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Reflections on History 2 - Coursework Example

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Reflections on History 2

This is because of the relative pause of literary and cultural output from the civilizations in this era, as compared to the previous times. This era saw military movement, a lot of conquering and subduing. This era also saw new kingdoms and technology. In fact, the Middle Ages set the stage for the birth of modern Europe. This is divided into two parts: the early middle ages and the high middle ages. The Early Middle Ages saw the Fall of the Roman Empire. The fall started on the second century. The debate still goes on today about the theory of the fall of the Roman Empire but generally, what happened was mismanagement. The Roman Empire was suddenly too big for some of the leaders and they failed to maintain the civic infrastructures that they built, like libraries, public baths and schools. Because of this, merchants also lost the confidence in investing in the empire and the intellectual development of the empire stagnated. It also became unsafe for traders to trade, thus economic collapse followed. This vulnerability offered the barbarians the chance to attack the empire. This event led to the fall of the empire and some Romans migrated to lands as far as Iberia. The Roman Empire fell because of the repeated Gothic invasions. The felled Empire saw a wave of Germanization in their culture, and it was controlled by many barbaric tribes. Charlemagne was an important character in this era. He was the king in the largest territory in Europe that time. He was named by Pope Leo III as the Emperor of the Roman Empire. This is not to be confused with the Byzantine Empire which is the medieval Roman Empire since his territory is called the Carolingian Empire. This period also saw Byzantium and Avar Khanate. Several tribes also controlled huge territories such as Franks occupying France and Germany, Angles and Saxons over at Denmark and England and Visigoths over at Spain. As previously mentioned, this period of history saw much of conquering and being conquered. Apart from the Germanic tribes, this time also saw Arab-Muslim conquering parts of the Mediterranean, especially Constantinople. They endured, and this gave birth to Orthodoxy. Northern Africa and the Middle East became Islamic. Because of the spread of Christianity in Europe in the Early Middle Ages, the High Middle Ages saw a flourish in Christianity. Because the conquering was much more subdued, culture slowly regained its momentum. Christian-oriented art and architecture throve and the increasing idea of having an international Christendom was being conceptualized. The High Middle Ages also saw the want to recapture Northern Africa and the Middle East from the Muslims. This is the Crusades. Since the times are not so violent as compared to the Early Middle Ages, many philosophers now have time to devote to their thinking. Most notable scholastic, literary and philosophical achievements for this time were the mathematical codes of Fibonacci, Thomas Aquinas’ philosophy, the literature from Chaucer and Dante, also the expedition of Marco Polo. The High Middle Ages also saw the urbanization of Europe, as well as a population explosion. The intellectual and cultural pursuits went on towards the Renaissance. The Renaissance heavily focused on the importance of humanism, individuality and achievement in all fields. The philosophers and thinkers during this time looked back at the Greek and Roman civilizations for inspiration and mixed it with Christian beliefs (unlike the Middle Ages’ ...Show more

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Your Name Your May 11, 2011 Reflections on History 2 After the fall of the Roman Empire, many other civilizations took over where the Romans left. The Middle Ages rose, and it ultimately paved the way for the Renaissance to flourish…
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Reflections on History 2 essay example
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