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Public administration
2 pages (500 words)
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...Public Administration Public administrators have a huge responsibility to defy the odds that seemingly stand in their way. This means that their working methodologies should be such that the public at large receives the maximum benefits. However, with the changing dynamics of public administration, this is not the case as such. There are more issues than one can think of, and if these are seen from the delivery of value for the sake of the public, then the astounding manner in which public administration is being handled is something to take note of. The constitution disallows the public interests to be lowered at any time since the supreme level of such nuances is ensured under its... ID Lecturer...
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Public Opinion
2 pages (500 words)
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...Public Opinion PUBLIC OPINION Public opinion can be defined as the collective evaluations that people express about individuals, institutions, policies, and political issues (Lowi et al, 2013). It is also the collective distribution about personal evaluation or preferences on a given individual, policy, or issue. As with other democracies around the world, the public expects that their popular preferences will be accounted for by their government in making policies. Interest groups, on the other hand, are organized, voluntary associations seeking to publicly create advantages for and promote their cause by making appeals...
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Public health
1 pages (250 words) , Download 1
...Public Health Introduction According to Bernard (2008), public health is the art and science of preventing disease, prolonging life,and promoting health and efficiency through organized community effort. To what extent has public health contributed to improvement in health status and quality of life over history? Public health has contributed greatly to the improvement in health status and quality of life through; prevention of injuries, protecting against environmental hazards, preventing epidemics and the spread of diseases, promoting and encouraging healthy behaviors, accessing the quality and accessibility of health...
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Public Administration
4 pages (1000 words) , Download 1
...Public Administration al Affiliation Emerging Trends in Public Administration Introduction Effective public administration has been a result of transformation in the operations within the public sector. The changing trends among various sectors have propelled the public sector to change the manner in which they interact with various stakeholders. The concern of the public sector is how various components can be combined to ensure an effective public administration. Changes in our social world has prompted public administration to change continuously and accommodated different components. The shift in operations has had both negative and positive impact to the social world... . There is need to...
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Public Relation
1 pages (250 words)
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...Public Relations Public relations are the modes of communication of companies, organizations and individuals to the media and public, where a public relations specialist communicates directly to the audience he is targeting or indirectly through the media, with the aim of creating a strong long lasting relationship with the audience or to generate and retain a positive image of the concerned party. Measuring the results of public relations efforts is important as it helps to ensure that all the objectives that were established are met. The measurement of the efforts of public relations can...
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Public defense
1 pages (250 words)
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...public defender offices. The commission has a list of eligible attorneys, and attorneys must be certified by the commission. The public defense system in the State of Virginia is divided between the East District and West District... ?The Virginia Indigent Defense Commission was established on July 2004 by the Virginia General Assembly to provide attorneys for indigent individuals who have been accused of crimes that potentially hold a penalty of incarceration or the death penalty. The commission administers the certification and recertification of all court appointed attorneys who provide legal services to defendants. It enforces Standards of Practice and directly administers the State of Virginia...
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Public Trust
2 pages (500 words)
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...Public Administration Questions of the The public in this context refers to all citizens in a country united by a common interest, goal or circumstance. A good example is citizens of a particular country who share the same geographical boundaries and have a common national language. Public management is similar to private management in that they both seek to implement specific rules or guidelines to bring about benefits or success to both organizations in achieving the set out aims or goals. However, the main difference is that public management seeks to cater for the social wellbeing of its citizens and society as a whole whereas the private management focuses on ensuring that its... A Discussion on...
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Public Service
1 pages (250 words)
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...Public service Introduction Governance is essential in public management and the federal government has played a key role in regulating the internal governance of US corporations (Savas, 2005). Traditionally, the federal government role was limited to controlling monopolies and price-fixation controls, but the stock market crash of 1929 led the federal government to take an active role in governance through enactment of the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The establishment of Securities Exchange Commission (SEC) by the federal laws ensured that corporations issue extensive disclosures in order to protect investor interests....
