With this shift the role of the Korean Americans became more transnational. In the 70s and 80s the Korean Americans formed around eighteen per cent of the factory work force which amounted to a total of 130,000. With the advent in education, English speaking Korean Americans came to be installed as supervisors in factories. Educational opportunities for women proved beneficial in the regard that married partners living together could both earn their own living and hence contribute towards the financial strong hold of their family. Small businesses sprang up in various parts of Korean American establishments which were quite often spearheaded by women who were becoming more economically independent. The 1990s saw the emergence of the dot com bubble burst which coincided with the demand of Korean American scientists and engineers. American multinationals took to expanding their businesses in different parts of the globe, South Korean being one of them. This initiated a long-term working relationship with the Koreans and proved beneficial for Korean Americans. However, there was a polarization between Korean Americans who took up working in small-business set-ups and those who were a part of the factory working class. The realization of the Korean American dream could not be possible for about one-third of the population. While it is important to note that the Korean American population largely gained from the economic working shift in the United States, it is also true that not everyone benefited from this shift. Q.2 A look at the marriage patterns of the recent Asian American marriages indicates that more Asian Americans took to marrying inter-ethnically rather than inter-racially 80s onwards. The ‘identity shift’ that Lee talks about was inspired by the image embraced by Asian Americans. Settling in the United States, the ‘host country’ their identity was earlier of being ‘Asian American’. The need to construct an identity that was more racially open led to pan-ethnic marriages. Moreover with the increasing educational opportunities for Korean Americans, it became possible for them to interact with people belonging to other ethnicities and races. This increased interpersonal interaction on college campuses was one contributing factor. It is interesting to note that even amongst the Korean Americans there is a difference of opinion regarding co-ethnic marriage. The working class Korean Americans do not consider their ethnic identity a major part during the selection of their partner, while the middle-class Korean Americans consider it to be integral. For many Korean Americans, becoming part of the American culture and embracing the various socio-economic commonalities of the culture became important so as to override their sense of ethnic identity. Socioeconomic factors played a large role in determining a suitable marriage partner for many Korean Americans, since the rapidly developing world with its multi-layered lifestyle demanded a relationship based on sound socio-economic grounds. For lesbian and gay Korean Americans, the way towards realizing the fulfilment of their desires within the confines of marriage were to seek partners outside their Korean heritage and ethnicity since LGBTs were not considered a part of the Korean community. There was a strong influence of the Evangelical church on the Korean commun
Q1. Korean American entrepreneurship set its foot firmly by utilizing opportunities that ranged from the sale of garments, to liquor and high tech industry. Moreover, it strengthened from the utilization of ‘body labour’ – labour that dealt with providing services in industries such as salons and nail parlours…
The youth lacked guidance hence the word ‘Beat’. The term beat referred to the young generation in the 1940s and 1950s, and attempts they made to find an inner meaning to life and a sense of belonging (Kerouac, 2007). Witten in April 1957 by Jack Kerouac the novel depicts the story of perpetual personal pursuit for meaning and belonging.
Asian, Hispanics and Negros comprise the lion’s portion in the entire demography of United States. They contribute equally to the development of the nation. And their transition and transformation into the unique divergent heterogeneous culture of the United States has always been full of sweet and sour experiences.
It presents distinct group of reading in a format that requires students to evaluate sources, test the interpretations of illustrious historians and finally drawing conclusive conclusions. Offering a rich and insightful guidelines and road map of Asian American history and describing its evolution for over 200 year, this book and chapter 10 in particular marks the first systematic endeavor to take stock in history as a field of study (Lon and Murray, 319).
This racial identification in turn influences their political attitudes and behavior. Nonetheless, identity and the U.S.A immigration policy play a role in the creation of group-based stereotypes and racial tropes. In the diverse environment of the U.S.A, racial identities are created differently. There are a number of historical conditions, migration patterns, and government policies, which influence the formation of a group’s social, cultural, and political identities.
I agree with this thesis of the book because not only is it valuable information, but it also works to shed light on an important part of the US history which not many are familiar with. This thesis stands true because on one part, the US
Korean Americans brought their culture with themselves when they immigrated. Korean people are considered amicable, tolerant and respect their elders.
The Korean culture is a deep-rooted one and leads it roots back to
This movement was separated into three main phases with the first migration occurring between 1903 and 1905. Apart from most of these people being men, they mainly migrated to look for employment as contract workers in Hawaii’s sugar farms. According