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Theory
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...theory has different meanings in different contexts. In everyday life ‘theory’ means an opinion, a guess, a hunch. However, it is not that way in science. According to Gordana Dodig – Crnkovic (2001), “science is the systematic study of the properties of the physical world, by means of repeatable experiments and measurements, and the development of universal theories that are capable of describing and predicting observations. Statements in science must be precise and meaningful, such that other people can test them (in order to establish “universality”)” (p.6). Correspondingly, theory is science is a logical and mathematical explanation, a framework describing the relations between phenomena...
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Theory
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...Theory Theory: a) Key Concepts The basis of this theory, as discovered by Albert Ellis-the founder of ‘cognitive-behavioral therapy’, revolves around the fact that people’s emotional functioning are directly related to their beliefs. Thus, self-defeating behaviors result from irrational beliefs, which make the people feel angry, depressed and full of anxiety. This provides the natural reflection of human nature. Basic Philosophy The values involved in the basic philosophy of this theory include Self and social interest and self-direction. It also involves acceptance of life’s ambiguity, while having flexible... attitude. The tolerance of others’ viewpoints and open attitude towards change...
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Theory
20 pages (5000 words)
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...Theory Assessment INTRODUCTION Business environments are constantly changing and pressing businesses to strengthen competitive positions with adaptability. Businesses are also constantly been striving to adopt the performance means for gaining sustained position in market. In the quest of sustainability and lead, many businesses adopted an extra edge in business operations. For instance, Japanese companies have been stringent in following Total Quality Management techniques for driving operational efficiencies. On the other hand, there had been firms polarized towards achieving sustainability with strengthening positioning aspect. Both aspects being significance to...
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Theory
1 pages (250 words) , Download 1
...theory, Piagets theory and Kohlbergs theory Affiliation: Date: Erickson’s theory of psychosocial development explains in eight stages the impact of social experience which a healthy human will undergo from childhood into adulthood. A person’s personality is built upon completion of these stages whether successively or not, and one carries the identity acquired (beliefs, values, ideals) into the next stage (Miller, 2010). Kohlbergs theory of moral development has six stages that indicate that the ethical behaviour and moral reasoning of a person is fundamentally determined by justice and how they perceive it at different stages in life. Kohlberg determined at each stage... Interrelation between Eriksons...
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Theory
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...Theory Theory Evidence-based practice (EBP) avails to the nursing fraternity ways of using evidence that has been proven scientifically and appraised critically in their day to day decision-making and delivering of quality healthcare to their clients. This is achieved by implementing the most current methods of providing primary care aiming at improving the safety and health of clients in a cost-effective fashion for the clients as well as the healthcare system (Yoder-Wise, 2012). It is through EBP that primary care nursing delivers not only scientifically sound but also socially acceptable services that are accessible universally. This paper will examine...
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Theory
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Theory 1 Explain the physical principle of the tools for: a. SP log The Spontaneous Potential log is sensitive to electrical charge. In this same regard, it functions by measuring electrical potentials between depths in oil boreholes together with a voltage exhibited on the surface. Hydrocarbon suppression reduces the response which can be realized by the SP log. b. GR log The Gamma Ray log uses gamma radiation to measure the characteristics of rocks or sediments in a well. It functions well even in steel or concrete walls because of it being sensitive. c. Density log This type of log is majorly attributed to its sensitivity to porosity. This is the property which enables...
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Theory
1 pages (250 words)
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...Theory al Affiliation A hypothesis is defined as an existing relationship which can be ed to a testbetween two variables (Koch, 1999). One variable must be independent, and the other variable is dependent. A scientific hypothesis is bases on observations made whereas a working is subject to further research (Koch, 1999). Testing a hypothesis Statisticians follow a predetermined process to establish whether to accept or reject a hypothesis (Koch, 1999). The first step involves stating the hypothesis whereby the statistician states the null and the alternative hypothesis. Hypothesis are stated, in a way, that makes them mutually exclusive, that is, if one is acceptable or...
