In this paper we will start with the theoretical approaches regarding women and development. Various gender and development projects especially those directed only towards women will also be discussed. We will restrict our study to Latin America only. We will discuss a few development projects actually designed and implemented in Latin America. For this purpose we will take the example of the projects conducted by World Bank. We will also try to analyze the impact and success of these projects. There is general view that development projects directed towards women only, are doomed to fail we will also try to form an opinion about it and will try to find the answer as well.A theoretical debate on development has identified three major paths upon which the framework for development is based. They are namely Women in Development (WID), Women and Development (WAD), and Gender and Development. In order to develop a sound understanding of these frameworks we will discuss them in detail. 1(Nalini Visvanathan, Lynn Duggan, Laurie Nisonoff, 2005).Women in Development (WID) is the most dominant and probably the oldest framework as well. WID subscribes to the assumptions of the modernization theory. Modernization theory assumes that traditional theories are male dominated and authoritative whereas modern theories were democratic and egalitarian and they did not believe in oppression by men. But it was realized that the benefits of modernization actually did not helped the position of women. Its benefits did not reach them but to the contrary in some cases it undermined their existing position. The focus of this theory was to integrate women in the productive role in the economic and welfare of the society. Strategies were devised even if that requires changes in the legal system to minimize disadvantages against the productive role of the women. Questions regarding women became important and visible in the development theory and practice. This theory had non-confrontational approach. It did not question the existing social structures. It made no attempt in identifying the factors which resulted in modernization non beneficial for women. It ignored the influence of social, cultural, religious factors on the state of women. The second theory Women and Development (WID) emerged as the critique of the modernization theory and WID. It is derived from the dependency theory. With the onset of capitalism it is believed that men had greater opportunities and hence it resulted in the spread of gender hierarchy. Production for exchange which was dominated by men replaced production for use and hence it became the public opinion. The main focus of this theory was that women have always been part of the production process so the concept of integrating women in development is a myth. Its main emphasis is on the processes so this theory focuses on the relationship between woman and development process. The main contribution of this theory is that recognizes the importance of women as an important economic actor in their
In this paper we will start with the theoretical approaches regarding women and development.Various gender and development projects especially those directed only towards women will also be discussed.We will restrict our study to Latin America only. …
The project team and its manager are crucial to the success of a project, even though project management techniques and plans are also necessary. A project team is not just created by having people placed together in a group. Gido and Clements contend that “helping these individuals develop and grow into a cohesive, effective team takes effort on the part of the project manager and each member of the project team” (2009, p.
Name Professor Class Date Gender focus Our society today is greatly influenced by the bogus feminism thinking. Men and women are viewed differently, but due the fact that feminism is affecting our society not only women are affected but men also. There have been movements to support gender equality in recent times.
The development of software is a crucial process that requires a great deal of planning and involves making some crucial decisions. One such decision that project managers have to make is deciding upon the methodology that they would adopt in order to make sure that the project is completed in the given time, budget and performs the functions that the stakeholder wants it to perform.
This has come to be known as the Millennium Declaration. With the deadline set for 2015 and the general baseline set for 1990, this historic convention resulted in the formation of eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs):
Because history is riddled with treaties and especially due to the unprecedented scale entailed by the MDGs, critics were sceptical about another multilateral agreement.
hoc tribunals established by the United Nations, acquired its jurisdiction over the most heinous crimes such as genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and aggression, among others. It commenced it operations in July of 2002. This is ideally a positive development because
In other words, women are keen in creating some thing whereas men always talk about the power of it. Women go for the flexibility whereas men go for the speed when they use computer games, internet software etc. Computer games manufacturers know this difference
In this paper we will start with the theoretical approaches regarding women and development. Various gender and development projects especially those directed only towards women will also be discussed. We will restrict our study to Latin America only. We
Moreover, the feminists have on several occasions demanded that the public and the state respond to this matter in a more meaningful way1.
I came to do a research paper on this topic out of passion to analyze the different aspects of feminism, Christianity and the
From the paper, it can be stated that the key reason for the failure of Airbus A380 project indicated towards managerial faults along with lack of proper production plans. Due to the project failure, the organisation had to face the challenges of negative publicity, financial loss and loss of key clients.