Finance & Accounting Essays

Result for Category Finance & Accounting:
8264 essays

The current debate and developments in accounting for leases for lessees

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Lease treatment in financial statement is accounted under International Accounting Standards – IAS 17. Recently, under Exposure Draft ED/2010/9 Leases, the International Accounting Standards Board (IASB) and the US Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) proposed new approach to lease accounting for lessees and lessors.

ABC at Scotty Accents Company

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Instead, overheads are placed in a single pool and allocated based on volume related allocation bases such as machine hours in this case. This means that products are sometimes charged for resources they never use. This has resulted in distortions in the cost of both models and has led management to make decisions to discontinue products based on erroneous figures.

Understanding and interpreting financial statements

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The study focuses on the performance of Morrison’s and Tesco companies for 2008 and 2009. Morrison’s is one of the top Grocery Chains in the United KingdoThe financial statement analysis centers on the four groups of ratios. The four groups are Turnover, Solvency, Profitability, and Liquidity.

Introduction To HRM 2

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Hard theory presumes that employees are lazy naturally and are only interested in pursuing their self interest. Thus, correction and coercion must be applied to make employees perform according to entity’s expectations. Cafe Co used much of the hard model approach to manage its employees before the review.

Yorkshire Tourism Investment Research

11 pages (2761 words)
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Yorkshire Tourism. The primary goal of this research project is to enhance the tourism sector in Yorkshire and improve its position as a leading tourist destination within England. Recent investments into the sector by the local government are projected to increase the number of tourists beyond the national average.

Theory of Comparative Advantage

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The theory of absolute advantage argued that, citizens of every nation had the ability to improve their economic welfare by specialising in the production of goods in which they possessed an absolute advantage and exporting them to other countries (Ghai and Gupta 2001).

Analysis if financial perfomance of Wholefoods Market

8 pages (2008 words)
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However, there are various factors that affect the performance of publicly listed companies and these have a bearing on the shareholders as they can risk losing their investment in the event of unprecedented changes taking place in the market. As such, this report has been designed to analyse the financial performance of Wholefoods Market which is listed on the New York Stock Exchange.

The Movie 'Inside Job' : Accounting in Context

5 pages (1255 words)
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To begin with the movie Inside Job is one that has been well written and produced. The major reason that leads to this conclusion is the fact that there was enough background research that was done before the production of the movie. This research ensured that the content of the documentary was insightful, thought-out and succinct and this could be discerned from the presentation of the ideas about the crisis.

EADs-BAe merger case analysis (Corporate Finance)

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According to BAE systems and EADS the merger was founded on reasonable industrial hypothesis and presented a chance to make a combination from two famous and strong firms (DePamphilis, 2011; p. 7). The proposed merger was projected to create a combined business that would have formed a strong force for growth and competitiveness in the defense sector and the commercial aerospace, delivering sound benefits to the stakeholders.

Ethical behavior Essay

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Two of the big scandals that led to the lack of confidence of people in the work of accountants were the WorldCom and Enron debacles. The Enron case at the time represented the biggest bankruptcy in U.S history. The executives of Enron cooked up the books and stole millions of dollars for their personal wealth.

Role of Transaction Cost in Intermediation Process

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Transaction costs are the main issues related to financial intermediary. This is because transaction cost reduces the profit margin. The transaction cost increases whenever an individual or corporate raises funds from the financial intermediaries (Chandra, 2011, p.32).

The European sovereign debt crisis during 2010-2011

8 pages (2008 words)
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13 Print. 13 13 The European Sovereign Debt Crisis during 2010-2011 Background of the Financial Crisis The ‘Sovereign Debt Crisis’ is a serious havoc in the securities’ global markets, which make it difficult for universal “European Monetary Union” associates, to fund their budgets (Viana 2).

In the light of these( moshirian& long-staff) and other relevant articles, critically evaluate the reasons for the recent global

8 pages (2008 words)
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The first category is the macro-economic failures, which include monetary policies, fiscal policies, global imbalances and housing booms. The second category includes the failures in the financial sector supervision and regulatory policies and practices (Moshirian 2011, 502).