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Public Policy
6 pages (1500 words)
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...Public Management in policy processes in the public sector in the UK since 1990 Contents Public Management 3 Impact of Public Management in UK 3 Improvement in performance benchmark 5 Huge emphasis on results 5 Decentralization 6 Budgeting process 6 Performance Measurement 7 Comparison with other nations 7 Conclusion 8 References 9 Public Management Public management generally refers to the implementation of policies that are made to guide the working of government, non-profit administration and to some extent companies that are privately owned. This mode of management has been helpful in public as well as private sector and has certainly maximized efficiency... What has been the impact of the New Public ...
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Public Policy
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...Public Policy al Affiliation) Public Policy and Society Rules and policies govern a society in relation to values and morals. However, the form of authority governing such rules depends on the objectives of the policy giver. In the context of public policies, the elders in the society have no hand in such rules. Therefore, policymakers ought to understand their significance in formulating policies that enhance a better society. “Understanding public policy is not only an art, but also a craft” (Dye, 2010, p.8). It is important for policymakers to understand that there is no standard manner to implementing...
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Public Policy
1 pages (250 words)
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...Public Policy al Affiliation Public Policy Public policy can be defined as the measures the government takes to solve a problem or not do something to act as protection. They can be in the form of laws or regulations put in place to enable the government interact with the public (Theodoulou & Kofinis, 2012). The legislative body in a country determines whether the policy is adopted or not. This is because they are the lawmakers, and the public depends on them to make and pass laws that benefit the public. Not all policies suggested are enacted into law due to the voting procedure conducted...
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Public Adminstration
2 pages (500 words)
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...Public Administration Introduction Understanding the concept of public administration and what it means to Americans is critical to virtually everyone in today's society. The purpose of this paper is to briefly define 'public administration'; discuss whether its most appropriately seen as an art, science, or craft; and to discuss what is meant by partisan, policy, and system politics. Discussion In order to understand the deeper concepts of public administration, it is first essential to understand the definition of the term. Rouse and Berkley (2003) tell us that the concept produced within the mind of an individual...
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Public Relations
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Public Relations Introduction The goal and objective of every organization is to escalate business endeavors. Engaging employees in the organizational tasks for the optimization of business endeavors is the foremost important thing for the organizations. Public relations play an eminent role in this regard. The canvas of public relations can be sketched widespread because there are several fields that emerge to formulate this important phase. Establishing workplace environment that would benefit all the employees equally is beneficial. The importance of public relations is necessary in all kinds of organizations as mainly...
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Public Goods
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Public goods An Impure public good refers to a kind of good that is partially rivalrous and whose consumption reducesthe utility level of another person but does not undermine the benefits that the other people will receive as a result of consuming the same good. Impure public goods refer to goods such as recreational facilities like parks and children public playgrounds. Impure public goods are always excludable meaning that their accessibility is somewhat controlled by the relevant authorities which has however been controversial because it compromises the ethical setting the public good...
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Public Relations
1 pages (250 words)
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...Public Relations Communications and PR professionals must adherence to ethical standards when posting and promoting news, information, or products of the organization such as addressing issues of “puffery, bad taste, stereotyping, targeting children, promoting unhealthy products and subliminal advertising” (Marketing Communications par. 1). The Public Relations Society of America (PRSA) have stipulated core values that PR professionals must practice when promoting: “fundamental values like advocacy, honesty, loyalty, professional development and objectivity structure ethical practice and interaction with clients and the public”...
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Public Admiration
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Public admiration is a social and political science which is indispensable in governance and in the delivery of services for public welfare and interests. It involved intricate planning, strategizing, collaborating, networking, resource allocation but and utmost diligence in the exercise of authorities, functions and roles in accordance to policies and laws of the country. As integral part of organizational management, administrators use systems and models in the performance of their roles especially in this modern period when administration is integrated with information technology to hasten the delivery of services. Public administration can be done in classical ways or in a positivist... ?Topic Public ...
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Public Inquiries
12 pages (3000 words)
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...public inquiries-advantages and disadvantages Introduction Public inquiries are any kinds of investigations formed to guide and advice interested parties about an event or a situation (Parmentier, 2001). This paper will look at the various types of public inquiries with reference to organisational learning, mentioning the principles that specific inquiries in the UK are employing. It will exemplify the advantages and limitations in a broader perspective and relating to the Bichard's inquiry and any other inquiry that has been established to make recommendations to the government or organisation. Principles of public inquiries In the UK, there are principles that are consistent... with...
