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...Philosophy is basically an effort to go to the depth of an activity. Where science stops philosophy begins to unravel the mystery of the nature and the world as a whole. Philosophers through the ages have tried to rationalise the events and its effects on the human-beings in order to explain the mysteries of the nature. Modern philosophical thoughts originate from 17th and 18th century (1600-1800) with revival of scepticism and having philosophers as Montaigne, Descartes, Locke, Spinoza, Leibniz, Berkley, Hume and ending with Kant who attempted to reconcile Newtonian theory with traditional metaphysical topics. Modern philosophical thinking tries to...
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...Philosophy? I. Introduction The word philosophy literally means “love of wisdom”. This does not tell much except the nature of philosophy, or at least its followers. The followers do not necessarily mean that they are wise, but they love searching for wisdom. How does it differ from other fields especially religion? Generally though, philosophy seeks answers to questions, but mostly about origin. About how humans started and stuff like that. Usually though, those questions are rooted in the religious or mythological framework. Wisdom about origin, therefore, can be said to have come from traditional religious practices, from people who are thought to have supernatural powers as declared... ?What is...
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...Philosophy of Myth" According to Gregory Schrempp of Indiana "Myth" refers to colorful stories that tell about the origins of humans and the cosmos. Attitudes towards myth vary greatly. Some regard it as a source of spiritual growth, while others see only falsehood. Some see in myth the distinct character of particular cultures, while others see universal patterns. Some regard myth as "contemporary" and "alive", while others think of it as "ancient" and/or "dead." (What is Myth?). Myth is defined from Greek word mythos meaning story or word and a study encompassing myths or body of myths is demonstrated as mythology. Considering the variation in cultural predisposition,...
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...Philosophy Ideally, there is no exclusive way of defining philosophy. This is because philosophy do not relate toa given subject matter but deals with all dimensions of the human life and generate questions in almost all areas of study. As such, we cannot base our definition on philosophy on a specific area of study. Notably, we can only understand philosophy from the various philosophical topics like religion, ethics, logic, epistemology, metaphysics, and politics. Worth noting is that philosophy seeks questions rather than answers and its content, respect, and character changes with...
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...Philosophy Philosophy is one of the greatest disciplines that ever existed. Unlike most academic oriented s that are aimed at the creation of new things, introduction of extremely new ideas and other new innovations, philosophy builds on what exists and improves the information, availing it to the readers in the most understandable form. Philosophy is considerably vast and covers various fields ranging from metaphysics, language, ethics, Epistemology, ontology, management, logic and politics. Any field or discipline has a philosophical orientation developed to improve its efficiency. Philosophy mostly relies on critical thinking, the development of theories builds on what exists, research... ,...
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...philosophy, it is impossible not to mention the philosophy of Socrates, which was really breakthrough. It is a well-known fact that Socrates was executed. Now the most controversial issue is if the accusations were well-grounded or Socrates was just killed without any serious reason. In the past Socrates was considered unguilty, but recently some scholars stated that the accusations were founded and the accusers were absolutely right. The given paper will prove that the Socrates argument about the necessity of education and intelligence is very valuable (May, 2000). Socrates was accused in corrupting new generations while he not only... Philosophical argument of Socrates Speaking about ancient...
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...philosophy, the ontological argument... Word Count=1191 Ontological Argument The ontological argument has its major foundations on the words of Desecrates that are clearly spelt out in the Fifth Meditation. The Ontological argument claims that given the fact that it is probable for an individual to derive from his thoughts of something, it follows that the individual has the ability to dictate the characteristics that that certain thing adopts. Following this line of thought, Descartes pointed out that he found in his mind the concept of God, of an almighty perfect being, it naturally follows that in the real sense he has his belonging to the nature of this God (Barnes 23). If looked at closely, one t...
