The strategy adopted by each group is prepared by the management accounting department through analyzing the market, shareholders and the regulatory framework within the industry. In some instances, it may be important to obtain synergies to help analyze the financial and accounting policies applied by each of the companies merging. Although the A&M started in 1980s, the international rate of industrial mergers and takeovers took place during the 1990s. However, the complexity and nature of international operations coupled with other complexities has sophisticated global takeovers and mergers. Mergers and acquisitions normally abbreviated as M&A refer to the corporate strategy aspect, management dealing and corporate finance that involve the selling and buying as well as combining and dividing of different companies aimed at assisting an enterprise grow in its location or sector or venture into a new location or field (Brealey and Myers, 2000, p 89). Such a growth is expected to be without subsidiary, use of joint venture or child entity. Over the years, the distinction between acquisition and merger is blurred with several aspects especially economic income. Shareholders lawsuits are common in the event that a firm opts to engage financially in an acquisition or takeover and is appreciated as being part of the current market now that they are meritless. Merger lawsuits frequency has increased in the recent years with their life cycle undergoing a complete change. These days, once a merger deal is closed, lawsuits are normally closed. However, some plaintiffs have come out strongly in mergers to refine the way they operate. They insist on keeping such litigation alive even after they have been closed. This is achieved through having extensive discovery more so against the acquirer executives in control of the purse strings. Why mergers and takeovers There are a number reasons cited by firms for mergers and takeovers. However, the most prevalent reasoning cited by majority of the firms participating in M&A is profitability and growth sourced from external means. The outsourced growth may be of great economic benefit to the acquirer through increase in the production capacity, product diversification, increased market share, and expansion of the product lines. Some firms cite quantifiable reasons such as tax advantage and increased economies of scale are the main reasons for the mergers. In laying the strategies for merger and takeovers, it is important for the participating firms to focus on their goals and strategies. The management accounting department of the merging firms observes the compatibility of the merging companies to determine the compatibility of the core values and beliefs of these corporations. While quantitative variable provide ideal aspects which makes takeovers and mergers very attractive, their applicability are limited as they fail to portray the clear picture of the scene. Qualitative factors of the merging corporations should also be deeply considered. In estimating the real value of each merging firm, intangible factors such as favorable location, the strength of management, and skilled labor force constitute the qualitative aspects of the takeover or merger. Whatever the goal or rationale of the merger, the failure or success of
NEW APPROACHES IN RESPECT OF FINANCE TAKEOVER AND ACQUISITION: APPROACHES, REGULATORY, MARKET, AND FIRM, AND SHAREHOLDER PERSPECTIVES Name: Institution: Instructor: Date: Introduction Over the last decades, business is taking a dynamic shift given the increasing competitiveness globally…
There are three key actors in International Relations. They include: 1. The State 2. International Organisations and 3. Non-State Actors. All of these entities are held together by international convention, international regimes and international law which ensures that they operate in an appropriate manner.
An entrepreneur is a person, who attempts to start a new business. Almost every society gives value to entrepreneurship. Personal traits of an entrepreneur and environmental factors, such as, family, education, and government play an important role in shaping the mindset of an entrepreneur.
One vital area for digital firms is to build new systems so that they can conduct business activities in accordance with the requirements of market and client demands. In every organization, building systems implies changing the systems; system change is basically a type of organization change that is planned as it involves changes in skills of employees, job descriptions, management expertise and definitely hardware and software of system (Costabile et al., 2004).
Introduction Multilateralism entails cooperation among several nations in addressing a particular global affair. History of Multilateralism dates back to the formation of League of Nations which aimed at preventing further war (Keet, 2000). A multilateral agreement can be referred to as an accord among three or more governments or agencies.
This paper sheds light on Leadership and understanding the three major approaches to it.
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Due to the new technologies that emerge within the marketplace on a seemingly daily basis, advertising as it has been understood to work previously is extinct. TiVo and the digital recording revolution has killed the effectiveness of advertising on broadcast television, and the effectiveness of print advertising died long ago, with the invention of the personal computer.
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