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Individualization / differentiation in the language classroom
1 pages (250 words)
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...Language room Adults in room differ in their culture, living style, ideas, attitudes, aptitudes, creativity, emotions and cognition. They require various types of instructional methods in accordance to their interest and they need specially designed supportive learning environment to make use of their best potentials. “Brain based learning” (Pritchard 2009, p.86) research and the development of “cognitive science” will help the teacher to assess the level of cognition and creativity of the students so that the teachers can adopt instructions based on his cognition levels. (Green 1996, p.5). Differentiation in the classroom could be defined as the method of “getting to know... Differentiation in the...
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The Psychological Correction of Error in Second Language Classroom
9 pages (2000 words)
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...Language Classroom Introduction A case in point which demonstrates several risks and opportunities in connection with error correction is its psychological effect. Some scholars, such as Krashen (1981), place emphasis on the psychological effect of both positive feedback and negative feedback on learners who make errors in L2 classrooms. These scholars underline the need to free learners from the fear of perceiving corrections or errors as ‘inadequacies’ or ‘failures’. They claim that students should be psychologically positive and interested in order for second language acquisition to occur ‘naturally’ and successfully. Thus, error... correction is not simply of realistic value, but is...
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Teachers evaluation of Interactive Whiteboards technology in Second Language Classroom
20 pages (5000 words) , Download 1
...language classroom. The Likert Scale items in the questionnaire divided into three themes, which measures the effectiveness of IWB in terms of teaching/learning, its motivational effects and usability. Students’ Responses to the Questionnaire Items Instructional Effects of IWB Statements Mean SD Q3, IWB facilitates learning to me 3.2 .700 Q4, IWB makes learning of English much more easy 3.08 .778 Q4.a, IWB makes the learning of vocabulary much easy 2.86 .729 Q4.b, IWB makes the learning of grammar rules much easy 2.86 .718 Q4.c, IWB makes learning writing much more easy 2.66 .939 Motivational Effects of IWB Statement mean SD Q2, I think the lessons... ?Results In this study, the results are the responses ...
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Education research paper on Oral Proficiency in the Foreign Language classroom
15 pages (3750 words) , Download 1
...classroom participation of students since through this they will be able to enhance their foreign language speeches. This paper in particular tries to find the appropriate ways that teachers can employ in order to promote foreign language oral proficiency in their classrooms. Research was carried out through interviews, surveys and classroom observations and various findings presented, from which conclusions were drawn. Table of contents Abstract 2 Introduction 4 Literature Review 5 The Importance of Oral Assessment 5 Motivating Students to Speak 6 Results/ Presentation 16 Interview Results/Findings 16 Survey Results/Findings 18 Classroom Observations 19 Discussion and Analysis 20... ? Education Research ...
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Classroom Strategies for English Language Learners
8 pages (2000 words)
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...language is not English (Bredekamp & Rosegrant, 1995). It is critical that preschool educators know and ensure that their classroom strategies are affording ELLs with the skills they require in order to progress academically. This research paper will provide an overview of applicable classroom strategies for ELLs by conducting an extensive review of available literature before offering practical applications of this theory to the classroom environment. This will take into consideration attention to bias, as well as multicultural issues that underpin ELL preschool classrooms. Research Question This research paper is guided by the following research question: What are the available... ? room...
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An empirical study on foreign language anxiety and its impact on students' language acquisition and classroom progress and achievement
5 pages (1250 words)
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...classroom, while Horowitz (1997) uses the approach of “beliefs about language learning” which emphasizes the kind of concepts that students have in their minds about the business of learning a language. Horowitz (1988) demonstrated that what students believe about language learning influences how they learn, and most crucially also how well they learn. In an empirical study Horowitz et al. (1986) focus... An Empirical Study of Negative Attitudes to Learning English and Their Impact on Foundation Level Female Language Acquisition in Saudi ArabiaName: PhD Proposal, June 2012 Title: An empirical study of negative attitudes to learning English and their impact on foundation level female student language...