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...Philosophy 4) The claim is often made that Descartes induced a revolution in philosophy by combining his method of doubt with his method of inquiry.Comment on the philosophical revolution that Descartes engendered. What criticisms, if any, can you bring against his position? Rene Descartes was one of the great French philosophers and thinkers of the seventeenth century. Known for his philosophy of “I think, therefore, I am,” Descartes introduces to us one of the important philosophical principles, which is that of skepticism and uncertainty. Since his early age, Descartes had begun to doubt every traditional fact, he had ever known or...
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...Philosophy. 8th ed. Prentice-Hall, 1999.... A Point of View on Art One of the most significant views in the interpretation of art is presented by Tolstoy. Accordingto him, art should have the widest appeal possible, thus, the main definition of an artwork lies in the capability of a said piece to be able to be understood by the observer. This can be possible if an artwork can communicate concepts of culture such as moral values and experiences of the people. He then goes about saying that the basic factor of being understood by the general population and be received with empathy is not the beauty of the picture painted but the culture and traditions that are captured. He prioritizes the realistic...
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...Philosophy The ontological argument is often objected on the grounds that it holds no substantial evidence suggesting thatGod played the important role in creation. Another set of argument focuses on creation as the epicenter of course. Creation argument is based on the basis that there is need for creator or that there is supreme intelligence behind the detailed design of every creation. According to Solomon Higgins and Clancy, all these forms of arguments are framed within the context of cosmological arguments which in the premise of famous philosophers like Aristotle suggest that there is a primary cause of existence. St. Thomas Aquinas stages several forms...
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...philosophy. A healthy society starts with a healthy family. In America, the family unit has broken down due to the lack of familial duty. Husbands and fathers do not take responsibility for their children, marriage vows are not taken seriously, and neglected children grow up to neglect their elderly parents. If Americans followed the east’s example of duty and responsibility toward family, many social ills would be eradicated. In the east, familial duty is extremely important... Americans could learn from the east’s focus on a strong social fabric. In the east, most feel a healthy society is necessary, even if one must sacrifice their own individuality. Family loyalty is a cornerstone of this...
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...Philosophy Question Discuss Epicurus view that fear of death and fear of the gods are the chief sources of unhappiness in life. According to Epicurus, exactly what is unhappiness? How does the philosophical understanding of nature enable people to overcome the two main forms of fear and thereby achieve happiness? Why is a quiet private life the best choice for the person who desires to be happy? Epicurean philosophy believed that the fact that Gods could mete out sufferings to humans even after their death, was a major cause of anxiety and apprehension among people. (Lecture 9: From Polis to Cosmopolis: Alexander the Great and the Hellenistic World:...
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...Philosophy have tried to analyze "Everything has a cause, so the universe has a cause" contention and have pointed that, “no real proponent of the thought of the First Cause ever actually defended this claim or argument.” All the significant proponents of contentions for the First Cause would dismiss the proposal that "everything has a cause," when principled, but not in specially appointed grounds. Thus, Solomon and Martin report to the argument as having no force at all against their real contentions. They argue using stock question, "If everything has a cause, then what caused about God?” To recommend that God require... First cause argument Introduction Solomon and Martin in their book Introducing...
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...philosophies during the Hellenistic period and Roman. The two depicts a life that lives happily with certain instances and how people should live their lives to the fullest. Living a happy life may mean differently for various people and this may somehow appears to be vague. As many writers have come out with the concept of what is happiness, Epicurus has his own philosophy of what and how to achieve happiness and be able to define the two major fears that could ruin the human soul as well as the physical body. Accordingly, in order to attain a happy life, people should avoid the primary sources of unhappiness which are the fear... Introduction Stoicism and Epicureanism are two of the most famous...
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...Philosophy For centuries Man had remained mesmerized by the workings of brain. The philosophers had always tried to judge how thoughts occur in our mind, how feelings are generated, how pain is felt, how senses are affected by emotions and so many other questions regarding our existence. Some considered these acts as done by soul while others regarded humors as responsible. The advent of science, especially medical science, had made these theorists to take a sharp turn in the direction of brain as the source and control room of entire human body. With this emerged various schools of thoughts which promoted specific theories of brain functioning and psyche. One of them is functionalism... ?Topic:...
