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Fluid coursework

9 pages (2250 words)

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...Fluid Flow through a Venturi” The Bernoulli principle is widely used in many applications such as keeping the rear wheels of race cars on the ground while they travel at extremely high speeds. Airplanes also use the Bernoulli equation for flight and balance in the sky. According to the law of energy conservation, energy is neither created nor destroyed. Energy can be said to include all forms of energy within the system. It may be in the form kinetic, heat, light and potential form. Concerning Bernoulli equation as a statement of energy conservation, the sum of pressure, kinetic and potential head of a fluid is constant if the condition of the fluid... Lecturer “Investigation into the effects of Fluid...

Fluid power

1 pages (250 words)

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...Fluid Power Fluid Power Describe briefly the operating principles of a variable displacement axial piston pump. Discuss how the delivery is varied. Also show by sketch.
Answer. A variable displacement axial piston pump consists of casing, drive shaft, cylinder block, swash plate and plunger or swash plate adjusting valve as shown figure 1a. The operation of pump is based on the conversion of mechanical energy to hydraulic (fluid) energy through the displacement, or amount of fluid pumped per revolution of the pump’s input shaft. At certain inclination (angle) of swash plate as the pump’s shaft rotates a partial vacuum...

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Drilling fluid

1 pages (250 words)

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...Fluid Drilling fluids has several purposes during drilling operation. With the discovery of large oil fields during twentieth century a need arose for deep drilling operations and that is how drilling fluids came into prominence. With the advancement in drilling technologies, drilling fluid also known as drilling mud is being used to provide buoyancy, cooling and lubrication during drilling operation.
Drilling operations may cause several problems and some of them are listed in the following paragraphs.
At times, reservoir rocks get damaged while forcing drilling fluid into them. This happens due to the use of too heavy overbalance during the drilling operation. The drilling fluid clogs... Drilling Fluid ...

Fluid mechanics

8 pages (2000 words)
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...Fluid Mechanics— Verification of Bernoulli’s Equation The behavior of the laminar fluid motion along a converging-diverging tube of known cross-sectional area, at different flow rates, is investigated, and the mass as well as energy conservation laws are verified in this experiment. Another objective of performing it is to measure the loss of energy due to viscous resistance to the fluid the motion in case of higher flow rates. The results obtained from the experiment not only verify the basic laws and characteristics of a fluid in motion, but also determines the losses incurred in energy due to resistive forces. Introduction When a fluid undergoes motion, there are certain laws... Laboratory Report:...

Fluid mechanics

8 pages (2000 words)
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...Fluid Mechanics—Bernoulli’s Equation Using the conservation laws of streamline motion of fluid, we investigate the behavior of the fluid motion along a converging-diverging tube of known cross-sectional area, at different flow rates. The energy lost as a result of viscous resistance of the fluid the motion when the flow rate increases, may also be measured as Head Lost.
Introduction
When an incompressible fluid starts moving along streamlines, two basic laws get satisfied. One can use these two laws to check the behaviour of the dynamics of the fluid. Moreover, both these laws pertain to certain conservation of fluid properties—
(1) Continuity Equation: from the consideration... Laboratory Report:...

Drilling fluid

4 pages (1000 words)
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...Fluid Drilling fluids are used in drilling boreholes, oil and gas wells. The fluid remains in contact with the walls of the well during the drilling operation for structural support and enhances the efficiency of the drilling operation. The drilling fluid is used for a number of functions in the drilling operation. The drilling fluid cools the bottom hole and lubricates the drilling bit to reduce friction and heat generated due to mechanical and hydraulic forces between the bit and the well casing. The drilling mud removes rock fragments and drills cuttings from the borehole to the surface. The mud also provides hydrostatic pressure to balance the formation pressure resulting... from the...

Fluid mechanics

6 pages (1500 words)

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...fluid, m/s
= frictional head loss (5.6 m)
To solve for v –
v = = = 5.6249 m/s... Task Learning Outcome 3 Determine head losses in pipeline flow Q1: Calculate the flow of water under gravity in litres/sec between the two reservoirs in Figure 1 below.
5.6m
Pipe ø 11cm
in steel (k=0.20mm)
15.78m
Figure 1
Solution:
Pipe length may be estimated from the figure as
L = 16.7442 m.
Because of pipe roughness, the system is likely to have turbulent flow, thus,
von Karman equation may follow to compute friction factor:
f = = ≈ 0.022813
By Darcy-Weisbach equation = f * * where
v = average velocity of fl...

