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Influences within Public Programs : US Defense Budget - Research Paper Example

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Influences within Public Programs : US Defense Budget

Some of these include nuclear weapons research, production, maintenance and cleanup. Across the world, the U.S. is among the greatest spenders in military and defense endeavors. In 2010 fiscal year alone, the U.S. base budget for overseas contingency operations totaled about 664 billion U.S. dollars. The budget however reached 680 billion USD when it was finally enacted into law in October 2009 (US Federal Budget, 2012). Additionally, a supplemental budget of about $37 billion USD was organized in the same financial year. The federal government recently announced budget cuts running to billions of U.S. dollars over a span of ten years. One of the most affected sectors in this respect is defense. According to President Obama, a new military strategy will see a cut of close to 487 billion U.S. dollars in the next decade (Jay, 2012). The strategy will include limiting pay rises for military officers, the closure of a number of military bases in the U.S., and a rise in health insurance fees for retired military officers. Factors that Have Contributed to Proposed Budget Cuts One of the main factors that have contributed to the defense budget cuts relates to the country’s debt. ...
dollars but can only afford to generate revenue amounting to 2.9 trillion U.S. dollars. Through the proposed budget cuts, this deficit will be significantly reduced. The 2008 financial crisis has also been associated with the proposed budget cuts. The recession saw the country incur huge costs in stimulus packages (close to $787 billion). The stimulus packages saw ailing companies restored to stability, unemployment benefits extended, jobs created, taxes cut, and public projects funded. These expenditures were unforeseen and unbudgeted for. As the recession struck the country in 2008 and the economy tanked, the government’s revenue significantly reduced. The federal government therefore ended up with less income than what it projected to earn for the fiscal year. Yet another reason that may be associated with the budget cuts is the 9/11 attacks. Following the attack, the United States initiated a massive war on terror that saw military spending leap reach a record high, for the first time, of about $670billion in 2007. Although the government’s revenue declined over the next couple of years, expenditure on defense continued to rise steadily. During the recession, the government spent a lot in funding the Afghanistan and Iraq wars leading the government to incur great budget deficits (Government Printing Office, 2011). The government’s mandatory spending has continued to rise each new year. The government spends on Medicare, and social security among other mandatory programs huge amounts of money, estimated at $2.30 trillion per year. These expenses consume most of the government’s revenue. In the end, the government has little remaining to run all its programs adequately with great need to reduce budgetary allocations. ...Show more


Influences within Public Programs: The United States Defense Budget The US defense or military budget is the fraction of the country’s federal budget that is dedicated to defense-related spending, especially by the Department of Defense. The defense budget among other things is used to pay salaries, healthcare, and training of both civilian and uniformed officers, maintain arms, facilities and equipment, fund operations, and purchase new equipment (Government Printing Office, 2011)…
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