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Economic sense of Mergers and Acquisitions: Case of BAE Systems and EADS
Finance & Accounting
Pages 7 (1757 words)
Integration in a given firm and/or industry refers to the process of organizing production based on organizational unification as well as technology of different production processes.
The management of any given firm should employ a method of integration which offers the specific company technological efficiency. A firm is said to be technologically efficient if it produces a certain quantity of output by employing the lowest amount of production factors and / or inputs. Integration method employed should also offer a given firm economic efficiency. Economic efficiency is the ability of a given company to produce a specific output level using the lowest possible costs. Production can be organized in three different ways (Craig and Campbell 114). Firms diversify in various means. They integrate vertically, horizontally or agglomerate. Vertical integration involves mergers of firms in the vertical; line of production. A firm can merge with other firms up or down the line of production. Mergers up the line of production are called forward vertical integration while mergers down the line of production, the backward vertical integration. Horizontal integration involves mergers between firms at the same level of production. Conglomerate integration involves the merging of companies in different line of production. The benefits of the above diversification methods are that firms are able to improve their performance hence growth and increase in capacity. They increase their market shares, synergies, and due to large-scale production, they realize economies of scope and economies of scope. ...
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