Fluid mechanical

2 pages (500 words)

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...fluid movement The first person(s) to do an experiment on upward fluid movement were two Egyptian brothers, the Banu Musa brothers who invented a double-concentric siphon.
2.0 Explanation on the Heron’s experiment
I have watched the video through the link provided, and it is strange to see what is happening. The joint pressure connecting A and C is higher than the pipe from B into A, As long as the total weight of water from B to A is less than that moving from A to C, water will keep going up (Munson & Okiishi 2009, 75). You can also make it flow faster by increasing the length of pipe A to C while maintaining the length of the pipe from B... into A. The fluid motion in...

Fluid Mechanics

8 pages (2000 words)

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...Fluid Mechanics A pipe whose diameter is 10.00 in. is equipped with a pipe orifice. The diameter of the orifice is 6.00 in. Also, piezometers that lead to a differential mercury gage are connected to the pipe 10.00 in. above the orifice and 5.6 in. below the orifice. If the drop in pressure head indicated by the gage at a certain instant is equivalent to 2.27 ft. of water, the rate of discharge for the pipe, in gallons per minute , is
a. 950 gpm c. 700 gpm
b. 820 gpm d. 638 gpm
Computations:
2.27 =
2.27 = 7.7036
v₂2 =
v₂ =
v₂ = 4.3527 fps
A = π
A = 3.1416 (0.4166)2
A = 0.5452
Q = Av
Q = 0.5452... June 11, 2009 Fluid...

Fluid Hydration Support

8 pages (2000 words)
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...Fluid Hydration Support Human body has been provided with an ability to control and maintain its requirement for water and electrolytes along with other essentials. This is accomplished by a collaborative effort of predominantly higher centres, a type of hormones, lungs and kidneys. Hydration required by human body varies in various situations. The requirement is different in normal healthy individual as compared to the one who is sick or requires some medical interventions. As those individuals who are candidates for some surgical procedures, usually, have to under g o some sort of anesthesia. If it is general anesthesia then the individual has to be in a state of...

PTSD and Fluid deficit

1 pages (250 words)

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...Fluid Deficit s :
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
Exposure to extreme conditions of stress often leads to development of maladaptive symptoms (Nemeroff et al, 2009, 254). Changes in behavior and personality are common during the recovery period of burn cases owing to stress, tensions, medications and electrolytic disbalance (Sommers et al, 2000, 166). In severe cases the patient faces several stressful situations such as surgical procedures, medications, trauma, fear of death or disfigurement which leads to development of PTSD (eNurse Care Plan, 2014). The primary aim of healthcare givers is to help the patient control his/her fear and overcome the stress factors. Nursing intervention... PTSD And Fluid...

Head Loss Fluid Mechanics

15 pages (3750 words)

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...Fluid Mechanics Introduction Fluid flowing in pipes is usually turbulent. The flow is considered turbulent if the Reynolds value is greater than 4000. During the turbulent flow, the velocity distribution is relatively the same (or uniform) and the velocity profile is flatter in comparison to the laminar flow. It is important to note that there are pressure fluctuations and irregular velocity in turbulent flow. In turbulent flow, fluctuations in velocity influence the mean motion such that it causes additional shear resistance to the flow. The turbulent shear stress is composed of shear stress and viscous shear stress generated because of turbulence (Sawhney 2011, p629). Fluid flowing... ?Head Loss Fluid...

MET329 Fluid Power

1 pages (250 words)

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...Fluid Power Fluid power is an English term used to describe the pneumatics and hydraulics technologies. It is the technology where fluids, either gas or liquid, used for transmitting power to a different location. Fluid power is a field of engineering and applied science that deals with mechanical analogies of liquids and gas. Hydraulics in fluid power are used for generating, transmitting, and controlling power through liquid pressurization. However, this research study focuses on establishing the origin and the current application of MET329 Fluid Power course.
The MET329 Fluid Power is a career course offered by accredited worldwide universities such as Indiana State University... . The...

