Comorbidity: Substance Use Disorders and Mental Illness Abstract This is a research paper discussing the comorbidity aspects of substance abuse and accompanying mental illness. Reverse case also is true. The paper has discussed the various obstacles in isolating mental illness from drug abuse and vice versa and the problems concerned with dual diagnosis…
Introduction Comorbidity is characterized by the presence of concurrent illnesses in the same person. Drug abuse disorders often coexist with mental disorders. As such, drug abuse can lead to mental disorders and vice versa. This suggests that both the illnesses have some common risk factors. It has been found that at least 60 % of the people with drug abuse disorder acquire another form of mental disorder. This phenomenon is known as comorbidity. But it does not mean, one disorder caused the other although one might have surfaced first (NIDA, 2007). People with substance abuse and psychiatric comorbidities also have attendant issues such as “relationship problems, problems with support, housing and employment” (Hesse, 2009, p 328). Poor prognosis People with alcohol addiction and drug addiction are found to have comorbid depression though not all of them. Depression forces a person with drug abuse disorder to seek treatment for addiction. They tend to stop using the drugs and seek treatment for de-addiction so that their depression could be overcome. It can be suggested therefore that depression can mitigate the possibilities of continued drug use whilst on treatment or afterwards. When comorbid symptoms become chronic, quality of life suffers. As such the clinician should therefore bestow greater attention even though the symptoms are due to drug abuse or not. Depression has also been found to be remitting in drug users whether on treatment or on abstinence. It is because patients present for treatment when their problems become acute. However, the patients continue to experience comorbid symptoms during and after treatment in spite of treatment for drug abuse. Clinicians have to prioritize various concerns of the patient and draw a pragmatic treatment plan. (Hesse, 2009). It has been already demonstrated that patients with substance abuse present with psychiatric disorders (Grant et al, 2005) Question arises whether comorbid mental illness can be treated whilst on substance abuse treatment. That is, whether there are indirect benefits of treating comorbid conditions on the outcomes of substance use treatment. It is suggested that it is quite possible if the mental illness comorbidity is a direct result of drug abuse or an important obstacle for recovery from substance abuse disorders (Hesse, 2009) Some of the causes for the common co-occurrence of drug abuse and mental disorders are. overlapping genetic vulnerabilities, overlapping environmental triggers, involvement of similar brain regions, developmental nature of drug abuse and mental illness ( (Brady & Sinha, 2007). Research has shown that the gene catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) is of two types: “Met” and “Val”. One of them is known to cause schizophrenia. The variant Val found in the individuals is responsible for causing symptoms of psychosis and schizophrenia when they start using cannabis in their adolescence. As such there are complex interactions between genetic disposition, drug abuse and age towards risk for development of mental disorder (Caspi, et al., 2005). There may be a genetic pre-disposition in individuals towards mental illness and addiction or towards a tendency to have the second disorder as soon as the first one appears. Overlapping of environmental triggers such as stress, trauma due to sexual abuse for instance, and early exposure to drugs can result in addiction to drugs and ...
Cite this document
(“Comorbidity: Substance Use Disorders and Mental Illness Research Paper”, n.d.)
Retrieved from https://studentshare.net/family-consumer-science/31123-comorbidity-substance-use-disorders-and-mental
(Comorbidity: Substance Use Disorders and Mental Illness Research Paper)
“Comorbidity: Substance Use Disorders and Mental Illness Research Paper”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/family-consumer-science/31123-comorbidity-substance-use-disorders-and-mental.
There has been some evidence which has shown that ADHD has genetic factors. The biochemical and neurological chemistry of the brain functioning is based on the delicate balance of the interexchange and use of these chemicals.
Studies reveal that the mental makeup of the individual is basically driven by psychology and hence psychology plays a vital role in defining, shaping the perception and motives of individuals. In this respect, there exist a direct relation between psychology and individuals' mental well-being (Cherry).
Substance abuse or drug abuse occurs when an individual starts using a drug more than usual or for reasons other than medical treatment. These drugs do not necessarily have to be dependence causing drugs, such as heroine and hash. Everyday painkillers or other medicinal drugs could be taken in high dosages and be termed as substance abuse.
Since mental illnesses don’t lend themselves to physiologic proofs such as blood tests or scans, the psychiatrist/psychologist has to resort to evaluation methods such as questionnaires, personal interviews and other indirect methods of arriving at an inference.
Comorbidity of EDs and SUDs makes assessment, treatment, and recovery complicated than for either disorder(Courbasson, 2008). EDs are characterized by inconsistent eating patterns and negative attitudes towards food and body shape. This leads to loss of control, compulsive behavior and continuous use despite negative consequences.
Somatoform disorder according to American Psychiatric Association (2000) is defined as mental disorder in which there are symptoms of physical illness or injury but they can’t be fully explained by a general medical condition and are not related to any other medical condition.
It is my belief that the researchers did most things right by having a wide scope of families to choose from, hence; making it easier to have results. However, one thing that might not be clear is the manner in which they left the study. There was no long-term check up on the individuals on whom the study was carried out on (Fristad, Goldberg-Arnold & Gavazzi, 2003).
The study of comorbidity between disordered eating patterns and substance use in non-clinical female populations has included community, high school, and university samples. In non-clinical community-based adult populations, associations have been found between the syndrome of bulimia nervosa and alcohol drinking, cigarette smoking, marijuana use, amphetamine use and tranquilizer abuse.
The following Venn diagram presents pictorial statistics to depict the gravity of the problem on substance abuse and mental illness.
It may be gleaned from Figure 1 that 45.1 million out of 232.404 million adults in the US or close to one-fifth of the US adult population in
This paper will examine the aspects of Affordable Care Act of 2010 and its impact on these elements.
One of the most imperative element to understand regarding Affordable Act of 2010. The new act will ultimately change what services
3 Pages(750 words)Research Paper
GOT A TRICKY QUESTION? RECEIVE AN ANSWER FROM STUDENTS LIKE YOU!
Let us find you another Research Paper on topic Comorbidity: Substance Use Disorders and Mental Illness for FREE!