Moreover, the paper will also entail the affiliation between moral hazard and decision making along with relevant information. QUESTION 1 Moral hazard is an interesting area of research in management accounting as it deals with various significant aspects concerning the perception of the managers in making effective decisions, determining disciplinary aspects and mitigating ethical issues. The area of moral hazard forecasts that the activities of the managers are hard to monitor and the compensation along with the financial decisions are linked with the performance of individual managers. It can be affirmed that moral hazards differ from one person to other based on the mental attitudes and the intention of the individuals to perform various operational functions. The moral hazards mainly occur due to the unethical practices that perform by the individuals or the managers belonging to any organization in order to attain personal along with organizational benefits. In this similar context, moral hazard can be explained from various aspects such as a company is running in loss. In order to recover such loss, the manager of the company arranges for fire to destroy the building and claim the money from the insurance sector. This denotes the conduct of unethical practices by the manager, resulting in causing moral hazard. The decision making with regard to moral hazard may lead towards the occurrence of several disciplinary actions and also data forgery. The decision concerning data forgery, at certain times may lead towards the conduct of unethical practices by the employers towards the employees. In management accounting, decision making mainly motivates the employees to perform their respective operational functions effectively (Sprinkle and Williamson 414-448). The area concerning moral hazard is evident particularly at the time when the managers belonging to any organization acquire valuable information from the accountants regarding financial data and misinterpret those for personal gain. This practice ultimately raises the conduct of moral hazard affecting the managerial compensation level of the organizations at large. It can be affirmed that the conduct of moral hazard in the management level hinders in forecasting true and real picture of organizational performance. The area of moral hazard within the context of management accounting research is quite interesting as it can be eliminated through making effective decisions and also through following ethical principles by the stakeholders and the employees ethically. It is worth mentioning that the judgment regarding the morality of business and management is quite crucial. The area concerning moral hazard delivers significant benefits to the managers and the organization as well. In the context of management accounting research, the intention of the managers is often to adopt effective decisions without forging valuable data, resulting in motivating the employees to perform better. This behavior might certainly support an organization to increase its overall performance by a certain degree (Sprinkle and Williamson 414-448). QUESTION 2 In order to determine about how the area of moral hazard could benefit the managers, it can be affirmed that it depends on the perception and the mental thought process of the managers. A manager, who is honest might work in accordance with the information provided and formulate accurate data. Moral hazard is when, the manager for his/her personal benefit forges the data provided and capitalizes on it. The managers might not take proper disclosure of policies for availing personal benefit. In this regard, moral hazard benefits the managers in terms of implementing policies that would provide them personal benefits by not
This paper intends to discuss a particular area of moral hazard which is associated with the management accounting concept.It further intends to elaborate about how this area delivers significant benefits to the managers and the organizations as a whole…
Accountability 12 Conclusion 13 Reference 15 Abstract This study represents one of the most important areas of management accounting i.e. desirability and effectiveness of accounting for management control. Accounting is the most effective device used by managers and management for organizational control.
……………………………………………...6 References…………………………………………………………………………………………7 Introduction British Airways plc (BA) is one of the largest airlines worldwide and is considered as the national carrier of the United Kingdom based on its large fleet, international flights and destinations.
This paper contains an introduction to the topic of discussion, literature review, a research methodology that was used to collect data, a section for analyzing the data, and a last section for conclusion. Table of Contents 1 1.0 Introduction 3 2.0 Literature review 4 2.1 Accounting 4 2.2 Management control/ accounting systems 5 2.3 Management accounting and decision-making 6 3.0 Research methodology 7 4.0 Analysis 8 4.1 Supporting arguments for Johnson and Kaplan’s (1987) argument 8 4.1 Arguments against the criticism issued by Johnson and Kaplan 9 5.0 Conclusion 11 References 12 1.0 Introduction The field of management has witnessed numerous transformations that are mainly attributed to
Question One: The economies of Europe and that of America experienced a financial crisis because of too much liberalization of their economies. The European Union and the United States government advocated for a free market economy. The definition of a free market economy is rather an ambiguous concept.
Management accounting is a branch of accounting which mainly deals with various managerial aspects. This is primarily handled by the managers within the organization, and it is an essential component in taking appropriate decisions. The concept of management accounting comes under the Management accountant who is responsible for the preparation of financial statements, and management accounting report for appropriate decision making.
Actions in any given set of circumstances are not decided in advance. Management is a never ending process. It is dynamic in nature because it is changing fast and new dimensions are added to it.
Managers create and maintain an internal environment, commonly called the organization, so that others can work efficiently in it.
Management accounting provides both, financial and non-financial information, to the management. It has a much broader perspective and is not just concerned with providing numerical data to the management. Unlike financial accounting, management accounting recognises data not only from past records but also from present tendencies and future prospects.
ources (Cost Accounting 2006).” In essense, cost accounting is a field in management accounting which is tasked to give numerical values or figures to each activity in a companys supply chain. The method which is used by a firm has a huge impact in the operation of a business
Financial accounts are specifically designed for the purpose of accounting information. In order to be able to retort their requirements, the financial accountants then tend to portray the profit along with the loss account, the
Management accounting along with various human resources (HR) related functions assists in creating performance evaluation report of the managers on the basis of fairness and most vitally mitigating uncertain situations. Fairness
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