Pre-Hospital Fluid Replacement

8 pages (2000 words)

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...Fluid Replacement An Analytical Report Introduction: The Issue Fatal road accidents in UK are on an increase. The Official Department of Health, a government organization of UK, estimates that cost of accidental injury in England in 2000-01 was 2.2 billion. The cost of accidents was estimated at 25billion in 1996 (Dept. of Health (UK), 2007). These figures are on an increase. The research carried out recently by the Department of Transport of UK under the banner of 'ThinkRoadSafety', concluded that 3,201 people were killed in road accidents in 2005, nearly 28,954 were seriously injured and 238,862 were slightly injured (ThinkRoadSafety.gov, 10/06). Although road accidents form a major... Pre-Hospital...

Computational Fluid Dynamics

5 pages (1250 words)

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...fluid phenomenon firstly studied by Menabrea (1885). Water Hammer effect is a pressure-wave resulting when a fluid in motion is forced to stop or change direction suddenly. It is mainly present within pipes where their length is much longer than their diameter. Thus, this effect can be considered as 1D-dimensional problem. Water hammer effect commonly occurs when a valve is closed suddenly at an end of a pipeline system, and a pressure wave propagates... , is the fluid density and is the time. We notice that the convective term is negligible compared with other terms.
From considerations of conservation of matter, the continuity equation in 1D-dimension is obtained in the...

Computational Fluid Dynamic

11 pages (2750 words)
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...fluid Dynamics (CFD) can be described as the art of replacing existing PDE systems with a set of algebraic equations which can be solved using digital computers. Computational fluid Dynamics (CFD) usually provides a qualitative prediction of the fluid flow by the means of mathematical modeling, numerical methods and software tools (Ferziger and Peric, 2006). CFD enables engineers and scientists to perform numerical environments in virtual flow laboratories. Computational fluid Dynamics (CFD) has a wide range of uses in the engineering and scientific research. It can be used by architects to produce 3D models of their buildings, by engineers to model the production... Introduction Computational fluid...

Fluid Mechanics 230

6 pages (1500 words)
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...Fluid Mechanics 230 INTRODUCTION Drag could be identified as a resultant forces causing resistance to motion in bodies moving within fluids (Tipler 2004). Unlike other frictional forces experienced in moving objects, drag forces normally remain fully dependent on velocity of objects. These forces have been identified as reducing velocity of objects moving within fluids depending on the size of objects. Various types of drag exist when studying drag resulting from movement of physical bodies within fluids. The different types of drags are as discussed below. TYPES OF DRAG Form drag This could be described as the frictional...

Environmental Fluid Mechanics

8 pages (2000 words)

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...Fluid Mechanics Design of an Open Channel with Assessment of Pollution Transport Introduction An open channel is defined as aconduit in which a liquid flow with a free surface. The flow normally occurs under pressure as contrasted with liquid in a pipe, the liquid conveyed by an open channel exerts no pressure other than that caused by its own weight, and pressure of the atmosphere. The general theory applies to all liquids but since there are a few test data available on open-channel flow of liquids other than water at natural temperatures, it only applies to water. Open channels may be either artificial or natural. Natural water channels vary in size from tiny side-hill... CIVL 3076 Environmental Fluid ...

Computational Fluid Dynamics

8 pages (2000 words)

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...FLUID DYNAMICS FOR EXTERNAL AERODYNAMICS OF BUILDINGS INTRODUCTION In this fast moving world the need to control and predict the movement of fluids is a common problem. Scientists have worked hard on this are an so far the study of this area is called fluid dynamics and the systems that are studied range from weather patterns, through aircraft aerodynamics to the way blood circulates. Since IT has a massive role in the current globalization process engineers have devised systems called as the CFD or Computational fluid dynamics. Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) uses current IT to solve these problems using the fundamental of physics. Due to the advancements in almost every field CFD... COMPUTATIONAL...

Thermodynamics and Fluid Mechanics

3 pages (750 words)

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...FLUID MECHANICS REFERRED WORK 2014
NAME:
DATE:
Question 1
Water at 50 degrees Celsius flows at a mass flow rate of 20 kg/s in a 200 mm diameter pipeline.
a) Find the density and dynamic viscosity of the water at this temperature
letbe the dynamic viscosity
(kg/ms)= {[2.414 x 10-5)] x[10(247k/(temp-140k))]}
={[2.414 x 10^-5)] x [10(247k/(50 + 273 -140))]}
=0.00002414 x 101.4
=0.000605914kg/ms
=6. 091 x 10^ -4 kg/ms
Density=988.1kg/m3
(Source Engineeringtoolbox.com, 2014)
b) Calculate the velocity of the water.
Q=AV
V=Q/A
Volume flow rate= {(mass low rate)/ density}
Q... OF SUNDERLAND DEPARTMENT OF COMPUTING, ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLGY EAT106 – THERMODYNAMICS AND...