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Language as dialect, language and gender in the classroom
2 pages (500 words)
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...Language as dialect, language and gender in the room Language as dialect Evaluation of a system of communication depends upon power and politics. It is imperative to note that pronunciation, accent, grammar and vocabulary, as well as the spoken and written human languages vary from the linguistic anthropological point of view. However, from the linguistic perspective, individuals who speak a language, uses it as a an effective tool for communication. Language as a dialect is evaluated and categorized based on the political power of a nation, media, state, or in terms of the society’s stratification (128). Language and gender in classroom The phenomenon of gender is such a great component... ...
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Scaffolding Language Learning in an Academic ESL Classroom
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Language Learning In an Academic ESL room The generic structure of this article has a more complex structure. This is because the paper is divided into several sections, which include abstract, introduction, literature review, the study, findings, further interpretation, implications for teachers, and conclusion. Additionally, other sections such as the study section is further divided into small sub-topics, which include research setting and participant, classroom task and interactions, and data collection and analysis. The finding section is divided into small lectures, small work group, and student-led discussion. The abstract section covers about 10 percent of the text while... ? Scaffolding Language ...
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Minigrant for integrating technology in the elementary Language Arts classroom
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Language Arts room This is an application for grants to the concerned authorities for integrating technology in the Elementary Language Arts Classroom in the Summer Field Public School in Nevada State in US. The use of computers has increased drastically in the last decade, especially in the educational field. Experts in the elementary educational field are of the opinion that trying to find out the mistakes in grammar, spelling and organization in one’s own writing is one of the best methods of learning. Introducing computers in the elementary level are highly useful in these processes. Computers increase the effectiveness... Application for Mini-grant for Integrating Technology in the Elementary...
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ESOL Classroom Observation- Language w7
1 pages (250 words)
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...Language, Power and Pedagogy: Bilingual Children in the Crossfire. Clevedon: Multilingual Matters... ESOL room Observation Cummins Quadrant Worksheet Cummins’ Model Context Embedded Context Reduced Cognitively Undemanding Participation in art classes Recess time playing with friends Following or copying directions that have been modeled Playing games during physical education (PE) lessons Compiling a list Chatting with friends during PE Copying notes from the board Filling in a form Cognitively Demanding Reading a textbook that has visual graphics Listening to a lecture with graphic manipulations Essay writing using information from a discussion or graphic organizer Participating in a standardized t...
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Classroom behaviour, language competence, and the acceptance of children with Down Syndrome by their mainstream peers
2 pages (500 words)
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...classroom behavior and language abilities on peer acceptance of children with Down syndrome. The authors imply that this study arose as a result of the mainstream integration of children with Down syndrome in the school system, and propose the examination of peer relationships as an appropriate measurement of the success of the integration project. Further refining this notion, the experimenters identify a sociometric measure of popularity/acceptance to be their primary dependent variable. As well, language... Here Here Here Here Children With Downs Syndrome Article Summary The article of interest was the result of an experiment by Glynis Laws and colleagues (100) and investigates the impact of...
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Discuss methods for mitigating challenges encountered in the classroom given that some students are learning English as a second and third language
14 pages (3500 words)
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...language that are available to the ESL student (Hui Siu, 1988). Also, the students themselves will have high expectations of the visual aids used by teachers, due to their constant exposure to high quality graphics, novel mediums and engaging messages. Evidence of this is in classrooms that rely solely on a whiteboard and textbook to support the ESL learning experience. For students in middle childhood it appears easy for them to accept that inherent quality of language in sound and colour (Hui Siu, 1988). Children have a wonderful way of engaging with their environments fully, using physical structures and objects or persons and animals to stimulate creative... Running ENGLISH LANGUAGE LEARNING ...
