According to the research findings the financial environment therefore directly or indirectly influence the financial system of any country. Thus the need for financial intermediaries to act as the middlemen in this transactions is important. Therefore for investors to get profit and the lenders to be able to give away money to borrowers the need for financial markets are vital. Financial intermediaries can be defined as an institution that acts as the middlemen between the investors and the firms. These financial institutions include chartered banks, insurance companies, investment dealers, mutual funds, and pension funds. Liquidity has been the basis of these kind of transactions between the parties either the borrowers or the investors. It can be defined as the ease with which a given asset can be changed into cash or by getting access to credit. Thus the main concept of liquidity is to obtain cash. Liquidity is often determined by two factors that measure how easy it is to change it into cash or make it possible for borrowers to obtain the cash. The policy interest rates and the structure of the interest rates paid by the borrowers are often the indicators of liquidity. These rates often influence one either to be motivated to borrow or leave the money with the banks. Most of the world banks are involved in market liquidity which is the rate at which a borrower is able to quickly buy or sell the financial assets at a given time without changing the market price. (Francis 2008). In the new world there are financial institutions that stand in between parties in any kind of transaction that involve cash. Thus Financial Intermediaries are firms that buy or borrow from consumers or savers and later lend these services or would be cash to other companies or persons that might need resources for investment. Therefore there are different kinds of investments. The insurance policies, buying of stocks, bonds, government treasuries, and mutual funds. All these investments either involve the public investor or the government and the company. Investments that involve a company or the government selling to the public are easily convertible to cash since the purpose of the public is to get cash for their daily living. Moreover, the investments by the government are more liquid than those in the company (Levine 1993). Mutual funds can easily be changed to cash than all the others while the others. Insurance policies since they are the contract or an agreement between the insurer and the insured are difficult to change into cash since one can only pay the amount after a certain incident happens that is often unkown when it will occur. The the government treasuries and mutual funds are just agreements that do not involve cash and thus take time to be converted to cash and the remaining are easily converted in this order: Stocks, and bonds. Therefore in the order of their liquidity they would be: mutual funds as the most liquid asset, then the government treasuries, bonds, stock, and then the insurance pilies as the least liquid asset. Conclusion Financial intermediaries therefore play a vital role in the national economy of any country. In most economies people with more money save them in banks that makes it possible for those with little money to borrow so that they would be able to use them either to run a business or other functions depending on their need. Thus a financial institution such as banks facilitate the flow of funds from savers to borrowers. The financial institutions profit from the spread between the amount they pay for funds and the
This article will explore the subject of financial intermediaries and the euro markets under the following divisions: financial intermediation and liquidity; Euromarkets and their growth; the return to convertibility and other associated events; the US balance of payments and so on…
(Morawski, 2012) Nevertheless, for a progressive and thriving economy, it is imperative for the financial institution to equip them with the awareness regarding the various risks and benefits that prevails in the market. This report elaborates on the characteristics of a financial intermediary and how the consumers derive benefits from it.
Majority of Western European states have higher GDPs and living standards whereas many of the Eastern Europeans economies are still struggling to attain an improved growth rate. The recent European sovereign debt crisis negatively affected the Europe’s economic status.
can be supposed to be the attributing factors towards the development of financial innovation. Innovations are mainly done to achieve the basic objectives of financial systems like facilitating the required payment instruments, increased savings, reduction in costs, etc.
Financial markets and sovereign debt. Financial markets and sovereign debt Introduction Just as is the case with the common notion of market, financial market is a platform in which people as well as other entities interact to trade on financial securities, valued fungible items as well as other committees at relatively lowered costs of transaction with prices reflecting the state of supply and demand.
The financial industry as a whole is massive, according to Axiss (2005,5), "It is a major driver of Australia's economic growth, considerably outweighing agriculture and mining combined, the two Industries traditionally associated with Australia's economic wellbeing." The success of banks has benefited the economy as a whole but has also affected various financial institutions, instruments and markets in Australia.
This way, money flows from one hand to another via financial intermediaries. The article which is used to explain the whole structure of financial intermediaries is given in the references ( Kopcke, 2008)
There are many reasons for which these financial intermediaries are important for the local financial system.
They are non-banking and banking institutions which transfer funds to economic agents with a deficit unit from economic agents with surplus units. Two types of financial intermediaries exist namely bank financial intermediaries, like commercial banks and central bank, and non-bank financial intermediaries.
ediaries and institutions operating the US financial market receive savings from domestic households, business houses as well as the Federal Government and invest those savings. The role of the financial market is to invest these savings to the most resourceful investments,
Insurance companies are companies that accept premiums in exchange for covers against risks. They mainly sell insurance services. They advise clients to invest in life assurance and general insurance that act
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