The Qualitative Characteristics of Relevance and Reliability

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It shows the financial state of a company and helps in giving a clear picture of its financial affairs. There are many external users of financial statements of a company but the company itself can also use financial statements to judge and compare its own performance against the performance of other like companies.

Charitable Contributions

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Tax incentives for charities actually reduce the amount of tax revenue for government, which, the government uses for social projects. There are some rules by IRS; one must abide by them if one wants to acquire the tax benefit of charitable donations. Some examples of people in the world who made huge charitable contributions are Steve Jobs, Bill Gates, Warren Buffett, and Oprah Winfrey.

International Finance: the case of Lorient Enterprises

8 pages (2008 words)
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The project involves a brief introduction of the case of Lorient Enterprises; describes how Lorient can hedge its foreign currency transaction exposure and describes the merits and demerits of using both types of derivatives instruments. The study provides evaluation of the constructed hedges and the effect of inflation rates in France relative to U.S. on the hedging decision of the company.

Accountability, representation & control

5 pages (1255 words)
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. Accounting is the means to identify elements of sales, expenditure and profit as well as budgets, inventory and forecasts. Thus it is a method of achieving accountability as it monitors and accounts for every financial transaction and thus keeps a check on fraud, embezzlement and suspicious acts within the firm.

Primary Drawbacks of Net Present Value as Capital Budgeting Technique

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The application of this tool is dependent upon the future cash flows that the investment opportunity or project will generate. This technique takes future cash flows generated by an investment opportunity and discount them to reach the present value of those cash flows.

Case study: Investemnt management

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Sarah Wolfe Being a business women, Sarah Wolfe had to have an investment strategy as she dealt with far above the ground individuals as well as clients who were growing in number every day. She also had $25 million assets under her management which was as a result of the firm’s previous success.

Financial statements

4 pages (1004 words)
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There are those transactions that are initiated by the organization towards other stakeholders to that organization, while others are initiated by the stakeholders’ towards the organization. Either way, the transactions entails either bringing some money to the organization, or taking away some money from the organization, for the purpose of paying up some expenditure it has incurred.

Tyco International Accounting Issues

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The revenue and profit reports were inflated by some strategic accounting practices that falsified reports about the fiscal status of the company with the view of showing some kind of consistency in the company’s general performance. According to some analysts, the reports posted by the company would show significant variations if the accountants were to adopt conventional accounting practices.

How far could ancient tribal traditions and religious beliefs be held to blame for the problems between African nations? or What

3 pages (753 words)
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I believe that the topic that I take should be worth enough to link my interest with it. As part of the human community and moreover as a person who is looking forward for the growth of good relations among different nations of this world, I think that it is good to take the assignment, ‘What reforms are needed by the international law to improve international relational relations?

Corporate Social Responsibility: An Evaluation of Its Relevance in Current Business Environment: Evidence from Australia

40 pages (10040 words)
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In this regard, some have questioned the continued relevance of CSR in the current conduct of business. Recognising the integral importance of the current predicament of CSR in the business environment, this research will focus on some pharmaceutical companies in Australia as it seeks to address the question, ‘in the face of many socially irresponsible activities of corporations, is there still relevance for CSR in the conduct of current business environment’.

The Importance of a Global Approach to Regulating Corporate Governance

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This is a critically analyse the importance of a global approach to regulating corporate governance, focusing on the problems/benefits that this may cause Multi-National Corporations. This study entails about researching on these specific aspects and also includes relevant examples that form a strong evidence for the opinion presented at the end of the paper.

Explain why the historical cost principle is used to account for long-lived assets and how the cost basis is determined. Discuss

4 pages (1004 words)
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This principle works well where long-lived assets are involved. In order to understand the concept, it is worth discussing the Generally Accepted Accounting Principle that is in agreement with the historical cost principle. The Generally Accepted Accounting Principle requires reporting of assets based on the balance sheet at historical cost.

