Social change is brought about by the continued increase in the number of women who join the labor force in North America, Europe and Oceania starting the age of industrialization (Kornblum 2007). The increase in number of women joining the labor force (Bianchi et al. 2000; Kamo & Cohen 1998; Presser 1994; Shelton 1990, cited in (Omori & Smith 2009) resulted to a decline in the number of hours spent for domestic work (Artis & Pavalko 2003, cited in Omori & Smith 2009). The changing work division is attributed to the declining time that wives spare for household chores (Van der Lippe et al. 2004, cited in Omori & Smith 2009). The routine household works are influenced by cultural values and in line with the “male-breadwinner-and-female-homemaker arrangement” (Treas 2011, para. 6). Cleaning the house is associated with women while working outside to earn a living is the obligation of men (Omori & Smith 2009). However, in African American and Hispanic households, wives usually work outside of the home to earn a living (Omori & Smith 2009). Omori and Smith (2009) reported that women who hold higher or managerial positions, with increased status and income, tend to spend lesser work hours at home. ...Show more
Changing Housework Arrangement Between Couples Changing Housework Arrangement Between Couples Traditionally, women perform the household chores while men go out to work. This work arrangement can be traced to the hunting-gathering economic system wherein women stay in the community while the men went to the wilds to hunt for game animals or gather food in the forest…
WOMEN IN ACCOUNTING Content Page Introduction 2 Literature Review 3 Historical Rise of women and their roles in accounting 3 Barriers and difficulties faced by women in the accounting industry 4 Work of various accounting boards in the UK 6 Methodological Framework 7 Presentation and Analysis of Data 8 Conclusion and Limitations 9 References 11 Appendix 12 Introduction Over the years, gender equality has become an issue that has taken a global dimension.
Traditionally, men are expected to earn the income for the family while women are left at home taking care of the children. This specialization based on sex has put women at economic risk and men at social risk as societal values and economic circumstances change and men and women are forced to perform non-traditional roles (Hook, 2010).
The literature review part is based on academic journals, articles, books and reports written on grocery supermarket retailers. The research is on the Supermarkets in UK. In this chapter, I have studied and analyzed the works that has been done previously on this topic.
The BBC article clearly shows that there are a fewer women holding on to their management jobs. There are more male leaders than female leader s in society. This is understandable. Throughout history, the people were used to male leaders. People love to hear the fiery discussion of Britain’s Prime Minister Taylor (Taylor, 2006).
As gender equality advocacy continued, the way became paved for women to be seen in all aspects of life including education, profession, planning and leadership. Accounting as a subject and profession has its own part of the history as far as female
The research is on the Supermarkets in UK. In this chapter, I have studied and analyzed the works that has been done previously on this topic. In the literature review part I will analyze the companies’ performance in last five years. The companies selected
The United Kingdom has a strategy that will ensure a dramatic increase in the consumption of wood fuel to over two million. The focus will be on under-utilized wood resources which sad at about 60% of the entire woodland in the United Kingdom.
When wood burns
Nonetheless as studies show, this is just a coping mechanism as finally most of that match their skills. This paper also captures how over education affects the productivity and job satisfaction of graduates facing this