The nation is considered as the world’s most popular destination for immigrants. Immigrants are generally considered as the most vulnerable group in a nation’s population since they carry greater risk of physical, social and psychological problems…
This is because they need to settle in a foreign country under different climatic, social and cultural environment. In US, there have been various laws for welfare of the immigrations that focuses on health facilities made accessible for these immigrants. In general, immigrants in the US receive poorer quality health care than the nation’s citizens. One reason for this is that addressing the matter of health care services for the immigrants is complex because of the heterogeneity of this group. Moreover, various state and federal policies restrict health care provisions to specific immigrant groups like the unauthorized ones and recent arrivals (Derose et al., 2007, p.1258). This first part of this paper focuses on the precarious political relationship between immigration and health care with major focus on pregnant immigrant women, immigrant mothers and immigrant women of child bearing age, as examined in Lisa Sun-Hee Park’s book Entitled to Nothing. The second part of this paper focuses on Miliann Kang’s book The Managed Hand that puts forth the notion of body labor through commercialized intimacies for Asian immigrant women, especially Korean immigrant women in NYC in manicure salons in three distinct low-wage service sectors. Politics of public charge The concept of public charge was revived in the 1990s in order to induce deportation of immigrant women of reproductive age. It is an integral part of a broader project that focuses on maintaining discipline within the immigrant population. The Book The Managed Hand, presents the results of about 200 interviews conducted on immigrant organizations, government bodies and safety net providers. The author has also scrutinized various policies and media reports before providing frank, first-person accounts of how the difficulties of public charge concept unfolded, and its impact on the immigrant community. In 1891, the Immigration law instructed federal officers to deny entry to immigrants based on public charge for reasons like carrying “loathsome or dangerous contagious disease” (Park, 2011, p.4) that even involves pregnancy. The term “public charge” means the possibility of a person becoming permanently dependent on the government either financially or for any other assistance in terms of service at government’s expense. It is part of U.S. Immigration law for over hundred years and is characterized by its overall vagueness, which allows it to be overly flexible so that immigrant officials can manipulate it to deport immigrants. In 1996, reforms were made in immigration laws that include giving a definite definition to the concept of public charge like which government services will be considered before applying public charge on individuals. However, it did not much clear the confusion of immigrants, especially “pregnant low-income immigrant women” (Park, 2011, p.4). The fear of public charge is extreme among immigrants and this can be illustrated by an example like how a Korean immigrant woman burnt herself badly in a bathtub, but refused to admit herself in emergency care for 30 days for fear of jeopardizing her family who were documented citizens. As a result of this, she died because of infection (Park, 2011, p.92). With the consistent growth of the number of immigrants in the nation, America’s economic, cultural and racial features get threatened by foreign born population. Therefore, to monitor and prevent the movement of immigrants within the boundaries of the nation, government policies use control and discipline as major tools. To exert control on and to maintain disciple among the immigrant pop ...
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“U.S. Immigrants: Race, Gender and Ethnic Differentiations Essay”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/gender-sexual-studies/109418-women-workclass.
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This is because they need to settle in a foreign country under different climatic, social and cultural environment. In US, there have been various laws for welfare of the immigrations that focuses on health
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