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Public Administration
9 pages (2250 words)
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...Public Administration al Affiliation This document discusses public administration theories that have evolved over time, embracing each other’s ideas, criticizing, and rejecting to form newer perspectives according to changes in the environment based on social, economic, and political aspects. Public administration (PA) has been one aspect of the administration field, focused on addressing public interests through the public policies. It has been divided into three branches namely; classical public administration, post modern public administration, and new...
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Public Relations
2 pages (500 words)
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...Public relations Public relations A public relations practitioner is someone appointed by an organization to create, manage and maintain a constantrelationship between the public and the organization through spreading of information between the two. Media is a form of communication used widely. A public relations practitioner depends on media to reach the public and maintain the communication constantly. There are different types of media namely print media, audiovisual media, and print media just to mention a few (Bernays, 2010). Magazines These are types of print media published on a...
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Public communication
9 pages (2250 words)
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...Public communication Introduction: In modern day politics, public communication is taking center stage and success of governments to a large extent depends upon the ability to communicate effectively to the public. Information is now becomes more than a crucial weapon for acquisition of social, economical and political power in any country. Nowadays media is playing an appropriate and effective role in managing governments. In order to protect their positive image governments are trying to employ new communication strategies and policies. Governments are the legitimate players of political process and communication to the public is the legitimate element of this process. Public... /government...
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Public Health
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Public Health mainly involves prevention. In this course therefore, I have learnt how to prevent disease and promote good health within communities and countries. In this field, research is of core importance, as well as policy, as these help to understand and explore different health issues in different communities. Nonetheless, public health is advantageous to countries, as this has a positive influence on their economy. When the community is healthy, and has undertaken preventive measures to diseases, the country saves considerable amount of money, as only a few part of the population are likely to fall sick. Public health also alleviates human suffering, and is practiced by a variety... DRAFT Public ...
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Public Administration
1 pages (1000 words)
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...Public Administration Public Administration is a branch of political science which deals with those agencies that perform functions related to the government. It is related with the management of public programs and those who work in it communicate with the residents of their country or community. Public Administration can be divided into two categories: direct and indirect. Direct administration is the provision of services like electricity, insurance, delivery of mails etc. Indirect administration includes the contracts that government makes with private organizations of people in order to provide goods and services to...
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Public Employees
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...Public Employees Public Employees: Patronage versus Merit System Pendleton Act (1883) Most of the workers in the federal bureaucracy are known as the civil service or public employees. These employees are theoretically are hired in their positions based on their qualifications and remain in employment beyond the term of a specific era. Public employees are thus supposed to be protected from partisan politics that is omnipresent. However, public employees have not always been protected from partisan politics as they are in the modern times. It is therefore important to analyze how the employment systems...
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Public Management
8 pages (2000 words)
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...public sector (2006) INTRODUCTION The era of public administration, where services emanating from public enterprises are done with a view of rendering beneficial services with disregard for the quality of service rendered, that has fizzled out with the contemporary public management. Public management since the 1980s has seen public organizations taking cue in the practice of modern management techniques, such as total quality management (TQM), Cost benefit-analysis, Strategic management, the current Strategic Human Resource Management, and Users participation and involvement... The advantages and disadvantages of applying the tools and concepts of strategic management to organizations in the public...
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Public administration
1 pages (250 words)
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...Public Administration What is Public Policy? Public policy is a law that enables efficient governance of an institution/country. According to Shafritz, Public Policy can simply be describes as an initiative a government takes to address public issues by instituting regulations, law and viable procedures that solve pertinent issue in the country (Shafritz, 2010). These issue can be, crime rate, education, foreign or bilateral relations, health and social welfare. Almost every country that has a democratic system of governance implements a new public policy every now and then. The time line...
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Public relation
10 pages (2500 words)
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...public relation practice lags behind public relation theory in the implementation of two-way symmetrical communication, the term public relations is perceived negatively in the media I. Introduction The complexity of modern corporate activities has led to the creation of an extended net of public relations companies that offer to their clients the chance to be developed in their market faster than if they were based solely on their personal efforts. On the other hand, it has been found by Kruckeberg (1995, 37) that public relations ‘is commonly practiced by profit-making organizations in capitalistic economic systems; however, nothing inherently restricts implementation of public relations... Because...