THERMODYNAMICS AND FLUID MECHANICS

6 pages (1500 words)

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...fluid level that altogether appear in the Bernoulli’s equation.
Solution:
The head loss / pressure loss... Given: bore - D 60 mm ; L = 240 mm ; μ = 2.20 mPa*s ρ = 870 kg/m3 (a) mean velo vm = = =0.3193 m/s
(b) Since 1 cp ≡ 1 mPa*s ≡ 0.001
--- μ = 2.20 mPa*s * = 0.0022 then,
NRe = = = 202.03
Therefore, based on this value, the flow is LAMINAR!
(c) From the Moody chart,
f = = --- f = 0.3168
(d) pressure drop (-ΔP) = =
--- (-ΔP) = 2,107.48 Pa
Using conversion: 1 Pa ≡ 0.0001019977334 m of head then,
--- (-ΔP) = 2,107.48 Pa * = 0.215 m.
Given: I.D. = 40 mm (or 0.040 m.) ; L = 3.80 m ...

Factors affecting performance - Fluid intake

16 pages (4000 words)

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...Fluid requirements in different weather conditions 8
5. How and why fluids during exercise are affected by dehydration 9
6. Dehydration and performance 12
7. Effects of dehydration 13
8. Recommendations for different factors 15
9. Estimating hydration levels 16
10. Weight loss percentage and hydration 19
11. Hyponatraemia 20
12. Composition of drinks or fluids 21
13. When to drink and how much to drink 23
C.CONCLUSION 24
A. BACKGROUND OF CHOSEN TOPIC
1. Functions of water
Water is paramount... Hydration in Sports Inserts His/Her Inserts Grade Inserts (05, March, Outline Outline 2 A.BACKGROUND OF CHOSEN TOPIC 3
1. Functions of water 3
2. Brain function 5
3. Dehydration 6
B.CRITICAL REVIEW AND ISSUES 8
4. F...

Fluid management in dialysis patient

24 pages (6000 words)

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...fluid is circulated. Blood composition must be closely matched by the dialysis fluid. Urea and creatinin, metabolic waste products, are diffused through the dialysis fluid membrane and discarded, while necessary substance diffusion is prevented by its presence in the dialysis fluid. (Answers.com). Dialysis treatment is demanding for the patient, as they must spend four hours during thrice weekly sessions hooked up to these machines. (Sonnier, 2000, p. 5). Because patients must... The Effect of Information Reinforcement, Cognitive Behavioural Therapy and Behavioural Modification on Patients on Hemodialysis due to End Stage Renal Disease or Failure”
INTRODUCTION
End stage renal disease (ESRD) or End sta...

Heat transfer and fluid flow

3 pages (500 words)

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...Fluid Flow
Use steam tables where necessary
to find thermophysical properties of water
The following equations and data may be useful:
Surface area of a cylinder of length H and radius r =
Surface area of a sphere = 4r2 = d2
Stefan-Boltzmann constant, , = 5.67 10–8 W m–2 K–4
Latent heat of melting of ice = 333.5 kJ kg–1
Temperature in kelvins ≈ Temperature in C plus 273.
Note that the purpose of this coursework is to demonstrate both subject knowledge and competency in methodology and communication. Full marks will therefore only be given for both a correct answer and sensible and clear method. Remember, the coursework is marked harshly, to highlight...
Heat Transfer and Fl...

Computional Fluid Dynamics for Filters

30 pages (7500 words)

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...FLUID DYNAMICS FOR FILTERS Dynamics is the study of motion of objects and Fluid Dynamics is the study of motion of fluids, which are liquids and gases. These are two of the three fundamental states of matter that have a common property; it is the property to flow in that the molecules they consist are loosely bound together which gives them the characteristic flow. Fluids can flow with high speed or at low speeds but they render themselves inaccessible to easy understanding to even a specialist. And when they flow in complex situations, with great speeds, etc. it is a lot more difficult to study them. However, most of the study is done with fluids at low speeds and modelled... to be applied...

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