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Accommodating English Language Learners in the elementary classroom
1 pages (250 words)
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...Language learner program. Finally, I would accommodate English Language Learners in my elementary class by giving them language acquisition tests that match their level. This would help me prepare them for the federal legal requirement that all learners, including English Language Learners, be subjected to an annual statewide assessment (Whitsett & Hubbard, 2009). Reference Whitsett, G. & Hubbard, J. (2009). Supporting English Language Learners in the Elementary and Secondary Classrooms: How to Get Started. SRATE Journal, 18(2): 41 – 47.... Accommodating English Language Learners Accommodating English Language Learners As an elementary teacher, I would accommo English Language Learners in my class by ...
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Accommodating English Language Learners in the elementary classroom
1 pages (250 words)
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...Language learner program. Finally, I would accommodate English Language Learners in my elementary class by giving them language acquisition tests that match their level. This would help me prepare them for the federal legal requirement that all learners, including English Language Learners, be subjected to an annual statewide assessment (Whitsett & Hubbard, 2009). Reference Whitsett, G. & Hubbard, J. (2009). Supporting English Language Learners in the Elementary and Secondary Classrooms: How to Get Started. SRATE Journal, 18(2): 41 – 47.... Accommodating English Language Learners Accommodating English Language Learners As an elementary teacher, I would accommo English Language Learners in my class by ...
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TechSL: Technology as a Second Language: An analysis of the pros and cons of academic integration of Multimedia and Web 2.0 technologies and whether technology integration in the classroom proves to enhance learning or impede academic development
6 pages (1500 words)
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...Language: An Analysis Of The Pros And Cons Of Academic Integration Of Multimedia And Web 2.0 Technologies And Whether Technology Integration In The Classroom Proves To Enhance Learning Or Impede Academic Development. 1.0 Introduction  Education, has truly, come a long way from the ancient eras, when the taught set out on a long, arduous quest for a teacher, who would condescend to accept him as a disciple and permit him to live with him in poor, sparse habitats and facilitate inculcation of the teacher’s knowledge, wisdom, value and philosophy of life. Over the years, the role of the teacher has changed profoundly with one perspective maintaining that “A teacher... Techsl: Technology As A Second...
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What research say about task-based instruction in the interactive communicative classroom tied to the development of second language proficiency
5 pages (1250 words)
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...language proficiency and correct use by those students taking a specific language, especially English, as a second language. With ingenious research methods and concepts, the issue has been critically analyzed to yield a number of findings, which will be discussed. Background of the Problem In the task, based interactive communication, learning... Task-based Instructions in Interactive Communication Task: Task-based Instructions in Interactive Communication Theprincipal focus of the topic under research is to, succinctly, expound on the dire effect of the Task based learning and instruction system in interactive communication classes and its imminent connection to the development of the secondary...
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Describe one way that you, as an ESL teacher, might support a mainstream teacher who has English Language Learners in their classroom
1 pages (250 words)
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...classroom needs, such as visual, auditory or kinesthetic. This method would determine whether the ESL student would learn effectively with individualized focus or effectively within the group to maximize learning comprehension. I would also develop a co-teaching evaluation template that would provide a checklist to ensure that individual learning occurs with a focus on ESL learners. It would mandate psychological theory such as self-esteem development... RUNNING HEADER: Supporting Mainstream Teachers Supporting Mainstream Teachers BY YOU YOUR SCHOOL INFO HERE HERE Supporting Mainstream Teachers Iwould help the teacher with identifying individual and group learning styles preferences to determine...
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Research an anilyze an article that pertains my research proposa
2 pages (500 words)
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...classroom but it did give details about how to use humor in a foreign language classroom. Main Problem in Study and Purpose In this peer reviewed article, the main issue was whether could be used effectively in a foreign language classroom. The authors gave examples of what could be done and how it could be used. This information was clearly stated in the beginning of the paper. The article was not specifically a study, but the authors had done research before they wrote this article... Humor in the Spanish room I have always wondered whether humor was important in a room so I looked for an article on this topic. The article by Wagner and Urios-Aparisi (2011) was not specifically about Spanish in the...
