StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Autism - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet
The Autism Spectrum Disorders include: Asperger’s Syndrome, Pervasive Developmental Disorder – Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS), Autism Disorder, Child Disintegrative Disorder and Rett Syndrome. 1. Autism Disorder In recent years, diagnoses of Autism have increased both in breadth and in depth. The increase in the prevalence of this developmental disorder to 1 in 88 children has become so alarming that many parents and practitioners have been more diligent in knowing more about it. Zalla et al. (2006) has encapsulated the definition of Autism as follows: It is “a complex developmental disorder characterised by severe difficulties in communication, social interactions, and executive functions. Social and communication disturbances are generally explained in terms of a defective neurocognitive mechanism responsible for the attribution of thoughts and feelings to oneself and to others” (p. 527). The many symptoms presented by individuals with Autism have been inconsistent in pointing to just one disorder that is why it had to be spread out to various disorders within the Autism spectrum. Although there are overlaps of symptoms, there are also categorical clusters that belong to one disorder that can be differentiated from another disorder. 2. Asperger’s Syndrome Under the umbrella of the Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) exists the highest functioning Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD) subtype called Asperger’s Syndrome (Kurita, Koyama & Osada, 2005). This is characterized by several deficits in age-appropriate social interactions and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior interests (American Psychiatric Association, 2000). 3. Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS) The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV (DSM-IV) defines “children with symptoms such as restricted social interaction, poor verbal and non-verbal communication skills strict and/or stereotypical behaviors but without full diagnostic criteria of Autism” (APA, 1994 cited in Karabekiroglu & Akbas, 2011, p. 142) as Pervasive Developmental Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified (PDD-NOS). The symptoms for this disorder may be observed in other disorders under the umbrella of Autism which makes it difficult to differentiate PDD-NOS from the rest of the disorders in the spectrum. Examples of these shared symptoms are deficits in social reciprocity or communication, as well as the presence of restricted or repetitive behaviors, severe mental retardation or language delay as well as reactive attachment disorder, psychotic disorders (Karabekiroglu & Akbas, 2011). 4. Child Disintegrative Disorder It is more frustrating for parents to know that their healthy and normal children suddenly change for the worse after the first two years of life. Childhood Disintegrative Disorder (CDD) is one of the disorders that belong to the Autistic spectrum characterized by normal development of communication, social and motor skills during the child’s first two years of life followed by a drastic regression between the ages of 2-10 years in at least two of the developmental areas. Other names for childhood disintegrative disorder are Heller's syndrome, Dementia Infantillis and disintegrative psychosis (Encyclopedia of Mental Disorder ...Show more
Cite this document
  • APA
  • MLA
  • CHICAGO
(“Autism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 6250 words”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/family-consumer-science/112891-autism
(Autism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 6250 Words)
https://studentshare.net/family-consumer-science/112891-autism.
“Autism Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 6250 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/family-consumer-science/112891-autism.
  • Cited: 0 times

Summary

Exploring Autism With the growing resources unearthed about various human illnesses and disorders, more and more research has been conducted to find more about developmental disorders that besiege children today. One developmental disorder that has captured the interest and attention of parents, educators and other professionals concerned with the well-being of children, is Autism…
Autism
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Autism"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Autism
The uniqueness of autism overshadows all other developmental orders. Without a concrete evidence, the diagnosis of and prognosis for autism is full with doubt. This vagueness makes it very hard for parents to accept the child’s condition. Second, parents of children with autism are frequently deprived of various essential rewards for parenthood because the disorder is characterized by difficulties with social interaction, such as developing attachments and showing affection.
15 pages (3750 words) Essay
Autism
According to the paper autism is more than three times more likely to occur among boys than in girls. The exact cause of autism is unknown to the medical community, but there are variety of factors that combined could be causing the disease. Children born with autism require a lot of care and attention.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Autism
In the clinical practice, the word autism spectrum disorder abbreviated as ASD and it is always used jointly to refer to autism, Asperger syndrome, and PDD-NOS. Communication uniqueness that is the diagnostic of autism is recapitulated, with deliberation of the overlap amid social and communication problem, predominantly for children with autism performance at the prelinguistic stage.
6 pages (1500 words) Essay
Autism
According to the paper individuals get extremely confused when they think about autism, as they perceive it to be a childhood disorder. An invasive disorder influences social and communication skills and to some extent affects motor and language skills. A wide-ranging diagnosis can include children with mental retardation and high IQ and people with extreme traits in their personality.
13 pages (3250 words) Essay
Autism
The real cause of the disorder has not yet been discovered. However, psychologists associate it to atypical chemistry and biological processes in the brain (Corsello, 2005). Autistic children encounter difficulties when performing activities such as verbal and nonverbal communication, play, and social interactions (Cohen, 2002).
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Autism
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Autism
As such, the disorder is not physiologically obvious to an observer since the child’s outward appearance may not give a clear sign being autistic (Wikipedia, 2006). The symptoms
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Autism
Symptoms of autism are generally noticeable to the trained eye before a child’s third birthday but the disorder usually remains undiagnosed until or after that age. The level of autistic severity varies. Some afflicted persons require constant and extensive assistance in virtually all facets of their lives but others have the ability to perform at a much higher level. Some, with adequate and early therapy, are able to attend regular classes in school and secure avenues of employment afterwards albeit somewhat limited.
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Autism
Yes you were expected to provide the hypothesis. Remember a hypothesis is a prediction of the relationship between two measurable variables. Hypotheses are always statements. A
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Autism
The disorder has a strong genetic connection and individuals afflicted with the severe form experiencing facial malformation ("Micrornas provide new," 2011). There are a number of pervasive characteristics of
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Let us find you another Essay on topic Autism for FREE!
Contact us:
+16312120006
Contact Us Now
FREE Mobile Apps:
  • About StudentShare
  • Testimonials
  • FAQ
  • Blog
  • Free Essays
  • New Essays
  • Essays
  • The Newest Essay Topics
  • Index samples by all dates
Join us:
Contact Us