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Theory
11 pages (2750 words)
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...theory and practice, as well as urban planning, in the twentieth century cannot be misjudged. Through the widespread circulation of his building proposals and projects and his comprehensive theoretical effort, practically no other designer has had the same challenging and powerful effect on the treatise of modern architecture. He viewed his theoretical perspectives as an ‘appeal to architects’ (Samuel, 2007, p. 41) which must function as a guide to acknowledging the path to a form of architecture for the modern period. Le Corbusier, the designer, is the re-embodiment of the visual artist Charles... ?Le Corbusier’s Spatial Design Oeuvre Introduction The contribution of Le Corbusier to architectural theory ...
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Theory
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...theory. As the name denotes, the cognitive-behavioral theory is a blend of two psychological theories. Behaviorism or behavioral theory was advanced by John B. Watson and B.F. Skinner. (Cherry, 2013) The pair believed that a person’s actions are made in response to what is around them. (McLeod, 2007) Thus, these actions can be studied and changed. Meanwhile, cognitivism or cognitive theory was started by Ulric Neisser. (Neisser, 1967) The idea suggests that the way a person acts is influenced by the way they think. In cognitive-behavioral theory, psychologists intimate... It is a sad fact that abusive behavior has been in society throughout history. Abuse comes in many different forms and may be...
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Nursing theory
1 pages (250 words)
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...Theory Nursing Theory Taylor, S. G., Geden, E., Isaramalai, S., & Wongvatunyu, S.(January 01, 2000). Orems self-care deficit nursing theory: its philosophic foundation and the state of the science. Nursing Science Quarterly, 13, 2, 104-10. This is an article which talks and discusses in detail about the nursing theory given by the famous nursing theorist Dorothea Orem. The article initially discusses in general the nursing theory presented by Dorothea Orem. This nursing theory presented by Orem also known as the Orem Model of Nursing, is a widely used theory in the field of practical nursing. The article informs the readers about how this theory by Dorothea Orem has been effectively used... Nursing...
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Motivation Theory
16 pages (4000 words)
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...Theory 7 2.1 Introduction 7 2.2 Definition of Motivation 7 2.3 Theories of Motivation 8 2.3.1 Drive Theory 8 2.3.2 Behaviour Theory 9 2.3.3 Unconscious Motivation Theory 9 2.3.4 Maslow’s Theory of Motivation and Needs 9 10 2.3.4.1 Physiological Needs 10 2.3.4.2 Safety Needs 10 2.3.4.3 Belongingness and Love Needs 10 2.3.4.4 Esteem Needs 11 2.3.4.5 Self-Actualisation Needs 11 2.3.5 Hertzberg’s Two Factor Theory 11 2.3.6 ERG Theory 12 2.3.7 McGregor’s Theories 12 2.3.7.1 Theory X 12 2.3.7.2...
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Nursing Theory
1 pages (250 words)
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...Theory due: I agree with Becky Samitt that nursing theory in research assists nursesin discovering new knowledge. According to Artinian, Giske & Cone (2009), the grounded theory founded by Barney G. Glaser and Anselm Strauss was used to investigate patients dying in California hospitals (p. xv). The Glaserian grounded theory is an inductive qualitative methodology that permits the researcher to identify the main problem of a group of persons and the behaviors they use to solve their main problem; thus, this theory applies to research. In this theory the main assumptions are: 1) the fundamental concern and core category will emerge with consistent use of the theory, 2) the social organization...
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Theory Tables
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...THEORIES PSYCHODYNAMIC THEORY Key figures- most influential people in this theory include Sigmund Freud, Key concepts of personality formation-Sigmund Freud contributed in the development of psychodynamics through describing different processes found in the mind as psychological energy flows. Explanation of disorder personality- This theory entails the interrelationship of the parts of psyche, mind, or personality and their emotional, mental and motivational relationship with a greater focus on the unconscious part. Divided into two parts, the mental forces have greater involvement in psychodynamics. These two parts...
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Cassial Theory
2 pages (500 words)
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...Theory ical Theory Introduction The ical theory of crime holds that crime is a result of people’s normal decision-making in which a person chooses crime as the better alternative over other available alternatives to achieve a desired goal. The decision involves a scenario where criminals weigh between the risk of being caught and getting away with the said crime without being caught. The theory explains that people who commit crime do so with the belief they will never get caught. According to this theory, people engage in crime when its benefits outweigh the costs involved especially in the absence of pain. As such, the decision to engage or not to engage in crime is determined by whether... ical...