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Motivation for Learning Foreign Language
8 pages (2000 words)
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...language (Norris-Holt, 2001). Gardner’s Socio-Educational Model The model identifies factors that are interrelated in learning a second language. It is important to note that motivation to learn a second language is one variable and when combined with other factors, it influences the learner’s success. The work of Gardner focuses on foreign language acquisition in a language classroom. The model tries to interconnect four characteristics of second language acquisition and they include individual learner differences, cultural and social milieu, linguistic outcomes, and the context/setting in which the learning takes place (Norris-Holt, 2001). Cultural and Social... ?Motivation for Learning Foreign...
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Second Language Teaching
3 pages (750 words)
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...Language Teaching Second Language Teaching Comprehensible input Research of Second Language acquisition for elementary school students has been undertaken on the basis of comprehensive input in language classrooms. In fact, this form of research is facilitated by effort aimed at exploring the process of classroom language acquisition (Archibald, 2000). Therefore, in elementary school the learning process of second language depends on the input offered by teachers and oral output of learners. Acquisition of second language is facilitated by speaking; in fact, engaging in conversation through which the student gains control of over the topic of discussion, this offers a chance for participants...
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Monolingual and bilingual approach in language classrooms
9 pages (2250 words)
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...language in the room? What evidence is there to show that using the first language really helps the learning/teaching process? How would you use the student’s first language in your teaching? What criteria would you use to decide when to use the first language in the classroom? What strategies would you use to limit the use of the first language and encourage use of the target language? 1. Introduction 2. Historical view of L1 and L2 use in language classroom 2.1 Support for monolingual approach in language classrooms 2.2 Support for bilingual approach in language classrooms 2.3 Evidence that L1 helps learning L2 3. Implications 3.1... ?LTOP3 What are the arguments for and against using the first...
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Second Language Acquisition Essay
12 pages (3000 words) , Download 1
...language skill in the targeted language in particular. While considering what an ESL student experience while learning in the classroom can be better understood by analyzing the understanding foreign language anxiety and irrational beliefs associated with it (Tittle, 1997). There are various studies conducted that affirm that there is a correlation among foreign language anxiety and irrational beliefs in learners of foreign language, including studies covering Russian ESL students (Tittle, 1997) as well as female Mexican ESL students (Pappamihiel, 2001) suggesting that female students are found to be more anxious about the application of English in their mainstream classes... Anxiety and negative...
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English as a Foreign Language
6 pages (1500 words)
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...classroom can by no means undermined and thus further discussion and debate upon the subject is integral to the quality education of a student learning English as a Foreign language. References 1. Barnlund, Dean (1991). Communication in a Global Village... ? and Section # of Full of the Assignment Considering the world of today that we live in, where there is such widespread interaction across all our borders, in order to successfully function, one needs to be able to be adept in communicating their ideas and at the same time accepting knowledge from the outside (Peck, 1998). But considering how deeply the world is connect and interconnected, only linguistic understanding is no more enough. One also...
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Second Language Learning
3 pages (750 words)
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...language can prove to be a difficult job for any individual. The importance of teaching a L2 classroom is significant in the different studies carried out to ensure they achieve their ultimate result. This essay will study the use of recasts in the teaching system. Through recasts a teacher can correct a student who is making a mistaken in their oral utterances of the language (Niegorodcew). This makes recasts a very favorable method of teaching... The Effectiveness of focus in form in L2 Learner's room Table of contents Introduction...3 Research3 Critique..4 Conclusion.....................................................................................................5 Introduction To learn a second lang...