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...Philosophy Paper How does Hobbes’ view on our senses influence his overall theory?Hobbes took another path to sense, or sensory perceptions, than his Christian counterparts; for Hobbes asserted that it is our sense that enable us to know our surroundings. That is to say, Hobbes held the view that we acquire knowledge through our senses and/or sensory perceptions. Hobbes stated that each of the ideas or thoughts of men are “a representation or appearance of some quality, or other accident of a body without us, which is commonly called an object” (Hobbes Chapter I). According to Hobbes, these representations or objects caused motion inside us, which ultimately reaches our brain and heart... Your May 16,...
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...Philosophy for Everyday Life. All consequential philosophical expositions grapple with the theme of human existence and its’ moral foundations. While philosophers such as Hobbes, Kant and Rawls lay down specific rules or principles as the mandatory path to the ideal social life, Aristotle differs in his perception of what constitutes the objective of human life and endeavor. Aristotle identifies the pursuit of happiness as mans’ objective in life and goes on to define this objective in practical terms of virtue and activity. Aristotle’s philosophy, as expounded in the Ethica Nichomachea, is grounded in the practical circumstances of everyday life and, as such, it is particularly... Aristotle: A...
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...Philosophy Question One Metaphysics is a subdivision of philosophy mainly concerned with studying the fundamental constitution and structure of reality (Loux 9). The term literally implies that which comes after physics and refers to Aristotle’s dissertations. Metaphysics also investigates the core groupings of things such as the physical and the mental, and the examination of reality in contrast to appearance. It studies the world as a whole basing on a presumption of first principles. Determinism states that there are conditions for any particular occurrence and, in the absence of such conditions, that particular occurrence cannot come to be. This means...
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...Philosophy Definition: Natural evil is one of the two kinds of evil according to Hicks which is characterized by pain and suffering in terms of different aspects such as physical and mental. It lacks the element of will or decision making by the person involved (Hick 106). Human or moral evil is equated to the degree of wickedness due to the fact that it is the kind of evil that is willed and chosen by the person himself (p. 105-106). This is a resultant of the presence of human freedom (p. 104). Soul building according to Hick is the improvement of the human person because he defined the concept as the ‘courage to face suffering’ which is fundamental in the achievement...
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...philosophy? Simply put, people are not perfect and rarely have the best intentions of the human race in mind when they act, in particular if they are leaders of various countries. Thucydides looked at the characters and conflicts and his time and tried to understand why events happened the way they did. He didn’t act in a hardcore ideological way and he did let his curiosity motivate him, but he had decided views about politics. Although he admired Pericles, he hated demagogues who would rile up the masses and force the country and its leaders... THUCYDIDES AND REALISM History is more than just a record of events that have happened or a straightforward narrative. Every historian puts his or her own spin...
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...Philosophy St. Thomas Aquinas is known to have developed five proofs of existence of God; however, some people think that they may not be convincing. This paper will examine the fifth proof, teleological argument, proving that it is faulty since not all things act for an end, intelligence is not a prerequisite for such action and not all things should not be guided; so, God does not necessarily guide them. The teleological argument that was designed by St. Thomas Aquinas can be summarized in the following manner: 1. All bodies in the world act to a certain end. 2. In addition to that, some objects do no possess intelligence. 3. However, acting towards a certain end is...
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...Philosophy Text Heading - Approaches to Self and Person in Antiquity(Summary) In this part of the text the mentions that definitely there is something called self and it can be collectively aimed at the owner of the body as well as the psychological feeling we undergo in ourselves. The author claims that, self can be an embodied consciousness with a specific ownership attached it According to the author, even the simplest form of animal has an embodied consciousness and owner of this consciousness. The consciousness with its body, in order to practice self preservation act against the world by creating a concept of “me “and “I”.A self is an individual owner of consciousness view itself... ? Topic...
