The IASB is responsible for oversight of the IFRS. This agency was formed in 1973 under its former name International Accounting Standards (IAS). The IFRS were created in 2001 (Articlebase, 2008). The first nation to adopt the IFRS framework was the European Union. The countries of Europe adopted IFRS in 2005 (Moya, Perrramon, Constans, 2005). The biggest stock exchange in the European nation is the London Stock Exchange (LSE). All domestic companies must abide by IFRS and U.S. companies that want to list their stocks in the London Stock Exchange must convert their financial statements to IFRS. In U.S. GAAP the financial statements of all companies must follow a specific format, but under IFRS companies can utilize multiple formats for their financial statements. Despite the fact that the IFRS started in Europe, the goal of the IASB is for the IFRS to become the global standard in the accounting community. In a little over a decade the IFRS has penetrated a lot of nations worldwide already. There are 153 countries across the world that adopted IFRS which implies that nearly 75% of the world has currently gone through the process of implementing IFRS (Pwc, 2012). The United States is listed as one of the countries that have adopted IFRS, but in reality the U.S is still in a conceptual phase due to the fact the entire financial system of the U.S. is based on U.S. GAAP. It is going to be extremely difficult to convince the entire financial community that convergence into IFRS is in the best interest of the United States. U.S. GAAP is a more complex system that has been used for a longer time. One of the benefits of IFRS is its simplicity. A simpler accounting system can help companies reduce administrative expenses since accounting is a major function that requires a lot of resources. Some people in America have resistance to change because they believe that U.S. GAAP is a superior system that is better equipped to prevent material error and fraudulent activity. The U.S. GAAP and the IFRS have the same function of recording the financial transactions of companies, but there are lots of differences between the ways financial information are reported in each framework. Under U.S GAAP the valuation of investments is done at the cost of the investment in order to comply with the historical cost principle. The historical cost principle states that all assets in the balance sheet must be recorded at purchase price of the acquisition (Investopedia, 2013). The profits or losses of the investments are only recognized in the accounting books if the investment is sold. In IFRS investments are recorded at fair market value. U.S. GAAP has more information and detail than IFRS. For instance under U.S. GAAP the consolidated financial statements demonstrate financial information regarding the subsidiaries of the company. The IFRS only reports financial activity of the parent company unless the parent company has control over the finances of the subsidiary. Another example of the descriptive nature of U.S GAAP is the policy of reporting detail information about the investments of the firm in the financial statements of the firm. IFRS excludes investment activity from the financial statements. The discrepancies between the two accounting frameworks create inequality in the financial markets because investors are not able to compare the financial statements of U.S. companies vs. foreign firms. In an ideal world everyone would use the
In the United States the prevailing accounting framework utilized by professionals in the field of accounting and finance is the U.S generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). Despite its effectiveness in other parts of the world U.S. GAAP is not an accepted accounting framework…
The International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) develops and issues the International Accounting Standards (IAS), which are also known as International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS). The International Accounting Standards Committee (IASC) was replaced by the IASB in 2000 (IAS Plus, n.d.).
culate Recoverable Amounts …………………….7 Sensitivity analysis …………………………………………………………………………….8 Practices of CCA LTD in financial reporting ………………………………………………..9 Financial Reporting Disclosures in the Australian Corporate Sector Introduction Australian Securities and Investment Commission seeks to review financial reports of listed entities and those that are not listed so that they comply with Corporations Act of financial reporting.
The standard clearly clarifies when these items should and should not be made. Before the issue of this standard there was great concern in this area of accounting where companies had been accused of manipulating the financial statements and of creative accounting.
It defines how an organization’s financial statements are to be prepared and disclosed. This set of standards was designed to replace each country’s Generally Accepted Accounting Principals (GAAP). This makes it easy for all financial statements from any part of the world to be comparable and evaluated on the same set of accounting standards.
The aim of the board is to set operational standards that apply equally to financial reports of both local and international public firms (Australian Accounting Standards Board [AASB] 2010). Standardization of the accounting standards refers a procedure of establishing and agreeing to the technicality of the set standards.
f this standard there was great concern in this area of accounting where companies had been accused of manipulating the financial statements and of creative accounting.
IAS 37 was issued in order to deal with the subjective area of provision and to prevent the use of ‘big
Such standardization of accounting practices facilitates international transactions, reporting and comparison. These also have certain disadvantages in costs of implementation, lack of detail in practices and in complaint regarding IFRS being weaker
The policyholders lend money to the insurance companies and then they are paid interest against their investments (Choudhury, 1983). The involvement of interest caused distastefulness to spread in all Islamic cultures about traditional
e stakeholders to make decisions about holding, selling and buying debt or equity instruments particularly in the case of lenders, present and potential investors and other trade creditors. Further, they need the information to set or provide loans or other types or forms of
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