observation of particular things. Therefore, we have no reason to suppose that the totality of things has a cause. The explanation of the existence of things itself indicates that we presuppose the existence of an ultimate being (or God). Moreover... Great Works of Western Philosophy Plato and Aristotle Plato’s dialogues contain some of the most significant philosophical arguments of Socrates. For instance, Meno is a dialogue between Socrates and a young man Meno that includes...
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Does God exists
2 pages (500 words) , Download 1
...Arguments against Objective Reasoning in Religion. Regents of the University of California, 2013. Web. 27 Sep. 2013. < http://philosophyfaculty.ucsd.edu/faculty/rarneson/Courses/Adams2phil1reading.pdf> Cicovacki, Predrag. Between Truth and Illusion: Kant at the Crossroads of Modernity. United States: Rowman & Littlefield, 2002. Print. Huges, G. J. “The Cosmological Argument for the Existence of God”. Richmond Journal of Philosophy 9, 2005: 1-6. Print. “The Mark of Cain”. Chapter 24. American Patriot Friends Network, 2013. Web. 27 Sep. 2013. < http://www.apfn.net/messageboard/10-21-01/ch24.pdf> Palmer, Donald. Does the Center Hold?: An...
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Philosophy- Does God exist
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...Cosmological Argument. Descartes, Rene. Meditations. Hume, David. An Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding. Leibniz, Gottfired Wilhelm. Theodicy I: The Problem of Evil and Suffering. Paley, William. The Teological Argument for The Existence of God.... ?A long time ago, a friend of mine wondered much about this God whom people always told her about. I told her that He was an all-powerful, all-knowing and all-good God. “But where is He?” asked my friend. “He is everywhere.” I answered. Dissatisfied with my answer, my friend asked me as to how I am so sure that He exists. And so I began to tell her about how I was introduced to a the philosophy of St. Thomas Aquinas. Aquinas’ formulates five...
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Anselm's Proslogion, Chapter II--The Ontological Proof of God
5 pages (1250 words)
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...argument dormant for centuries. David Hume also leveled a criticism against cosmological argument in his work Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion, which broadly applies to the Ontological Argument as well. Hume stated that existence of something cannott be established based on a priori reasoning. And whatever we can conceive of existing, we can also conceive of the non-existence of the same. More importantly, he also pointed out that we do not have any abstract idea of “existence”– as in something that exists in a vacuum – apart from that which is linked to objects that we already perceive empirically. However, the major... Your Full Your Your April 14, St. Anselm’s Ontological Argument The ontological ...
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God's Existence Essay
4 pages (1000 words)
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...arguments related with the existence of God emerged, encompassing- (1) the cosmological argument; (2) the teleological argument; (3) the ontological argument; and (4) the moral law argument. The present article deals with the teleological argument. This is popularly known as "the argument from design" (Greek meaning, telos- design). According to this argument, the universe confirms the presence of complex life forms, from tiniest creatures to the biggest animals and plants; everything is in a perfect order and are inter-linked; moreover no one modulates these living beings but they are self-modulated in a perfectly controlled manner. The designer or creator has created... ?"God's Existence" "Does God...
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God's existence
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...arguments related with the existence of God emerged, encompassing- (1) the cosmological argument; (2) the teleological argument; (3) the ontological argument; and (4) the moral law argument. The present article deals with the teleological argument. This is popularly known as "the argument from design" (Greek meaning, telos- design). According to this argument, the universe confirms the presence of complex life forms, from tiniest creatures to the biggest animals and plants; everything is in a perfect order and are inter-linked; moreover no one modulates these living beings but they are self-modulated in a perfectly controlled manner. The designer or creator has created... Gods Existence" "Does God...
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Arguments about God's existence
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...arguments and explanations that have been used by scholars to describe the existence of God include the cosmological argument (Taylor, 113), the teleological argument, and the ontological explanations. This paper discuses the teleological perspective that tries to explain the existence of God. it focuses on the arguments explanations and also reviews the criticisms that have been used as a basis... To most scholars of theology, the explanation about the existence of God raises pertinent issues within any religion. The main reason surrounding this fact is because beings are mortal, and the only connection between the deity and beings is belief an all powerful being exists. Through the cognitive...
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Great Works of Western PhilosophyDiscuss Thomas Aquinas's criticisms of the view that God's existence is selfevident
6 pages (1500 words)
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...Cosmological Argument Aquinas not only denied Anselm's ontological argument, but also proceeded to validate the existence of God through the premise of cause and effect. He extended five proofs in favor of the existence of God, the summom bonum of which stands to be as follows: 1. The mere existence of an entity necessitates a cause. 2. Thereby, the existence of everything necessitates a cause. 3. Hence, nothing exists on its own... of the of the Concerned Philosophy 19 July 2009 Great Works of Western Philosophy 2 Introduction The problem of evidence as for the existence of a supreme entity or God has baffled the Western theologians, thinkers, scientists and philosophers since times immemoria...
