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The need for a consistent nation wide policy to ensure quality early childhood education to close the achievement gap - Thesis Example

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The need for a consistent nation wide policy to ensure quality early childhood education to close the achievement gap

This paper suggests that educators, administrators and policy-makers are fully aware of what needs to be done and ought to take the appropriate steps to ensure that all children have an equal opportunity for quality care and education. This paper therefore proposes a nationwide policy for early childhood care and education reform that is informed by the evidence revealed over the years. Part II: Federal Legislation in Education: Major Policies and their Consequences for Early Childhood Education and Early Childhood Special Education Programs Introduction Early childhood education and care policies in the US are three dimensional in nature. First, the federal government or state governments may make provision for early childhood care and education either directly or they can offer subsidies or reimbursement relative to partial casts of private education and care. Secondly, state governments may provide child care and/or education to all US children or they may provide support to a specific class of children. Thirdly, the purpose of child care and education may be looked upon as providing for the child’s development or as a means of supporting working parents. In other words, child care and education policies in the US may be seen as either providing a child development service or a support system for working parents (McCartney and Phillips 2006). This part of the paper examines the development of federal legislation and policies relative to early childhood education and early childhood special education by reference to federal legislation from 1965 to the present. I. Early Childhood Education from 1965 to the Present A. The Economic Opportunity Act –Head Start The Head Start project is characterized as among President Lyndon B. Johnson’s Great Society’s “most popular and enduring legacies” (Vinovskis 2005, p. 1). The identification of the “other America” at the beginning of the 1960s, drew official attention on the fact that approximately one fourth of Americans were decidedly poor and were segregated from “the mainstream of American culture” (Washington and Bailey 1995, p. 21). Then President John F. Kennedy theorized that preventing poverty among adults necessarily required starting with the child who are receiving welfare on account of parental death, disability, abandonment or parental unemployment. Society should not permit those children to go hungry or suffer from a lack of basic needs or opportunity. These children must not be forced to become dependents for the rest of their lives. When children are subjected to perpetual “deprivation” and are denied “adequate protection”, they will likely not be able to function as responsible adults (Kennedy 1962). Early childhood learning policies were developing a perception that poverty could be cured by creating equal education opportunities for America’s disadvantaged children. Thus the seeds for special early childhood care and education were planted relative to children from socially and economically disadvantaged families. Essentially, Kennedy repeated a growing philosophy that economic progress was dependent upon independence, education, ambition, focus on the future and these values were either implanted or rejected during early childhood. In children living in poverty these values were displaced by reliance on welfare and the consequences of living in poverty (Washington and B ...Show more


The Need for a Consistent Nation Wide Policy for Ensuring Quality Early Education Closing the Achievement Gap By Course Mentor Institution Date Abstract Educators, administrators and policy-makers have been informed by research efforts for much of the 20th century of the significance of early childhood education and care…
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The need for a consistent nation wide policy to ensure quality early childhood education to close the achievement gap essay example
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