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PARLIAMENT, POLITICS AND POLICY MAKING: CHALLENGES TO WESTMINSTER: DEVOLUTION AND THE EUROPEAN UNION
Finance & Accounting
Pages 4 (1004 words)
“The development of multi-level governance means that Westminster is losing power both upwards to the European Union and downwards to developed institutions.” Name of the Student Subject Name of the Concerned Professor 31 March 2011 Introduction With the democratization of societies and the influx of transparency and accountability into the systems of governance, the power structures governing the European democracies are bound to go alteration and change (Cini 2007).
It is defined by an enhanced entanglement between local, national and international frameworks of authority. This change in a way also means that Westminster is losing power both upwards to the European Union and downwards to the devolved institutions. Westminster Model The traditional Westminster model envisaged a representative and not participative form of governance. In this system of governance, the party majority accrued an exaggerated importance and relevance. The government not only directly controlled the party, but the ministers in the government also exercised control and directive powers over the civil servants that should ideally have been neutral (Rhodes et al 2009). These ministers in turn were directly under the influence and control of the PM. Simply, put, the provisions enshrined in the Westminster model supported a system of governance, in which the overall power and discretion was vested into the hands of a few key individuals or core executives (Rhodes et al 2009). ...
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