The paper is introduced with an elucidation of what works and concludes with a comparison between what works and what the best practices discussed revealed. What Works The what-works paradigm, according to Miller (2006) follows an evidence based criminological approach. Evidence-based criminology necessitates that high quality evaluation research is carried out to ground the foundation of a policy or practice. Following are the characteristics of successful crime prevention progams: (1) collaboration and partnerships between or among multiple agencies or organizations; (2) awareness of the needs of different groups or cultures; (3) use and dependence on evidence-based research to inform the goals and curricula of the programes; (4) community participation and buy-in; (5) positive mentoring experiences; (6) involvement of parents; and (7) situational policing and crime prevention to target crime hotspots (J. McDonald Williams Institute, 2007). 16 Best Practices 1.0. On Gun Control The two best practices on gun Weed and Seed Program and Comprehensive Strategy for Serious, Violent and Chronic Offenders synergized operations for best results (Lenoir, 2002; US Department of Justice, 2001). This merged-program provides a framework for the review and analysis of crime problems with both local and state law enforcement officials and prosecutors and is directed through research-guided strategic planning process. In the real world scenario, the merged-program works by intelligent and persistent community attention to juvenile delinquency and crime. Gun control was accomplished through programs on gun abatement, educating the people of the community on strategies to mitigate gun violence and distribution of trigger locks. It is considered a best practice because the rewards from adopting the system had been widely evidence in criminological literature and the practice spread to various states. 2.0. On Drug Abuse The Urban Women Against Substance Abuse ([UWASA], 2002) was operationalised under the auspices of the Institute of Community Research and directed towards the enhancement of the self-concept of girls through an understanding of their own gender, culture and community. It is a 28-week intervention which went on for 5 years, where two groups of 15 girls meet twice a week for 7 months, while their mothers or other mothers were provided weekly sessions, monthly sessions, home visits and telephone contact. It was recognised as a best practice because it was able to demonstrate the relationship between identified risk indicators and primary protective factors and used this as a leverage to bring about individual and group change. The intervention uses participatory action research methods to generate positive results among the participants. Within one and a half years, participants in the UWASA maintained their level of using only healthy substances, whereas the comparison group exhibited unhealthy attitudes and use alcohol, tobacco and other drugs (ATOD). Another drug abuse prevention best practice is Across Ages, a school and community partnership for 9-13 year-olds to fortify the bonds between youth and adults and provide opportunities for worthwhile community involvement (Hanson, 2011). Across Ages pair adult mentors with young adolescents in interventions consisting of mentorships, community service,
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