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Developing Creative Thinking: Foreign Language Teaching in Chinese Primary School
20 pages (5000 words)
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...language by teachers’ appropriate guidance rather than direct input. In addition, creative classroom would be efficient way to intrinsically drive learners to study harder as well as to think in various and innovative ways due to great enjoyment (Hayes, 2006). For foreign language learners especially young ones, it is necessary to refer three types of learning strategies: cognitive, metacognitive and social strategies in which emphasis mental engagement and learning in social contexts (Grenfell and Harris, 1999). In other words, design a foreign language class followed by effective learning... Developing creative thinking: Foreign language teaching in Chinese primary school I. Introduction ...
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Developing Language Skills
5 pages (1250 words)
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...classrooms. New York: Cambridge University Press. Alderson, J. (1984). Reading in a foreign language: A reading problem or a language problem In J. Alderson & A. Urquhart (Eds.), Reading in a foreign language(pp. 1-27). New York: Longman. Allwright, D., & Bailey, K. M. (1991). Focus on the language classroom: An introduction to classroom research for language teachers. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. Bailey, K. M. (1998). Learning about language assessment: Dilemmas, decisions, and directions. Boston: Heinle. Bailey, K. M.,...
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THE EFFECTIVENESS OF FOCUS ON FORM IN L2 LEARNERS' CLASSROOM
5 pages (1250 words)
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...language can prove to be a difficult job for any individual. The importance of teaching a L2 classroom is significant in the different studies carried out to ensure they achieve their ultimate result. This essay will study the use of recasts in the teaching system. Through recasts a teacher can correct a student who is making a mistaken in their oral utterances... of the language (Niżegorodcew). This makes recasts a very favorable method of teaching, not only because recasting is quick in its use but it also provides an ample display of the help that the student needs. Thus, recasting is perfect for classroom use and is often applied by teachers to see the...
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Philosophy Statement
2 pages (500 words)
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...Language Classroom: Given the beliefs and philosophies in teaching, one would strive to promote equality and the integration of diversity in culture in one’s language classroom to focus on the unique qualities and competencies of students; determine their strengths and weaknesses; and provide opportunities for holistic and multidimensional growth. Regular monitoring of students’ academic performance and reporting the progress to authorized people (school... Philosophy ment Philosophy ment Roles/Responsibilities of the Teacher: The roles and responsibilities ofthe teacher focus on the holistic development of students by catering to their unique and distinct academic needs. There are diverse roles that...
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Anxiety And Negative Emotions In Second Language Acquisition
13 pages (3250 words)
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...classroom can be better understood by analyzing the understanding foreign language anxiety and irrational beliefs associated with it (Tittle, 1997). There are various studies conducted that affirm that there is a correlation among foreign language anxiety and irrational beliefs in learners of foreign language, including studies covering Russian ESL students (Tittle, 1997) as well as female Mexican ESL students (Pappamihiel, 2001) suggesting that female students are found to be more anxious about the application of English in their mainstream classes (Pappamihiel, 2001). The study was conducted using English Language... Situational Analysis ESL or English as a Second Language is an acronym commonly used...
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The role of using first language (L1) and translation in young learners classes
5 pages (1250 words)
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...language use and translating in the language classroom? 2.       How and to what extent do they use first language and translation? 3.       Why do teachers tend to use these language teaching strategies? The data as acquired through the questioners answered by the sample population has been tabulated in appendices 2, 3 & 4. A sample questioner has been included in appendix 1. The answers... as provived by the teachers has been critically analyzed both quantitatively and qualitatively in this chapter. This analysis would lead towards the conclusion of the study in alignment with the objective of the study. 5.2. Survey findings: In each of the sections below, each of the research questions...
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Language Learning and Elementary School Curriculum
6 pages (1500 words)
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...Language Classroom This chapter is more like a case study involving the learning of Spanish as a second language. The case was presented in using a scientific research methodology. The steps in the process included all components present in an empirical study. All in all, it provided teachers an insight on the actual research process... Language Learning and Elementary School Curriculum This chapter is all about language learning for young learners and its relevance to elementary school curriculum. Understandably, the content and information provided were underpinned by an in-depth discourse on social and psychological variables. The connection between language learning and the elementary curriculum was,...
