This letter is also prepared on the basis of which we (Loughran and Shrives), acting as an auditor of Hammerson plc would be responsible for ensuring that utmost transparency and efficiency is maintained in the audit process. Additionally, engagement letter for Hammerson plc is mentioned below: To the Directors of Audit Committee, As an auditor of Hammerson plc, we are taking the opportunity to divulge certain imperative aspects related to the impending auditing process. The aspect of financial transaction record would be quite vital to be thoroughly examined in the process. It has been revealed that Hammerson plc upholds proper financial statement by following the guidelines of Companies Act 1985 which depicts true and fair values that facilitate the company to maintain accurate financial records. Additionally, audit report of the company is also conducted by following the guidelines of International Standard on Auditing (ISA) which is authorized by International Auditing and Assurance Standards Board (IAASB). Moreover, while preparing audit report, Hammerson also utilises various financial transaction tests that facilitate it to identify the valuation of assets and liabilities which are essential to be considered. The Audit Committee should also note that Hammerson takes the responsibility for protecting the assets of the company along with safeguarding them from the hand of fraud, error and non-compliance by adhering to the laws and regulations which are mentioned in Companies Act 1985 under Section 389(A). The company also provides other financial services under the Financial Services Act 1986. Compensation which will be due for the provided service to Hammerson can be calculated on the basis of the times which are spent by your partners and also on the basis of skills and responsibilities that are involved amid your staff. The scope of audit will be to make a comprehensive evaluation of the books of account in order to ascertain the validity and reliability of the published materials of the company. Our company shall be highly obliged if you can confirm your agreement or engagement by singing and returning the enclosed copy of this letter. Thanks & Regards Yours faithfully Manager Loughran and Shrives Chartered Accountants B. Ethical Issues Leaflet Interdependence is a one of the fundamental as well as considerable aspects while preparing an audit report. In order to maintain suitable ethical standards in an audit report, it is essential for the auditors to be independent in terms of mental attitude while dealing with their respective clients. The users of financial statement are primarily concerned about the aspect that the auditors should not compromise with their interdependencies by considering the viewpoints of the clients during the preparation of audit report. Truthfulness, honesty, integrity, confidentiality and professional behaviour are the most essential aspects for the auditors in order to maintain ethical standards and also bring transparency while preparing an audit report. It is also necessary for the audit firms to maintain similar kinds of rules and regulations while preparing an audit report for their respective stakeholders. It is the responsibility of an auditor to ensure that the company should operate in an ethical manner while dealing with
Issues in Contemporary Auditing Part1 A. Engagement Letter Engagement letter is primarily considered as a legal relationship between a business organisation and its clients. The organizations might entail investment banking, consultancy or accountancy firms…
It also involves auditor’s responsibility towards the client. An engagement letter describes the lawful relationship or an engagement between an ‘audit firm’ along with its clients. The engagement letter involves within it the terms and the conditions of the engagement, which mainly addresses the opportunity of the particular engagement and the details of the compensation complying with the firm.
They often appear without any warnings. A financial crisis has often been deciphered as an era of sufferings that is critical enough to cause an immense change in most or all areas of this sector. The impact of financial crisis has been witnessed to affect the world economies to a large extent threatening their growth prospects (Allen & Gale, 2007).
Whoever undertakes to audit the legal issues should have a clear target of evaluation and analysis. Should be bound to given cord of principals in his attempt to come up with the analysis and research (Guta, 2004, p.341). Some of the values expected of the professional accountants are integrity, having the objective in the work they undertake, practicing the independence during the execution of the duty, generating the confidence in the analysis they do, and also should show or should be a professional in the field of law.
Discuss the types of manager-stockholder conflict that exist and the various mechanisms to mitigate such problems, drawing insights from relevant theories and empirics from the literature.
This essay discusses the various theories pertaining to the separation of ownership and control in a modern corporation and how this will, through the transfer of responsibility to professional managers, inevitably lead to a stockholder-manager conflict.
With financial changes, there are structural changes in the financial market and with financial excesses, a hazardous financial environment has formed. There may be certain defects in the financial condition and structure of markets and there have been fluctuations in prices, bonds and currencies with turbulence in the financial markets.
rvice is another type of assurance service, which provides information through written statements, and this increases the reliability of the information of assertion of the other responsible party. An auditing service also helps in investigating and evaluating with evidence the
These contents include: The purpose or objective of the engagement, Managements responsibility with regard to the financial statements, the financial reporting framework to be adopted, scope of the audit, form of the report
d economic imbalances that compels the expert to question on the sustainability of the world economy as a whole (Beck, Demirgüç-Kunt and Honohan, 2009). Moreover, whereas financial unrest and financial deregulations are creating huge divergence among the major economies in the
14 pages (3500 words)Essay
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