Money Market Mutual Funds Essay example
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Finance & Accounting
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Name Institution Course Tutor Date Money Market Mutual Funds Money market mutual funds, also referred to as money market funds, are investment companies, which have open-end policies that only invest in money markets (Thomas 208). The investment is short-term and involves debt securities in form of commercial paper, United States Treasury bills, liquid assets, and certificates of deposits…

Introduction

Money market funds are viewed widely as investments that are as safe as deposits in the bank that provide returns that are higher than those of bank deposits are. Money market funds often store money that at the time is not in current investment due to the funds high liquidity. In the United States, the first money market fund was the brainchild Henry B. R. Brown and Bruce R. Bent in 1971 in the form of The Reserve Fund. It offered investors an opportunity of earning small rates on their cash, preserved in the fund (Scott-Quin). The rates were paid out in form of dividends to the investors. Many more money market funds sprung up in the United States thereafter. The Investment Company Act of 1940 of the Securities and Exchange Commission deals with regulating the money market funds within the United States. The act contains guidelines that restrict the maturity, diversity, and quality of money market funds’ investments. A money fund buys the debt that is the highest rated with a maturity of less than thirteen months. A weighted average maturity of at most 60 days and a maximum of 5% investing for every issuer excluding repurchase agreements and securities of the government constitute the portfolio (U.S Congress 21). ...
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