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Descartes and God
4 pages (1000 words)
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...cosmological and ontological ones. The causal argument is most fully represented in Meditation III, it can also be found in the Discourse (Part I) and in the Principles (Part I §§ 17-18). Descartes distinguishes between the formal reality of an idea (its actual existence and degree of perfection as a mode of mind) and its objective reality (the degree of perfection it has with consideration of its content). Further the philosopher recognizes three degrees of perfection based on the capacity of a thing for an independent existence. God, being an infinite substance depending on nothing, is viewed as the highest degree of perfection. An individual body or mind (finite substances depending... Descartes and...
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Philiosophy journal
4 pages (1000 words)
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...cosmological argument for God's existence, the world could not exist on its own so there must have been a first... 15 October 2008 Philiosophy Journal On the one hand, every person has his own understanding of God interpreting things in a peculiar way. In the world, there are dozens contemporary religions exist, and there were dozens of "dead" religions which disappeared, but all of them contain universal ethical norms as God's commandments. The something that exists from eternity must be a 'cogitative being', an eternal mind, and then appeals to other sorts of evidence to support the ascription to this eternal mind of the traditional attributes of God.. Thesis To prove that God really exists we need...
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This article, titled On Being an Atheist, was written by H. J. McCloskey
6 pages (1500 words)
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...Cosmological Argument The cosmological arguments as the name stands amplifies equivalent to the philosophy for building up an argument that would derive the existence of a world order. This accentuates spelling out an argument for an illustrious connotation. This exemplifies honorable virtues for bringing about a grand finale to the ensemble that is replete with abundance of pursuits. The awakening that would mastermind myriads of aspects that opens up vistas for sharp acumen for not withdrawing relentless pursuits. The endeavor is on the threshold of a balanced approach in philosophy as well as achievement oriented magnificence of an approach that is commendable. The author McCloskey... On Being an...
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Great Works of Western Philosophy pre-final paper 2
6 pages (1500 words)
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...argumentation with regard to an appropriate and unanimous explanation the proof of the existence of a supreme entity known as God. Propositions have been both in support as well as against the existence of God, and have included practitioners from various genre such as science, philosophy, theology and so on. Among the argumentations, two of the most significant views are the ontological and cosmological argumentation in support of the existence of God, proposed by Italian philosophers Saint Anselm and Thomas Aquinas, respectively. While Anselm’s ontological argument achieved a good amount... Great Works of Western Philosophy Proofs of the existence of God There has been many decades of debate and...
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Morality and God
6 pages (1500 words)
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...cosmological argument’ which firmly asserts that something must have brought the universe in to being what it is; nothing can merely come into existence without having some force spurring it to existence (Murphy, 2011). The third purported truth is the argument from design which seeks to base the existence of God from the fact that the universe is ordered with forces and laws that complement each other giving support to the survival of human lives. This asserts that God made the universe with human being like us in mind. Another argument that seeks to prove the existence of God is the moral... ? MORALITY AND GOD and number: submitted; Introduction Many things need to be considered to appropriately label...
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God is Just
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...Arguments for God's Existence”). Thus, conventionally, four chief arguments related to the existence of God emerged: 1) the cosmological argument; 2) the teleological argument; 3) the ontological argument; and 4) the moral law argument. The present article deals with teleological argument. It is popularly known as "the argument from design" (Greek meaning of telos is design). According to this argument, the universe confirms the presence of complex life forms, from tiniest creatures to the biggest animals and plants; everything is in a perfect order being inter-linked; moreover, no one modulates these living beings but they are self... ? "God Is Just" Introduction "Does God exist?" "Where is God?" "Why...
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Response Paper
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...arguments first and would even accuse him of practicality for having done so instead of attacking God’s existence itself, one should remember that the basis of Christian faith rests upon these three arguments of God’s existence, which have been established by the greatest of Christian scholars in early history. McCloskey begins with the cosmological proof of God’s existence and disproves its validity. According to McCloskey, “The mere existence of the world constitutes no reason for believing in the existence of [an all-powerful first cause or uncaused... ? Response to H. J. McCloskey’s “On Being an Atheist” Although most people in this world are theists, some like H.J. McCloskey have stood up boldly for ...
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Fine Tuning Argument
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...Argument The Fine Tuning Argument Fine tuning argument postulates that there are particular set of cosmological factors or important physical constants which are in such a way that if they had been different slightly, then the universe would not have intelligent and therefore it could not support life (Van Inwagen, 1993). An example of the fine tuning argument is one that describes that in the classical big bang theory, the expansion speed seemed to have been fine-tuned. Van Inwagen (1993) argues that had this speed of early expansion been slightly greater, the expansion of the universe would have been too rapid and therefore no galaxies could have formed. Moreover, there would only... ? Fine Tuning...
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