20th century music
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...eighteenth century, to be fully reborn only in jazz Until the late eighteenth century, musicians were trained to improvise and embellish, and even to create entire compositions spontaneously. But by the Romantic period, improvisation had almost become a lost art. Although organists and opera singers continued to learn how to improvise, for most instrumentalists the art of spontaneous improvisation survived only in the solo cadenza. From a modern perspective, the decline of improvisation seems paradoxical, because modern listeners think of spontaneity as a characteristic... Introduction: While mechanical musical instruments go back thousands of years, musical Indeterminacy, Improvisation died in the...