How can the growth of investments in renewable energy to achieve higher energy efficiency levels impact on world oil prices and

36 pages (9036 words)
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To my friends and colleagues who has been continuously giving me encouragement and words of wisdom. Abstract Research Problem: The impact of increased investment on renewable energy resources on world market prices of oil and the economic growth of OECD remain unclear.

Portfolio Management and Stocks

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On the other hand, finance is the name of utilizing the money and funds of the company at a place from where the likelihood of earning would be on a higher scale (Frank K. Reilly 2011). In a broad nutshell, both of these things are quite effective and important to watch.

Case Study

8 pages (2008 words)
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This has made the firm seek expansion strategies. However, the chairman has been hesitant because he is scared of uncontrolled growth. The other employees including his sons feel that he should be open to expansion opportunities so as to be able to compete with other companies.

society, diversity and planning- sociology report.

16 pages (4016 words)
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This report will define some of the challenges that need to be looked at and demonstrate items like the measurement of poverty and the results from statistical research. Introduction There are four main parts related to poverty that need to be addressed. Poverty resulting from the recession; the broader view of poverty; statistical analysis and measurements of poverty; and some underlying trends illustrating Labour market trends within and outside government agencies.

Introduction to the Web

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The year 1970 marked the evolution of another great invention that further changed the modes of communication, data sharing and researching relevant information- Internet. Internet began as a project undertaken by American Defense Agency to establish a connection between four computers with each other by means of phone lines.

Does the rotation of auditors improve the quality of auditing?

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Further, it is expected that the mandatory auditor rotation will result in higher audit quality, results in auditor’s independence, a downturn in audit costs and to lessen big audit firms market concentration. It is to be noted, in the recent past, Italy, India and Brazil have made the auditor rotation as mandatory whereas Canada and Spain have revoked their earlier decision, whether to make auditor rotation as mandatory.

New Performance Management (NPM) : Who benefits from today's measurement?

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Arguments are made to see whether the performance measurement is fit for the public sector. The review discusses about the likely results that are obtained from the usage of the performance measurement rules in the public sector. The outcome has found to be the modification of the services that are delivered by the unprofessional workforce of the public sector.

Potential Costs and benefits to Henley Manufacturing

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Accounting Requirement A 1. Potential Costs and benefits to Henley Manufacturing In most cases, when a firm decides to announce its financial statements information to the shareholders during annual meetings, there are costs and benefits involved. In most scenarios, shareholders are interested in such information as it helps them in evaluating their ongoing investment decisions in a firm (Kimmel, Weygandt & Kieso, 2011).

Case Study

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Wells Fargo has a proven history of success and overcoming obstacles. Change management and the ability to adapt to new environment will be of the utmost importance to Wells Fargo over the next few years. The financial reform act has made many drastic changes to the way that companies do business in the financial industry which will directly affect the multi-billion dollar financial institution.

Effective support for information users

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However, the creation of a help desk is never as easy as it sounds. The limited numbers of resources at the help desk are not able to cater all the requests of their customers in a useful manner, thus earn a negative image for the company. Help desks can be considered as socio-technical structures; Ropohl (1999) stated that such structures involve interaction between people and technology.

Reforming the U.S. tax code to eliminate tax credits

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The recent reform in the US tax code in the Congress is with the aim to reduce the number of people who evade tax, while promoting the economy’s growth (Snowdon 35). The tax code is aiming at a situation where the tax levied on the people is fairer and everyone pays according to their levels of income.

Bank Reserves and its Role on Money Supply

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This is vital to any developed or developing economy (FRBSF, 2001). In addition, the lending role of commercial banks is the means through which money supply in any economy or financial system alters in reply to the ups and downs of the business cycle. Banks actions are vital determinants of credit and money development, both of a recurring, as well as of a more constant nature.

