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Methodology: theory, methods and application - Coursework Example

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Methodology: theory, methods and application

........................ 2.4 Summative Table of Paradigmas.................................................... 3 Action Research............................................................... 3.1 Definition 3.2 Purpose: When is Action Research Applied.................................. 3.3 The Action Research Spiral (Dialectic)........................................... 3.4 Types of Action research..................................................................... 3.4.1 Traditional Action Research.................................................. 3.4.2 Contextual Action Research (Action Learning)............... 3.4.3 Radical Action Research......................................................... 3.4.4 Educational Action Research............................................... 4 Examples of Action Research Studies 4.1 Research Study 1..................................................................... 4.2 Research Study 2...................................................................... 5 Conclusion …………………………………………………………………………….. 1. Introduction Epistemology, ontology, paradigm, positivism, constructivism, pragmatism and numerous combinations or meanings of, are just a few terms commonly used in the field of academic research. Taking the many research concepts into consideration, this paper is aimed at achieving two things: firstly, at the primary level its main objective is to demonstrate and foster the development and refinement of a body of knowledge describing the paradigms which exist within the many fields of research and secondly, at the practice level or applicatory level, to present an analysis of the methodology which was originally coined by Kurt Lewis (1890-1947), in about 1934, as Action Research. Consequently two Action research studies have been employed to help determine what factors affect the use, application and any comparable differences in the real world of research. This research assignment is also designed to serve as a catalyst for increasing my own ontological, constructivist epistemological dispositional body of knowledge. 2. Paradigmas Academics (Researchers) or people interested in the field of research have several taxonomic methodological choices to construct valid research findings (Stanhouse, 1981) for their research. Strictly speaking, the world of research is divided into three main epistemological categories. Therefore, depending on the individual researchers ontological standing or nature of research to be undertaken, researchers with a inclination towards objectivist epistemology tend to favour quantitative research methods whereas researchers with a constructivist epistemological disposition favour qualitative research methods (Gay, Mills & Airasian, 2006, ; Lankshear & Knobel, 2011; Berg, 2007; Crotty, 1998). For many years it was widely accepted by research purists that the positivist and constructivist epistemological positions are mutually exclusive and researchers should resist harmonising of concepts and avoid combining the two paradigms in forming their research framework. Thus the birth of pragmatism, another research paradigm based on pragmatic ideology, which is concerned with practical consequences of intervention and promotes mixed method research methodology. The following sections expand on these three paradigms, demonstrating the basic epistemological framework associated with each of the methodology. 2.1 Positivism Crotty( 1998) explains that word “ ...Show more

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TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 Introduction. 2 Paradigmas. 2.1 Positivism…
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Methodology: theory, methods and application essay example
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