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Public Opinion
7 pages (1750 words)
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...PUBLIC OPINION DOES NOT EXIST' (PIERRE BOURDIEU) Introduction In the history of human beings seeking of other opinions is common. There are many instances where people have come together and sought the opinion of others regarding a situation. In this case public opinion is an important aspect which helps us to get the feeling or the view of other on a certain issues. It is an important process in decision making since it ensures that there is the making of decision that is supported by a majority of the population. (Buckingham 1998, P. 62) In the recent past there has been an increased incidence of public opinion. With the growth of democracy there have been calls fro the in inclusion... of...
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Public art
1 pages (250 words)
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...Public Art Public Art: Rosa Parks Sculpture Location: Eugene, Oregon- Lane Transit district This is a bronze statue well placed on a bus seat, and is planted on a granite hill. It is in a noisy covered site; however, this sculpture brings in another image all together of the area. The sculpture is a representation of good public art, and as people stop for a moment to have a view at this art, they can only appreciate the mind put towards making it. This is a statue of Rosa Parks, and by making her memories be put on a public site, the focus is on extending her work against segregation, social justice and inequalities to...
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Public Policy
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...Public policy Public policies are developed by the necessary bodies in government to address specific problems in the society. The policies are developed in a systematic manner, taking into consideration the various factors that influence the problem. Different policy proposals require different criteria for effective evaluation and passing of judgment. There are a number of criteria used to analyze public policies proposals (Araral et al. 263). These criteria include the efficiency of the policy proposal, the effectiveness, equity, social acceptability, liberty, political feasibility, administrative feasibility and the technical feasibility. The social acceptability of a policy proposal... due: Public ...
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Public Opinion
1 pages (250 words)
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...Public Opinion Public opinion is very important to the success of public relations and success of a PR campaign as one of the frequently set objective of PR campaign is to influence the public. Public opinion is a view of majority, which helps to influence and persuade other relevant groups of population (Tench and Yeomans, 2006). The role of public opinion has grown with the increase of human literacy and awareness as society and public in general nowadays have a strong power of influence on organisations, companies, politicians, and others. While in general publicity is good, some campaign result in bad publicity. One of the often cited examples of bad publicity is the survey carried out... ...
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Public Relations
3 pages (750 words)
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...Public Relations I. Overview of Public Relations a. Introduction: Thought aptly confined to the concept of relationship between the management of an organization and its public, public relations (PR) is actually a vast topic, which simply refers to a multidimensional management activity that looks for establishing professional and corporate relationships by the industries working in governmental, non-governmental and private sectors in order to create an amicable work environment while dealing with the public on the one hand, and for providing best possible services and benefits to the public in the best interest of society and organization on the other. Public relations, according... Module Module ID:...
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Public Relations
3 pages (750 words)
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...Public Relations s 13th May Public Relations Introduction According to Illia et al. , public relations refer to the professional maintenance of a favorable public image by an organization or a public figure. Illia et al. (2013) further added that public relation is mainly aimed at creating a positive image of an organization to the public. The creation of the desired image may be accomplished through initiation of various activities and projects intended to improve the state of the relationship of an organization with its employees, customers, and the society. Wilcox (2011), stated that public relations might comprise the following activities, training of a company’s employees, conservation... ? Public...
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Public Relations
28 pages (7000 words)
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...Public Relations Management and Marketing in the Hotel Industry for Satisfaction: A Case Study of Cafe Royal, London. By Student Name Course University Date Abstract This research study adds to and expands on current knowledge and theories on public relations and its link to market communication. This study is comprised of a case study of Cafe Royal. Cafe Royal has a rich history of success and image, but suffered a relatively short period of decline and possibly suffered some damage to its public image. The hotel closed for four years from 2008 to 2012 and reopened under new ownership and adopted an aggressive public relations campaign to introduce the newly opened hotel. This study... ?Coordinating...
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Public Administration
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Public Administration A change in the various sectors of the government involving the services it offers to the public greatly affects thesociety. With the growing demand among the public sectors, the states were more pressured thus new programmes and reforms were pursued in order to become at par with the growing needs of the people. Nations have been implementing the New Public Management (NPM) in order to meet the needs of the public sectors. The Next Steps Initiative that was launched by the British government in 1988 aims at splitting the delivery of services from policy making through autonomous agencies (Wright, 1994). This change in the public administration in the British government...
