It was the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SARBOS/SOX), which was passed by the Congress in the year 2002 to address the concerns by setting standards, which guarantees the accuracy of fiscal intelligences. The SOX Act was created to make executives responsible for corporation accounting statements, regulating internal audit systems of public businesses, and redefining the relationships between organizations, including their respective auditors. In financial view, SOX is the most important set of organizational or corporate governance, including legislative disclosure; it replaced the SEX act of the year 1934 and the 1933 security act. Thus, it becomes very essential for the benefit of both American public and the investors. How the law guarantees accuracy To begin with, the first part of the Act is essential and responsible for the establishment of the public company accounting oversight board (PCAOB), which works in overseeing the public companies auditors; this has a goal of offering protection of the interests of the public and investors; this comes in the process of preparing informative, independent, and fair intelligences. This forms the mission of the PCAOB, which has the authority bestowed on it to find and discipline violators of the Act. It achieves this by setting out guidelines that help separate board members from public accounting organizations (Miller, 2011). It is also mandated to define quality control, auditing, disciplinary actions and procedures, and independent standards and regulations.
This ensures that everything is run according to law and at every instance, organizations follow the laid down principles to deliver the required information to investors and the public. Through the legislation, functions of auditors are outlined and their independence clarified as far as possible from clients. This inhibits public accounting firms from certain functions, as a way of setting things in the right way tom achieve a more clear way of handling fiscal issues for the befit of the public and investors. For instance, subsection two hundred and one, gives details of which functions that cannot be handled by accounting organizations with an audit; this largely acts to avert engagement of concern in corporate bookkeeping. In addition, other subsections give outlines concerning accounting firm reporting, audit partner rotation and the independence of executive officer. This sets to give clear boundaries of responsibilities and working environments to ensure the accuracy of information disseminated. The other section generally defines corporate responsibilities, where it first creates public audit committees that consist of board members and these members are not supposed to receive payments outside service in relation to the board (Miller, 2011). It is through this section that executives are required to make declarations to accompany every financial statements; this certifies the accuracy of statements. Through this, federal courts have the authoritative power to penalize company executives, who attempt in any way to influence or manipulate financial statements through granting of equity reliefs; even though this may seem appropriate for the benefit of investors. Various effects on public organizations exist in regard to the act. First, a section in