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Nursing Theory
1 pages (250 words)
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...Theory critique and development due: Theory critique and development are imperative because they form a strong basis for the advancement of the nursing profession. This is evident from the book written by Meleis (2011), in which the author states ‘theory development and evaluation are continuous, dynamic and cyclical procedures’ and they work hand in hand. Theory evaluation process consists of concept analysis, theory critique, description, theory support and theory testing. Theory evaluation is the core of theory development (p. 203). Theory critique consists of various criteria for instance consistency, simplicity/complexity, clarity, diagrams teleology and tautology. Tautology looks... ...
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Queer Theory
7 pages (1750 words) , Download 2
...Theory Introduction It is undoubtedly true that our society has become more accepting of homosexuals over the years. Part of this may be attributed to the fact that there has been an ever evolving studies that has focused upon gay and lesbian issues, which has been evolving since the 1970s, which is when gay and lesbian issues began to take their place in the fore of societal consciousness. Still, gay and lesbian studies has not taken over sociology to where it has become a major part of study. Rather, it has been compartmentalized and put into a small part of sociology. Mainly, it has been studied in the context of other studies, such as culture, gender and sexuality. Queer theory... is...
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Kant theory
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...Theory Kant Theory History The theory of Categorical Imperative that has been forwarded by Kant was an outcome of his initial education. His initial education comprised of teaching of pietism but he was against the teachings. The only teachings he accepted from his early education was the teaching of morality which are quite clearly evident in his philosophical thinking. Furthermore, Pojman states that Kant was a believer and promoter of rational beings and did not accepted empiricism and that is why he believed that morality is a kind of knowledge and not based an individual’s needs (Pojman 122). Motivation Kant belonged to a family background that was following the movement of pietism... Kant Theory ...
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Structural Functional Theory & Conflict Theory
1 pages (250 words)
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...Theory & Conflict Theory Structural functional theory is a theory used to simply the functionality of society as a complex system. This complex system works best in order to promote a foundation that is stable and has solidarity. Conflict theory is a social science that points out the social, political and other certain factors of a certain group (Johnson, 2008). Conflict theories intrinsically criticize the social system, pointing out the general contrast in ideologies. The two have different methods of explaining the stereotyping, deviance, and ethnocentrism of society. Structural functionalism is mainly focused on the team building and the factors that make a community... Structural Functional Theory...
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Theory Research
3 pages (750 words)
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...Theory Researching the Social Disorganisation Theory Researching the Social Disorganisation Theory: Introduction: Social disorganisation theory is a theory from the Chicago University that explains the occurrence of crime and deviance behaviour as a result of failure by a society to organise its institutions. To research on this theory a research question may be aimed at determining why crime rate is high in particular geographical areas than in other geographical areas. For this reason therefore quantitative research or qualitative research will be used to test hypothesis and come up with a conclusion that support the social disorganisation theory... Running head: Researching the Social Disorganisation...
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Game Theory
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Theory Introduction Game theory can be simply referred to a tool for strategic decision making. In a narrow sense,game theory is a mathematical theory which is formed of games termed as zero-sum games. The paper ‘Theory of games and economic behavior (TGEB) published by Von Neumann is generally considered as the starting point of the game theory. According to the most extreme expression suggested by Aumann, “game theory is a sort of umbrella or ‘unified field’ theory for the rational side of social science, where ‘social’ is interpreted broadly, to include human as well as non-human players” (qtd in Schmidt 144). Game theory is mainly applied in areas such as psychology, logic, biology... ? Game Theory...
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Theory Testing
3 pages (750 words)
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...Theory Testing Theory Testing Nursing concepts are health practices identified by patients, families or nurses in a specific setting meant to address particular comfort needs for patients. The health care practices can range from physiological, financial, social, psychological and spiritual nursing. According to comfort theory, these practices influence a patients’ recovery system. Additionally, they are responsible for the rate of recovery. Health specialists consider age, past experience, attitude, support system and emotional state when offering services. The basic principles in comfort theory are offering a holistic...