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...philosophies, it is necessary to understand how they differ from each other, but also how they are similar. Stoicism was founded by three early thinkers – Zeno of Citium in Cyprus (344-262 BC), Cleanthes (d... Stoicism and Epicureanism – any comparison? Two of the major philosophical constructs coming out of Hellenistic Greece were Stoicism and Epicureanism. Even all those centuries ago, these two belief systems were considered diametrically opposed, almost canceling each other out in how they saw the world. While one felt the major goal in life should be centered on the pursuit of pleasure, the other felt the ultimate experience was in pursuing wisdom. To gain a firm understanding of these two...
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...philosophy, language is viewed... ? PART I. Question The basic metaphysical problems of logical form or representations when conjoined with that which they represent, is a central and general problem in Wittgestein related to what Max Black refers as ‘transempirical’ concepts. Regarding how these are known, the above quote indicates that Wittgenstein claims that these forms “show themselves”, which Black asserts is similar to the way in which “the Great Bear” shows itself as a constellation in the stars [Black14]. However, Black adds further that this notion of showing itself, “fails to resolve the metaphysical perplexity – how can language be connected with the world?”. He argues that Wittgenstein...
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...philosophy, while greatly influenced by various philosophers traceable to the Greeks as well as contemporaries, such as Spinoza, is valuable in its methodology and logical sharpness. His notion of monads veers away from Spinoza’s account of substance, and is more similar to ancient Greek ideas. In this paper, the author discusses Leibniz’s concept of substance vis-à-vis his monadology, and argues that while it may not be entirely original, its value lies in its contribution to modern problems concerning the concept... Running head: Monads Leibniz and the Notion of Monads Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz is the third of the three most well-known rationalists, the other two being Spinoza and Descartes. His...
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...philosophy... ? The movie Inception was fictional yet philosophical. There were lines here and there delivered by the characters in the movie that make one think about its parallel in real life. First and foremost, the whole theme of the movie revolves on the mind and how the characters work to manipulate it. This has raised questions on free will already because before this movie there is a different debate on this issue. With the idea of planting an idea in a dream goes beyond the concept of pre-determination. Second, the character of Mr. Cobb is always doubting every situation on whether this was a dream or reality – although this is bordering on issues in psychology, this can also be an argument on...
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...Philosophy PART The nature of reality is such that it cannot be encapsulated as merely material or something that is penultimately immaterial. This paradox is something that cannot be relegated in the periphery since addressing the question what is real implies valuing something as significant, part of something that is real, whereas, if it is unreal it does not matter (Velasquez 180). In this regard, the pragmatic approach regarding what is real seems to be the apt solution to the query. However, it does not answer the question what is the nature of reality. In the end, the nature of reality is a weave of material and immaterial realm in a spectrum of paradox that is...
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...Philosophy Wheaton College Christian Education schools have been accredited with the ability to instill both academic and spiritual growth in an individual (Top Christian Colleges Guide, par. 1). People who attend Christian schools have the potential to utilize their acquired knowledge to help make a difference in the world. The hallmarks of Christian education lie in the above mentioned benefits and this paper will analyze Christian education and its ability to foster an individual’s spirit in order to prepare him or her both professionally and socially. Wheaton is a private College located in the western part of Chicago, United States of America. The college was founded by Pastor... [Teacher’s...
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...Philosophy. New York: McGraw-Hill Higher Education, 2009. 109-115. Print.... On the Moral and Legal Status of Abortion Mary Anne Warren, an ethicist, highlights some of the abortion arguments, notably the argument concerning the moral rights of fetuses. She explores all the moral and legal aspects surrounding the debate on abortion. Warren provides a summary of the problems associated with the anti-abortion point of arguments, particularly the difference between the moral and genetic senses that make up a human being. The ethicist designs a thesis that suggests that a fetus is not a human being (person). Consequently, fetus are not worthy of moral consideration, which translates to permissibility of...
