...Cellular Environment due: Pathophysiological explanation of cellular swelling during the early stages of
Cell injury is the domino effect of stressing cells severely, exceeding their capacity for physiological adaptation. This may take place when the stimulus is excessive. Stimulus includes genetic (gene defects), nutritional (iron, vitamins), immune (autoimmunity), endocrine, physical agents, chemical agents, infective, and ischemia (hypoxia). According to Brashers (2006), Cell injury also is a consequence of exposing the cells the cells to inherently damaging agents, or when the cells experience intrinsic abnormalities. Adaptation capacity and sensitivity to various types... Environment...