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Expectancy theory
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...Theory Expectancy theory attempts to explain the reasons behind an individual opting for one behavioral option over the rest. The theory argues that individuals will draw motivation from the belief that their decision brings desired outcome. Expectancy theory is anchored on three pillars that include expectancy, instrumentality and valence. Expectancy is the belief that efforts contribute to improved performance. The theory is observed in the belief that hard work leads to greater success (Redmond 1). Many factors influence expectancy. Firstly, availability of correct resources is crucial. Secondly, possession of skills required for a job also plays a fundamental role. Thirdly, having... Expectancy...
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Personality theory
2 pages (500 words)
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...Theory Personality Theory Q Personality refers to the combination of qualities that compose a an individual’s character. An individuals environment can influence his or her personality. Likewise, genetic influences affect an individuals personality. Sigmund Freud elaborates why personality theory is best evaluated using scientific criteria. Evaluating personality theory according to scientific criteria enhances understanding of the state of human mind. It also promotes understanding of the factors influencing the characters and personality of an individual. However, scientific method is associated with limiting the evaluation of theories. It explains the personality theory in a narrow... Personality...
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Contingency Theory
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...Theory Contingency Theory: Science or Technology? Contingency theory is seen as a dominant and rational approach especially at the structural level of analysis in organization theory and design, and this theory assumes that the environment in which an organization undertakes its activities plays a leading role in how the organization organizes its operations and itself. Studies reveal that there is a link between the features of the environment and that of an organization, and this is referred to as ‘fit’ which enhances the performance of the organization (Betts, 2011). Arguably, contingency theory can be categorized as both science and technology. Science is a process of inquiry... ? Contingency Theory...
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Psychosocial Theory
2 pages (500 words)
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...Theory Key Concepts of Personality Formation Provide the key Concepts’ Definitions. Stages of Development: A developmental stage isa period of life that is characterized by a specific underlying organization. The theory describes eight stages, and each stage has unique qualities that differentiate it from the rest (Newman & Newman, 2007). Psychosocial Crisis: A Psychosocial crisis is a challenge that is specific to a particular stage of development; the effective resolution of which leads to the development of a quality that is valuable in responding to further experiences. An ineffective resolution of the crisis leads to disruptions that affect the course of personality development... Psychosocial...
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Criminological Theory
3 pages (750 words)
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...Theories: ical Theory This article is going to look at the ical theory as one of the criminological theories. The discussion will start by looking at the proponents of the theory, the historical development of the theory and the tenets of the theory. The article will also look at how the theory is useful in the present legal system. Classical theory is one of the criminological theories. It was developed in the early eighteenth century and it grew out as a reaction against barbaric systems of law that existed before 1789 (Gottfredson, 1990). Cesare de Beccaria and Jeremy Bentham are the main contributors to this theory. People consider them as the founding fathers of the classical... Criminological...
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Incorporating Theory
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...Theory: Danabedian theory In this study, the theoretical framework that will be used to support the proposed solution is the Donabedian model. The theory was introduced into healthcare in 1966 by Avedis Donabedian. The theory was designed to focus on a systematic review of care from the patient’s perspective. To date, the theory has been extensively used in healthcare to analyze elements that affect the quality of patient care (Dougherty, 2012). The theory involves takes a focus on three healthcare delivery categories ‘structure,’ ‘process,’ and ‘outcomes’ to assess information on the quality of care. Under the structure, the theory draws information from the factors that surround... Incorporating...
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Accounting Theory
7 pages (2250 words)
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...Theory Table of Contents Table of Contents 1 Group - A 2 After Disasters, It's Time for Suncorp to Shine 2 Article Summary 2 Relevant Theory: 2 Application of the Theory of the Article: 3 Conclusion: 4 Group - B 5 The News of the World news just gets worse and worse for News 5 Article Summary 5 Relevant Theory: 7 Application of the Theory of the Article: 7 Conclusion: 8 Group – C 9 Oil Spill Firm May Lose Licences 9 Article Summary: 9 Relevant Theory: 10 Application of the Theory of the Article: 10 Conclusion: 11 References 13 Group - A After Disasters, It's Time for Suncorp to Shine Article Summary The shares of Suncorp reached a four-week high after the company promised to return... Accounting...
