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IMPROVING CONSTRUCTION SAFETY IN SAUDI ARABIA - Literature review Example

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IMPROVING CONSTRUCTION SAFETY IN SAUDI ARABIA

Many of those who work in construction confront a dangerous working environment, exploitative work practice and hardship in living conditions. In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, the construction sector presents forecasts of a continuing boom, and this sector has continued to present improvement over time. However, based on a premise of sustained and continuous improvement, it is desirable to find ways and means for improving construction health and safety. This research proposal presents a discussion about a proposed research project that will try to find new strategies for improving further construction safety and health in the nation to build on earlier efforts. Contents 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Background 4 1.2 Objectives of the Proposed Research Study 6 1.3 Scope of the Proposed Research Study 7 1.4 Methodology for the Proposed Research Project 8 2 Literature review 11 2.1 Safety Management 13 2.2 Development and Implementation of an Occupational Safety and Health Management System on Construction Sites 17 2.3 Construction Safety and Health in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 21 2.4 Experiences in Improvement of Construction Safety 25 2.5 Construction Accident Causation Models 28 2.6 Factors Affecting Safety Performance 32 3 Conclusion 33 Bibliography / References 35 (This page intentionally left blank) 1 Introduction It is rather unfortunate, but true, that the construction industry around the world had developed a reputation for being the industrial sector that presents higher statistics for industrial accidents, fatalities and deaths than any other (Coble, 2000, Pp. vii - viii). United States Department of Labour for the year 2006 indicated that construction fatalities represented about 21% of the total work force fatalities (Lambeck, 2009, Pp. 72 – 74). However, efforts directed towards continuous improvement in construction safety in many countries, including Japan, South Korea, China, etc. demonstrate that it is possible to reduce the incidence of occupational injury, serious accidents or deaths (Poon, 2008, Chapter 1). Statistics for construction industry accident frequency rates per million of men hour worked for Singapore suggest that with an accident frequency rate per million man hours of 3.5 for the construction sector in comparison to 1.9 for all other industries help to illustrate the notoriety of the construction sector (Poon, 2008, Chapter 1). However, results for Japan, Korea and Hong Kong demonstrate improvement with effort. Reports about the construction sector in Saudi Arabia suggest that it is possible to do more to bring about an improvement in health and safety for those working in the construction sector (Al Omani, 2008, “Does Saudi Arabia need a health and safety boot?”), (Migrant Rights, 2011, “FAQ”) and (Construction Week, 2010, “Construction sector must embrace safety culture”). Like in any other industry, accidents in construction lead to injury, possible loss of life, additional work and added costs (Li Wai Chung, 2006, Chapter 3). Time losses for the injured, delays in completion of construction, medical expenses, damage to plant and property and added work involved in completing a project are some of the more obvious negative repercussions associated with an accident in construction and any construction organisation that neglects health and safety is likely to present a negative impact on its balance sheet. Not only do injuries arising from an accident present direct costs but such accidents also present indirect costs due to work stoppage by other employees, decreased productivity after an accident, costs associated with ...Show more

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Research Proposal: Improving Construction Safety in Saudi Arabia By Candidate’s Name 2011 FACULTY OF ENGINEERING, DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING AND CONSTRUCTION Abstract Despite the fact, that construction is among the largest industrial sectors in the world, many negative aspects characterise construction work due to threats arising from accident, hazards, abuse of labour resulting in health impacts and the fragmented nature of industry…
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