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Second Language Acquisition Master Essay
16 pages (4000 words) , Download 2
...language learnt. Gardner (1982) has focused more on the setting of a classroom than a natural environment which would see individuals discussing their ideas in an acquired language. This inculcates the strengths of the acquired language in a manner which will make them look more developed and refined as compared to a natural setting where there would be little room for tolerance and less learning as well. The structured classroom setting is, thus, the way to learn the new and acquired language, as Gardner (1972) fathoms... Arguments on the Idea that Motivation (a learner's factor) Plays a Major Part in Second Language Acquisition (SLA) Introduction Individuals who can converse with a second language...
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The Importance of Outside Classroom Activities in Promoting Oral Fluency in an EFL Context
9 pages (2250 words)
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...language and being exposed to it. However, in and a stay-home context, where English is not the mother tongue, students’ exposure to the second language is often times restricted to the classroom. Although language teachers are keen to develop inside class room activities and practices that increase the suitability of students to acquire a second language, many would agree that class time is too limited to enhance students’ oral fluency skills. Consequently, creating opportunities... Maaly Jarrah The Importance Of Outside room Activities In Promoting Oral Fluency In An EFL Context Maaly J. In a study abroad context,students have the advantage of immersing themselves in the environment of the target...
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Vocabulary Game for English Language Learners (ELL students)
3 pages (750 words)
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...classroom. Prominent among these needs is the acquisition of literacy skills. In recent years, researchers have begun to challenge simplistic notions about the development of English as a Second Language (ESL)1 literacy skills” (Geva, 2000). 2. Rules... VOCAB Introduction This is a vocabulary game presentation suitable for ELL (English Language Learners) in a general situation. It follows the assumption that English will be the only language spoken during class. The game focuses on reading as well as comprehension, and involves the organic creation of situational knowledge on the part of the student. “An injudicious adoption of first language (Li) based reading models to explain the development of...
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Creating technology-enhanced, student-centered classroom: integrating technology into classroom of teach English as a second lan
15 pages (3750 words)
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...classroom that unites students from diverse cultures. It has also come to be recognized that English is a most influential international language that should be used to encourage uniform communication and understanding in classrooms lest the growth of technology is slowed. Research Questions It can be said that technology and English language education are related to each other and during the twentieth century, especially in the sixties and seventies, English language... ? Creating Technology-Enhanced, Centered room Chapter Introduction The implementation of technology in classes teaching English as a second language is a solution that provides for the digital computerization, recording, and maintenance...
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Second Language Acquistion process
5 pages (1250 words) , Download 1
...Language Acquisition, 12.4, 429-448 Lowie, W. M., (2000). Cross - Linguistic Influence on Morphology in the Bilingual Mental Lexion, Studio Linguistica, 54 (2), Pp. 175 – 185 McLaughlin, B., (1981). Second Language Acquisition in Childhood, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Pp. 63 – 65 Robinson, P., (2002). Individual Differences and Instructed Language Learning, John Benjamims Publishing Company, Pp. 185, 186 Tomasello, M., & Herron, C. (1988). Down the garden path: Inducing and Correcting Overgeneralization Errors in the Foreign Language classroom, Applied Psycholinguistics, 9, 237-246.... SECOND LANGUAGE ACQUISITION PROCESS Contents Sr.# Topic Pg Introduction 2 2. Empirical...
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Emerging Language Learners
11 pages (2750 words)
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...classroom and requires progressions to both city and school foundations. Large districts have made plans to address the needs of students from characteristic linguistic and social foundations (Dreyer, 2009). Objectives of the research Creating the mastery and organization to serve emerging language learner students in region requires significant investment. This report expects to help region chairpersons by offering structure data and by imparting the encounters of districts that have tended to comparative difficulties in anticipating administrations and base to help scholarly accomplishment for emerging language learner students. This report... Emerging Language Learners Affiliation: Emerging Language...