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Postmodernism Theory
7 pages (1750 words)
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...Theory Postmodernism theory refers to a non-traditional approach of defining existing concepts, which deviates from previously known super-structural theories. Most scholars consider modernism as providing the foundation of postmodernism theory. However, these scholars also agree on the fact that postmodernism theorists deviate from modernism in their radical, critical approach. Unlike previously existing theories which took a traditional approach in explaining concepts, Postmodernism takes into consideration the dynamic nature of social concepts. The theory advances that absolute truths do not exist because all apparent realities result from social construction by individuals... ? Postmodernism Theory...
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Nursing theory
5 pages (1250 words)
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...Theories in Nursing Education Introduction Nursing theories guide curriculum development and practice. The care roles originated as a vocation in the 1800s. However, people began to appreciate the roles in mid-1900s. Subsequent periods prompted greater awareness and development of nursing education. To catch up with the findings, researchers and theorists formalized theories to accommodate the duties and relationships of nurses and their patients. Some of the theories include Erikssons Theory of Psychosocial Development, Nightingale’s, and Roy’s theory. The work analyses Dorothy Orem self-care theory in the promotion of nursing education and care provision. Dorothy Orem... The Importance of Nursing...
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Incorporating theory
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...Theory From Novice to Expert Theory The essential concept introduced in this theory is that expert nurses are those who develop skills as well as the understanding for the care that they provide to their patients through a sound education base combined with the long term experience attained (Dracup, Bryan-Brown, & Ward, 2004). The novice to expert theory was explained by its proponent, Dr. Patricia Benner. According to Wandel (2003), the expert to novice theory has been observed to play a significant role in this applied discipline of nursing. This is influenced by the nature of the nursing containing extensive practical knowledge which involves research as well as the actual... From Novice to Expert...
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Attribution Theory
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...Theory Attribution Theory, as initially developed by Fritz Heider in the 1950s, does not exist in a vacuum. Its profound influence on several fields of psychology, as well as other fields of study, can be attributed to the setting in which it was developed and by the researchers who expanded on the theory. This paper attempts to summarize key concepts in attribution theory, as well as to explain its influence, fifty years after its formulation. Keywords: attribution theory, psychology, social psychology, Heider, Weider, inference, organizational behaviour Attribution Theory Every new development, even scientific theories, does not exist in a vacuum. They exist in a context... influenced...
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Transformative Theory
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Theory Transformative Theory is a theory that mainly focuses on the persons learning instead of the teacher. The theory asserts that the extent of motivation in an individual (Hilgard & Bower, 2006), mainly determines learning in him or her. In addition, it also states that, humans have a mind that is able to generate knowledge on its own even before learning a certain subject. On the other hand, the theory also focuses on subjects such as self-motivation, self-evaluation and personal accomplishment, where an individual learns a certain subject for personal benefits. In teaching about the path to a greater level of self-care to persons with diabetes, transformative theory is the most... Transformative...
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Curriculum Theory
3 pages (750 words)
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...Theory through Time The ancient mental discipline curriculum theory which was replaced in the nineteenth century by successive modern theories such as social efficiency theory, developmentalism, meliorist theory, and the need based core curriculum theory have all been influenced by political events. Important Developments in Curriculum Theory through Time The aim of education has undergone changes from developing the reasoning power of the individual to introducing social reform in the country. Hence curriculum theory has developed from the classics based curriculum of the nineteenth century... to the present day emphasis on multiculturalism in the curriculum. The...
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Criminology Theory
2 pages (500 words)
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...Theory Scenario A case worker identified that a child is living in a family where both the parents abuse drugs and incidences of domestic violence are quite evident and the case worker proposed that the child should be separated from the family. Application Of Criminology Theory The criminological theory that is applicable to this scenario is the social learning theory which states that deviant values as well as behaviors are learned by an individual when he/she is constantly in contact with social surroundings that promote deviant behavior. Social learning theory is applicable to this scenario as it helps in explaining why the social worker proposed that the child needed... to be removed...
