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Finance and international tread question - Essay Example

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Finance and international tread question

These rules and understandings can include informal routines to formal standards for what makes up acceptable conduct and that are sometimes exemplified in an organization, sometimes not. c) Coordination is likely when it is concerned with sustaining an existing set of behaviours and policies (when it is concerned with sustaining a policy regime) than when it is focused on altering policies. d) Monetary, financial, and macroeconomic coordination is most likely in the scenario of extensive comity among countries. Conflict over other matters, whether economic or not, stifles efforts to agree even on technical financial and economic policies (Krugman & Obstfeld 2003, pg. 56). This paper will discuss why the coordination of international trade and financial policy has been so difficult by looking at the reasons why it has proved to be such a challenge for most countries. Key terms Coordination of international trade and financial policy; monetary, financial, and macroeconomic coordination Discussion The current environment for coordination of international trade and financial policy is very different compared to that of the early post-World War 2 period when many long-term conventions of coordination were created under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT). There have been significant changes in the policy environment that is required to support coordination (Baldassarri, Paganetto & Phelps 2002, pg. 18). These changes include the balancing of influence among national governments vis-a-vis U.S dominance in the period following WWII, and the establishment of new administrative tools of trade policy as a replacement for the limitations that the GATT coordinated successfully for tariffs. In the economic environment ideal for coordination, the most important change has been the emergence of large, mobile conglomerates that themselves practice cross-border coordination. They are multinationals in both ownership and operations (Sutherland 2004, pg. 30). These changes have been captured in the intellectual environment through the creation of an evaluation of the coordination of trade policy in strategic environment - those with few large rival governments and/or firms – that has challenged views from the esteemed competitive consensus (Branson, Frenkel & Goldstein 2010, pg. 57). These environmental changes coexist with each other. Multinationals make it difficult for any government to define, establish, and implement its “own” national concerns. Returns accruing from the capital endowment owned by a country’s residents depend on revenue drawn from far-flung foreign partners as well as domestic revenue (Jones & Kenen 2005, pg. 49). Discriminatory border regulations that maximise revenue from one source to the detriment of another have ambiguous ramifications on multinational companies and their owners. Strategic influence over the competitiveness and location of huge, mobile multinationals is a reasonably important goal of modern trade policy, and leads to worries over market access and administrative tools like tax incentives, performance requirements, and unitary tax systems ...Show more

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(Author’s Name) (Institutional Affiliation) FINANCE AND INTERNATIONAL TRADE QUESTIONS Question 4 Abstract Coordination of international trade and financial policy is a topic about which there is a lot of debate and talk. Coordination of international trade and financial policy has been found to be facilitated by four sets of circumstances; these are: a) Coordination is most likely when it focuses on technical issues like central bank credits and swaps, or prudential regulation and supervision, as distinct from politicised and high-profile fiscal and monetary policies…
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