TAX ADVICE Taxation is one aspect of business which is a liability of a company to pay the government an amount based on the business turnover. This provides them permission to run their business in the home country or elsewhere and get necessary support from the authorities…
Retaining GBP 30,000 per year in business Moving on to the first aspect, what are the major tax codes implied by the UK government. As with usual government practices across the globe, here too there is a (1) Corporation tax, (2) VAT, (3) PAYE (Pay As You Earn), (4) Self Assessment Tax, (5) Business rates tax, (6) Capital Gains Tax, (7) Stamp and Excise duties and (8) Industry specific tax. Before getting into these taxes, we need to understand the records to be maintained for an ongoing business concern or a proprietorship concern for that matter getting converted to a company format. These include: Business income records (record of sales) Business expenditure records (record of purchases and expenses) Financial and accounting records Employer records (payment to employees, benefits, IT , NIC) VAT records Formation of a company has major benefits in terms of liability of partners or shareholders as the business is treated as separate entity and hence there is no personal liability of any partner / shareholder towards creditors of the company. Corporate profits will be taxed at corporate tax rate of 28% and HM Revenue and Customs (HMRC) is responsible for Corporation Tax aspects. Upon intimation to Companies House, the same shall be provided to HMRC who in turn provides an introductory pack within six weeks containing CT 41G forms. Upon filling this form, the same has to be submitted to the CT Office and this information is used by HMRC to calculate CT and deadlines (Business Link, 2011). The corporation tax for small profit companies has been pegged at 20% as of 2011 (Business Link, 2011). VAT meaning Value Added Tax is charged by business houses on the goods and services provided. A VAT rate varies between 0-20percent in UK. The UK taxation laws provide options to reclaim VAT based on purchases made on goods and services, reclaiming VAT on Bad debts etc. (Business Link, 2011) a company/ partnership has to register for VAT if their taxable income is GBP ,64,000 a year . Some of the major benefits by incorporating a company will be : Company makes pension contributions promptly Claiming maximum possible expenses involved related to business as per UK legislation Capital allowances can be claimed if there is a capital expenditure incurred for the business. Ensuring benefits paid out in terms of medical and HRA if salary is less than GBP 26,000 per year. Surplus cash can be used as loan provided to business, on which interest can be earned and only needs to pay 10% tax on first GBP 10,000 taxable profits. If the same cash is maintained in personal account, then 40% tax on interest has to be paid. Hence, here there is a clear demarcation of 30% interest savings. There are options where no tax can be paid on certain income derived – expenses allocating to a particular income stream, eg: A Partner’s salary allocating to interest income, in such a way no tax need be required to be paid on the income generated. GBP 7500 capital gains tax free allowance. The firm need not pay National Insurance and is only liable to pay Corporation Tax at 10% on its profit slab upto GBP 10,000 and 20% on next slab level between GBP 50,000 – 300,000 after deducting all expenses including Director’s remuneration. By developing Company Pension Scheme and payment of dividend to its shareholders, the Corporation Tax can be reduced a great extent. (Form A Company, Worldwide Incorporations, 2011).at times, the management by taking a small pie as salary reap a major portion of ...
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The company is well recognized globally for its expertise in specialty chemical manufacturing operations. Actually it was founded as a paper manufacturing company in 1887 in the name “Albemarle Paper Manufacturing Company” for the production of blotting paper.
The company also has a number of principal subsidiaries such as; Capital One, Financial Security Bank, Capital One Bank, Capital One Auto Finance, and the North Fork Bank that offers a wide spectrum of financial goods and services to customers, commercial clients and small businesses (CapitalOne, 2011).
He first reformed the tax code in year 1981 and later in the year 1986 (Fishman, 2012). Notably, President Reagan’s forms on taxation formed the largest tax cut that has the United States’ historic income tax cut. However, he was never the first or the last president of America to initiate reforms in the United States (Steuerle, 2008).
Individual shareholders paid tax at a rate of a minimum 15% on qualifying corporate dividends, and about 10 to 20% lower than them federal tax rate which is at times as high as 35%. Those taxpayers who are currently paying a marginal federal tan of 10 to 15% pay no taxes for qualifying dividends as well as any long-term capital gains.
The responsibility of IRS includes collection of taxes in US and enforcing the Internal Revenue Code that is framed by the US federal government. Currently IRS has divided its interest and audit functions under four divisions, namely the Large and International Business, the Small Business and Self-employed, Wages and Investment division and the Government organizations (exempted from tax).
Please read the fact patterns carefully and respond to John Doe with answers to each of his questions. Individual One Based on some recent investment advice Joe T. decided to invest in stock through the New York Stock Exchange. He purchased 1,000 shares of common stock in IBM Corporation1 (this represents less than 1% of the outstanding voting power and value of IBM Corporation).
Through publication of annual finance act and the budget, the government can be able to achieve environmental and economic goals (McCluskey et al pp.4-5). Consumption tax may be levied on goods and services consumed .This system may affects consumers spending behaviors.
ng into these taxes, we need to understand the records to be maintained for an ongoing business concern or a proprietorship concern for that matter getting converted to a company format. These include:
Formation of a company has major benefits in terms of liability of partners
The double taxation treaty has been introduced in order to minimize the issue related to introduction of tax rate on a uniform basis. This treaty is introduced with the purpose of preventing tax evasion. The model tax convention has been adopted by
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