Aristotles ethics: From Virtue to Friendship, the Golden Mean
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...ethics: From Virtue to Friendship, the Golden Mean." "Every art and every inquiry, and similarly every action and pursuit, is thought to aim at some good; and for this reason the good has rightly been declared to be that at which all things aim." - 1094a (Nicomachean Book I, Ch. 1)
To Aristotle, Happiness is the result of doing the right thing, and the right thing is the action that results from Virtue. Virtue, on the other hand, is the condition that one achieves when he follows the Middle Way, or the way of temperance. Ethical Virtue is the intermediate between excess and deficiency.
If one seeks to be virtuous, one must seek goodness. To Aristotle, good actions are those... himself by seeking Virtue, one can improve others (and be improved upon) by having Friendship, which he regards as a type of virtue. The success or failure of a true friend should be compared to one's own success of failure, since friends are an extension of us.
The author classifies three types of friendships, in the Nicomachean Ethics. The first kind is what we know refer to as an acquaintance; the kind of relation that only endures as far as there's a common motivation, and that fades when there isn't; He labels this and Utility Friendship. Next, he talks of the Friendships of Pleasure, which are equivalent to our modern notion of comradeship, the sort of friendship that lasts while people take... ...