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Capital Budgeting for a New Machine
Finance & Accounting
Pages 8 (2008 words)
Task 4. Capital Budgeting for a New Machine 1. What is the project’s IRR? (10 pts) To determine the IRR of the project we use the financial calculator, 22% 2. What is the project’s NPV? (15 pts) 3. Should the company accept this project and why (or why not)?
Secondly, internal rate of return for a project provides a percentage of the amount of return that the cash flows will generate. It is noted that the required rate of return is 15% however; the return for this project is 22% which provides a 7% spread. These two ground are enough to take up this project. 4. Explain how depreciation will affect the present value of the project. (10 pts) Depreciation is a non cash expense and it is also tax deductible. The depreciation is first reduced from the operating income to get earnings before interest and taxes. The amount of depreciation deducted is then added back in the cash flow statements to get the operating cash flows. We know that the net present value is determined by the cash flows expected from the project therefore; this non cash expense eventually increases the cash flows of the project. Ultimately, the net present value of the cash flows will increase which is beneficial for the company. In addition to the above, a company which opts for straight line depreciation method will have equal positive cash flows every year. For example: Depreciation of $100,000 per year, with an income tax of 35%, saves $35,000 of taxes each year and that amount is accounted as a positive cash flow. This amount is also known as the depreciation tax shield. 5. ...
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