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Public relation
2 pages (500 words)
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...Public Relations Public relations play an important role in our organization since it enhances communication between public and the organization for the sake of building a sustainable positive image. The main aim of a sustainable positive image is for the company to create good will to the society which would ensure that their products will continue to prevail in the market due to increased good will and the public will have trust in them. However, there is a big difference between proactive and reactive public relations. Most of the companies seem to be practicing reactive public relations but in the real sense, proactive public relation... Similarities and Differences between Proactive and Reactive...
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Public Administration
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...Public Administration It has been suggested that governing systems in the public sector are influenced and sometimes even controlled by a few wealthyand powerful individuals. This normally places public administration officials in a dilemma since they do not know whether to serve the interests of the rich and powerful or concentrate on the interests of the broader public. There are several theories that have been used to describe public administration practices (Farmer 49). Alexander Hamilton The Hamiltonian tradition of Public Administration is made up of four pillars, namely: politics, ethics, organizational design and law. The Hamiltonian School of thought holds that power rests... with...
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Public Relations
4 pages (1000 words)
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...public relations Definitions and Discussion According to me ‘public relations’ is literally the manner in which contact of an individual or an organization with the general masses or population is established and how it enables them to form a concept of, identify and visualize the person or the organization and/or their activities. According to the Public Relations Society of America (PRSA), “Public relations help our complex, pluralistic society to reach decisions and function more effectively by contributing to mutual understanding among groups and institutions. It serves to bring private and public policies into harmony.” (www.prsa.org). Yet another source cites the ‘Institute... and Sur Due public...
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Public relations
10 pages (2500 words)
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...Public Relations The term “public relations” is believed to have been introduced by Edward Barnays. The father of PR, as some would later call Barnays, used it in his publication Crystallizing Public Opinion (1923). Since that time, corporations and state agencies alike have broadly applied the “public relations” concept to their practice. At the same time, contemporary scholars agree that this term has failed to firmly establish itself as a beneficial concept and a positive social phenomenon. Jacquie L’Etang, the leading British theorist of PR, describes this situation in his “Public Relations and the Rhetorical Dilemma” publication. He emphasises that “public relations needs more public... Sur Public...
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Public Administration
2 pages (500 words)
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...public administration settings can motivate their subordinates to perform actions that are backed with purpose. The study was empirical in nature and tried to answer various research questions. The first question that the study aims at answering is whether the managers or leaders in public organization need to focus more on internal or external motivational factors and to what degree should these factors be taken into consideration (Wright et al., 2012). The second question that the study aimed at answering what are the contributions that leaders need to make in public organizations... to motivate their workforce (Wright et al., 2012). The specific purpose of the study was to identify the...
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Public Health
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Public and Community Health Introduction Over the last two decades the American public has come to realize the importance of a healthy life style, emphasized by the document Healthy People 2010. This realization has multifold implications on public and community health care, and how health practitioners can play a critical role in carrying it forward. The gap between medicinal service providers and community carers divided over the centuries has decreased and tend towards each other. This leads health practitioners to the understanding that over the years public health and medicine providers have merged, with the...
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Public relation
1 pages (250 words)
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...Public relation The Boston Red Sox, Boston Bruins, Boston Celtics and the Boston Patriots are four sporting outfits and they have made some efforts to promote their image in the eyes of the public. These four sporting outfits have made some specific public relation efforts in the past and they are still making such efforts till date. The Boston Red Sox baseball team has organized several exhibition games in order to boost their image and preach the message of peace and unity to the people of the city and the United States (Stout & Johnson). The Boston Celtics basketball team is also not left out as they have also organized several friendly games to promote their public image... of Lecturer 21 April...
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Public health
1 pages (250 words)
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...Public health For the government to come up with an effective measure to fight a disease in the country, intensive research and studies are important in coming up with the figures of those infected and the rate of infection from one person to the other. This data plays a great role in helping the authority concerned come up with appropriate strategies to curb the spread of the disease. Research and studies also plays a great role in helping the public to be cautious in case the studies indicate that the disease is contagious (Turnock, 2011. P.17). Prevalence rate of people affected by a disease also enable the government to know the speed to be used in...
