Finance & Accounting Essays

Result for Category Finance & Accounting:
8264 essays

Finance report on Engro Corporation (Pakistan)

5 pages (1255 words) , Download 1
Engro Corporation is one of the leading organizations in Pakistan- a developing country, involved in diversified range of businesses. Its primary business is that of fertilizer manufacturing however, over the period of time, it has diversified itself into other sectors such as Food, Energy, and Power Generation etc. (Reuters 2011).

Mortgaged Backed Securities

19 pages (4769 words) , Download 1
Mortgaged Backed Securities: Literature Review Introduction Securitisation is an accepted technique developed to “finance collection of assets which by their very nature are non-tradable and therefore non-liquid” (Vink & Thibeault, 2008, p. 3). In this way, repayment depends only on the amount of the collateral of the issue and not on the entire financial assets of the parent company or sponsor (Vink & Thibeault, 2008).

How i want to start a business venture: Quick Italian Pizza

3 pages (753 words) , Download 1
This style of pizza is cooked using brick ovens. Brick ovens are able to cook delicious pizzas in three minutes by cooking the pizza at 900 degrees instead of 450 degrees Fahrenheit. The structure that is going to be used to set up the business is the corporate structure.

How the introduction of a new technology can assist an organisation in achieving its business objectives (Apple Company)

34 pages (8534 words) , Download 1
In the introduction part of this research and analysis project, the topic chosen, the reasons for the topic chosen and the aims and objectives of the research and analysis report are presented.

The concept of corporate social responsibility (CSR)

23 pages (5773 words) , Download 1
This research aims to conduct a comparative study of CSR performance of some companies in the banking and pharmaceutical sectors of Australia; to examine the relationship of the CSR performance vis-à-vis the financial performance of the companies; to determine the continued relevance of CSR in the 21st century

Financial Analysis: American Express Company

9 pages (2259 words) , Download 1
CONTENTS Executive summary 3 Introduction 3 Analysis 4 American Express’s liquidity 4 American Express’s leverage capacity 5 American Express’s profitability 6 American Express’s efficiency 8 Du Point Analysis 9 Company’s beta 9 Conclusion and recommendation 12

Financial Services

12 pages (3012 words) , Download 1
This paper critically examines the general approach to measuring capital adequacy levels of banks as per the new standards implemented by the Basel III. The paper subsequently discusses the drawbacks of the Basel II standards that were exposed during the 2008 worldwide financial catastrophe and which consequently led to the development of the Basel III standards.

Owner Controlled Insurance Programs versus Traditional Insurance Programs

10 pages (2510 words) , Download 1
An Owner Controlled Insurance Program (OCIP) is a scheme through which an owner of a project tries to provide diverse types of insurances to contractors as well as subcontractors in United States. It is a recognized insurance acquiring/purchasing option that provides risk coverage to insurance owners.

Effectiveness of the Current Credit Risk Management of Techcombank in Vietnam

55 pages (13805 words) , Download 1
This study identifies the main causes of credit risk for Techcombank before and after the implementation of the new risk management regime. Results of this research will form an important basis in understanding the concept of credit risk, how it occurs in the banking institutions and how it can be prevented.

Contemporary Management Accounting System

11 pages (2761 words) , Download 1
Contemporary Management Accounting System Table of Contents Overview 3 The Concept of Management Accounting 5 The Drivers for the Changing Role of Management Accounting Practices 7 The Contemporary Business Environment 8 Role of Management Accountants in Contemporary Organizations 10 References 14 Overview Anthony G.

Finance and Accounting Essay: Case Study: Manchester Meerkat Company

10 pages (2510 words) , Download 1
Therefore, the ability of a business to overcome these challenges ensures its survival. One of the main challenges in a business environment is budget variances. In business, a variance is the difference between what the business managers expected and budgeted for and what they really received at the end of a financial year.

Manac Plc. Models and concepts affecting the pricing decisions taken by organizations, critically reflecting upon their usefulness.

12 pages (3012 words) , Download 1
The Maniac Plc deals with the sale and production of normal electrical goods. A full evaluation of costing requirements has conducted by the organization to recognize those regions which have not met financial plan expectations. The models and concepts which affect the pricing decisions of a firm are management accounting decisions.

Relevance Lost: The Rise and Fall of Traditional Costing

10 pages (2510 words) , Download 1
The traditional costing system had been a very common cost accounting system used during the 19th century. This report discusses the rise and the common use of the traditional costing system within many different manufacturing organizations.