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Nursing theory
8 pages (2000 words)
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...Theory of Goal Attainment Imogene King developed the goal attainment theory in the early 1960s. The theory describes the dynamics of the interpersonal relationship that lead to the growth of patient towards attaining the certain goals in life (Meleis, 2011). The main concerns of the theory are the factors that are likely to affect the attainment of desired goals of patients’ growth among these factors are roles of different players, space, stress, and time. King’s model is divided into three main systems of interactions including interpersonal, personal, and social systems (Parker et al., 1990). These systems often apply different and distinctive aspects and concepts. For instance... , the...
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CRIMINOLOGICAL THEORY
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...THEORY No: CRIMINOLOGICAL THEORY Compare and contrast Social Learning Theory to Social Bonding theory. What are the policy implications for each theory? How do these theories differ from Social Structural theories? After reading Jonathon Kozol’s Chapter 3 in Fire in the Ashes, explain how Pietro’s children may or may not have become criminally involved. Social Bonding theory or social control theory can be defined as acquirement of self-control and self-control depends on factors that one takes into account in order to decide to do a criminal act or not. Self-control and social control is possible when one has a bond with the society based on four elements that are ‘attachment... CRIMINOLOGICAL THEORY...
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Psychodyyamic Theory
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...Theory Psychodynamic Theory RESPONSE Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud developed the psychodynamic theories. Psychodynamic studies and observes psychological movements in human behaviour by relating the mind with personal behaviour (Westmont College, 2002). There are different psychodynamic theories, which emphasize on unconscious motives and desires, as well as the importance of childhood experiences in shaping personality (Westmont College, 2002). Ideally, the psychodynamic theory is a social construction that applies in cultural & socio-historical contexts. As such, we can establish that experiences in infancy might affect future relationships and social/emotional functioning... Psychodynamic Theory...
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Communication theory
1 pages (250 words)
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...Theories A lot of management communication theories have been proposed. Of all, I particularly find the communication accommodation theory and the theory of narrative paradigm most rational and useful in everyday communication. The communication accommodation theory investigates the results of shift in the communication styles of two speakers. While communicating with each other, people tend to adjust their style of speech with a view to facilitating communication. Divergence and convergence are the two ways in which this is achieved. Divergence is commonly made use of by groups which take pride in their race as a means of highlighting the identity. When powerless... 20 July, Management Communication...
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Critical theory
3 pages (750 words)
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...Theory Sociology Critical Theory Understanding organizational power through the critical theory The critical theory basically seeks destabilize and challenge any information. The critical theory was born out of the 'Frankfurt School,' in Germany, where it was known as the Critical Social Theory. This theory stresses on the fact that all 'objective' knowledge is erroneous. Initially championed by Karl Marx and Sigmund Freud, the critical theory was expanded all through the 20th century to include subjects like linguistics, literary criticism, philosophy, psychology, screen theory, and the feminism theory. According to the critical theory, hierarchical structures in corporate... ? Sociology Critical Theory ...
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Strain Theory
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...Theory of Strain consist that a principal cause of criminality is the contradiction between values, at achievement ofwhich a society directs people, and opportunities of their achievement with respect to rules established by this society. This contradiction leads to that a person, who has not managed to receive the certain values following the rules, starts to deny the rules and aspires to receive the values at any cost. That is why people start to commit crimes. 2. Strain theory focuses on situations in which other individuals "punish" the juvenile. The second and third major types of strain deal with the two major types of punishment: the removal... of positive stimuli and the...
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Strain Theory
14 pages (3500 words)
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...theories of crime have ben advanced but it is important to critically discus one of them to find out the forces behind such behavior and character development. Search for supportive facts are important to validate findings and boost the reliability of the arguments that would be brought forward to crime. It is therefore critical that criminology as a social issue is given... multidimensional approach that will consider various observed behaviors. The social environment is significant in influencing the behavior and conduct of individuals and this explain crime rate differences across gender. While studying the crime theory, it would be important to highlight such social...
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Communication Theory
4 pages (1000 words)
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...Theory The communication theory is a purely quantitative theory used to measure how much information is transmitted to be associated in a given state of affairs and which would then in turn provide a measure as to how much information will be available at various points. This theory discusses the amounts of information being transmitted, not the type of information, as the name provides a misleading impression. INTRODUCTION In this chapter the communication theory will be discussed as to what it actually is used for as compared to the popular misconceptions about it. The various functions of the communication theory will be discussed briefly which include the function of measuring... Communication...
