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Biggest threats to the Assets and Inventory of Companies - Essay Example

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Biggest threats to the Assets and Inventory of Companies

It is imperative for companies to have accounting control mechanisms in place to prevent employee theft. A good mechanism that can be used to prevent theft is the fraud tree. The fraud tree can be described as asset misappropriation schemes that are used by employees to target the assets of a company. The two major asset types included in the fraud tree are cash and inventory. Nearly 90% of the frauds occurring in the corporate world are associated with the cash account of the company (Wells, 2001). The major types of cash misappropriation schemes are larceny, fraudulent disbursements and skimming. In term of inventory and assets frauds the most commonly used schemes are misuse and larceny. In the article Enemies Within a fraud scheme example that was described was an account receivable employee that stole over $200,000 in cash from a company. The reason that the accounting clerk was able to steal money was because his job function included collection of cash and accounting receivable posting. This fraud could have easily been prevented by the accounting department of the company by creating a clear separation of duties. The account receivable clerk should have never been allowed to deal with any actual cash transactions. A different employee should have been responsible for the collection of cash payments. ...
The scheme is hard to detect at times because the money being misappropriate seems like a legitimate business expense. The second step of the scheme is creating a false invoice.

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The last step of scheme is to obtain approval for the payment of the invoice. The mastermind for these types is typically a person working within the accounting department or person in a position of power such as a manager. A second common fraudulent disbursement scheme is a payroll scheme. A payroll scheme occurs when a company pays for an employee that does not exist. The employee that does not exist is often referred to as a ghost employee. Companies that are involved in money laundering often use this scheme to create false expenses and the fake payroll is cash out by the person running the scheme. These schemes often occur more often than people think. I once had a family member that was victim of such a scheme. He was unemployed and went to the unemployment office to ask for benefits after his benefits ran out. When he went to the office the system reflected that he had been working for two years consecutively at a company he worked about 2 years before. The office started an investigation which revealed that the company was running a payroll scheme using employees that had previously worked for the company. A third type of fraudulent disbursement scheme is the expense reimbursement scheme. The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners (ACFE) defines an expense reimbursement scheme as any scheme in which an employee makes a claim for reimbursement of fictitious or inflated business expenses (Theiia, 2011). The employee can apply the scheme by asking for reimbursement of expenses that never occurred or which they used for personal use instead of official business. The fourth

Summary

It is important for corporations to have security measures in place to protect themselves from theft and fraud. Companies often invest millions of dollars in security measures to protect themselves from criminals. The problem is that often the biggest threats to the assets and inventory of companies comes from within…
Author : plangosh
Biggest threats to the Assets and Inventory of Companies essay example
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