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Informing methods overview of theortical perspectives from psychology linguistics
Finance & Accounting
Pages 4 (1004 words)
Psychology Linguistics Activity 5: (a) Behaviourist perspective: underlying premise is that human behaviour and learnt skills are the result of conditioning. Language utterances by young children that are rewarded reinforce and enhance learning, while negative reinforcement brings about a change in language learning behaviour.
This innate understanding also determines the ages at which various language skills are learned. (c) Interactionist/developmental: Includes both the above and postulates that language learning occurs through a combination of innate ability and interactions with the environment. Lightbrown and Spada (2006) present the views of two theorists, i.e, Piaget on the basis that language learning occurs based upon a symbol system developed in childhood, which is expanded through interaction with the environment and Vygotsky who expressed the view that the internal thought process is determined based upon social interaction. Lightbrown and Spada (2006) also state that language learning in early childhood may occur through sometimes imperfect imitation. As they go to school and the social context widens, they develop metalinguistic awareness and improve vocabulary through additional reading. Under the interactionist/developmental approach, these authors have thus combined two separate approaches, i.e, the behaviourist and the innatist perspectives. 2. Cook’s views are related to the innatist perspective, because it assumes that the complex rules of grammar cannot be learnt purely through imitation or conditioning. ...
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