Cobb and Rocheford identified certain traits that make up the nature of a problem and of course these traits are incumbent on the solutions to such identified problems. We must also note that the traffic problems in Oman has a social, economical and political dimension. Severity: The severity of any identified road safety problem has to be taken into cognisance in other to ascertain how severe the said problem is. How serious a problem and its consequences are taken to be, is what determines the extent to which actions will be taken to resolve that particular problem. A good example is the constant road traffic accidents in Oman. The amount of lives that has been lost this few years has motivated the Government of Oman to take a firm stand in formulating Traffic policies to curb the incidence. Incidence: According to Cobb and Rocheford, (1993) a social problem's incidence is an important descriptive dimension that represents the overall scope of people affected as well as those groups disproportionately at risk (64) Those groups that are affected by this incidence in Oman are teenagers between the ages of 16-25. This is a volatile group of persons still full of l;ife and the excitement of motor cars, who do not necessarily consider the implications of traffic safety policies. Novelty: Simply refers to situations where a policy seems to have popular opinions from the public, which soon becomes obsolete as the public and the media becomes less enthusiastic about such policies overtime. This is a major problem in Oman as many road safety policies that seemed to excite the people have become distasteful and un effective today. This has not augured well for the Government of Oman. It is a major social and political barrier to policy formulation as regarding Road safety policies. Proximity: To judge an issue as having proximity is to insinuate that it brings your point close home or directly affects a person's interest. Now if such cases can be made successfully, members of the general public will become more concerned and may go all the way to express this opinion politically which will aid in more positive policy formulation. Crises of the problem: This terminology is used to denote a situation where corrective action is long overdue and the problem still exist. Thus dire consequences are in occurrence due to such delay. The lack of adequate action by the Government of Oman to tackle the impeding road safety abuse and non-compliance has become a crises situation in the country. Question 2 Drunk driving: Many youths are addicted to alcoholic products and tend to ply the roads at very high state of drunkenness, most especially at nights. The statistics in the article by Shalama et al (179) shows that that results of drunk driving were between 3-982 and as of last year it was 4% alone. This is an aspect of individuals behaviour as it relates to accidents in Oman Lack of formal traffic education: This is a major social/cultural condition that must be checked in Oman. Teaching all road users in Oman how to observe road usage norms and regulations and lunching campaigns via the media on the importance of road safety applications is paramount if the Nation is to witness less accidents and more respect for traffic regulations. Traffic regulation enforcement organization and licencing: must be effective at all times within the country. They have a major responsibility to check the
Evan J. Ringquist EMPA 507 January 8, 2011 Public Policy Formulation Assignment 1 According to Cobb and Rocheford (1993) In defining a problem, one has to ascertain the origins of that problem and what its possible causes are. One must also ascertain whether such a problem is caused by an in individual or is collective in nature, and what will likely be the solution to such problems…
The Government of Oman via the aid of its policy makers have been battling and debating on the right policies that will help in curbing this misnomer. The rising death tool due to motor vehicle accidents in Oman has reached an alarming crescendo and the Government and policy formulation makers have developed and proposed certain policies and or penalties in a bid to put an effeminate stop to this unwholesome saga.
The Advocacy Coalition Framework theory called for considering the “interactions of groups and coalitions of groups called advocacy coalitions” while creating policies (Birkland, 298). It is based on the assumption that within the realm of a given policy, various interest groups are at play, who get assorted into “policy communities” (Birkland, 292).
Around the 1990s, policy formulators from around the world had vowed to tackle environmental challenges, which were aimed at reducing water and air pollutions (Norman 56). These kinds of commitments were eminent during the 1992 Earth Summit held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil where environmental activists and policy makers were pushing governments to promote sustainable development in their respective countries.
The bill holds quite a significance since it has changed the course of healthcare in the US following Medicare and the Medicaid bills. The Obamacare bill is aimed at enacting the goal of enhancing quality as well as
Such services include water and sanitation. According to the University of Texas, the state has not done enough to match the supply of water with increasing population. In fact, the per capita of water supply has dropped by 30 percent since 1980. With an
There are a number of criteria used to analyze public policies proposals (Araral et al. 263). These criteria include the efficiency of the policy proposal, the effectiveness, equity, social acceptability, liberty,