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...Philosophy The Matrix is one of the biggest films ever produced. This is evidenced by the fact that it had two sequels which had an overwhelming response as well. The film was produced in 1999 and it was based on fiction. In reference to philosophy, the film brings about a realization of what pertains to the true reality and deluded perceptions. These conform to the philosophical arguments fronted by Plato and Descartes. In particular, the film espouses the concept of skepticism. The film depicts a human future far drawn from reality. In the dystopian future, machines subdue humans and make them mere disposable objects. The powerful individuals of the time...
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...Philosophy of Kant.... ? For Hume, ‘cause’ is intimately connected to his theory of knowledge. Indeed, causes themselves, are in the ‘head’ – so to speak. To understand what Hume means by ‘cause’, is similarly to understand what he means by understanding, hence the importance of epistemology. Hume argues that our information concerning causal relations between ideas, do not emerge an intuitive analysis or “immediate experience”. Rather, he claims that our preconceived ideas, recalled through memory, inform and shape an immediate experience, and therefore interpretation: “The probabilities of causes are of several kinds; but are all deriv’d from the same origin, viz.the association of ideas to a present...
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...philosophy of ethics. His ethical theory rests on the assumption that virtue is knowledge and can be taught, which has to be understood... Question: "Explain how Plato’s understanding of virtue in The Republic represents a departure from his understanding of virtue in The Meno? In PlatosMeno, the protagonist, Meno, is doomed by his desire to gain experience and knowledge. Menos main aim in life is to explore outer worlds and get new experience, regardless of the problems that he could face. Thus, searching for truth, knowledge and illumination is a dominant aspect of the human nature. For example, some of the important aspects of human nature that characterize mans existence on earth can be found in the...
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...Philosophy Questions Question One: Dissatisfaction of Humans and Socrates: Through this ment, the lives of a high being, is far much more satisfying than the life of a being that is low. This is the reason why Mill is denoting that it is better to become a human being who is dissatisfied, when compared to a satisfied pig. Mill denotes that a human being is a superior being, when compared to a pig (Hamilton, 73). Furthermore, Mill denotes that Socrates was a wise human being, and hence he is superior, when compared to a fool (Hamilton, 73). Through this statement, we are able to know that it is unethical to become a fool, and their satisfaction, cannot be equated to the...
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...Philosophy as well. The terms, learning, intelligence, perception, reasoning or numerical abilities can... Cognitive Capacities and Computational Capacities Relation between Cognitive Capacities and Computational Capacities Cognitive Capacities and Computational Capacities 2 The word cognition derived from Latin word cognoscere which means to know or to recognize. It refers to the information processing and the application of the knowledge. All the Cognitive activities can be artificial, natural, conscious or unconscious. Cognitive capacities or in other words recognizing capacities and the computational capacities of the mind are related to each other. The word Cognition is related to Psychology and Ph...
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...Philosophy”, Columbia University Press, New York * Regan T, 1984. “The Case for Animal Rights”, Routledge, New York. * Ryder R, “All beings that feel pain deserve human rights” The Guardian, 6 August 2005, , (20 November, 2007). * Scruton R, 1998. “Animal Rights and Wrongs” Demos, London. * Seligman ME, “Depression and Learned Helplessness” in Friedmand RJ & Katz MM (eds), The Psychology of Depression: Contemporary Theory and Research, V.H. Winston and Sons, 1974,
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...philosophy, it is observable, has been little cultivated, either by the ancients or moderns; and therefore our doubts and errors, in the prosecution of so important an enquiry, may be the more excusable; while we march through such difficult paths without any guide or direction... All reasonings concerning matter of fact seem to be founded on the relation of Cause and Effect. By means of that relation alone we can go beyond the evidence of our memory and senses.” (1) In many ways, Hume’s writings represent initial steps towards an organized psychology in the West, for he was analyzing the way... David Hume is an English philosopher from the 18th century who has deeply influenced Western thought through ...