The economic benefits of Sustainability Reports

19 pages (4769 words) , Download 1
This paper presents a detailed analysis of the use, importance, barriers and the economic benefits of using the sustainability report by a company in the daily practice. This allows the society to understand and judge how well an organization or a company is performing.

Financial analysis of Medtronic Inc

12 pages (3012 words) , Download 1
In medical technology, Medtronic is considered as global leader. It is redefining the way medical technology responds to chronic ailment and diseases. The number of offerings of Medtronic includes range of therapeutic part, like diabetes, vascular and heart disease, spinal condition and neurological disorder.

The theoretical rationale for the NPV approach to investment appraisal

10 pages (2510 words) , Download 1
Explain the theoretical rationale for the NPV approach to investment appraisal and compare the strengths and weaknesses of the NPV approach to two other commonly used approaches. Net Present Value Method The Net Present Value (NPV) is defined as “the present value of a project’s cash inflows minus the present value of its costs” (Brigham & Ehrhardt, 2010, p.

Data analysis. Statistical Significance of the Parameters

12 pages (3012 words) , Download 1
dependent var 1946.249 S.E. of regression 455.4699     Akaike info criterion 15.33487 Sum squared resid 3526698.     Schwarz criterion 15.72491 Log likelihood -183.6859     Hannan-Quinn criter. 15.44305 F-statistic 60.17375     Durbin-Watson stat 1.916498 Prob(F-statistic) 0.000000 Y: Monthly manhours needed to operate an establishment X1: Average daily occupation X2: Monthly average number of check-ins X3: Weekly hours of service desk operation X4: Common use area (in square feet) X5: Number of building wings X6: Operational berthing capacity X7: Number of rooms ?

Business Report for Consideration by The Directors of Fuller, Smith & Turner Plc Based on a Two Year Comparison

16 pages (4016 words) , Download 1
disposal of land, buildings or even a particular segment of the business that was not performing as desired and, therefore, put up for sale. As it says, exceptional items are defined as those items that, by virtue of their nature, size or expected frequency, warrant separate disclosure in the financial statements in order to fully understand the underlying performance of the Group.

Financial Policies and the Value of the Firm

14 pages (3514 words) , Download 1
The assumption of perfect markets means that all traders have equal access to information and transaction costs such as brokerage fees and transfer tax which are normally associated with the sale and purchase of shares are non-existent. Rational behaviour indicates a preference for more instead of less and an indifference to the form that wealth takes – whether it is in the form of cash payments as dividends or increases in the market value of shares.

Investigation of the effect of the balanced scorecard on the performance of the for profit organisations

30 pages (7530 words) , Download 1
It is used as an important strategic tool which facilitates the organisation in the process of formulating and devising effective and efficient strategies (Lipe & Salterio, 2000). In this research study, the researcher has indentified the impact of the implementation of the balanced scorecard on the performance of the organisation with the help of case studies of organisations which have successfully used the balanced scorecard.

Financial Performance Analysis of Fuller Smith and Turner Plc Group

11 pages (2761 words) , Download 1
The ratios can be divided into various categories such as profitability, gearing and liquidity, each focusing on a different area of the financial outlook of the organization and highlighting the company’s performance. These analysis form an integral part of the financial statement analysis, especially from the investors point of view, who always strive to invest in countries having strengthen and stabilizing financial ratios and representing an upward trend.

CSR Performance: Progress in UK firms

19 pages (4769 words) , Download 1
Table of Contents Introduction Definitions of CSR History of CSR in UK Importance of CSR in UK firms CSR activities Product activities Employee activities Supply chain activities Environmental activities Stakeholder activities Communicating CSR CSR and policy in UK Measuring CSR performance Success of CSR Conclusion References Introduction This report explores the level of corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives that firms in UK engage in.

Monetary and Fiscal policies

2 pages (502 words) , Download 1
Examples of fiscal policies include reduction of taxes, increasing government spending as well improving infrastructure system. Central banks are responsible for enacting monetary policies in order to trigger economic growth and mitigate inflation.

The Ruritanian Project

8 pages (2008 words) , Download 1
Analysis of the case study -The Ruritanian Project Ruritania is a perfect example of a transitional economy. Ruritania is currently an economically developing Eastern European country. The annual growth rate has averaged around 6% per annum over the last five years with annual inflation rate of 5.2% (Case Study).

