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PUB 5473 Public Budgeting Online Fall 2013 - Essay Example

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PUB 5473 Public Budgeting Online Fall 2013

This research paper guides us through the functions and the objective of each program along with their budget requirements and also analyses how the budget requirements of the organization have varied from time to time. For the year 2013-2014 the Bureau of Fire & Police Disability & Retirement (FPDR) adopted a budget of 162,853,770. In this paper it is analyzed how the bureau reached this figure and what were the steps involved in the process. It is also examined how the budget requirement for the year 2013-2014 has varied compared to previous years Literature Review A lot of research is done on Public Budgeting and administration. Schick (1966) wrote that, depending upon conditions at a given time in history; budgets have tended to emphasize financial control, managerial improvements, or planning. Rubin (1996), writing thirty years later, suggests that two additional emphases should be added to reflect dominant trends in the 1970s and 1980s, and the 1990s: prioritization and accountability respectively (Tyer and Willand, n.d) In the last decade of the nineteenth century, budgeting was defined as "a valuation of receipts and expenditures or a public balance sheet, and as a legislative act establishing and authorizing certain kinds and amounts of expenditures and taxation" (Schiesl, 2013: 89). The idea of a budget as a control mechanism, however, had been developing since the 1830s but gained momentum after the Civil War with the growth of cities and the expansion of municipal services. By the end of the 1890s there were three basic forms of municipal budgeting. Some cities simply used a tax levy, an approach disliked by reformers due to the lack of control through inattention to the expenditure side of budgeting, coupled with dominance by the city council. Another approach was a tax levy accompanied by detailed appropriations. Missing there, of course, were details regarding revenue estimates. Still others used a tax levy but preceded it with detailed estimates of receipts and expenditures, a practice which found favor with business and middle-class reformers. However, city councils were not legally bound to adhere to these estimates. Even in today’s world of communication and globalization the public sector organizations operate in a fast-changing environment and are often exposed to ambiguous settings but still many public sector agencies have opted for traditional organizational structures. These tend to give considerable attention to streamlining and strengthening organizational procedures, and have relied extensively on processes of standardization, formalization, normalization, and systemization (Bourgon, 2011). Methodology Analyzing the budget adopted by the Bureau of Fire & Police Disability & Retirement (FPDR) during the year 2013-2014 it becomes clear that the organization is using a program budgeting technique to estimate its requirements. According to Oxford Policy Management the basic elements of program budgeting included long-range planning, goal and program identification, quantitative analysis and performance analysis ...Show more
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Summary

Introduction For the purpose of this research paper the adopted public budget chosen for detailed analysis and examination is from the Bureau of Fire & Police Disability & Retirement (FPDR). The main responsibility of this bureau is to direct and oversee the provision of disability, death, and retirement benefits to firefighters, law enforcement agency officers and their fighter working in Portland…
PUB 5473 Public Budgeting Online Fall 2013
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