It is from these debates that Poland has reinvented itself, thus attaining the title of a modern European state that possesses a liberal political system that is democratic and sustainable market Economy (Cox and Myant 1). According to Bache, Poland has a record of the largest entrant to the European Union in the year 2004. In 1989 after the era of communist had ended, Poland undertook a territorial restructuring period. The membership position held by Poland in the European Union has helped the Poles to restructure as well as uphold their economy (Bache 73). One of the greatest success story attributed to the post-communist transformation in Poland is the high rate at which the small as well as the private companies are emerging over the last 20 years. 69% of employment as well as 60% of turnover are among the benefits of the small and medium sized enterprise to the Polish economy. The entry and the exit levels of enterprises, whose large percentage is the small ones, are higher in Poland than the average EU (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 11). Literature Review Poland’s economy before the EU funding Europa publications Limited indicate that before its incorporation into the European Union, Poland had at the time had a population of about 40 million people. In addition to this, Poland was relatively poor especially in terms of aggregate, as their income per head was a third of the EU’s average. Poland provided incentives to non European members e.g. the special tax concession provided to Korean car manufacturers (Europa publications Limited 3). The Polish government had established an agency prior to joining the EU in the year 2000. The aim of this agency, which was known as the Polish Agency for Enterprise Development (PARP), was to offer active support to entrepreneurs in Poland thus improving the country’s economy. The main function of the PARP was to manage the funds of entrepreneurship that were granted by the state. This agency upon incorporation to the European Union also mandated was with the task of managing funds granted by the EU for entrepreneurship (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development 131). In the year 1997, Poland had already experienced continuous economic growth that lasted for five years. This was attributed to the reduction of industrial output during the transition period. Crucial steps had been undertaken to ensure that inflationary pressures experienced in 1990s were eliminated. In addition to this efforts had been made in redirecting Poland’s exports away from old communist bloc and towards the EU markets (Europa publications Limited 62). In the late 1970s, Poland had suffered an economic crisis. Its external finances indicated vast deficits of payment as its domestic economy fell in disarray. Poland had to find a way of arresting the situation before it could get out of hand as the interests were accumulating. The Authorities then decided on the modernization and investment strategy as the way forward (Marer et al 3). Dramatic changes in Poland have always caught the attention of the world. In 1989 the government in power transformed the existing centrally planned economy into a free market. In 1990 the price controls in majority of the products were scraped off. These were some of the
Running head: ECONOMY SITUATION IN POLAND BEFORE AND AFTER EU FUNDING Economy situation in Poland before and after EU funding Insert Name Insert Grade Course Insert 31 March 2011 Outline Introduction Literature review Research methods Conclusion Works cited Economy situation in Poland before and after EU funding Introduction Poland’s history is filled with transformations as well as many changes…
In this part of the dissertation, summary of the past researches in relation to the topic of the research are collected. Thus literature review is secondary source of gathering information hence it does not contribute any original thought in the context of the research.
100m in funding needed for the new project at this UK renewable energy firm, and makes recommendations for the appropriate funding source, given company concerns about yielding control of the company, as well as costs and other long-term viability of any additional funding sourcing moving forward.
The paper outlines not only the Polish immigration effects on the U.K. but also the economic status of the EU, and an overview of Poland and its potential capabilities for reversing the exodus. This is considered important as the U.K. is planning to further regulate what benefits will continue to be available for all immigrants entering the U.K.
Ever since the foundation of modern day Turkey in 1923, this country with a predominantly Muslim population has been a secular democracy closely aligned with the West.Turkey was a founding member of the United Nations, and has been a member of NATO since 1952, the Council of Europe since 1949, the Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) since 1961 and an associate member of the Western European Union since 1992
The researcher claims that additional procedures before the Court of Justice are treated as a substitute to the action for annulment. In addition, the paper underscores the uncertainties of EU’s judicial protection given the strict approach the European Union Court of Justice interprets Locus standing of the non-privileged applicants.
It also seeks to address the current opinion polls which are showing more and more people voting for Britain to leave the European Union. It showed a populous poll of 52% of the British citizens wanting to leave, 26% disagreed and 22% didn’t know, the vote for wanting to leave has increased primarily due to the European Union Crisis (The Times, 2012).
This dissertation reveals a detailed review of the available literature on the various factors responsible for the financial crisis in the Russian economy and the economic progress made by the country in the post-crisis period. The Russian Federation experienced a sudden explosion of the barter and money surrogates during the period between the years 1995 and 1998.
According to the report Fundamental Rights of EU Law fundamental rights had been traced to several ancient documents which dates signify that even in those ancient eras fundamental rights had already been practiced and recognised and that the concept was alive and respect for such rights existed thousands of years ago.
It was the ruins of World War II that firmed up such political will to create the European Union. Thus, the goal to secure peace and stability and foster economic development and prosperity in the region was enshrined in the founding charter of EU. By this criterion, integration has been a big and impressive achievement.
According to the report marketing has become a wide range of activities that Dyson must involve in making sure that the business continues to meet the needs of its customer and getting value in return. Social media has remained the only modern tool that marketer use to get their messages to their target markets.
7 pages (1750 words)Dissertation
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