DB 6

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Sources of liabilities for a banking institution are different from liability sources for a magazine publishing organization or a departmental store and this section compares and contrast liabilities items for the three types of organizations. Liabilities for a banking institution are deposits, borrowings, deferred tax, and other classes of liabilities.

The University's Code of Conduct

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Policy statement include that there is responsibility on the staff members to avoid any kind of harassment and unlawful discrimination that will cause a disciplinary action. Such a code of conduct destroys the working atmosphere and discourages the other staff members to work in the institution.

Critique of Quantitative and Qualitative Research: Female Auditors and Accruals Quality

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Critique of Quantitative and Qualitative Research: Female Auditors and Accruals Quality This paper investigates the relationship between the quality of accruals and the gender of the audit engagement partner in the firm (Ittonen et al 206). It seeks to determine whether female auditors have any particular influence on the quality of audit reports.

Commercial and investment banking:General principles of bank management

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The cash serves the purpose of depositor withdrawal either from checking or savings account or checks written by the depositor to other banks. Liquidity management make sure cash is available upon depositors demand to withdraw or payment. To keep enough cash on hand, the bank must engage in liquidity management practices.

Tax exempt bonds

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Accounting Question one Tax exempt health care organizations rely upon bond issues to finance large scale capital projects. Describe the process in which the board and senior leadership take the organization to the capital market. What is the advantage of tax exempt bonds to both the issuer and investors?

corporate governance

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The CEO represents a management not a board. However, the board is represented by a chairman, who is authorised to oversight the management and make certain strategic decisions about a company. Corporate governance is defined as how the companies are controlled and directed.

CheckPoint: Types of Networks

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Computer networks have been classified by scale scope and purpose. LAN (Local Area Network) connects devices in a limited geographical area such as a house, school, or a housing society. This type of system is usually wire connected however, it may also be wireless (WLAN).

Accounting Theory:British Petroleum Oil Split in Mexican Gulf 2010

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Accounting Theory: British Petroleum Oil Split in Mexican Gulf 2010 Table of Contents Table of Contents 2 1. Introduction 3 2. The Case 3 2.1. Case Study 3 2.2. Data 4 2.3. Methodology 5 3. Findings 5 4. Conclusion 7 References 9 1. Introduction With the intention to decode the operations of businesses and their consequences, various accounting theories have been brought into use (Elsbach, 2000).

Answer questions

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This is particularly important for exotic species, ie species introduced from outside the development area or abroad. The case must meet the needs of farm families. For this reason it is important to involve farmers, men and women in selected species. They should identify the desired products of wood and planting sites based on local markets, and conservation needs.

Do corporate social responsibility (CSR) reports provide shareholders and stakeholders with useful information on corporate soci

6 pages (1506 words)
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Most firms are now absorbing the cause of social responsibility either voluntarily or as a part of their strategic goals. In other cases, most firms also publish their attempts in social responsibility and CSR activities as a part of their annual publications like the annual reports.

Risk Management and Investment (Portfolio E)

16 pages (4016 words)
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I opted to use the bottom up approach analysis which I felt would work best for this portfolio and came up with the following recommendations: To Reduce the cash weighting Remain invested in Equities. Reduce the number of sectors they have invested in and instead invest in more profitable ventures.

Choose a company that is listed on the London Stock Exchange. The company should have a sustainability report

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RBS group is considered as one of the largest banking and financial services company in the world. It has it’s headquarter in Edinburgh, UK (RBS, 2013). The company is listed in London stock exchange and enriched with the sustainability report. The sustainable business principle for this company is to identifying and balancing the shareholder’s needs is the ultimate way towards commercial success.

When Genius Failed: The Rise and fall of Long-Term Capital Management By Roger Lowenstein

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Book report: When Genius Failed: The Rise and fall of Long-Term Capital Management: By Roger Lowenstein. Roger Lowenstein, an American financial writer and journalist was born in 1955 to Helen and Louis Lowenstein of Larchmont, New York. He studied at and graduated from Cornell University.
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