Consequently, the number of children with terminal diseases continues increasing, raising the cost of their care at family and national levels. Many research studies have been conducted to investigate the financial impact of life limiting disabilities on medical care budgets of various countries especially in the developed world. A study conducted by Michelson and Steinhorn (2007) in England investigated the palliative costs of managing various types of life-limiting disabilities on children. Though the study focused on particular standards needed to cater for patients suffering from a particular life-limiting disorder, it gave insights of financial costs that such life limiting disorders have on families. Majority of all life-limiting conditions require palliative care and in children, such care is concerned with controlling the symptoms and maintaining good quality of life of the child for uncertain period before the child dies (Michelson & Steinhorn 2007). Though death of children with life limiting condition is usually expected, it is difficult to determine when and how such children will die. Therefore, caregivers of people with such conditions are faced with financial challenges of preparing the patients until death. EAPC (2007) noted that though children’s palliative care at national level supports children and young persons diagnosed with life limiting conditions, inclusion of children with other types of disabilities often puts an extra strain on care of such patients. According to Chochinov (2005) majority of children hospices depend of charitable organizations for funding which in most cases is short term and inconsistent. Others rely on short-term grants and statutory funds that are similarly unreliable and as a result, most parents use vast resources to add life to the child is remaining years to supplement the funding for their children’s care. There are different categories of life-limiting disorders most of which are rare with unique symptoms. Consequently, it is difficult to determine the needs and care of children with life limiting disorders. According to Dangel (2005), a strong relationship exists between the requirements of children in need of palliative care and those with other disabilities requiring complex care. However, those in need of palliative care are usually in unstable state, requiring different type of care according to their state of health at any given time. This is in contrast with other types of disabilities, which are generally in a constant state, making it easy to manage and plan for their needs. The unpredictable nature of life limiting disorders makes it more expensive to manage, plan and take care of the sufferer than in children with other disabilities (Dangel, 2005). A research study conducted by Groot, et al (2005) established that the main contributing factor of the huge financial impact borne by the family of the sick child arises from the special needs of the child with the condition and the family itself. Some of the child’s requirements include clinical, psychosocial and social needs (Groot, et al. 2005). Clinical needs include symptom assessment and management in addition to the patient care. The top priority of palliative care is controlling the symptoms, by reducing discomfort and pain of the affected child. However, EAPC (2007) found that
Name of student: Topic: Financial impact on a family having a child with life limiting illness Lecturer: Date of Presentation: Incidents of life limiting illnesses and disabilities in children have been on an increasing trend in developed countries in the recent past…
The study concludes the materialism and consumerism should not be promoted through advertisements directed at tweens. The appropriate marketing technique should contain relevant and important information about the product, its benefits and the potential adverse impact. Recommendations for further studies were made and limitations highlighted.
Most recently, approximately 500 million eggs were recalled because of salmonella in two Iowa producers, From this incident, 2,000 illnesses were reported between May and July, which is significantly higher than the average rate of Salmonella poisoning (Welte, 2010).
1). In 2001, it was estimated that the number of children in foster care increased to 565,000. According to the Adoption and safe Family Act (ASFA), an order has been put in an attempt to provide children with permanent families. The Act order requires that states ensure foster children have a permanency plan within a year, and termination of parental rights for children who have been foster care for 15 of the most recent 22 months.
During his reign of power he was accepted as the savior of Germany since he brought the nation out of its economic depression resulting from the World War 1. The greatest industrial expansions, infrastructural development and civil improvements throughout Germany hiked in this period.
foodborne outbreaks with a known food item, rising from 0.7 percent to 6 percent (Sivapalasingam, Friedman, Cohen, & Tauxe, 2004).This kind of increasing incidence is alarming, especially with widespread effects of the latest outbreaks. Most recently, approximately 500 million
The greatest industrial expansions, infrastructural development and civil improvements throughout Germany hiked in this period. Germany had never witnessed so much development, such that it almost reached its full employment level.
According to (Puuka et al. 2012), about 2.8 million people in South Africa are not in employment, training, or education. As a result, these people live in poverty with inability to access basic essentials.
According to Oosthuizen
The acts of sexual abuse against a child might involve rape, exposure of a partner to sexually transmitted diseases. Child sexual abuse has become extremely prevalent in the modern world with more cases being reported every year. In most
This work establishes that child labor still exists in its worst form, internationally, despite the presence of several conventions on the rights of the child.
The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child, at Article 32, and the ILO have
32 pages (8000 words)Thesis
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