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The impact of Motherese in second language acquisition
20 pages (5000 words)
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...language develops the ability to communicate competently in the second language in a wide variety of social situations, therefore the best opportunities for such learning are likely to be provided within an interactive environment in the classroom. Introduction: Neulip1 points out how communication is different in different cultures, with verbal and non verbal symbols of communication being strongly influenced by the culture the individual is a part of. Moreover, the context within which communication occurs, i.e, the social, physical and relational environment that is a part of the culture also strongly influences the kinds of communication that take... The impact of Motherese in second language...
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The Design and Implementation of Virtual Classroom for Distance Learning
9 pages (2250 words)
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...Language Distance Learning TotalNumber of Words: 2,086 Table of Contents I. Introduction ......................................................................................... 3 II. Research Question(s) ......................................................................... 3 III. Literature Review ................................................................................ 3 a. Design of Virtual Classroom for Second Language Distance Learning ................................................................ 4 b. CALL as Preferred Information Technology for Second Language Acquisition... the years. Considering that the total number of online enrollees in 2000 is...
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The Discourse of a learner-centered classroom
12 pages (3000 words) , Download 1
...language in the home. Hence, for the ELT to meet the needs of students, the teacher must have knowledge of what is specific to each learner as an 'individual' (Kindler, 2002). These factors interact with other variables associated with the school, including class size, teacher-learner relations, teacher expectations, teacher style, classroom organisation, school structures and organisation, and the nature of the curriculum and its relevance to the students (Candlin & Mercer, 2001... "I seek a method by which teachers teach less and learners learn more." - Johann Comenicus, of thefirst illustrated textbook (1630) Introduction It is usual for adaptions and modifications to occur to ELT Course-books, d...
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Learning English as 2nd language
20 pages (5000 words)
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...language learning, and all have differing causes and affects in both the teaching and the learning of a second language. A clear teaching perspective, which is based on a solid theoretical foundation, is of vital importance to both the successful application of language learning, and for that of the well-being of the student, if language learning is to be both effectively taught and learnt. An understanding of the variations and diversities within cultures needs to be respected, encouraged, and accepted within the classroom setting, which will then lead to a suitable, and comfortable, learning environment, where students can relax and concentrate without feelings... Chapter 5: How do bilingual children...
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The Importance of Culture in Language Teaching, and the Implications for the Role of the Teacher
12 pages (3000 words)
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...Language Acquisition" In this study, Shresta (1998) attempts to explain the need for both formal, classroom based, and informal, natural, real-life exposure to a language, in order for acquisition to occur. Shresta (1998) studied two forms of language learning in Nepal. First, she examined individuals who learned English as a foreign language in a formal, classroom type setting, which was based on linguistic competence. She also looked at individuals who learned English as a foreign language in informal settings, in which they dealt with English speakers as part of their employment... Table of Contents Importance of Culture in Language Teaching Introduction Language and culture are so closely related to...
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English Language Teaching Master Essay
12 pages (3000 words) , Download 1
...language as an important means of communication and other language related activities, language researchers and teachers use corpora as viable means of conducting practical classroom - centered research and meeting specific language teaching needs. Though the use of corpora in English language teaching has made a significant progress in recent times, it is assumed that corpora are of little practical importance to most ELT practitioners (Ghadessy, et al, 2001, p.208). Thus the present study is aimed to analyze the aforementioned statement with reference to corpus - based pedagogical activities. ELT Practitioners - Teaching pattern Languages evolve and develop... "Corpora are of little practical value to ...
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Cross-cultural communication and classroom ecology
11 pages (2750 words)
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...classroom ecology Location: Fresno State University Fresno, CA Class: Spanish 1B Building: Arts and Languages Professor: Marina Santana Days: MWF 11:00-11:50 Materials: Spanish 1B Text Spanish Workbook Notebook/Journal Two blank sixty-minute tape cassette is recommended University of Chicago Dictionary (Spanish/English) paperback Prerequisite: 2 or more years of high school Spanish or 1-year college Spanish. Analysis: Spanish language classroom-learning environment. As I walked down the brightly lit hallway to go to the class, I... Cross-cultural communication and room ecology Observing a room learning environment Iona Mani 10/24/05 Cross-cultural communication and...