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Agency theory
16 pages (4000 words) , Download 1
...Theory Table of contents Sl no Particulars Page no 2 Chapter Introduction 3 Chapter 2 Literature Review 7 Chapter 3 Research Metholdogy 12 Chapter 4 Conclusion 19 Bibliography 21 Abstract In this brief dissertation proposal, agency theory has been discussed within the context of corporate governance. The de-facto owners of a corporation are the shareholders who cannot however participate in the day to day management. They have to necessarily entrust the management of the corporation with the Board of Directors who agrees to act as the agents of the shareholders. This is where the agency theory gains significance. However, in actual management, the agents come across... Dissertation proposal Agency Theory ...
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Stakeholder Theory
2 pages (500 words)
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...theory The talk of stakeholders is rampant these days with more and more firms drifting themselves towards corporate social responsibility. Managers in various firms have been forced to change their decision-making style and they've now begun to realize that their actions should not just revolve around the aims of the owners of the firms they work for, which usually is maximizing profits. Stakeholder theory is most closely associated with R. Edward Freeman, Olsson Professor of Applied Ethics at the University of Virginia's Darden School. The theory holds that managers ought to serve the interests of all those who have a "stake" in the firm. Stakeholders include... shareholders, employees,...
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Temperament Theory
2 pages (500 words)
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...Theory Temperament theory was modulated to know about a child’s behavior in the society. These theories were proposed to improve children’s attitude and behavioral aspects. Temperament theories deal with the children’s behavior by assessing their activities, persistence level and their ability to react to new situations and people. The various methods and components of these theories enable the researchers to analyze the children. This in turn improves a child’s behavior and character as a whole. Introduction Temperament theory has been used to study the behavior of infants. It also shows the difference between each and every individual infant. The way children behave in the society... Temperament...
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Nursing Theory
3 pages (750 words) , Download 2
...theory of goal attainment emphasizes upon the objectives which influence the relationship between a patient and a nurse. The underlying assumption on which this theory is based is that both the patient and the nurse interact with each other in the capacity of human beings. The two are open systems each of which intermingles with the environment as well. The theory of goal attainment is a systems model type of theory whose conceptual framework was retrieved from three fundamental systems of dynamic interaction, namely the social, interpersonal and personal interacting system. Because of its tendency to impact the behavior, perception is given extreme importance in the personal system... ?Nursing King’s...
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Cognitive Theory
3 pages (750 words)
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...Theory Counseling refers to the psychological assistance on issues affecting one psychologically. Therefore, psychology simply refers to the study of human and animal behavior where it is taken as what people do with fillings, perceptions, memories, emotions, and reasoning. Psychology is mainly based on empirical experiments and observations and not opinion or assumptions. In the text ’60 second shrink,’ the writer uses psychopaths as methods or research. In a study of psychology, psychologists use some theories to explain the causes and effects of mental disorders, they include; cognitive theory, abnormal theory, personality theory, social theory among others. Relationship to the Text... Cognitive...
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Psychoanalytic theory
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...THEORY Psychoanalytic Theory College The psychoanalytic theory refers to the definition of personality organization and the underlying dynamics of personality development used to guide psychoanalysis. Generally a method of investigating and treating personality disorders is used in psychotherapy. This theory believes that human behavior is influenced by both childhood experiences and the unconscious. Human beings are described to have aggressive forces. It believes that human behavior is deterministic. Irrational forces, the unconscious, instincts and biological drives, influence it. The theory emphasizes the importance of childhood experiences and addresses... works in accordance to the...
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Humanistic Theory
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...Theory Comprehensiveness of the theory Is this theory robust? The humanistic theories are not testable with empirical data due to the vague nature of their assumptions about human personality (Burger, 2010). This means that they are also not falsiable as it is difficult to test their assumptions. These theories also lack predictive power and the ability to explain individual instances of behavior (McLeod, 2007). Thus, it is not possible to consider the Humanistic theories as Robust. 2. Does it account for all aspects of personality? The humanistic theory provides adequate descriptions of the behaviors of a major part of the population; but is not as adequate when explaining the actions... Humanistic...
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