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...Philosophy Lecturer presentation Thoreau is confident that he can depend on his conscience in doing the rightthing. This conviction arises from the fact that people love doing what is good and they have a clear distinction of what pertains to a wrong. In other words, people do not engage in particular activities just because it is prescribed, as the right thing to do but the action is acceptable to their conscience. This implies that what is right to one person is not right to another, but every action that man undertakes originates from an innate judgment that supersedes stipulated rules. In this case, what one thinks as right is the principal determinant that guides his or her actions, his...
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...Philosophy 11/6/13 Questions: In Hume’s Dialogues Concerning Natural Religion Cleanthes offers an argument for God’s existence that has come to be known as the “Argument from Design.” Recreate this argument, being sure to identify the form it takes and the type of premises it utilizes. This argument is structured around an analogy. Identify what is being compared in this analogy and explain why Cleanthes believes he is justified in this comparison (Hint: Support Cleanthes position by pointing to some relevantly similar characteristics between the two analogues). Philo offers a rebuttal to Cleanthes argument that is based on the analogical structure of Cleanthes’ argument....
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...Philosophy The main conclusion of the easy The philosopher argues that for an individual to have a decent life he/she must know the purpose of living not only life, the philosopher views people who are not attached to any religious believe will never find comfort or support feeling of meaning and purpose to their lives. This is because religions often claim that information that life gives is that we will feel good and comforted, and live a meaningful life if we accept that religion. And indeed many religions to offer a kind comfort to those who believe, even though you are experiencing challenges of life such as poverty or sickness. They are motivated and have directions...
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...Philosophy, Third Edition, Hackett, 2005... Examining Aristotle’s View on Human Nature and his Proposed Best Form of Government Aristotle was born in 384 BC in the province of Macedonia. He studied with Plato and became a lecturer at Plato’s academy, after Plato’s death he was appointed for a short time as tutor to the young Alexander before he succeeded to the throne and eventually became known as “Alexander the Great”. I. Aristotle on Human Nature Aristotle assumed that all human actions are aimed at some good, which must be something that is done for its own sake and not for an ulterior motive. Aristotle argued that the aim of every being is to act so as to prosper and to be in a state of well-bein...
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...Philosophy, is a controversial figure. Born in 469/470 BC and died in 399 BC at the age of 71, he was a “bum,” he rarely worked but devoted himself to his mission in life which was to pose questions in order to make others understand themselves, their wisdom, if they had any, their values, ethics, life and death and their relationship to the gods. He was married to a mid-wife and had three boys, but because he didn’t believe in “socialization” he paid little attention to his offspring. He believed that it was up to every person to contemplate... Socrates: The Odd Man Out By Dr. Soha Abdel Kader Introduction Socrates, the ical Greek Athenian philosopher believed by many to be the founder of Western...
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...Philosophy.” Belmont: Wadsworth, 2007. Velde, Rudi A. “Participation and substantiality in Thomas Aquinas, volume 46.” Geneva: E. J. Brill, 1995. Wippel, John F. “the metaphysical thought of Thomas Aquinas: from finite being to uncreated being.” New York: Catholic University of America, 2000.... Aquinas Fourth Way the Argument from Gradations The Aquinas’s arguments about God are one of the interesting arguments as these arguments illustrate five ways arguments with regard to the existence of the almighty God. The fourth way of Aquinas’s reasoning may be summarized as “if things are more or less good, something must be best and this something is God” (Elders, 111). Generally, the interpretation of this...
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...Philosophy Introduction Aristotle argues in Book VIII of the Nicomachean Ethics that friendships based upon utility or pleasures are not enduring. Aristotle bases his arguments upon certain premises that aim at proving his arguments. Aristotle points out that nature of causes determines the nature of the causes’ objectives and the friendships differ in species (Aristotle, 78). Aristotle claims that to love for pleasure is only to love for utility as love for utility x while mean an individual loves x for pleasure (Pangle 56). Accordingly, utility varies with each individual, as older people are more inclined to seeking utility relationships (Aristotle, 1156a25). In this...