Banking Regulation in the United States

25 pages (6275 words) , Download 1
Given their critical role in the society, banks are some of the most regulated firms everywhere and US banks are on exception. In US there are numerous regulations which create various restrictions and requirements in the banking industry. However, understanding the banking regulations in the country is a complex issue given the separate yet overlapping jurisdictions of the 50 states and federal government (Shanmuganathan, Merlin and Bryan 390).

Audit and Accountability. Questions and answers.

26 pages (6526 words) , Download 1
As the role of the auditor comes increasingly below the highlight pursuing up to date global financial instability, it is believed that it is essential that the accountancy occupation re evaluate the role of audit and guarantee and approach up with positive, realistic approach which both can help in developing and maintain profitable business.

Macroeconomic convergence, financial development and economic growth: CHINA

12 pages (3012 words) , Download 1
This dramatic post-1978 economic growth has been attributed to numerous global and internal factors. Among the many domestic factors there are new economic policies made by the government, high rates of savings among the common people and government induced opportunities for investments from international firms.

Discussion of the various issues related to corporate governance and its impact on financial performance of companies

54 pages (13554 words) , Download 1
For the purpose of this study four of U.K’s top P.L.Cs from three different sectors are used and analyzed. This includes two major UK banks namely HSBC and RBS (banking sector); British Petroleum P.L.C. (Oil & Gas sector); and J. Sainsbury (Retail sector).

FDI Flows in EU Countries: The Role of Common Currency and Uncertainty

33 pages (8283 words) , Download 1
Foreign Direct Investments (FDI) is one of the principal economic strategies that facilitate technology transfer, acquisition of management techniques and promotion of economic development (Yuan, Cheng and Wang 2010).

What is the state of corporate governance in the UK, USA, EU, Australia, Japan and the GCC countries?

35 pages (8785 words) , Download 1
Corporate governance, from an overall perspective, can be viewed as an umbrella term, which encompasses various dimensions associated with theories, concepts and activities of the board of directors, their non-executive and executive directors (Cochran and Wartick, 1988).

Contemporary Study of the Impact of Standardization and Harmonization of Accounting Standards

32 pages (8032 words) , Download 1
Most of the officials of the companies that follow various accounting standards embrace the aforementioned procedure with the anticipation that their financial statements can be recorded or measured in an efficient manner. One of the major advantages that can be identified in relation to harmonisation and standardisation of the accounting standards is that the process facilitates to develop the world economy by increasing international business transactions by a considerable level.

Implementation of Balance Score Card (BSC)

10 pages (2510 words) , Download 1
It is called BSC as it attempts to balance between short and long term goals while maintaining balance between financial and non financial variable.Proponents of BSC claim that it has many beneficial features that makes it preferred choice;such as connecting vision with strategy and activities down the hierarchy;cause and effect relationship of performance drivers with outcome etc

Traditional Absorption Costing versus Activity Based Costing.

12 pages (3012 words) , Download 1
The allocation of overheads has always been a matter of concern in manufacturing businesses especially in recent times. The method used in allocating overheads plays a role in the determination of the comparability of the costs of doing business vis-à-vis the cost to competitors.


12 pages (3012 words) , Download 1
Introduction Started as a small market stall in London’s East End in 1919 by Jack Cohen, today, Tesco Plc is the globe’s third largest supermarket with business operations spanning across 14 nations thereby serving millions of customers every week and offering jobs to more than 520,000 peoples around the world.

Do Modern Finance And Government Intervention Crash The Financial System?

12 pages (3012 words) , Download 1
Introduction A series of bank failures and corporate scandals in United States over the last decade not only affected the US economy but also crashed the global financial system as a whole. The 2008 financial crisis is considered the worst financial crisis after the Great Depression in 1930s.

Capital budgeting practices in different countriesindustrial corporations

25 pages (6275 words) , Download 1
Decision making is a crucial thing for operating businesses in a rock solid manner and also securing their long run sustainability. Investment in businesses is risky and their returns have to be estimated in proper manner. In estimating the returns of the long term investment projects, capital budgeting techniques are widely used.

Costco Wholesale Corporation: Financial Analysis

13 pages (3263 words) , Download 1
Despite the large discounts, Costco is known to offer a catalogue that offers a limited range of products, mainly high end, high value products and certain private labels. Unavailability of certain items might force customers to abandon Costco as a preferred retailer.