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Public Relations
1 pages (250 words)
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...Public Relations Job hunting is a rigorous process entailing the searching of resources online for the requirements for a resume and a cover letter. Before one hunts for a job, he sets a plan describing the various steps undertaken to ensure a successful job hunt. The first step is determining the career area of the job hunt (Culver, 2012). One searches for the various organizations that offer the job and their market positions. A job-hunter then researches the services offered, the requirements for job applications and the geographical location of the organization. In the searching process, it is important to know other personalities sharing the same skills and experience one... Forum Post in...
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Public Spending
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Public Spending Table of Contents (A) Drivers that Caused the UK Public Expenditure to Increase 3 (B) Reducing Government Spending 7 References 10 The economic condition throughout the world underwent many changes during the past few decades. There have been a lot of changes in the UK economy too. The changes were made to boost the development of the economic condition of the country. There were several public investment activities that enhanced the service level and along with it there was public finance deficit (Economics Help, 2009). (A) Drivers that Caused the UK Public Expenditure to Increase The...
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Public Relations
3 pages (750 words)
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...public relation is a vital tool that facilitates consistent, accurate and the right message to be communicated to the audience, to investors as well as customers. It addresses the issues that affects the performance of the company and significantly impacts its credibility amongst the various stakeholders. Thus, Johnson & Johnson’s public relation campaign was not only designed to project a credible image of honesty and responsible behavior but it was also used as means to assure the public that it would not buckle under pressure from the vested interests. The company was faced with the major crisis when one of its most popular products, extra... In the highly competitive environment of business, public...
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Public Relations
1 pages (250 words)
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...public relations programs is instrumental in determining the effectiveness of the programs that an organisation has set. Stated objectives will enable the public relations officers and workers of an organisation to know how they will communicate the desired message to the public effectively. The stated objectives set the standards that will guide people in an organisation on how to relate to the public and customers of the organisation. The standards are instrumental since people will ensure that they live up to the rules of dealing with the public. Therefore, objectives will determine the proper... communication strategies that people in an organisation will follow to reach to the...
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Public Relations
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Public Relations Public Relations Public Relations (PR) refers to the science and art of managing how information flows between organizations or individuals and the public. Because public opinion and image are critical aspects of an organization, PR managers strive to make their organizations’ win public trust and become positive and ethical role models (Marshall, 2002). PR aims to convince stakeholders who include employees, partners, investors and the public to uphold a desirable perception of an organization. Although PR bears a level of resemblance to advertising, they differ because advertisers intend to sell services and products, while PR managers put their emphasis on shaping... -hour...
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Public speaking
1 pages (250 words)
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...Public Speaking Public Speaking I interviewed three individuals seeking to know whether they are afraid of speaking in public where two of them confirmed that they were indeed afraid but one was not. One of the two that were afraid said that he was afraid because he does not have enough confidence that he can do it or that people would even listen to him (P. Jack, personal communication, October 2, 2014). The other individual said that she sweats whenever such an opportunity presents itself. She went ahead to explain that she may develop a panic attack if she tries to address a public gathering (E. Nicole, personal...
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Public Organizations
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Public Organizations Introduction The public organizations have greater role in society than the private organizations. The public organizations aremainly established to serve people without taking monetary consideration. They are established to provide inexpensive medical facility, to provide relief and rescue services and to offer other government based services. On the other hand, the private organizations are only established to earn profit and amass wealth for owners. They do not have any social agenda or program similar to one offered and served by the public organizations. Keeping this view in mind, the paper will be useful to understand and evaluate the organizational effectiveness... ...
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Public finance
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...Public Debt and the Risks of Voluminous Debt Quite simply, a government running under a budget deficit operates/expends in excess of its total revenue collections. As a result, the extra expenditures are financed by the government borrowings through the issuance of government debt, either internally or to external investors. Public debt, thus, sums up the overall stock of outstanding IOUs issued by the government in the past and not yet serviced (Diamond 1126). Intuitively, public debt equals the cumulative net borrowing by the government from the public over time, and that the annual budget deficit accruals are just but the current period additions (year, quarter, month, etc... Due Budget deficit,...
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