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...Philosophy Introduction Medication can be broadly be ified into two, the traditional medication and the modern medication. The difference between the two is simple; the traditional one was not hinged on any clear chronological account on how the concoction is able to reverse a physiological departure while the modern medication is fully encapsulated with resounding facts that gives reason why and how the medication works. The account for how the medication works is composed of the various chemical values that are included in it and how they relate to the body physiology. There position can be corroborated by other literature books and in this sense they satisfy the...
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...philosophy, Leibniz seems committed to divine direct action in the form of continuous creation. God is the producer of all things and his nature is that of ultimate reason. This view of God’s nature does nit allow... Compare and evaluate the views of Spinoza and Leibniz on the nature of God. Knowledge for Spinoza must be, strictly speaking, knowledge of God. As Gods knowledge, it must entail absolute certainty, perfection, and completeness. Any intermediate forms of knowledge, such as inadequate knowledge or knowledge which involves no contradiction, do not count at all. One either has the adequate idea as truth, or one has the inadequate idea as falsity. Since knowledge of God involves his eternal and...
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...philosophy of ethics and institution of religion came into being. Looking into the history... DISTINCT MORAL VOICES    Distinct moral voices simply refer to the diversity in respect of the call of conscience among people belonging to differentsocial stratum, age and gender groups. In other words, it is an unconscious urge or motivation based on ethical values and morality that regulates man’s actions, reactions and behaviour. Moral voice has direct link with religious beliefs and practices of the individuals on the one hand and cultural values and social norms on the other. The social norms and morality are the identification of the individuals of a nation. Moral beliefs are said to be grounded in...
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...philosophy is based on the concept that ‘I think therefore, I exist’ and that a man’s actions are based on his own choices, for which, he is totally responsible. Ontology emphasizes that man recognize the fact that because he chooses to act in certain manner, he creates value and thus develops a system of values or ethics. When Sartre talks about Therefore, values or ethics exist because he exists. A man gets to exert his options after he comes into existence. When Sartre talks ‘being-in-itself and being-for-itself’, he is talking about the choices that are either... Q1. “Existentialism is nothing other than an attempt to draw all the consequences of a coherent atheistic position”. Explain the...
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...philosophy, though they both had differing views of social justice. To state the differences succinctly, Kristol believes that capitalism in essence can be neither egalitarian nor authoritative, while Rawls felt that capitalism could afford basic... Social and Economic Justice: What Choice? Conceptions of what gives s power have been argued back and forth since the birth of s. At the heart of the argument lies the struggle between how much power the state should have versus how much power should remain in the hands of individuals. This is at the heart of the ideological struggle between socialism and capitalism. As philosophers, Irving Kristol and John Rawls both contributed to the realm of political...
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...philosophy of perception that was synthesized through debate over nature. Direct realism is a product by our conscious experience that the world exists because we can feel that we are in it. f. Representational realism – Posits as opposed to direct realism... Teacher Explain the difference between empiricism and rationalism. 167 Empiricism is a theory of knowledge which claims that knowledge comes from experience. This was the philosophical thought of the empiricist claim of John Locke who proposed that knowledge only comes from experience and feeling. Rationailism on the otehr hand is a theory of knowledge which asserts that reason is already inherent or given in man. The rationalists asserts that...
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...Philosophy Thinkers, intellectuals and philosophers are regarded to be the brains of a social establishment as they look for exploring the natural and social phenomena existing in their environment, though an overwhelming majority of humans maintains least care of its existence. The distinction of this stratum of society is based on their outstanding capability of observing and perceiving the truthfulness of the natural objects by applying mental capacities and critically examining the realities of social and natural phenomena; the same characteristic of thinking and analyzing distinguishes human beings from all other creatures including animals, beasts, birds and even...
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