Literature review on profession

40 pages (10040 words) , Download 1
David Sciulli further asserts for the essentiality of specialized knowledge incorporated to the provided definition. Torgersen (1972) defines profession basing on the aspect of specialized education. Individuals who have acquired this education seek the occupation in which they are finally recruited.

Auditor scepticism is an increasing concern for the profession and stakeholders of UK Companies

10 pages (2510 words) , Download 1
In this essay I will discuss about how auditor scepticism is an increasing concern for the profession and stakeholders of UK Companies. As the society is becoming more complex, decision makers are increasingly provided with unreliable information (Edmund, 2005).

Finance and accounting essay: Go Ahead Plc.

10 pages (2510 words) , Download 1
____________________________________________ 18 Works cited_____________________________________________________________ 22 Executive Summary This report has been designed to meet the needs of board of directors of Go Ahead Plc. to analyze business prospects of the company and to determine how far the company has been successful in meeting its vision and corporate strategy.

Financial Reporting Research

6 pages (1506 words) , Download 1
Thus financial reporting framework helps to reduce the information asymmetry that exists between the management and the shareholders. It narrows down the financial knowledge to a level that the shareholders can interpret. Financial reporting is an interpretation which generally applies to transactions, management team uses its knowledge to develop and implement an accounting policy which results in information that is relevant and reliable to be used in making financial decisions by management themselves, shareholders and potential investors.

Inherent Difference Between US GAAP and IFRS on Revenue Recognition

5 pages (1255 words) , Download 1
The timing and measurement of revenue, and the associated expenses, are subject to detailed guidance in the GAAP and general guidance in the IFRS, which specifies the conditions for recognizing revenue before, at, and after the time of sale. The seller necessity is to have earned revenues in the sense that it has performed, or substantially performed, its obligation to the buyer, and it can constantly estimate the cash or cash equivalent value of assets received from the customer.

How Would You Value a Firm That You Were Trying To Purchase?

3 pages (753 words) , Download 1
The rationale behind a firm valuation is that the value of a firm can easily be destroyed with financing or investments methods, and ill-judged acquisitions. The valuation of a business is highly dependent on the purpose. These purposes may include: valuing a target of acquisition, valuing a company in distress, and valuing a private company.

Enron Scandal Case study

5 pages (1255 words) , Download 1
It is a well recognised fact that for a company to be successful it needs to protect the interest of the stakeholders, employees, internal as well as external customers and the environment in and around the company (Broadley, 2006). Foreign investors feel better in an environment where the basics of the corporate governance is defended and practiced.

Finance - Budgeting Paper

6 pages (1506 words) , Download 1
This extra fund to be allocated to the security operation will cost the state more they can by raising through taxation and the federal government local government pass fund. This fund has remained noncommittal to add to the state with more funds, rather, it has adopted a policy to reduce states funding.


6 pages (1506 words) , Download 1
In the year 1991, the different principles of IAPC principles were recodified as ‘International Standards on Auditing’ (ISA). In the year 2001, a widespread evaluation regarding the IAPC was commenced and in the year 2002, it was re-established as the IAASB.

Outline and discuss the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) as means of valuing securities and their risk. What are the drawbacks

8 pages (2008 words) , Download 1
This model was presented by William Sharp in 1964. This model was considered as a revolutionary piece of work in the modern portfolio theory presented by Markowitz such that William Sharp, Markowitz and Miller were awarded with the Nobel Prize in 1990 for their contribution to the study of finance (Shim and Siegel, 2008).

briefing in report format for the members of the International Accounting Standards Board on AASB13: Fair Value Measurement

5 pages (1255 words) , Download 1
The evaluation is based on the discussions of technical matters such as comparability, relevance, reliability and understandability. A brief background of the standard will be discussed to determine the reasons that lead to its issue and the changes made thereof after convergence.

Myer Holdings Ltd. and Harvey Norman Holdings Ltd

7 pages (1757 words) , Download 1
ASSIGNMENT – TRIMESTER THREE, 2012-13 ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL STATEMENTS OVER A TWO YEAR PERIOD 2011 AND 2012 ACCOUNTING FOR DECISION MAKING Executive Summary This report sets out a detailed ratio analysis of the financial statements of Myer Holdings Ltd. and Harvey Norman Holdings Ltd.

Finance (Corporate)

6 pages (1506 words) , Download 1
Capital budgeting to facilitate the growth seems hectic since production division was weighing each project proposals. The two proposals to strengthen the division’s innovative product lines also drive future growth were major consideration. However; due to financial restraints financial committee may not approve both projects.
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