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Effective teaching methodologies that reflect the need of the learner,what are the particular constraints in the classroom,is th
20 pages (5000 words)
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...classrooms and it helps tea teachers and language instructors to prepare curriculum and the design of instructional materials. Implementation of various methods in ESL classrooms creates problems in creating active learner participation. This dissertation is an attempt to find out different methods and strategies for teaching English effectively in ESL settings. The research is based on effect of various methods and approaches already implemented in ESL classrooms. 1.1 Aims and objectives The aim of the anticipated study is to explore the factors between the occurrence of current status of teaching English as second language and it seeks whether the existing methods... ?Effective teaching methodologies...
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Second Language Teaching For Children Through Form Focused Instruction
15 pages (3750 words)
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...language learning instruction (Theisen, “Differentiated Instruction in the Foreign Language Classroom: Meeting the Diverse Needs of All Learners”). Organizing Instructions to Engage... Second Language Teaching (Foreign Language Teaching) For Children through form Focused Instruction INTRODUCTION Foreign or second language teachinginstruction has long been attained a wider attention from the last few decades. The academic research and real survey analyses prepared since the last two decades reveal that the foreign language teaching instructions have undergone across a systematic arrangements that successfully enable individuals to improve their second language proficiency irrespective of their age groups ...
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Answer 3 questions about language learning and teaching
6 pages (1500 words) , Download 1
...language learning. Indeed, Van Patten and Cadierno’s experimental study on students learning Spanish in 1993 supported the communicative approach to L2 instruction (Morett, people.ucsc.edu). Another successful method is direct instruction or integrating L2 learning with content learning, using L2 only. One example is the implementation of French immersion teaching in Canada from the 1960s. L2 learners not only mastered content but also acquired the language of instruction (Francis, 2008). Advocates of monolingualism claim that using L1 in the classroom conflicts with SLA theories, which argue for modified input and negotiation in L2 as a way of learning (Polio, 1994 in Miles... ?Whether L1 should be...
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English Language Learners
13 pages (3250 words)
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...Language): formerly used to designate ELL students; this term increasingly refers to a program of instruction designed to support the ELL. It is still used to refer to multilingual students in higher education. LEP (Limited English Proficiency): employed by the U.S. Department of Education to refer to ELLs who lack sufficient mastery of English to meet state standards and excel in an English- language classroom. Increasingly, English Language Learner (ELL) is used to describe this population, because it highlights learning, rather than suggesting that non-native-English-speaking students are deficient. EFL (English as a Foreign Language)Students:nonnative... ? and number English Language Learners...
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Any thing realated to linguistics and teaching English as a foreign language
36 pages (9000 words)
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...language. There fore, the learners must be aware of the value of their learning and how will matter in all spheres of his life outside the classroom, in which it has to be written and spoken. English for what English is an international language. However, for most of the third world countries, it has a position of second language. At present, English is fast gaining grounds in Non-Western countries; most of them fall in 'developing' countries category. English is no longer a language of West but it has become a language of the person who uses it. Second language...
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Gender and language in ELT materials
8 pages (2000 words)
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...language learning strategies in ELT materials. Current practice is thoroughly conscious of gender influences in the ELT material such as English textbooks; for instance, girls and women are widely the victims of gender bias in language textbooks, and male dominance in classroom situations. However, recent studies point to existing subtleties and complexities of gender in language education, thus highlighting the need for both researchers in the area of gender and language education and teachers... ?Essay Plan Introduction Thesis: This paper aims at examining gender and language in ELT materials in the current practice, to highlight, among otherthings, the new understandings of gender inherent in the ELT...
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